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Quantitative Ansätze in den Literatur- und Geisteswissenschaften. Systematische und historische Perspektiven

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783110523300 Year: Pages: 396 DOI: 10.1515/9783110523300 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 14:06:11
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Starting from the early 19th century, quantitative methods have been applied to describe, analyze, and interpret texts in literary studies and the humanities. With the emergence of the digital humanities, such approaches have gained in importance. The volume aims to historically contextualize and examine quantifying procedures in relation to theory and to assess the value of quantitative data in the humanities.

Pour une sociologie historique de la quantification

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ISBN: 9782356710024 9782356710901 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses des Mines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 10:55:56
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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La quantification est devenue un signe d’objectivité, de rigueur et d’impartialité mobilisée dans des situations très variées, depuis le débat politique jusqu’à la démonstration scientifique, en passant par les indicateurs d’entreprise ou la mesure de l’opinion publique. Or, la quantification, sous ses différents formats statistiques, ne se contente pas de fournir un reflet du monde, elle crée une nouvelle façon de le penser, de le représenter, de l’exprimer et d’agir sur lui, à la fois par l...

Measuring difference, numbering normal

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Book Series: Disability history ISBN: 9781526143167 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History --- Medicine (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:24:48
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Measuring difference, numbering normal provides a detailed study of the technological construction of disability by examining how the audiometer and spirometer were used to create numerical proxies for invisible and inarticulable experiences. Measurements, and their manipulation, have been underestimated as crucial historical forces motivating and guiding the way we think about disability. Using measurement technology as a lens, this book draws together several existing discussions on disability, healthcare, medical practice, embodiment and emerging medical and scientific technologies at the turn of the twentieth century. As such, this work connects several important and usually separate academic subject areas and historical specialisms. The standards embedded in instrumentation created strict but ultimately arbitrary thresholds of normalcy and abnormalcy. Considering these standards from a long historical perspective reveals how these dividing lines shifted when pushed. The central thesis of this book is that health measurements are given artificial authority if they are particularly amenable to calculability and easy measurement. These measurement processes were perpetuated and perfected in the interwar years in Britain as the previously invisible limits of the body were made visible and measurable. Determination to consider body processes as quantifiable was driven by the need to compensate for disability occasioned by warfare or industry. This focus thus draws attention to the biopower associated with systems, which has emerged as a central area of concern for modern healthcare in the second decade of the twenty-first century.

Framework for Analysis and Identification of Nonlinear Distributed Parameter Systems using Bayesian Uncertainty Quantification based on Generalized Polynomial Chaos

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783731506423 Year: Volume: 31 Pages: XIX, 210 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000066940 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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In this work, the Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) approaches combined systematically to analyze and identify systems. The generalized Polynomial Chaos (gPC) expansion is applied to reduce the computational effort. The framework using gPC based on Bayesian UQ proposed in this work is capable of analyzing the system systematically and reducing the disagreement between the model predictions and the measurements of the real processes to fulfill user defined performance criteria.

Innovations in Insurance, Risk- and Asset Management:Proceedings of the Innovations in Insurance, Risk- and Asset Management Conference Innovations in Insurance, Risk- and Asset Management

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789813272569 Year: DOI: 10.1142/11051 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 02:22:36
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This book covers recent developments in the interdisciplinary fields of actuarial science, quantitative finance, risk- and asset management. The authors are leading experts from academia and practice who participated in Innovations in Insurance, Risk- and Asset Management, an international conference held at the Technical University of Munich in 2017.The topics covered include the mathematics of extreme risks, systemic risk, model uncertainty, interest rate and hybrid models, alternative investments, dynamic investment strategies, quantitative risk management, asset liability management, liability driven investments, and behavioral finance.This timely selection of topics is highly relevant for the financial industry and addresses current issues both from an academic as well as from a practitioner's point of view.

Spectral and High Order Methods for Partial Differential Equations ICOSAHOM 2018

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering ISBN: 9783030396473 Year: Pages: 658 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-39647-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:02:50
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This open access book features a selection of high-quality papers from the presentations at the International Conference on Spectral and High-Order Methods 2018, offering an overview of the depth and breadth of the activities within this important research area. The carefully reviewed papers provide a snapshot of the state of the art, while the extensive bibliography helps initiate new research directions.

MaxEnt 2019—Proceedings, 2019, MaxEnt 2019The 39th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering

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ISBN: 9783039284764 9783039284771 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-477-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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This Proceedings book presents papers from the 39th International Workshop on Bayesian Inference and Maximum Entropy Methods in Science and Engineering, MaxEnt 2019. The workshop took place at the Max Planck Institute for Plasma Physics in Garching near Munich, Germany, from 30 June to 5 July 2019, and invited contributions on all aspects of probabilistic inference, including novel techniques, applications, and work that sheds new light on the foundations of inference. Addressed are inverse and uncertainty quantification (UQ) and problems arising from a large variety of applications, such as earth science, astrophysics, material and plasma science, imaging in geophysics and medicine, nondestructive testing, density estimation, remote sensing, Gaussian process (GP) regression, optimal experimental design, data assimilation, and data mining.

Ultrasound Elastography

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ISBN: 9783038979104 9783038979111 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-911-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The comparison between methods, evaluation of portal hypertension and many other questions are still open issues in liver elastography. New elastographic applications are under evaluation and close to being used in clinical practice. Strain imaging has been incorporated into many disciplines and EFSUMB guidelines are under preparation. More research is necessary for improved evidence for clinical applications in daily practice. The Special Issue published papers on recent advances in development and application of Ultrasound Elastography.

Mathematical Modelling in Engineering & Human Behaviour 2018

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038978046 9783038978053 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-805-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 10:09:00
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This book includes papers in cross-disciplinary applications of mathematical modelling: from medicine to linguistics, social problems, and more. Based on cutting-edge research, each chapter is focused on a different problem of modelling human behaviour or engineering problems at different levels. The reader would find this book to be a useful reference in identifying problems of interest in social, medicine and engineering sciences, and in developing mathematical models that could be used to successfully predict behaviours and obtain practical information for specialised practitioners. This book is a must-read for anyone interested in the new developments of applied mathematics in connection with epidemics, medical modelling, social issues, random differential equations and numerical methods.

Dynamical Models of Biology and Medicine

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039212170 9783039212187 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-218-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Mathematical and computational modeling approaches in biological and medical research are experiencing rapid growth globally. This Special Issue Book intends to scratch the surface of this exciting phenomenon. The subject areas covered involve general mathematical methods and their applications in biology and medicine, with an emphasis on work related to mathematical and computational modeling of the complex dynamics observed in biological and medical research. Fourteen rigorously reviewed papers were included in this Special Issue. These papers cover several timely topics relating to classical population biology, fundamental biology, and modern medicine. While the authors of these papers dealt with very different modeling questions, they were all motivated by specific applications in biology and medicine and employed innovative mathematical and computational methods to study the complex dynamics of their models. We hope that these papers detail case studies that will inspire many additional mathematical modeling efforts in biology and medicine

Keywords

hemodynamic model --- microcirculation load --- liquid-solid-porous media seepage coupling --- 2-combination --- graphical representation --- cell-based vector --- numerical characterization --- phylogenetic analysis --- intraguild predation --- random perturbations --- persistence --- stationary distribution --- global asymptotic stability --- quorum sensing --- chemostat --- mathematical model --- differential equations --- delay --- bifurcations --- dynamical system --- numerical simulation --- predator-prey model --- switched harvest --- limit cycle --- rich dynamics --- algae growth models --- uncertainty quantification --- asymptotic theory --- bootstrapping --- model comparison tests --- Raphidocelis subcapitata --- Daphnia magna --- spotting --- wildfire --- transport equations --- spotting distribution --- obesity --- mechano-electrochemical model --- articular cartilage --- cartilage degeneration --- cartilage loading --- optimal control --- hepatitis B --- delay differential equations (DDE) --- immune response --- drug therapy --- dynamic model --- flocculation --- global stability --- uniform persistence --- epidermis --- mathematical model --- bacterial inflammation --- bacterial competition --- chronic myeloid leukemia --- tyrosine kinase inhibitors --- immunomodulatory therapies --- combination therapy --- equilibrium points --- mathematical modeling --- prostate cancer --- androgen deprivation therapy --- data fitting --- generalized pseudo amino acid composition --- numerical characterization --- phylogenetic analysis --- identification of DNA-binding proteins --- n/a

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