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Law and Religious Minorities in Medieval Societies

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Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503566948 9782503566979 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.5.108940 Language: English|French|Spanish;
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:01:59
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This volume shows through the use of legal sources that law was used to try to erect boundaries between communities in order to regulate or restrict interaction between the faithful and the non-faithful; and at the same time shows how these boundaries were repeatedly transgressed and negotiated. Muslim law developed a clear legal cadre for dhimmīs, inferior but protected non-Muslim communities (in particular Jews and Christians) and Roman Canon law decreed a similar status for Jewish and Muslim communities in Europe. Yet the theoretical hierarchies between faithful and infidel were constantly brought into question in the daily interactions between men and women of different faiths in streets, markets, bath-houses, law courts, etc. The twelve essays in this volume explore these tensions and attempts to resolve them. These contributions show that law was used to try to erect boundaries between communities in order to regulate or restrict interaction between the faithful and the non-faithful—and at the same time how these boundaries were repeatedly transgressed and negotiated. These essays explore also the possibilities and the limits of the use of legal sources for the social historian.

The Legal status of ḏimmī-s in the Islamic West

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ISBN: 9782503548548 9782503548890 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.6.09070802050003050408050408 Language: English|French|Spanish;
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:52
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The first monograph devoted to the legal status of religious minorities status accorded to dimmī-s ( Jews and Christians) in the Muslim law in the medieval Muslim west (the Maghreb and Muslim Spain). The articles in this volume provide numerous examples of the richness and complexity of interreligious relations in Medieval Islam and the reactions of jurists to those relations. The studies brought together in this volume provide an important contribution to the history of ḏimmī-s in the medieval dār al-islām, and more generally to the legal history of religious minorities in medieval societies. The central question addressed is the legal status accorded to ḏimmī-s (Jews and Christians) in the Muslim law in the medieval Muslim west (the Maghreb and Muslim Spain). The scholars whose work is brought together in these pages have dealt with a rich and complex variety of legal sources. Many of the texts are from the Mālikī legal tradition; they include fiqh, fatwā-s, ḥisba manuals. These texts function as the building blocks of the legal framework in which jurists and rulers of Maghrebi and Peninsular societies worked. The very richness and complexity of these texts, as well as the variety of responses that they solicited, refute the textbook idea of a monolithic ḏimmī system, supposedly based on the Pact of ‘Umar, applied throughout the Muslim world. In fact when one looks closely at the early legal texts or chronicles from both the Mashreq and the Maghreb, there is little evidence for a standard, uniform ḏimmī system, but rather a wide variety of local adaptations. The articles in this volume provide numerous examples of the richness and complexity of interreligious relations in Medieval Islam and the reactions of jurists to those relations.

Religious Minorities in Christian, Jewish and Muslim Law (5th - 15th centuries)

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Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christion and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503565712 9782503567099 Year: Pages: 454 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.5.109274 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:01:52
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The fruit of a sustained and close collaboration between historians, linguists and jurists working on the Christian, Muslim and Jewish societies of the Middle Ages, this book explores the theme of religious coexistence (and the problems it poses) from a resolutely comparative perspective. The authors concentrate on a key aspect of this coexistence: the legal status attributed to Jews and Muslims in Christendom and to dhimmīs in Islamic lands. What are the similarities and differences, from the point of view of the law, between the indigenous religious minority and the foreigner? What specific treatments and procedures in the courtroom were reserved for plaintiffs, defendants or witnesses belonging to religious minorities? What role did the law play in the segregation of religious groups? In limiting, combating, or on the contrary justifying violence against them? Through these questions, and through the innovative comparative method applied to them, this book offers a fresh new synthesis to these questions and a spur to new research.

Religious minorities, integration and the State; État, minorités religieuses et intégration

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Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503564999 Year: Pages: 230 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:02:38
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Judaism, Christianity and Islam have coexisted in Europe for over 1300 years. The three monotheistic faiths differ in demography, in the moment of their arrival on the continent and in the unequal relations they maintain with power: Christianity was chosen by a large number of inhabitants and became — in spite of important differences according to place and time —a religion of state. The organization of the continent into states and the divisions within Christianity often placed minorities in an unstable and at times painful situation. This partially explains the fight against "heresies", the wars of religions, the expulsion of Jews from several European kingdoms (as well as the expulsion of Muslims from Sicily and the Iberian peninsula), the "Jewish question" in the 19th century up until the Holocaust. Since the 20th century, the debates concerning Islam and concerning public expression of religion are shaped in part by this past. The 13 studies gathered in this volume explore the ways in which states have treated their religious minorities. We study various policies — repression, supervision, integration, tolerance, secularization, indifference — as well as the many ways in which minorities have accommodated the majority’s demands. The relation is by no means one-sided: on the contrary, state policies have created resistance, negotiation (on the legal, political, and cultural fronts) or compromise. Through these precise and original examples, we can see how the protagonists (states, religious institutions, the elite, the faithful) interact, try to convince or influence each other in order to transform practices, invent and implement common norms and grounds, all the while knowing the confessional dimension of "religious" majority and minority does not fully embrace the identity of each citizen in full.

There is a Crack in Everything—Education and Religion in a Secular Age

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ISBN: 9783039212774 / 9783039212781 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-278-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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There are two constants in academic and theological discourse throughout history, they are the debate around secularization and the dialogue concerning the intersection of religion and education. Each age has had its debate about modernizing forces that drive concerns of impending secularization. In this publication this theme is approached from perspectives of teachers, of students, of policy makers and situated in a politico-historical context. Aware of the fact that in today’s plural societies one sacred canopy is non-existent anymore, cracks of the sacred canopy/canopies are described, as well as ‘the light that gets in’, the possible and challenging ways out are roughly sketched. We expect that each of the contributions of scholars of the East and the West, of the North and the South, and their presented examples and case studies, will stimulate the ongoing exploration and elaboration on the relationship between education and religion in todays’ and the coming world – work-in-progress for coming generations.

Keywords

religious education --- secularization --- pluralism --- non-confessional --- classroom observation --- ethnography --- Christian --- university --- radicalization --- post-secular --- secular --- religion education --- secularity --- secularism --- religion in public life --- representation of religion --- Bible --- Qur’an --- Ubuntu --- orthodoxy --- orthokardia --- orthopraxis --- Weltanschauung --- inter-worldview education --- Europe --- tolerance --- inequality --- power --- state Jewish religious education --- state Jewish secular education --- state Arab Moslem education --- state Christian education --- state Druze education --- religious and heritage education --- citizenship education --- religious minorities --- secularism --- Muslim --- youth --- immigration --- social boundaries --- identification --- college --- Québec --- inclusion --- worldview education --- universal design for learning --- learning in the presence of the other --- reflexive inclusion --- secularization --- rationality --- medicine --- theology --- symbiotic relevance --- school identity --- secularization --- secondary education --- teachers --- worldviews --- morality --- spirituality --- religion --- religious education --- life-as --- subjective-life --- secularism --- religious education --- values education --- strong religious schools --- Dutch Bible Belt --- citizenship education --- religious education --- liberal society --- secularization --- symbolic language --- philosophy of life --- religious sources of meaning --- metaphoric sensitivity --- inventive imagination --- role playing/bibliodrama --- identity construction --- life orientation --- bibliodrama --- narratives --- interreligious encounters --- education --- image of imams --- secularization --- plurality --- spiritual religiosity --- popular religiosity --- radicalization --- n/a --- n/a

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