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Analyse und Bewertung des Elektrizitätssystems und des Wärmesystems der Wohngebäude in Deutschland

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Book Series: Produktion und Energie / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und industrielle Produktion u. Deutsch-Französisches Institut für Umweltforschung ISSN: 21942404 ISBN: 9783731506362 Year: Volume: 21 Pages: XLIII, 373 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000066148 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The present work investigates the evolution of the electricity system and the heat system of the residential buildings in Germany until 2050. The aim of the research work relates to the analysis of the temporal evolution of the investigated energy systems as well as of the potential of innovative technologies at the interface of electricity and heat along with the assessment of the goals of climate and energy policy in the heat system of the residential sector.

Techno-ökonomische Planung energetischer Wohngebäudemodernisierungen : Ein gemischt-ganzzahliges lineares Optimierungsmodell auf Basis einer vollständigen Finanzplanung

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Book Series: Produktion und Energie / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und industrielle Produktion u. Deutsch-Französisches Institut für Umweltforschung ISSN: 21942404 ISBN: 9783731505310 Year: Volume: 15 Pages: XVI, 286 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000054969 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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In this work, an optimization model (MILP) for the energetic refurbishment planning of buildings is developed. It provides decision support for owner-occupiers and/or landlords. The approach considers simultaneously the selection of refurbishment measures, the operation of energy supply technologies (incl. CHP/PV), and the financing structure from an economic point of view. The evaluation scheme is based on a visualization of financial implications and factors public funds into the analysis.

Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Both New and Rehabilitated

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ISBN: 9783039287024 / 9783039287031 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-703-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Buildings are one of the main causes of the emission of greenhouse gases in the world. Europe alone is responsible for more than 30% of emissions, or about 900 million tons of CO2 per year. Heating and air conditioning are the main cause of greenhouse gas emissions in buildings. Most buildings currently in use were built with poor energy efficiency criteria or, depending on the country and the date of construction, none at all. Therefore, regardless of whether construction regulations are becoming stricter, the real challenge nowadays is the energy rehabilitation of existing buildings. It is currently a priority to reduce (or, ideally, eliminate) the waste of energy in buildings and, at the same time, supply the necessary energy through renewable sources. The first can be achieved by improving the architectural design, construction methods, and materials used, as well as the efficiency of the facilities and systems; the second can be achieved through the integration of renewable energy (wind, solar, geothermal, etc.) in buildings. In any case, regardless of whether the energy used is renewable or not, the efficiency must always be taken into account. The most profitable and clean energy is that which is not consumed.

Keywords

greenhouse --- floor envelope design --- ground heat transfer --- thermal insulation --- energy modeling --- life cycle cost analysis --- nearly zero energy building --- artificial neural network --- performance parameter design --- energy saving ratio --- dynamic simulation --- urban modelling --- co-simulation --- simulation engines --- building stock energy demand --- building --- energy --- heat load --- sensitivity --- glazing --- surface cooling --- three-phase unbalance minimization --- model predictive control --- home energy management system --- perturbation and observation --- adjustable step size --- low power loss --- maximum power point tracking --- HVAC demand --- prediction --- energy efficiency --- residential buildings --- Ipomoea batatas --- lightweight expanded clay aggregate (LECA), thermal performance --- extensive green roof --- subtropical climate --- artificial neural network --- big data --- energy-performance gap --- building energy prediction --- building user activity --- single-person household --- Korean household energy consumption --- analytical hierarchy process --- energy efficiency promotion --- influencing factors --- residential buildings --- policy design --- building energy --- passive architecture --- test method --- energy performance standard --- zero energy building --- technology package --- renovation --- energy renovation --- demolition --- new construction --- energy use --- energy performance --- life cycle cost --- optimization --- OPERA-MILP --- multi-family buildings --- Arab region --- building sector --- energy efficiency --- energy productivity --- GCC --- Maghreb --- Mashreq --- space heating --- domestic hot water (DHW) --- air, ground and water source heat pump (ASHP, GSHP and WSHP) --- coefficient of performance (COP) --- seasonal performance factor (SPF) --- energy pile --- energy tunnel --- Level(s) --- green building rating systems --- Building Research Establishment Assessment Method (BREEAM) --- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauen (DGNB) --- Haute Qualité Environnementale (HQE) --- Leadership in Energy &amp --- Environmental Design (LEED) --- energy efficiency --- subtropical climate building --- Minimum-Energy Building (MEB) --- building refurbishment --- building rehabilitation --- building renovation --- envelope airtightness --- envelope thermography --- envelope transmittance

PV System Design and Performance

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ISBN: 9783039216222 9783039216239 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-623-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Photovoltaic solar energy technology (PV) has been developing rapidly in the past decades, leading to a multi-billion-dollar global market. It is of paramount importance that PV systems function properly, which requires the generation of expected energy both for small-scale systems that consist of a few solar modules and for very large-scale systems containing millions of modules. This book increases the understanding of the issues relevant to PV system design and correlated performance; moreover, it contains research from scholars across the globe in the fields of data analysis and data mapping for the optimal performance of PV systems, faults analysis, various causes for energy loss, and design and integration issues. The chapters in this book demonstrate the importance of designing and properly monitoring photovoltaic systems in the field in order to ensure continued good performance.

Keywords

floating PV generation structure --- fiber reinforced polymeric plastic (FRP) --- pultruded FRP --- sheet molding compound FRP --- structural design --- mooring system --- photovoltaic plants --- software development --- performance analysis --- loss analysis --- graphical malfunction detection --- fuzzy logic controller --- maximum power point tracking (MPPT) --- dc-dc converter --- photovoltaic system --- photovoltaic system --- modeling --- stability analysis --- grid-connected --- photovoltaics --- modules --- shade resilience --- buck converter --- module architecture --- PV array --- FCM algorithm --- cluster analysis --- fault diagnosis --- membership algorithm --- solar energy --- photovoltaic module performance --- organic soiling --- Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) --- floating PV systems (FPV) --- floating PV module (FPVM) --- ANOVA --- Bartlett’s test --- Hartigan’s dip test --- Jarque-Bera’s test --- Kruskal-Wallis’ test --- Mood’s Median test --- residential buildings --- Tukey’s test --- urban context --- solar cells --- AC parameters --- underdamped oscillation --- impedance spectroscopy --- partial shading --- photo-generated current --- photovoltaic performance --- maximum power point --- image processing --- photovoltaic (PV) systems monitoring --- malfunction detection --- data analysis --- PV systems --- cluster analysis --- failure detection --- ageing and degradation of PV-modules --- performance analysis --- UV-fluorescence imaging --- photovoltaic modeling --- parameter estimation --- optimization problem --- metaheuristic --- opposition-based learning --- quasi-opposition based learning --- improved cuckoo search algorithm --- PV energy performance --- PV thermal performance --- thermal interaction --- conventional roof membrane --- vegetated/green roof --- Renewable Energy --- PV systems --- forecast --- energy --- simulation --- silicon --- photovoltaics --- modules --- electroluminescence --- defects --- cracks --- performance ratio --- annual yield --- GIS --- PV system --- spatial analyses --- performance ratio --- GIS --- PV module --- system --- population density --- urban compactness --- solar farm --- photovoltaics --- reactive power support --- STATCOM --- technical costs --- photovoltaic systems --- reliability --- real data --- energy yield --- fault tree analysis --- failure mode and effect analysis --- availability --- failure rates

Intelligent Control in Energy Systems

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ISBN: 9783039214150 9783039214167 Year: Pages: 508 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-416-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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The editors of this Special Issue titled “Intelligent Control in Energy Systems” have attempted to create a book containing original technical articles addressing various elements of intelligent control in energy systems. In response to our call for papers, we received 60 submissions. Of those submissions, 27 were published and 33 were rejected. In this book, we offer the 27 accepted technical articles as well as one editorial. Authors from 15 countries (China, Netherlands, Spain, Tunisia, United Sates of America, Korea, Brazil, Egypt, Denmark, Indonesia, Oman, Canada, Algeria, Mexico, and the Czech Republic) elaborate on several aspects of intelligent control in energy systems. The book covers a broad range of topics including fuzzy PID in automotive fuel cell and MPPT tracking, neural networks for fuel cell control and dynamic optimization of energy management, adaptive control on power systems, hierarchical Petri Nets in microgrid management, model predictive control for electric vehicle battery and frequency regulation in HVAC systems, deep learning for power consumption forecasting, decision trees for wind systems, risk analysis for demand side management, finite state automata for HVAC control, robust ?-synthesis for microgrids, and neuro-fuzzy systems in energy storage.

Keywords

lithium-ion battery pack --- soft internal short circuit --- model-based fault detection --- battery safety --- internal short circuit resistance --- load frequency control --- model uncertainty --- ?-synthesis --- differential evolution --- decision tree --- preventive control --- Fault Ride Through Capability --- doubly-fed induction generator --- ancillary service --- frequency regulation --- demand response --- commercial/residential buildings --- HVAC systems --- model predictive control --- rule-based control --- position control --- static friction --- exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve system --- automotive application --- hybrid electric vehicle --- compound structured permanent-magnet motor --- energy management strategy --- instantaneous optimization minimum power loss --- back propagation (BP) neural network --- power transformer winding --- vibration characteristics --- multiphysical field analysis --- short-circuit experiment --- winding-fault characteristics --- occupancy model --- occupancy-based control --- model predictive control --- energy efficiency --- building climate control --- solar monitoring system --- photovoltaic array --- energy management --- demand side management --- operation limit violations --- probabilistic power flow --- network sensitivity --- neural networks --- railway --- high-speed railway --- neutral section --- medium voltage --- thyristor --- AC static switch --- adaptive backstepping --- nonlinear power systems --- sliding mode control --- error compensation --- ?-class function --- energy internet --- multi-energy complementary --- integrated energy systems --- distribution network planning --- electric power consumption --- multi-step forecasting --- long short term memory --- convolutional neural network --- system identification --- parameter estimation --- system modelling --- model reduction --- polynomial expansion --- orthogonal least square --- industrial process --- electric vehicle --- battery packs --- active balance --- model predictive control --- hierarchical Petri nets --- urban microgrids --- phase-load balancing --- fuzzy logic controller --- MPPT: maximum power point tracking --- photovoltaic system --- step-up boost converter --- proton exchange membrane fuel cell --- four phases interleaved boost converter --- neural network controller --- AC-DC converters --- bridgeless SEPIC PFC converter --- repetitive controller --- current distortion --- current controller design --- stochastic power system operating point drift --- wind integrated power system --- power oscillations --- adaptive damping control --- continuous voltage control --- multiple-point control --- interaction minimization --- pilot point --- adjacent areas --- ANFIS --- artificial neural network --- fuzzy --- small scale compressed air energy storage (SS-CAES) --- voltage controlling --- electric meter --- error estimation --- line loss --- RLS --- double forgetting factors --- hybrid power plant --- control architecture --- coordination of reserves --- frequency support --- frequency control dead band --- fast frequency response --- frequency containment reserve --- line switching --- voltage violations --- three-stage --- fractional order fuzzy PID controller --- neural network algorithm --- PEM fuel cell --- MPPT operation --- sensitivity analysis --- intelligent control --- artificial intelligence --- energy management system --- smart micro-grid --- energy systems --- intelligent buildings --- forecasting --- multi-agent control --- optimization

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