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Journeys into the Rainforest (Terra Australis 43)

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ISBN: 9781925022872 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603159 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-23 11:01:19
License: ANU Press

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This monograph presents the results of archaeological research that takes a longitudinal approach to interpreting and understanding Aboriginal–European contact. It focuses on a small but unique area of tropical rainforest in far north Queensland’s Wet Tropics Bioregion, located within the traditional lands of the Jirrbal Aboriginal people on the Evelyn Tableland. The research integrates a diverse range of data sources: archaeological evidence recovered from Aboriginal open sites occupied in the pre- to post-contact periods, historical documents of early ethnographers, settlers and explorers in the region, supplemented with Aboriginal oral history testimony. Analyses of the archaeological evidence excavated from three open sites facilitated the identification of the trajectories of culture change and continuity that this investigation focused on: Aboriginal rainforest material culture and technology, plant subsistence strategies, and rainforest settlement patterns. Analyses of the data sets demonstrate that initial use of the rainforest environment on the Evelyn Tableland occurred during the early Holocene period, with successful adaptation and a change towards more permanent Aboriginal use of the rainforest becoming established in the late Holocene period. European arrival and settlement on traditional Aboriginal land resulted in a period of historical upheaval for the Aboriginal rainforest people. Following an initial period of violent interactions and strong Aboriginal resistance from the rainforest, Jirrbal Aboriginal people continued to adapt and transform their traditional culture to accommodate for the many changes forced upon them throughout the post‑contact period.

Der Regenwald ist unser Haus - die Orang Rimba auf Sumatra zwischen Autonomie und Fremdbestimmung

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Book Series: Göttinger Beiträge zur Ethnologie ISBN: 9783863950811 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-412 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:13
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Für die Orang Rimba auf Sumatra ist der Regenwald eine Welt, die nicht nur von Tieren, sondern auch von Göttern und Geistern bevölkert ist und ihre eigenen Gesetze besitzt. Er bildet die Lebenswelt der Orang Rimba, die durch Abholzung und Plantagenwirtschaft bedroht ist. Das Buch basiert auf einer 15 monatigen ethnologischen Feldforschung (zwischen 2003 und 2005) der Autorin bei diesen Waldbewohnern. Sie untersucht, wie durch Interaktionen mit verschiedenen Akteuren, vor allem dem indonesischen Staat und Nicht-Regierungsorganisationen – sie alle haben Interesse am Wald als wirtschaftliche Ressource oder Schutzgebiet –, verschiedene Identitäten der Orang Rimba hervorgebracht werden. Die Arbeit setzt sich detailliert mit der Selbstdarstellung der Orang Rimba auseinander und vergleicht sie mit verschiedenen Fremdperspektiven externer Akteure auf diese nicht sesshafte Gruppe. Diskurse über Wald als gefährliche Wildnis oder Schutzgebiet bestimmen auch die Zukunft und die Handlungsfähigkeit der Orang Rimba, sei es als marginalisierte Minderheit oder selbstbestimmte Regenwaldbewohner.

Variance in Approach Toward a ‘Sustainable’ Coffee Industry in Costa Rica

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ISBN: 9781911529774 9781911529767 9781911529781 9781911529798 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.5334/bce Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Philosophy --- Social Sciences --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:21
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"The monograph considers influence over time of Fairtrade and Rainforest Alliance in 10 Costa Rican coffee farming communities. In-country perspectives and relevant historic and contemporary literature inform findings. Misaligned intentions to outcomes; different sustainability approaches; and variable influence is observed. There is opportunity to: consider when certifications are most useful; develop locally relevant standards; vertically integrate sourcing chains; consider how complementary mechanisms can be used alongside, or to improve certification approach. Sustainability of coffee as a cash crop, considering influence on biodiversity, and the possible implication of reduced coffee crop density for consumers, the market and farming landscapes, is considered. "

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