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Selling the Sea: A study of conflict over marine tenure in Kei Islands, Eastern Indonesia

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ISBN: 9781922144829 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459922 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Aquaculture and Fisheries
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:57
License: ANU Press

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By analysing various conflicts, this book discusses the social, political, economic and legal attributes that are attached to the practice of traditional (communal) marine tenure. Selling the Sea pushes the discourse beyond the conventional approach which looks at marine tenure only as a means of resource management, and offers a more comprehensive understanding of what marine tenure is. For those working in the areas of marine resource management and fisheries, this book is a critical but also complementary reading to the conventional discourse on the issue.

The Governance of Common Property in the Pacific Region

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ISBN: 9781922144744 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459932 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:01
License: ANU Press

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In a region where mining, forestry, fish and other primary resources are so basic to income, employment and national prosperity, an understanding of rights to

Macassan History and Heritage: Journeys, Encounters and Influences

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781922144966 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459946 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:17
License: ANU Press

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This book presents inter-disciplinary perspectives on the maritime journeys of the Macassan trepangers who sailed in fleets of wooden sailing vessels known as praus from the port city of Makassar in southern Sulawesi to the northern Australian coastline. These voyages date back to at least the 1700s and there is new evidence to suggest that the Macassan praus were visiting northern Australia even earlier. This book examines the Macassan journeys to and from Australia, their encounters with Indigenous communities in the north, as well as the ongoing social and cultural impact of these connections, both in Indonesia and Australia.

The Rahui: Legal pluralism in Polynesian traditional management of resources and territories

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ISBN: 9781925022797 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_607554 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-10 11:01:30
License: ANU Press

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This collection deals with an ancient institution in Eastern Polynesia called the rahui, a form of restricting access to resources and/or territories. While tapu had been extensively discussed in the scientific literature on Oceanian anthropology, the rahui is quite absent from secondary modern literature. This situation is all the more problematic because individual actors, societies, and states in the Pacific are readapting such concepts to their current needs, such as environment regulation or cultural legitimacy. This book assembles a comprehensive collection of current works on the rahui from a legal pluralism perspective. This study as a whole underlines the new assertion of identity that has flowed from the cultural dimension of the rahui. Today, rahui have become a means for indigenous communities to be fully recognised on a political level. Some indigenous communities choose to restore the rahui in order to preserve political control of their territory or, in some cases, to get it back. For the state, better control of the rahui represents a way of asserting its legitimacy and its sovereignty, in the face of this reassertion by indigenous communities.

Bioeconomy: Shaping the Transition to a Sustainable, Biobased Economy

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ISBN: 9783319681511 9783319681528 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-68152-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 10:56:15
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This book defines the new field of "Bioeconomy" as the sustainable and innovative use of biomass and biological knowledge to provide food, feed, industrial products, bioenergy and ecological services. The chapters highlight the importance of bioeconomy-related concepts in public, scientific, and political discourse. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the authors outline the dimensions of the bioeconomy as a means of achieving sustainability.

New Water Regimes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038429630 9783038429647 Year: Pages: VIII, 126 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Law --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-22 09:04:54
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Water resource management challenges around the world are not just hydrological issues-- they are socio-legal in nature as well. This edited collection critically examines legal and administrative structures of water control, with the goal of imagining alternatives to entrenched systems of capitalist and anthropocentric water governance. The collection contributes to the areas of legal geography and water resource governance. The research presented in the collection draws from numerous theoretical perspectives, including decolonial and post-anthropocentric approaches to water governance; social and environmental justice in water management; and understanding legal ecologies. The collection addresses a variety of themes of water governance, including water allocation, groundwater management, collaborative governance, drought planning, and water quality. The papers describe and analyze water issues and new ideas in multiple countries, including Australia, Ecuador, New Zealand, India, and the United States.

Between the Plough and the Pick

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ISBN: 9781760461713 Year: DOI: 10.22459/BPP.03.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-10 11:01:51
License: ANU Press

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"Between the Plough and the Pick deepens our understanding of informal, artisanal and small-scale mining, popularly known as ASM. The book engages with wider scholarly conceptualisations of contemporary global social, agrarian and political changes, whilst underlining the roles that local social‑political-historical contexts play in shaping mineral extractive processes and practices. It shows that the people who are engaged in these mining practices are often the poorest and most exploited labourers—erstwhile peasants caught in the vortex of global change, who perform the most insecure and dangerous tasks. Although these people are located at the margins of mainstream economic life, they collectively produce enormous amounts of diverse material commodities and find a livelihood (and often a pathway out of oppressive poverty). The contributions to this book bring these people to the forefront of debates on resource politics. The contributors are international scholars and practitioners who explore the complexities in the histories, in labour and production practices, the forces driving such mining, the creative agency and capacities of these miners, as well as the human and environmental costs of ASM. They show how these informal, artisanal and small‑scale miners are inextricably engaged with, or bound to, global commodity values, are intimately involved in the production of new extractive territories and rural economies, and how their labour reshapes agrarian communities and landscapes of resource access and control.&#xD;This book drives home the understanding that, collectively, this social and economic milieu redefines our conceptualisation of resource politics, mineral‑dependent livelihoods, extractive geographies of resources and commodities, and their multiple meanings."

Chapter 26 The Role of Pseudo-Commons in Post-Socialist Countries (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138060906 9781315162782 Year: Pages: 17 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:03
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If Hardin’s (1968) widely cited case of a pasture accessible to everyone were the standard for public natural resources, those resources would have the tendency to be depleted, degraded, destroyed or overexploited. Hardin explains that each herdsman found it more profitable to graze more animals than the pasture could support, since each took all the profit from an extra animal but bore only a fraction of the cost of overgrazing. Yet, what Hardin calls a “Tragedy of the Commons” is rather a “Tragedy of Open Access” (Feeny et al., 1990), since Hardin confuses the characteristics of a resource, such as low excludability and high rivalry in consumption, with its property rights regime which can take diverse forms. Hardin describes an open access system, meaning no rules and no property rights regime in place, that leads to overuse and degradation, instead of a resource that is held in common. Later, Hardin (1994) refers to the same case as an “unmanaged commons”. With his pasture example, he aimed to contradict the laissez-faire attitude shared by economists in the late 1800s, which was that if each man pursued his own interest then the interests of all would be best served in the long run.&#xD;To motivate this chapter, I will recall four possible methods of natural resource management that can resolve this tragedy. I will also highlight the fourth, often overlooked approach, i.e. the public manager option. In fact, there is a continuum between the two polar ends of the spectrum, from governance enacted by a single central authority to a fully decentralized system of individual decision making. Between these two extremes lies a range of governance regimes that might involve higher levels of government along with local systems (Theesfeld, 2008a; Frey et al., 2016).

Knowledge Management Strategies and Applications

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789535136170 9789535136187 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.5772/63142 Language: English
Publisher: InTechOpen
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Knowledge management (KM) has become an important business strategy in an era of accelerated globalization, digitalization, and servitization of products and services. Maximizing the use of organizational resources becomes fundamental for continuous growth and prosperity. Organizations of various kinds such as resource-based organizations, product-based organizations, as well as knowledge-intensive service-oriented organizations require specific policies and support services to improve the knowledge management in their respective organizations. Knowledge Management Strategies and Applications focuses on the way organizations can create knowledge, share existing or new knowledge, and disseminate them among the stakeholders, most importantly among the employees, managers, customers, and suppliers. The selected topics are drawn from several fields of studies and give a multidisciplinary outlook. The book will be interesting not only for the researchers and students but also for the managers who want to improve knowledge sharing and innovation capabilities in their organizations.

Groundwater - Contaminant and Resource Management

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ISBN: 9789535124658 9789535124665 9789535141914 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.5772/61696 Language: English
Publisher: InTechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:09

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Water inside the earth, the groundwater and the invisible resource is the most important source of survival of mankind on this globe. Part of the hydrological cycle between entry (percolation and recharge) and exit (natural or forced extraction and discharge), the groundwater fascinates all: engineers, hydrogeologists, agriculturists, environmentalists, scientists, academia, resource managers and domestic and industrial users. This book is the outcome of efforts of those eminent authors who despite their fascination were able to write upon some important facet of groundwater flow and the transport of pollutants with it. The dimensions covered range from simple descriptive narratives; to expose of analytical methods; to complex mathematical treatment; to numerical simulations and computer modeling. All areas have been touched upon for the sake of general readers, students, professional engineers and scientists.

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