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Numerical efficiency calibration of in vivo measurement systems : Monte Carlo simulations of in vivo measurement scenarios for the detection of incorporated radionuclides, including validation, analysis of efficiency-sensitive parameters and customized anthropomorphic voxel models

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ISBN: 9783866445093 Year: Pages: X, 237 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000017470 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Monte Carlo radiation transport codes were used with virtual models of in vivo measurement equipment. Software was coded to handle memory intensive anthropomorphic voxel models for simulation of measurement scenarios. Tools, methods and models have been validated. Various parameters have been investigated for their sensitivity. Methods based on image registration techniques have been developed to transform existing human models to match with an individual test person.

Radiation Monitoring and Dose Estimation of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

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ISBN: 9784431545828 9784431545835 Year: Pages: 223 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54583-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Nuclear Physics --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 12:56:57
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This book provides comprehensive research findings related to the environmental monitoring of radiation, levels of radioactive nuclides in various environments and dose estimation in residents after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident caused severe environmental contamination with radioactive nuclides. At the beginning of the book, a technical review written by a leading researcher of nuclear reactor technology explains what happened at the power plant. The review is followed by a commentary from a former member of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, providing the reader with easily understandable information about the concept of radiation dosage. In the main part of the book, a series of scientific reports presents valuable data on the radiation surveys of the environment, environmental radioactivity, transfer models and parameters of radioactive nuclides and dose assessment among residents. These reports present a wide range of findings from the research carried out in a variety of activities by large governmental organizations as well as by small private groups and individuals. The reader thus will find a large collection of valuable and interesting data related to the environmental contamination by radioactive nuclides after the Fukushima accident. Although earlier reports on this issue have been made public, this book is the only publication to fully depict the actual situation by providing comprehensive data obtained by diverse organizations and individuals.

Instruments and Methods for Cyclotron Produced Radioisotopes

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ISBN: 9783039282029 / 9783039282036 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-203-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The focus of this Special Issue is aimed at enhancing the discussion of Engineering Education, particularly related to technological and professional learning. In the 21st century, students face a challenging demand: they are expected to have the best scientific expertise, but also highly developed social skills and qualities like teamwork, creativity, communication, or leadership. Even though students and teachers are becoming more aware of this necessity, there is still a gap between academic life and the professional world. In this Special Edition Book, the reader can find works tackling interesting topics such as educational resources addressing students’ development of competencies, the importance of final year projects linked to professional environments, and multicultural or interdisciplinary challenges.

Keywords

cyclotron --- PET --- titanium-45 --- unconventional radionuclides --- cyclotron --- targetry --- thermal study --- recycling of [18O]-water --- enrichment grade --- fractional distillation --- azeotropic mixtures --- molecular sieve desiccant --- 165Er --- 52Mn --- irradiation --- separation --- resin --- radiometals --- heavy Rare Earth Elements (hREE) --- liquid targets --- medical cyclotron --- radiometals --- gallium-68 --- copper-64 --- copper-61 --- purification --- disposable kit --- radiopharmaceuticals --- radionuclide production --- target stations --- targetry --- 70 MeV cyclotron --- beam energy --- ion accelerator --- medical cyclotron --- ion source --- filament --- cyclotron --- medical isotopes --- SPECT --- cyclotron --- medical radioisotope production --- radioactive impurities --- cross-section --- stacked-foils --- gamma spectroscopy --- thick target yield --- Radionuclide Yield Calculator --- cyclotron target --- carbon-11 --- recoil escape --- boron nitride nanotubes --- BNNTs --- cyclotrons --- radionuclide production --- solid, liquid and gas targets --- PET --- medical isotopes --- Ga-68 --- solid target --- radioisotopes --- medical radioisotopes --- radioisotope targetry --- solid radioisotope targets --- radioisotope target processing --- medical cyclotrons --- cyclotron --- targetry --- solid target --- metal 3D-printing --- target temperature --- radiometals --- radionuclides --- radioisotopes --- medical radioisotopes --- radioisotope targetry --- solid radioisotope targets --- radioisotope target processing --- medical cyclotrons --- PET --- medical isotopes --- solid target system --- radioisotope production --- Molybdenum-100 --- cyclotron --- molybdenum material recovery --- actinium-225 --- thorium --- spallation --- proton target --- ANSYS --- targeted alpha therapy --- cyclotron --- stack-foil --- monitor reaction --- cyclotron solid target --- radioisotope production --- magnetron sputtering --- thick film deposition --- cyclotron --- powder target --- thermal study --- vortex target --- Gallium-68 --- Technetium-99m --- medical Sc radioisotopes --- radioisotope production --- thick target yield measurements --- cross-section reconstruction --- numerical analysis --- cyclotrons --- targets --- target chemistry --- radioisotopes --- theranostics

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