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Clean Energy and Fuel (Hydrogen) Storage

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ISBN: 9783039216307 9783039216314 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-631-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

Clean energy and fuel storage are often required for both stationary and automotive applications. Some of these clean energy and fuel storage technologies currently under extensive research and development include hydrogen storage, direct electric storage, mechanical energy storage, solar–thermal energy storage, electrochemical (batteries and supercapacitors), and thermochemical storage. The gravimetric and volumetric storage capacity, energy storage density, power output, operating temperature and pressure, cycle life, recyclability, and cost of clean energy or fuel storage are some of the factors that govern efficient energy and fuel storage technologies for potential deployment in energy harvesting (solar and wind farms) stations and onboard vehicular transportation. This Special Issue thus serves the need for promoting exploratory research and development on clean energy and fuel storage technologies while addressing their challenges to practical and sustainable infrastructures.

Keywords

dye-sensitized solar cells --- carbon materials --- Ag nanoparticles --- freestanding TiO2 nanotube arrays --- gas turbine engine --- lean direct injection --- four-point --- low emissions combustion --- carbonate gas reservoirs --- water invasion --- recovery factor --- aquifer size --- production rate --- hydrogen storage --- complex hydrides --- nanocatalyst --- LiNH2 --- MgH2 --- ball milling --- Li-ion batteries --- nanocomposite materials --- cathode --- anode --- binder --- separator --- ionic liquid --- vertically oriented graphene --- electrical double layers --- charge density --- capacitance --- gas storage --- material science --- rock permeability --- synthetic rock salt testing --- Klinkenberg method --- hydrogen storage systems --- hydrogen absorption --- thermochemical energy storage --- metal hydride --- magnetism --- heat transfer enhancement --- Power to Liquid --- Fischer–Tropsch --- dynamic modeling --- lab-scale --- lithium-ion batteries --- simplified electrochemical model --- state of charge estimator --- extended kalman filter --- hot summer and cold winter area --- PCM roof --- comprehensive incremental benefit --- conjugate phase change heat transfer --- lattice Boltzmann method --- large-scale wind farm --- auxiliary services compensation --- battery energy storage system --- optimal capacity --- equivalent loss of cycle life --- hydrogen storage --- porous media --- bacterial sulfate reduction --- methanogenesis --- gas loss --- diffusion --- reactive transport modeling --- PHREEQC --- energy discharge --- bubbles burst --- bubbles transportation --- crystal growth rates --- undercooling --- salt cavern --- leaching tubing --- flutter instability --- flow-induced vibration --- internal and reverse external axial flows --- thermal energy storage (TES) --- slag --- regenerator --- concentrated solar power (CSP) --- quality function deployment (QFD) --- failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) --- thermal energy storage --- electrochemical energy storage --- hydrogen energy storage --- salt cavern energy storage

Discrete Mathematics and Symmetry

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ISBN: 9783039281909 9783039281916 Year: Pages: 458 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-191-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Some of the most beautiful studies in Mathematics are related to Symmetry and Geometry. For this reason, we select here some contributions about such aspects and Discrete Geometry. As we know, Symmetry in a system means invariance of its elements under conditions of transformations. When we consider network structures, symmetry means invariance of adjacency of nodes under the permutations of node set. The graph isomorphism is an equivalence relation on the set of graphs. Therefore, it partitions the class of all graphs into equivalence classes. The underlying idea of isomorphism is that some objects have the same structure if we omit the individual character of their components. A set of graphs isomorphic to each other is denominated as an isomorphism class of graphs. The automorphism of a graph will be an isomorphism from G onto itself. The family of all automorphisms of a graph G is a permutation group.

Keywords

strongly regular graph --- automorphism group --- orbit matrix --- binary polyhedral group --- icosahedron --- dodecahedron --- 600-cell --- Electric multiple unit trains --- high-level maintenance planning --- time window --- 0–1 programming model --- particle swarm algorithm --- fixed point --- split-quaternion --- quadratic polynomial --- split-octonion --- neutrosophic set --- neutrosophic rough set --- pessimistic (optimistic) multigranulation neutrosophic approximation operators --- complete lattice --- rough set --- matroid --- operator --- attribute reduction --- graded rough sets --- rough intuitionistic fuzzy sets --- dominance relation --- logical conjunction operation --- logical disjunction operation --- multi-granulation --- planar point set --- convex polygon --- disjoint holes --- fuzzy logic --- pseudo-BCI algebra --- quasi-maximal element --- KG-union --- quasi-alternating BCK-algebra --- quality function deployment --- engineering characteristics --- group decision making --- 2-tuple --- metro station --- emergency routes --- graph partitioning --- graph clustering --- invariant measures --- partition comparison --- finite automorphism groups --- graph automorphisms --- Fuzzy sets --- ring --- normed space --- fuzzy normed ring --- fuzzy normed ideal --- fuzzy implication --- quantum B-algebra --- q-filter --- quotient algebra --- basic implication algebra --- Detour–Harary index --- maximum --- unicyclic --- bicyclic --- cacti --- three-way decisions --- intuitionistic fuzzy sets --- multi-granulation rough intuitionistic fuzzy sets --- granularity importance degree --- complexity --- Chebyshev polynomials --- gear graph --- pyramid graphs --- edge detection --- Laplacian operation --- regularization --- parameter selection --- performance evaluation --- aggregation operator --- triangular norm --- ?-convex set --- atom-bond connectivity index --- geometric arithmetic index --- line graph --- generalized bridge molecular graph --- graceful labeling --- edge graceful labeling --- edge even graceful labeling --- polar grid graph --- graph --- good drawing --- crossing number --- join product --- cyclic permutation --- nonlinear --- synchronized --- linear discrete --- chaotic system --- algorithm --- generalized permanental polynomial --- coefficient --- co-permanental --- isoperimetric number --- random graph --- intersection graph --- social network --- Abel–Grassmann’s groupoid (AG-groupoid) --- Abel–Grassmann’s group (AG-group) --- involution AG-group --- commutative group --- filter --- graceful labeling --- edge even graceful labeling --- cylinder grid graph --- selective maintenance --- multi-state system --- human reliability --- optimization --- genetic algorithm --- hypernear-ring --- multitransformation --- embedding --- distance matrix (spectrum) --- distance signlees Laplacian matrix (spectrum) --- (generalized) distance matrix --- spectral radius --- transmission regular graph --- graph --- good drawing --- crossing number --- join product --- cyclic permutation --- cyclic associative groupoid (CA-groupoid) --- cancellative --- variant CA-groupoids --- decomposition theorem --- construction methods

Human Health Engineering

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ISBN: 9783039284085 9783039284092 Year: Pages: 428 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-409-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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In this Special Issue on human health engineering, we invited submissions exploring recent contributions to the field of human health engineering, which is the technology used for monitoring the physical or mental health status of individuals in a variety of applications. Contributions focused on sensors, wearable hardware, algorithms, or integrated monitoring systems. We organized the different papers according to their contributions to the main aspects of the monitoring and control engineering scheme applied to human health applications, including papers focusing on measuring/sensing physiological variables, contributions describing research on the modelling of biological signals, papers highlighting health monitoring applications, and finally examples of control applications for human health. In comparison to biomedical engineering, the field of human health engineering also covers applications on healthy humans (e.g., sports, sleep, and stress) and thus not only contributes to develop technology for curing patients or supporting chronically ill people, but also more generally for disease prevention and optimizing human well-being.

Keywords

artefact correction --- head-shaped phantom --- spherical phantom --- gradient artefact --- simultaneous EEG–fMRI --- calcaneal spur --- pain minimum compressive pressure --- contour of shoe insole --- insole foot area --- health information --- interface formats --- older adults --- wearable devices --- usability --- emotional reaction --- ADHD --- screening --- machine learning --- SVM --- children --- novel --- nomophobia --- anxiety --- smartphone --- internet --- cyberaddiction --- new technologies --- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease --- COPD --- oxygen uptake --- VO2 --- kinetics --- exercise testing --- rehabilitation robotics --- soft walking assistive robot --- long-term effect --- gait characteristics --- elderly person --- blood pressure estimation --- photoplethysmogram --- pulse wave --- pulse oximeter --- wearable device --- Kano-TRIZ design theory --- quality function deployment --- four-wheeled rollator --- model predictive control --- orthosis control --- muscle modeling --- arm --- Hill muscle --- swarm optimization --- pneumatic artificial muscle --- sliding mode control --- fractional calculus --- antagonistic actuator --- weight loss --- mHealth --- dynamic model --- adaptive control --- spirometry --- airflow limitation --- airway resistance --- specific airway conductance --- COPD --- body-plethysmography --- forced expiration --- alveolar pressure --- emphysema --- computed tomography --- air-trapping --- thermal comfort --- bicycle helmet --- smart wearables --- adaptive model --- streaming data --- thermal sensation --- adaptive model --- personalized model --- machine leaning --- support-vector-machine --- adaptive control --- streaming algorithm --- thermoregulation --- homeostasis --- cold-induced-vasodilation --- cold-induced-vasoconstriction --- control system --- dynamic modelling --- powered mobility --- dyskinetic cerebral palsy --- dystonia --- choreoathetosis --- mobility scale --- movement disorder --- children --- youth --- reliability --- validity --- feature engineering --- intensive care unit --- mortality prediction --- hard-margin support vector machines --- driver drowsiness --- thermoregulation --- distal skin temperature --- decision tree --- heart model --- Van der Pol --- FitzHugh–Nagumo --- relaxation oscillator --- electrocardiographic signal --- bicycle helmets --- thermal manikin --- convective and evaporative heat loss --- zonal performance characteristics --- freestyle skiing aerials --- knee joint --- ligament --- finite element simulation --- lifting technique --- stoop --- squat --- work-related musculoskeletal disorders --- musculoskeletal modeling --- spine --- shoulder --- back loading --- harmonization --- meta-analysis --- missing data --- multiple imputations --- information technology --- remoteness --- cohort studies --- control parameter reference --- stance assistance --- magnetorheological brake --- body mass index --- walking speed --- ankle torque --- ankle angular velocity --- n/a

New types of Neutrosophic Set/Logic/Probability, Neutrosophic Over-/Under-/Off-Set, Neutrosophic Refined Set, and their Extension to Plithogenic Set/Logic/Probability, with Applications

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ISBN: 9783039219384 9783039219391 Year: Pages: 714 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-939-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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This book contains 37 papers by 73 renowned experts from 13 countries around the world, on following topics: neutrosophic set; neutrosophic rings; neutrosophic quadruple rings; idempotents; neutrosophic extended triplet group; hypergroup; semihypergroup; neutrosophic extended triplet group; neutrosophic extended triplet semihypergroup and hypergroup; neutrosophic offset; uninorm; neutrosophic offuninorm and offnorm; neutrosophic offconorm; implicator; prospector; n-person cooperative game; ordinary single-valued neutrosophic (co)topology; ordinary single-valued neutrosophic subspace; ?-level; ordinary single-valued neutrosophic neighborhood system; ordinary single-valued neutrosophic base and subbase; fuzzy numbers; neutrosophic numbers; neutrosophic symmetric scenarios; performance indicators; financial assets; neutrosophic extended triplet group; neutrosophic quadruple numbers; refined neutrosophic numbers; refined neutrosophic quadruple numbers; multigranulation neutrosophic rough set; nondual; two universes; multiattribute group decision making; nonstandard analysis; extended nonstandard analysis; monad; binad; left monad closed to the right; right monad closed to the left; pierced binad; unpierced binad; nonstandard neutrosophic mobinad set; neutrosophic topology; nonstandard neutrosophic topology; visual tracking; neutrosophic weight; objectness; weighted multiple instance learning; neutrosophic triangular norms; residuated lattices; representable neutrosophic t-norms; De Morgan neutrosophic triples; neutrosophic residual implications; infinitely ?-distributive; probabilistic neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set; decision-making; Choquet integral; e-marketing; Internet of Things; neutrosophic set; multicriteria decision making techniques; uncertainty modeling; neutrosophic goal programming approach; shale gas water management system.

Keywords

single-valued neutrosophic soft number and its operations --- SVN soft weighted arithmetic averaging operator --- SVN soft weighted geometric averaging operator --- decision-making --- optimization solution --- sampling plan --- producer’s risk’ --- consumer’s risk --- sample size --- decision making --- neutrosophic set --- Q-neutrosophic set --- Q-neutrosophic soft set --- soft set --- Neutrosophic compound orthogonal neural network --- Neutrosophic number --- Neutrosophic function --- Function approximation --- triangular neutrosophic cubic fuzzy number --- Einstein t-norm --- arithmetic averaging operator --- Multi-attribute decision making --- numerical application --- neutrosophic statistical interval method --- classical statistics --- fuzzy logic --- producer’s risk --- consumer’s risk --- neutrosophic cubic weighted geometric operator (NCWG) --- neutrosophic cubic ordered weighted geometric operator (NCOWG) --- neutrosophic cubic Einstein weighted geometric operator (NCEWG) --- neutrosophic cubic Einstein ordered weighted geometric operator (NCEOWG) --- multi-attribute decision making --- single-valued neutrosophic set --- aggregation --- TOPSIS --- single-valued neutrosophic linguistic set --- distance measure --- combined weighted average --- MAGDM --- low-carbon supplier selection --- weighted geometric operator --- weighted average operator --- neutrosophic cubic sets --- multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- neutrosophic cubic hybrid weighted arithmetic and geometric aggregation operator (NCHWAGA) --- neutrosophic sets --- cubic sets --- soft sets --- neutrosophic cubic soft sets --- neutrosophic cubic soft expert system --- multicriteria decision-making --- neutrosophic extended triplet group --- generalized neutrosophic extended triplet group --- quasi-completely regular semigroup --- clifford semigroup --- prostate cancer --- neutrosophic statistics --- dietary fat level --- neutrosophic regression --- neutrosophic correlation --- single valued neutrosophic sets --- logarithmic operational laws --- logarithmic aggregation operators --- MCGDM problems --- complex neutrosophic set --- complex neutrosophic soft expert set --- fuzzy parameterized single valued neutrosophic soft expert set --- single valued neutrosophic set --- soft expert set --- decision making --- membership function --- neutrosophic set --- neutrosophic soft rough --- relations --- rough set approximation --- soft set --- neutrosophic time series --- triangular neutrosophic number --- neutrosophic logical relationship --- neutrosophic logical relationship groups --- smart port --- simplified neutrosophic set --- single-valued neutrosophic set --- exponential similarity measure --- port evaluation --- nonstandard analysis --- extended nonstandard analysis --- open and closed monads to the left/right --- pierced and unpierced binads --- MoBiNad set --- infinitesimals --- infinities --- nonstandard reals --- standard reals --- nonstandard neutrosophic lattices of first type (as poset) and second type (as algebraic structure), nonstandard neutrosophic logic --- extended nonstandard neutrosophic logic --- nonstandard arithmetic operations --- nonstandard unit interval --- nonstandard neutrosophic infimum --- nonstandard neutrosophic supremum --- intuitionistic fuzzy parameters --- uncertainty modeling --- neutrosophic goal programming approach --- shale gas water management system --- e-marketing --- Internet of Things --- neutrsophic set --- multi-criteria decision making techniques --- probabilistic neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set (PNHFS) --- decision-making --- Choquet integral --- neutrosophic extended triplet group --- neutrosophic quadruple numbers --- neutrosophic set --- BNHWA aggregation operator --- BNHOWA aggregation operator --- BNHHA aggregation operator --- score function --- accuracy function --- certainty function --- group decision making --- non-standard analysis --- extended non-standard analysis --- monad --- binad --- left monad closed to the right --- right monad closed to the left --- pierced binad --- unpierced binad --- non-standard neutrosophic mobinad set --- neutrosophic topology --- non-standard neutrosophic topology --- neutrosophic sets --- neutrosophic triangular norms --- residuated lattices --- representable neutrosophic t-norms --- De Morgan neutrosophic triples --- neutrosophic residual implications --- infinitely ?-distributive --- visual tracking --- neutrosophic weight --- objectness --- weighted multiple instance learning --- supply chain sustainability metrics --- plithogeny --- aggregation operations --- neutrosophic set --- quality function deployment --- multi-granulation neutrosophic rough set --- non-dual --- two universes --- multi-attribute group decision making --- neutrosophic extended triplet group --- neutrosophic quadruple numbers --- refined neutrosophic numbers --- refined neutrosophic quadruple numbers --- neutrosophic set --- fuzzy numbers --- neutrosophic numbers --- neutrosophic symmetric scenarios --- performance indicators --- financial assets --- simplified neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set --- multi-attribute decision-making --- maximizing deviation --- TOPSIS --- single valued neutrosophic set --- covering --- symmetric relation --- graph representation --- matrix representation --- paper defect diagnosis --- ordinary single valued neutrosophic (co)topology --- ordinary single valued neutrosophic subspace --- ?-level --- ordinary single valued neutrosophic neighborhood system --- ordinary single valued neutrosophic base --- ordinary single valued neutrosophic subbase --- neutrosophic offset --- uninorm --- neutrosophic offuninorm --- neutrosophic offnorm --- neutrosophic offconorm --- implicator --- prospector --- n-person cooperative game --- hypergroup --- semihypergroup --- neutrosophic extended triplet group --- neutrosophic extended triplet semihypergroup (NET-semihypergroup) --- NET-hypergroup --- neutrosophic rings --- neutrosophic quadruple rings --- idempotents --- neutrosophic extended triplet group --- neutrosophic set

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