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Reconstruction of Specular Reflective Surfaces using Auto-Calibrating Deflectometry

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783866449664 Year: Volume: 23 Pages: XI, 135 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000032148 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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This thesis discusses deflectometry as a reconstruction method for highly reflecting surfaces. It focuses on deflectometry alone and does not use other reconstruction techniques to supplement with additional data. It explains the measurement process and principle and provides a crash course into an efficient mathematical representation of the principles involved. Using this, it reformulates existing three-dimensional reconstructing methods, expands upon them and develops new ones.

Emotion and Behavior

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889199655 Year: Pages: 131 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-965-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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In this Research Topic, several groups of researchers from both social and biological psychology summarize their findings addressing the relation between emotion and behavior. The Reflective-Impulsive Model (RIM) (Strack & Deutsch, 2004; 2014 in press) serves as a general orientation and provides a link to integrate the results from seemingly divergent perspectives. The contributions focuses on different types of emotional behaviors, like facial expressions and impulsive reactions. They address the central issue of approach vs. avoidance and include clinical topics like addiction and fear. Methodologically, the contributions are predominantly experimental and are partly based on manipulations in the context of virtual reality.

Keywords

emotion --- Behavior --- impulsive --- reflective --- approach --- avoidance

The Lecturer's Guide to Quality and Standards in Colleges and Universities

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ISBN: 9780203975534 9780750703383 9780750703390 9781135719906 9781135719890 9781135719852 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203975534 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:08
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A follow-up volume to "Managing Teaching and Learning in Further Education and Higher Education", this text provides a guide to managing quality and standards from the lecturer's point of view. It covers key issues such as teaching, learning, student support, assessment, evaluation, course design, bidding for and managing resources, marketing and research.; Based on the model of lecturer as reflective practitioner, this book is intended to help enable the lecturer to make sense of the changing climate of quality control and academic standards. Its interactive design introduces stimulating ideas and suggestions for further reading and provides guidelines on issues of relevance to individual readers.

Connecting Policy and Practice

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ISBN: 9780203012529 9780415362245 9781134232239 9781134232222 9781134232185 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203012529 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:28
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Written by members of the International Study Association on Teachers and Teaching, the papers in this volume were presented at an international teaching conference on the issues of theory and practice. Using these contributions from experienced researchers, most of whom are practising teachers, this single volume is international in scope and context, demonstrating differences and similarities between and within countries. This detailed book is clearly split into five sections focusing on the following themes: * teacher education – professional identity, professional research, and quality of teacher education * teacher practice – basic values, ethics, and cultural scaffolding * higher education – academic motivation, discourse dissonance concerning intellectual property, self studies of teacher education practice * teacher development – the challenge to be the best teacher, the link between policy and practice, personal theory and practice in tertiary development * research and theory – reflective practice, shared democratic values, teachers as researchers.

Mental State Understanding: Individual Differences in Typical and Atypical Development

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452682 Year: Pages: 203 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-268-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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The current book addresses the development of mental state understanding in children with typical and atypical population, and reports new suggestions about the way to evaluate it and to support it through training. The presented frame is multifaceted. In respect to typical populations, the role of maternal reflective functioning, language, communication, and educational contexts has been deepened; and the association with internalizing/externalizing behaviors, performances in spatial tasks and pragmatics has been addressed as well. As to atypical populations, deficits in mental states understanding are reported for children with different developmental disorders or impairments, as the agenesis of the corpus callosum, Down Syndrome, preterm birth, Autism Spectrum Disorder, hearing impairment and personality difficulties such as anxiety. Overall, the papers collected in our book allow a better understanding of the mechanisms influencing mental state understanding and the effects of mental state comprehension on development.

Metasurfaces: Physics and Applications

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038973447 9783038973454 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-345-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Mathematics --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 11:17:24
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Metasurfaces, the two-dimensional analog of metamaterials, have attracted progressively increasing attention in recent years due to their planar configurations and, thus, ease of fabrication, while enabling an unprecedented control over optical fields. The phase, amplitude, polarization, helicity, and even angular momentum of the reflected or transmitted optical fields can be controlled at will by tailoring optically thin planar arrays of resonant subwavelength elements arranged in a periodic or aperiodic manner. As a result, numerous applications and fascinating devices have been realized by designed planar metasurfaces, including beam deflectors, wave plates, flat lenses, holograms, surface wave couplers, and freeform metasurfaces.This Special Issue is launched to provide a possibility for researchers in the area of metasurfaces to highlight the most recent exciting developments and discuss different metasurface configurations in depth, so as to further promote practical applications of metasurfaces. There are 12 papers selected for this Special Issue, representing fascinating progress and potential applications in the area of metasurfaces, which is highly recommended and believed to benefit readers in various aspects.

Contemporary Nostalgia

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ISBN: 9783039215560 / 9783039215577 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-557-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Some of the most pressing contemporary issues (ecological crisis, migration and integration, fragmented worldviews, social media, fake news, extremist politics and terrorism) can be understood more profoundly through how they interact with both individual and collective forces of nostalgia. Nostalgia is politics, but these politics are also interwoven with media and culture. Notwithstanding how nostalgia is used or contextualized in terms of politics and social practices, commodification or personal development, its power is primarily situated within its efficacy as a governing, influential human emotion. The vast and luminous contributions to this special issue on contemporary nostalgia are all investigating the role different aesthetic media formats (film, music, literature, computer games) plays in nostalgic negotiations with style, history, migration, love, nationalism, diaspora, irony, modernity, colonial and postcolonial discourses, and adoption. Mutually, these essays stand out as important, original, critical contributions to the expanding field of nostalgia studies and offer a valued insight on our world.

Keywords

nostalgia --- railways --- modernity --- modernism --- American literature --- heritage cinema --- Hollywood --- reflective nostalgia --- restorative nostalgia --- metanostalgia --- nostalgia --- Lars Gustafsson --- poetry --- tropic reinvention --- landscape --- childhood --- imagery --- expatriation --- nostalgia --- Ian McEwan --- Atonement --- ethics --- responsibility --- nostalgia --- contemporary nostalgia --- nostalgic experience --- nostalgic narrative --- narrative modes --- narrative mediation --- reflective nostalgia --- idealisation --- first-person narrative --- Finland-Swedish literature --- Second World War --- North Africa Campaign --- Egypt --- cosmopolitanism --- imperial nostalgia --- colonial nostalgia --- collective memory --- nostalgia --- ostalgia --- Czech film --- Czech history --- normalisation --- post-communism --- Yugonostalgia --- post-Yugoslav music --- the concept of love --- commodification of feelings and memories --- émigré writers --- lost ideal --- nostalgia --- myths --- popular literature --- nostalgia --- video games --- independent style --- retro aesthetics --- historical recreation --- simulation --- nostalgic dystopias --- F. Scott Fitzgerald --- “The Rich Boy” --- Niklas Salmose --- nostalgia --- nostalgic strategies --- text-image relations --- Red Book Magazine --- F.R. Gruger --- illustrations --- advertisements --- media --- intermediality --- transnational adoption --- nostalgia --- motherhood --- autobiography --- Naumann --- Rickardsson --- nostalgia --- Richard Ford --- pastoral --- southern gothic --- grotesque --- memory --- partition --- nation-state --- Foucault --- heterotopia --- India --- Pakistan --- Partition fiction --- refugees --- Nubia --- nostalgic spaces --- displacement --- territory --- disembodied territoriality --- spatial production --- n/a

Smart Sensors for Structural Health Monitoring

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039217588 / 9783039217595 Year: Pages: 342 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-759-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Smart sensors are technologies designed to facilitate the monitoring operations. For instance, power consumption can be minimized through on-board processing and smart interrogation algorithms, and state detection enhanced through collaboration between sensor nodes. Applied to structural health monitoring, smart sensors are key enablers of sparse and dense sensor networks capable of monitoring full-scale structures and components. They are also critical in empowering operators with decision making capabilities. The objective of this Special Issue is to generate discussions on the latest advances in research on smart sensing technologies for structural health monitoring applications, with a focus on decision-enabling systems. This Special Issue covers a wide range of related topics such as innovative sensors and sensing technologies for crack, displacement, and sudden event monitoring, sensor optimization, and novel sensor data processing algorithms for damage and defect detection, operational modal analysis, and system identification of a wide variety of structures (bridges, transmission line towers, high-speed trains, masonry light houses, etc.).

Keywords

optical crack growth sensor --- digital sampling moiré --- 2D crack growth --- calibration --- concrete crack --- feature extraction --- mapping construction --- fuzzy classification --- rotary ultrasonic array --- bending stiffness --- damage identification --- environmental noise --- bridge --- test vehicle --- structural impact monitoring --- sensors distribution optimization --- NSGA-II --- energy analysis of wavelet band --- principal component analysis --- transmission tower --- settlement --- wind force --- acceleration --- modal frequencies --- sudden event monitoring --- wireless smart sensors --- demand-based nodes --- event-triggered sensing --- data fusion --- patch antenna --- sensor --- structural health monitoring --- crack identification --- resonant frequency --- damage identification --- sensor optimization --- Virtual Distortion Method (VDM) --- Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm --- sensitivity --- structural health monitoring --- piezoelectric wafer active sensors --- active sensing --- passive sensing --- damage detection --- acoustic emission --- uniaxial stress measurement --- structural steel members --- amplitude spectrum --- phase spectrum --- shear-wave birefringence --- acoustoelastic effect --- damage detection --- smartphones --- steel frame --- shaking table tests --- wavelet packet decomposition --- low-velocity impacts --- strain wave --- impactor stiffness --- data processing --- feature selection --- impact identification --- crack --- strain --- distributed dense sensor network --- structural health monitoring --- fibre bundle --- reflective optical sensor --- tip clearance --- turbine --- aero engine --- principal component analysis --- space window --- time window --- damage detection --- length effect --- stress detection --- electromagnetic oscillation --- steel strand --- concrete structures --- SHM --- stretching method --- model updating --- displacement sensor --- helical antenna --- resonant frequency --- perturbation theory --- normal mode --- wheel minor defect --- high-speed train --- online wayside detection --- Bayesian blind source separation --- FBG sensor array

Recent Advances in Urban Ventilation Assessment and Flow Modelling

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038978060 9783038978077 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-807-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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This book contains twenty-one original papers and one review paper published by internationally recognized experts in the Atmosphere Special Issue ""Recent Advances in Urban Ventilation Assessment and Flow Modelling"", years 2017–2019. The Special Issue includes contributions on recent experimental and modelling works, techniques, and developments mainly tailored to the assessment of urban ventilation on flow and pollutant dispersion in cities. The study of ventilation is of critical importance, as it addresses the capacity with which a built urban structure is capable of replacing the polluted air with ambient fresh air. Here, ventilation is recognized as a transport process that improves local microclimate and air quality and closely relates to the term “breathability”. The efficiency with which street canyon ventilation occurs depends on the complex interaction between the atmospheric boundary layer flow and the local urban morphology.The individual contributions to this Issue are summarized and categorized into four broad topics: (1) outdoor ventilation efficiency and application/development of ventilation indices, (2) relationship between indoor and outdoor ventilation, (3) effects of urban morphology and obstacles to ventilation, and (4) ventilation modelling in realistic urban districts. The results and approaches presented and proposed will be of great interest to experimentalists and modelers, and may constitute a starting point for the improvement of numerical simulations of flow and pollutant dispersion in the urban environment, for the development of simulation tools, and for the implementation of mitigation strategies.

Keywords

street canyon --- seasonal variation --- air flow --- pollutant dispersion --- pollutant removal --- natural ventilation --- residential wind environments --- building arrangements --- space pattern --- ventilation efficiency --- CFD simulation --- air change rate (ACH) --- flow and turbulence profiles --- hypothetical urban areas --- street-level ventilation --- ventilation assessment --- wind-tunnel dataset --- street vegetation --- CFD --- aerodynamic and deposition --- tree scenarios --- urban planning --- indoor-outdoor --- mass concentration --- nanoparticles --- particle number concentration (PNC) --- PM10 --- PM2.5 --- sampling --- Total Suspended Particles (TSP) --- ultrafine particles (UFP) --- urban street canyon --- wind enhancement --- architectural intervention --- water channel experiment --- CFD simulation --- passive ventilation --- street canyon --- computational fluid dynamics (CFD) --- ventilation effectiveness --- the age of air --- convective boundary layer --- LES --- street-level ventilation --- small open space --- air change rate per hour (ACH) --- concentration decay method --- urban age of air --- computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulation --- natural ventilation --- residential building --- climate zone --- thermal comfort --- natural ventilation hour --- Japan cities --- building energy use --- inter-building effect --- highly-reflective building envelope --- BEopt analysis --- source apportionment --- data assimilation --- urban air quality modelling --- wind environment --- Natural Ventilation Potential (NVP) --- PM2.5 --- building–tree grouping patterns --- Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) --- LES --- ventilation --- urban planning --- dispersion --- air quality --- street canyon --- traffic tidal flow --- numerical simulation --- vehicular pollution --- non-uniform distribution of the pollution source --- on-road air quality --- traffic composition --- high emitting vehicles --- street canyon --- mobile laboratory --- CFD model --- heat loss --- optimisation --- residential building --- air quality --- carbon dioxide concentration --- ventilation system --- wind pressure coefficient --- airflow network --- multiple linear regression --- natural ventilation --- urban layout --- surrogate model --- schematic urban environment --- wind tunnel --- LES --- validation --- street canyon --- coherent structures --- road tunnel --- natural ventilation --- wind catcher --- intake fraction --- street canyon --- CFD --- Large Eddy Simulation (LES) --- urban air quality --- pedestrian exposure --- concentration fluctuation --- outdoor ventilation --- urban morphology --- building site coverage --- ventilation efficiency --- n/a

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