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Innovative Extraction Techniques and Hyphenated Instrument Configuration for Complex Matrices Analysis

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ISBN: 9783039210848 / 9783039210855 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-085-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The present Special Issue, “Innovative Extraction Techniques and Hyphenated Instrument Configuration for Complex Matrices Analysis”, aims to collect and to disseminate some of the most significant and recent contributions in the interdisciplinary area of innovative extraction procedures from complex matrices followed by validated analytical methods using hyphenated instrument configurations to support the optimization of the whole process and the scale-up possibility

Keywords

branched-chain keto acids --- serum --- muscle --- HPLC-Q-TOF/MS --- wood --- odor --- volatile organic compounds --- gas chromatography-olfactometry --- Wuyi Rock tea --- quality --- UPLC-QTOF MS --- UPLC-QqQ MS --- metabolite profiling --- metabolomics --- cluster analysis --- cultivars --- Lycium ruthenicun --- flavonoid --- ruthenicunoid A --- SIRT1 --- Asphodeline lutea --- HPLC-PDA --- heavy metals --- tyrosinase --- diabetes --- neurodegenerative disease --- color analysis --- pigments --- MAE --- HPLC-PDA --- SFE --- Thymus algeriensis --- rare earth elements --- flow injection --- inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry --- seawater --- Hericium erinaceuns mycelium --- high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) --- genistein --- daidzein --- Fe3O4 --- modification --- alginate --- alkaloid --- ultrasound assisted extraction --- gelatin --- actinidin --- bovine hide --- physicochemical properties --- gel strength --- Semen Cuscutae --- ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization mass spectrometry --- chlorogenic acids --- flavonoids --- steamed Panax notoginseng --- saponins --- extraction --- optimization --- antioxidant activity --- response surface methodology --- hematopoiesis --- microwave processing --- response surface methodology --- minor ginsenosides --- blood-enriching activity --- hemostatic activity --- ionic liquids --- sample preparation --- microextraction --- solid-phase microextraction --- dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction --- single-drop microextraction --- stir bar sorptive extraction --- stir cake sorptive extraction --- rosuvastatin --- metformin --- HILIC --- LC-MS --- therapeutic drug monitoring --- oolong tea --- Tieguanyin tea cultivar --- metabolite profiling --- UPLC-QTOF MS --- metabolomics --- Ajuga genevensis --- near-infrared spectroscopy --- dry extract --- fluid bed process --- microNIR --- in-line monitoring --- total polyphenolic content --- antioxidant --- flavonoids --- mouse melanoma B16 cells --- Panax notoginseng --- surfactant --- n/a --- ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry --- GHB --- GHB glucuronide --- nails --- endogenous values --- walnut septum --- polyphenols --- phytosterols --- HPLC-MS/MS --- Ultra-Turrax extraction --- biological activity --- antioxidant activity --- experimental design --- optimization --- phytochemicals

Solid Phase Extraction: State of the Art and Future Perspectives

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ISBN: 9783039211586 / 9783039211593 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-159-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book is a collection of 13 innovative papers describing the state of the art and the future perspectives in solid-phase extraction covering several analytical fields prior to the use of gas or liquid chromatographic analysis. New sorptive materials are presented including carbon nanohorn suprastructures on paper support, melamine sponge functionalized with urea–formaldehyde co-oligomers, chiral metal–organic frameworks, UiO-66-based metal–organic frameworks, and fabric phase sorptive media for various applications. Solid-phase extraction can be applied in several formats aside from the conventional cartridges or mini-column approach, e.g., online solid-phase extraction, dispersive solid-phase microextraction, and in-syringe micro-solid-phase extraction can be very helpful for analyte pre-concentration and sample clean-up. Polycyclic musks in aqueous samples, 8-Nitroguanine in DNA by chemical derivatization antibacterial diterpenes from the roots of salvia prattii, perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in aater samples by bamboo charcoal-based SPE, parabens in environmental water samples, benzotriazoles as environmental pollutants, organochlorine pesticide residues in various fruit juices and water samples and synthetic peptide purification are among the applications cited in this collection. All these outstanding contributions highlight the necessity of this analytical step, present the advantages and disadvantages of each method and focus on the green analytical chemistry guidelines that have to be fulfilled in current analytical practices.

Biofuel and Bioenergy Technology

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038975960 Year: Pages: 425 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-597-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 14:08:22
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The subject of this book is ""Biofuel and Bioenergy Technology"". It aims to publish high-quality review and research papers, addressing recent advances in biofuel and bioenergy. State-of-the-art studies of advanced techniques of biorefinery for biofuel production are also included. Research involving experimental studies, recent developments, and novel and emerging technologies in this field are covered. This book contains twenty-seven technical papers which cover diversified biofuel and bioenergy technology-related research that have shown critical results and contributed significant findings to the fields of biomass processing, pyrolysis, bio-oil and its emulsification; transesterification and biodiesel, gasification and syngas, fermentation and biogas/methane, bioethanol and alcohol-based fuels, solid fuel and biochar, and microbial fuel cell and power generation development. The published contents relate to the most important techniques and analyses applied in the biofuel and bioenergy technology.

Keywords

air-steam gasification --- equilibrium model --- tar --- energy exchange --- exergy efficiency --- bio-electro-Fenton microbial fuel cells (Bio-E-Fenton MFCs) --- wastewater --- photo catalyst --- degradation --- calcination --- chemical oxygen demand (COD) --- MFC --- hydrodynamic boundary layer --- recirculation mode --- shear rate --- voltage --- charge transfer resistance --- biodiesel --- direct transesterification --- Rhodotorula glutinis --- single cell oil --- biogas --- tri-reforming process --- syngas --- methane and carbon dioxide conversion --- hydrogen/carbon monoxide ratio --- first-law/second-law efficiency --- biodiesel --- esterification --- liquid lipase --- superabsorbent polymer --- response surface methodology --- waste wood --- torrefaction --- energy yield --- mass yield --- CHO index --- gross calorific value --- Van Krevelen diagram --- anaerobic digestion --- biogas production --- wastewater treatment --- membrane bioreactors --- anaerobic digestion --- methane --- carbon dioxide --- small-scale biogas plants --- developing countries --- SOFC --- validation --- simulation --- exergy --- syngas --- Chlorella --- coal-fired flue-gas --- screening --- biodiesel property --- mixotrophic cultivation --- thermophilic anaerobic digestion --- corn stover --- prairie cord grass --- unbleached paper --- digester performance --- process stability --- synergistic effects --- microbial community --- Methanothermobacter --- biochemical methane potential --- redox potential reduction --- direct interspecies electron transfer --- electroactive biofilm --- Nejayote --- granular activated carbon --- Jerusalem artichoke --- lignocellulose --- acid pretreatment --- nitric acid --- alkali pretreatment --- enzymatic hydrolysis --- ethanol fermentation --- waste biomass --- Vietnam --- solid biofuel --- calorific value --- mechanical durability --- fatty acid methyl ester --- catalyst --- viscosity --- iodine value --- acidity index --- sewage sludge --- pyrolytic oil --- Taguchi method --- thermogravimetric analysis --- synergistic effect --- combined pretreatment --- ball mill --- ethanol organosolv --- herbaceous biomass --- lignin recovery --- Annona muricata --- biodiesel production --- seed oil --- soursop --- two-step process --- response surface methodology --- RSM --- second-generation biodiesel --- stone fruit --- optimisation --- biodiesel testing --- transesterification --- lignocellulosic biomass --- Miscanthus --- mechanical pretreatment --- organosolv pretreatment --- microbial biofuel --- metabolic engineering --- alkanes --- alcohols --- acetone --- electrochemical hydrogenation --- isopropanol --- membrane contamination --- polymer electrolyte membrane --- relative humidity --- diesel --- Carica papaya --- engine performance --- biodiesel --- characterisation --- porosity --- thermophoretic force --- biomass fuel --- non-premixed combustion --- counter-flow structure --- mathematical modeling --- emulsification --- liquefaction --- bio-oils --- co-surfactant --- surfactant --- diesel --- biogas --- Clostridiales --- hydrogen-producing bacteria --- bioreactors --- anaerobic fermentation --- anaerobic digestion --- microbial community composition

Soil Water Conservation. Dynamics and Impact

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038978527 9783038978534 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-853-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Human needs like food and clean water are directly related to good maintenance of healthy and productive soils. A good understanding of human impact on the natural environment is therefore necessary to preserve and manage soil and water resources. This knowledge is particularly important in semi-arid and arid regions, where the increasing demands on limited water supplies require urgent efforts to improve water quality and water use efficiency. It is important to keep in mind that both soil and water are limited resources. Thus, wise use of these natural resources is a fundamental prerequisite for the sustainability of human societies. This book collects 15 original scientific contributions addressing the state of the art of soil and water conservation research. Contributions cover a wide range of topics, including (1) recovery of soil hydraulic properties; (2) erosion risk; (3) novel modeling, monitoring and experimental approaches for soil hydraulic characterization; (4) improvement of crop yields; (5) water availability; and (6) soil salinity. This collection provides more insights into conservation strategies for effective and sustainable soil and water management.

Keywords

soil moisture storage --- van Genuchten model --- distributed model --- Xin’anjiang model --- TOPMODEL --- bimsoils --- critical hydraulic gradient (CHG) --- response surface methodology --- multi-parameter evaluation --- laboratory experiment --- soil block --- subsurface flow --- macropore network --- spatial scale --- polyurethane foam --- hillslope --- soil water content --- field observation --- three-dimensional model --- numerical model --- delta plain --- shallow groundwater --- unsaturated soil --- Richards equation --- the Trefftz method --- transient --- the meshless method --- vineyards --- infiltration rate --- age of planting --- saturated hydraulic conductivity --- Malawi --- conservation agriculture --- peer effects --- decision tree modeling --- olive grove --- sap flow --- relative transpiration --- FDR sensor --- EM38 --- fraction transpiration soil water --- transdisciplinary research --- Follow-the-Innovation --- innovation development --- electromagnetic induction meter (EM) --- The Agricultural Production Systems sIMulator (APSIM) software --- AquaCrop --- cereals --- DSSAT --- field scattering --- food security --- microdose fertilization --- rainfall variability --- tied ridges --- upgrading strategies --- soil properties --- saturated soil hydraulic conductivity --- soil infiltration --- Beerkan method --- post-fire soil hydraulic characterization --- infiltration --- bottomless bucket method --- single-ring infiltrometer --- field-saturated soil hydraulic conductivity --- data analysis procedures --- environmental change --- local perception --- food security --- adaptation --- soil tillage --- tillage erosion --- seedbed preparation --- water infiltration --- nitrogen use efficiency --- specific leaf water content --- vegetable production --- soil --- yield --- water and soil conservation --- sustainable land management --- soil erosion --- soil water storage --- water infiltration --- water availability --- crop yields

Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Bioactive Natural Products 2018

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ISBN: 9783038977889 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-789-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Throughout most of history, medicinal plants and their active metabolites have represented a valuable source of compounds used to prevent and to cure several diseases. Interest in natural compounds is still high as they represent a source of novel biologically/pharmacologically active compounds. Due to their high structural diversity and complexity, they are interesting structural scaffolds that can offer promising candidates for the study of new drugs, functional foods, and food additives.Plant extracts are a highly complex mixture of compounds and qualitative and quantitative analyses are necessary to ensure their quality. Furthermore, greener methods of extraction and analysis are needed today.This book is based on articles submitted for publication in the Special Issue entitled “Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Bioactive Natural Products” that collected original research and reviews on these topics.

Keywords

Talaromyces pinophilus --- talarodiolide --- macrodiolides --- GC/MS --- secondary metabolites --- anthocyanins --- red cabbage --- recycling preparative high performance liquid chromatography --- stability --- UHPLC-MS/MS --- decursin --- decursinol angelate --- nodakenin --- decursinol --- Ginkgo biloba Extract (GBE) --- chromatogram-bioactivity correlation --- bioactive compounds --- endothelial function --- wine --- volatile compounds --- terrain conditions --- odor-activity values --- SPME-GC/MS --- Bolbostemma paniculatum --- identification --- LTQ-Orbitrap --- UPLC --- multivariate statistical analysis --- cannabidiol --- CBD oil --- terpenes --- hemp seed oil --- GC-MS --- HPLC-Q-Exactive-Orbitrap-MS --- Rossa da inverno sel. Rojo Duro onion cultivar --- geographical origin --- amino acids content --- HPLC analysis --- statistical evaluations --- food traceability --- aleuritolic acid --- autophagy --- apoptosis --- HPLC --- Curcuma longa --- turmeric --- curcuminoids --- turmerone --- quantification --- Quercus acuta leaf --- antioxidant --- antibacterial activity --- Staphylococcus aureus --- Erigeron breviscapus extract --- UPLC-ESI-MS/MS --- cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury --- scutellarin --- scutellarein --- HPLC --- Podospermum --- Scorzonera --- triterpenes --- ginseng berry extract --- ginsenosides --- stereoselective and simultaneous analysis --- pharmacokinetics --- oral administration --- saffron --- crocins --- UHPLC analysis --- separation optimisation --- artificial neural network --- response surface methodology --- bioactive natural compounds --- secondary metabolites --- Alzheimer’s disease --- Olea europaea L. --- liquid chromatography --- gas chromatography --- mass spectrometry --- secondary metabolites --- olive leaves --- Moroccan region --- phenolic compounds --- liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry --- chemometrics --- metabolic profiling --- Sorbus --- fruit powders --- phenolic compounds --- carotenoids --- sugars --- organic acids --- chili --- capsaicinoids --- phenolics --- free radical-scavenging --- geographical variation --- 1-triacontanol --- HPLC-ELSD --- biostimulant --- method validation --- Myristica fragrans --- nutmeg --- essential oil --- ionic liquids --- hydrodistillation --- MODDE experimental design --- rice --- phenolic compounds --- phenolic acids --- flavonoids --- anthocyanins --- proanthocyanidins --- antioxidant activity --- extraction --- HPLC methods --- phenolic compounds --- Spondias spp. --- UPLC-MS --- antioxidant capacity --- Iris lactea Pall. var. chinensis (Fisch.) Koidz. --- HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS --- qualitative analysis --- quantitative analysis --- C-glycosylflavone --- traditional Chinese medicine decoction --- quality evaluation --- UPLC-QTOF-MS --- UFLC-QQQ-MS --- ShenFu prescription decoction

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210121 / 9783039210138 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-013-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Construction materials are the most widely used materials for civil infrastructure in our daily lives. However, from an environmental point of view, they consume a huge amount of natural resources and generate the majority of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, many new and novel technologies for designing environmentally friendly construction materials have been developed recently. This Special Issue, “Environment-Friendly Construction Materials”, has been proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of construction materials. It covers a wide range of selected topics on construction materials.

Keywords

Ca-alginate microcapsules --- microfluidic --- self-healing --- bitumen --- mineral-asphalt mixtures --- aggregate from sanitary ceramic wastes --- environmentally friendly construction materials --- diatomite --- styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) modified bitumen --- diatomite-modified asphalt mixture --- road engineering --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- asphalt mixture --- plateau value of permanent deformation ratio --- damage evolution --- fatigue equation --- ultraviolet radiation --- bitumen --- aging depth --- transmittance --- permeation --- expanded graphite --- polyethylene glycol --- phase change materials --- titanate coupling agent --- molecular bridge --- building envelopes --- thermal property --- building energy conservation --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- recycling --- epoxidized soybean oil --- rejuvenator --- diffusing --- asphalt pavement --- fatigue property --- pavement failure --- long-term field service --- asphalt mixture --- microwave heating --- induction heating --- effective heating depth --- induced healing --- initial self-healing temperature --- asphalt mastic --- flow behavior index --- steel slag --- limestone --- aggregate morphology --- aggregate image measurement system --- micro-surfacing --- skid-resistance --- surface texture --- asphalt --- water solute exposure --- aqueous solute compositions --- chemical evolutions --- rheological properties --- polyacrylic acid --- fluidity --- rheology --- adsorption --- combination --- cement emulsified asphalt mixture --- fatigue performance --- thickness combinations --- X-ray computed tomography --- artificial neural network --- crumb rubber --- high-strength concrete --- damping --- dynamic moduli --- railway application --- recycled material --- recycling --- sanitary ceramics --- concrete --- recycling aggregate --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- response surface methodology --- design optimization --- fluorescence spectrum --- bitumen --- ageing --- parametrization --- “blue-shift” --- asphalt --- asphalt mortar --- healing agents --- crack healing --- healing model --- ultra-thin wearing course --- self-healing --- induction heating --- steel fiber --- steel slag --- rankinite --- carbonation --- waste concrete --- CO2 --- aged bitumen --- rejuvenator --- solubilizer --- colloidal structure --- micro-morphology --- granite aggregate --- desulphurization gypsum residues --- rubber modified asphalt --- asphalt mixture --- pavement performance --- limestone aggregates --- emulsified asphalt --- demulsification speed --- surface energy --- specific surface area --- artificially aged asphalt mixture --- rejuvenator --- durability --- dynamic characteristics --- overlay tester --- energy-based approach --- dissipated strain energy --- plateau value of dissipated strain energy ratio --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- amorphous silica --- crystallization sensitivity --- water-leaching pretreatment --- rice husk ash --- cement --- crumb rubber --- anti-rutting agent --- flexibility --- field evaluation --- asphalt mixes --- aggregate characteristics --- simplex lattice design --- viscoelastic properties --- asphalt combustion --- flame retardant --- aluminum hydroxide --- layered double hydroxide --- asphalt mixture --- viscoelastic properties --- creep --- relaxation --- aggregates --- morphology --- crumb rubber powder --- SBS/CRP-modified bitumen --- aging processes --- temperature sensitivity characteristics --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- asphalt mixture --- low-temperature --- damage constitutive model --- graphene --- nitrogen and phosphorus removal --- MDA --- SOD --- sequencing batch Chlorella reactor --- SEM --- thermal–mechanical properties --- bio-oil --- regeneration --- aged asphalt --- molecular dynamic simulation --- viscoelasticity --- nanomaterial --- hydrophobic nanosilica --- hydrophilic nanosilica --- laboratory evaluation --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- compound modify --- asphalt mixture --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- freeze-thaw cycle --- damage characteristics --- high-modulus asphalt mixture (HMAM) --- dynamic tests --- viscoelasticity --- dynamic responses --- resistance to deformations --- tensile strains --- tensile stresses --- sensitivity analysis --- hot mix asphalt containing recycled concrete aggregate --- contact angle --- adhesion energy --- water stability --- fatigue performance --- self-compacting concrete (SCC) --- rheology --- workability --- pozzolanic reaction --- microstructure --- Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) --- long-term drying shrinkage --- hydration characteristic --- porous pumice --- optimization --- engineered cementitious composites (ECC) --- polyvinyl alcohol --- fiber modification --- mechanical behavior --- self-healing --- asphalt --- rejuvenation --- calcium alginate capsules --- asphalt-aggregate adhesion --- plant ash lixivium --- stripping test --- contact angle --- interfacial transition zone --- SBS-modified bitumen --- rejuvenating systems --- physical properties --- viscous-elastic temperature --- rutting factor --- vibration noise consumption --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- mastic --- rheological properties --- emulsified asphalt --- cement --- construction materials --- fatigue life --- ageing resistance --- modified asphalt materials --- rejuvenator --- self-healing asphalt --- recycling --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- ultra-high performance concrete

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210145 / 9783039210152 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-015-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

Construction materials are the most widely used materials for civil infrastructure in our daily lives. However, from an environmental point of view, they consume a huge amount of natural resources and generate the majority of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, many new and novel technologies for designing environmentally friendly construction materials have been developed recently. This Special Issue, “Environment-Friendly Construction Materials”, has been proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of construction materials. It covers a wide range of selected topics on construction materials.

Keywords

Ca-alginate microcapsules --- microfluidic --- self-healing --- bitumen --- mineral-asphalt mixtures --- aggregate from sanitary ceramic wastes --- environmentally friendly construction materials --- diatomite --- styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) modified bitumen --- diatomite-modified asphalt mixture --- road engineering --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- asphalt mixture --- plateau value of permanent deformation ratio --- damage evolution --- fatigue equation --- ultraviolet radiation --- bitumen --- aging depth --- transmittance --- permeation --- expanded graphite --- polyethylene glycol --- phase change materials --- titanate coupling agent --- molecular bridge --- building envelopes --- thermal property --- building energy conservation --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- recycling --- epoxidized soybean oil --- rejuvenator --- diffusing --- asphalt pavement --- fatigue property --- pavement failure --- long-term field service --- asphalt mixture --- microwave heating --- induction heating --- effective heating depth --- induced healing --- initial self-healing temperature --- asphalt mastic --- flow behavior index --- steel slag --- limestone --- aggregate morphology --- aggregate image measurement system --- micro-surfacing --- skid-resistance --- surface texture --- asphalt --- water solute exposure --- aqueous solute compositions --- chemical evolutions --- rheological properties --- polyacrylic acid --- fluidity --- rheology --- adsorption --- combination --- cement emulsified asphalt mixture --- fatigue performance --- thickness combinations --- X-ray computed tomography --- artificial neural network --- crumb rubber --- high-strength concrete --- damping --- dynamic moduli --- railway application --- recycled material --- recycling --- sanitary ceramics --- concrete --- recycling aggregate --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- response surface methodology --- design optimization --- fluorescence spectrum --- bitumen --- ageing --- parametrization --- “blue-shift” --- asphalt --- asphalt mortar --- healing agents --- crack healing --- healing model --- ultra-thin wearing course --- self-healing --- induction heating --- steel fiber --- steel slag --- rankinite --- carbonation --- waste concrete --- CO2 --- aged bitumen --- rejuvenator --- solubilizer --- colloidal structure --- micro-morphology --- granite aggregate --- desulphurization gypsum residues --- rubber modified asphalt --- asphalt mixture --- pavement performance --- limestone aggregates --- emulsified asphalt --- demulsification speed --- surface energy --- specific surface area --- artificially aged asphalt mixture --- rejuvenator --- durability --- dynamic characteristics --- overlay tester --- energy-based approach --- dissipated strain energy --- plateau value of dissipated strain energy ratio --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- amorphous silica --- crystallization sensitivity --- water-leaching pretreatment --- rice husk ash --- cement --- crumb rubber --- anti-rutting agent --- flexibility --- field evaluation --- asphalt mixes --- aggregate characteristics --- simplex lattice design --- viscoelastic properties --- asphalt combustion --- flame retardant --- aluminum hydroxide --- layered double hydroxide --- asphalt mixture --- viscoelastic properties --- creep --- relaxation --- aggregates --- morphology --- crumb rubber powder --- SBS/CRP-modified bitumen --- aging processes --- temperature sensitivity characteristics --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- asphalt mixture --- low-temperature --- damage constitutive model --- graphene --- nitrogen and phosphorus removal --- MDA --- SOD --- sequencing batch Chlorella reactor --- SEM --- thermal–mechanical properties --- bio-oil --- regeneration --- aged asphalt --- molecular dynamic simulation --- viscoelasticity --- nanomaterial --- hydrophobic nanosilica --- hydrophilic nanosilica --- laboratory evaluation --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- compound modify --- asphalt mixture --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- freeze-thaw cycle --- damage characteristics --- high-modulus asphalt mixture (HMAM) --- dynamic tests --- viscoelasticity --- dynamic responses --- resistance to deformations --- tensile strains --- tensile stresses --- sensitivity analysis --- hot mix asphalt containing recycled concrete aggregate --- contact angle --- adhesion energy --- water stability --- fatigue performance --- self-compacting concrete (SCC) --- rheology --- workability --- pozzolanic reaction --- microstructure --- Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) --- long-term drying shrinkage --- hydration characteristic --- porous pumice --- optimization --- engineered cementitious composites (ECC) --- polyvinyl alcohol --- fiber modification --- mechanical behavior --- self-healing --- asphalt --- rejuvenation --- calcium alginate capsules --- asphalt-aggregate adhesion --- plant ash lixivium --- stripping test --- contact angle --- interfacial transition zone --- SBS-modified bitumen --- rejuvenating systems --- physical properties --- viscous-elastic temperature --- rutting factor --- vibration noise consumption --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- mastic --- rheological properties --- emulsified asphalt --- cement --- construction materials --- fatigue life --- ageing resistance --- modified asphalt materials --- rejuvenator --- self-healing asphalt --- recycling --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- ultra-high performance concrete

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210169 / 9783039210176 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-017-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

Construction materials are the most widely used materials for civil infrastructure in our daily lives. However, from an environmental point of view, they consume a huge amount of natural resources and generate the majority of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, many new and novel technologies for designing environmentally friendly construction materials have been developed recently. This Special Issue, “Environment-Friendly Construction Materials”, has been proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of construction materials. It covers a wide range of selected topics on construction materials.

Keywords

Ca-alginate microcapsules --- microfluidic --- self-healing --- bitumen --- mineral-asphalt mixtures --- aggregate from sanitary ceramic wastes --- environmentally friendly construction materials --- diatomite --- styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) modified bitumen --- diatomite-modified asphalt mixture --- road engineering --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- asphalt mixture --- plateau value of permanent deformation ratio --- damage evolution --- fatigue equation --- ultraviolet radiation --- bitumen --- aging depth --- transmittance --- permeation --- expanded graphite --- polyethylene glycol --- phase change materials --- titanate coupling agent --- molecular bridge --- building envelopes --- thermal property --- building energy conservation --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- recycling --- epoxidized soybean oil --- rejuvenator --- diffusing --- asphalt pavement --- fatigue property --- pavement failure --- long-term field service --- asphalt mixture --- microwave heating --- induction heating --- effective heating depth --- induced healing --- initial self-healing temperature --- asphalt mastic --- flow behavior index --- steel slag --- limestone --- aggregate morphology --- aggregate image measurement system --- micro-surfacing --- skid-resistance --- surface texture --- asphalt --- water solute exposure --- aqueous solute compositions --- chemical evolutions --- rheological properties --- polyacrylic acid --- fluidity --- rheology --- adsorption --- combination --- cement emulsified asphalt mixture --- fatigue performance --- thickness combinations --- X-ray computed tomography --- artificial neural network --- crumb rubber --- high-strength concrete --- damping --- dynamic moduli --- railway application --- recycled material --- recycling --- sanitary ceramics --- concrete --- recycling aggregate --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- response surface methodology --- design optimization --- fluorescence spectrum --- bitumen --- ageing --- parametrization --- “blue-shift” --- asphalt --- asphalt mortar --- healing agents --- crack healing --- healing model --- ultra-thin wearing course --- self-healing --- induction heating --- steel fiber --- steel slag --- rankinite --- carbonation --- waste concrete --- CO2 --- aged bitumen --- rejuvenator --- solubilizer --- colloidal structure --- micro-morphology --- granite aggregate --- desulphurization gypsum residues --- rubber modified asphalt --- asphalt mixture --- pavement performance --- limestone aggregates --- emulsified asphalt --- demulsification speed --- surface energy --- specific surface area --- artificially aged asphalt mixture --- rejuvenator --- durability --- dynamic characteristics --- overlay tester --- energy-based approach --- dissipated strain energy --- plateau value of dissipated strain energy ratio --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- amorphous silica --- crystallization sensitivity --- water-leaching pretreatment --- rice husk ash --- cement --- crumb rubber --- anti-rutting agent --- flexibility --- field evaluation --- asphalt mixes --- aggregate characteristics --- simplex lattice design --- viscoelastic properties --- asphalt combustion --- flame retardant --- aluminum hydroxide --- layered double hydroxide --- asphalt mixture --- viscoelastic properties --- creep --- relaxation --- aggregates --- morphology --- crumb rubber powder --- SBS/CRP-modified bitumen --- aging processes --- temperature sensitivity characteristics --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- asphalt mixture --- low-temperature --- damage constitutive model --- graphene --- nitrogen and phosphorus removal --- MDA --- SOD --- sequencing batch Chlorella reactor --- SEM --- thermal–mechanical properties --- bio-oil --- regeneration --- aged asphalt --- molecular dynamic simulation --- viscoelasticity --- nanomaterial --- hydrophobic nanosilica --- hydrophilic nanosilica --- laboratory evaluation --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- compound modify --- asphalt mixture --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- freeze-thaw cycle --- damage characteristics --- high-modulus asphalt mixture (HMAM) --- dynamic tests --- viscoelasticity --- dynamic responses --- resistance to deformations --- tensile strains --- tensile stresses --- sensitivity analysis --- hot mix asphalt containing recycled concrete aggregate --- contact angle --- adhesion energy --- water stability --- fatigue performance --- self-compacting concrete (SCC) --- rheology --- workability --- pozzolanic reaction --- microstructure --- Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) --- long-term drying shrinkage --- hydration characteristic --- porous pumice --- optimization --- engineered cementitious composites (ECC) --- polyvinyl alcohol --- fiber modification --- mechanical behavior --- self-healing --- asphalt --- rejuvenation --- calcium alginate capsules --- asphalt-aggregate adhesion --- plant ash lixivium --- stripping test --- contact angle --- interfacial transition zone --- SBS-modified bitumen --- rejuvenating systems --- physical properties --- viscous-elastic temperature --- rutting factor --- vibration noise consumption --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- mastic --- rheological properties --- emulsified asphalt --- cement --- construction materials --- fatigue life --- ageing resistance --- modified asphalt materials --- rejuvenator --- self-healing asphalt --- recycling --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- ultra-high performance concrete

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