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Ageing Population Risks

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ISBN: 9783038428244 9783038428237 Year: Pages: VI, 224 Language: englisch
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-09 14:53:44
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An ageing population is a major challenge for every country in the world arising from the declining fertility rate and increasing life expectancy. A longevity risk (the adverse outcome of people living longer than expected) exacerbated by declining equity returns coupled with the record low interest rate environments has significant implications for societies and manifests as a systematic risk for providers of retirement income products. The aim of this special issue is to highlight advances inquantitative modelling of risks related to ageing population problems. It is aimed at practitioners and regulators in insurance, banking and pension industries; academic researchers; and advanced graduate students in the area.

Late-career Risks in Changing Welfare States

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Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789089646774 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_621791 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-04 11:01:17
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Motivated by debates about welfare state retrenchment and growing economic insecurity, this book takes a closer look at the situation of older workers in Germany and the US. It first provides an in-depth account of country differences in key social programs - and of crucial changes since the 1980s. To better understand the impact of these changes on the lives of ordinary citizens, the second part of the book uses household panel data to examine the changing financial consequences of late-career job loss and retirement. Income losses due to men's retirement have grown in both countries, consistent with gradual declines in the generosity of public pension schemes and other public programs. In the US, income trajectories have also become more heterogeneous, with more workers suffering very large income losses and having low income after retirement. Changes in employer-sponsored pensions, in particular the rise of defined-contribution plans, appear to have been a major factor behind this trend. In Germany, where generous early retirement options were phased out after the mid-1990s, there is evidence that workers are paying a growing price for late-career job loss or health problems, which often lead to involuntary early retirement.

Sustainability of the German Pension Scheme: Employment at Higher Ages and Incentives for Delayed Retirement

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ISBN: 9783731501718 Year: Pages: 141 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000038392 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:28
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The aging society and threatening old-age poverty are two major political topics in Germany for the next decades. Many modern employment biographies consist of atypical employment and discontinuities; both negatively impact the pension entitlements of the individuals. This work develops an inninnovative approach that offers flexibility to absorb demographic changes as well as labor market developments, without threatening the financial stability of the public pension scheme.

Besitzwechsel und sozialer Wandel

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ISBN: 9783205795650 Year: Pages: 378 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_482143 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 117
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:30
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This book deals with the changing patterns of transmission of land and houses in a pre-industrial rural community of Southern Bohemia. By linking different sources, such as land registers and a family reconstitution, the study focuses on both the demographic and the economic factors that influenced peasant transmission strategies as well as on the consequences of changing transmission patterns for access to land-ownership.

Advances in Research on Age in the Workplace and Retirement

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453931 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-393-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Shifts in the age composition of the workforce coupled with dynamic definitions of retirement represent important issues that influence work processes and, more generally, the experience of working across one’s career. For example, redefinitions of careers and the changing nature of working have contributed to the emergence of distinct forms and patterns of work experiences across the prototypical work lifespan. Likewise, older individuals are increasingly delaying retirement in favor of longer-term labor force participation. The study of age and work, and work and retirement by industrial, work, and organizational (IWO) psychologists and scholars of human resources management and organizational behavior (HR/OB) has recently proliferated in part as a result of such trends, along with the recognition that age-related processes are important indicators of various proximal (e.g., job attitudes, work behaviors, work motives, and wellbeing) and distal outcomes (e.g., sustainable employability, climates for aging, and firm performance) at various levels of abstraction in modern work environments.Recent theoretical advances have suggested that age, along with individual psychological factors and various contextual influences can jointly influence work outcomes that contribute to long-term employment success, including work performance, job attitudes, work orientations, and motivations. Similar theoretical developments concerning retirement have postulated individual and contextual elements that drive success in the transition from career and work roles to non-work and leisure as well as post-retirement bridge employment roles.In this Research Topic, we aim to curate a collection of papers that are representative of current trends and advances in thinking about and investigating the role of age in workplace processes and the changing nature of retirement. Our hope is to showcase various contemporary ideas and rigorous empirical studies as a means to inform broader thinking and to support enhanced theorizing and organizational practice regarding these processes.

Von der Frühverrentung bis zur Rente mit 67

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Forschung aus der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung ISBN: 9783839434291 9783839434291 9783837634297 Year: Pages: 330 DOI: 10.14361/9783839434291 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:28
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25 years ago there was still forced early retirement. Today, working life is drawn out for as long as possible: this book explains how this paradigm shift in aged employment came about.

Energy Performance and Indoor Climate Analysis in Buildings

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039213795 / 9783039213801 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-380-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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HVAC systems, load shifting, indoor climate, and energy and ventilation performance analyses are the key topics when improving energy performance in new and renovated buildings. This development has been boosted by the recently established nearly zero energy building requirements that will soon be in use in all EU Member States, as well as similar long-term zero energy building targets in Japan, the US, and other countries. The research covered in this Special Issue provides evidence of how new technical solutions have worked, in practice, in new or renovated buildings, and also discusses problems and how solutions should be further developed. Another focus is on the more detailed calculation methods needed for the correct design and sizing of dedicated systems, and for accurate quantification of energy savings. Occupant behavior and building operation is also examined, in order to avoid common performance gaps between calculated and measured performance. These topics demonstrate the challenge of high performance buildings as, in the end, comfortable buildings with good indoor climate which are easy and cheap to operate and maintain are expected by end customers. Ventilation performance, heating and cooling, sizing, energy predictions and optimization, load shifting, and field studies are some of the key topics in this Special Issue, contributing to the future of high performance buildings with reliable operation.

Keywords

Jaya algorithm --- smart grid --- optimal energy management --- demand response --- demand side management --- indoor temperature after renovation --- electricity use --- DHW energy use --- user behavior --- standard use --- energy performance modeling --- gray box --- satellite-based solar radiation data --- meteorological reanalysis data --- ISO 52016-1 --- energy efficiency --- HVAC systems --- chiller plants --- chiller performance --- COP --- data-driven analysis --- energy --- building --- ventilation --- cooling --- outdoor air --- air jet --- personalized ventilation --- skin temperature --- CFD --- thermal analysis --- corner impinging jet --- mixing ventilation --- displacement ventilation --- tracer gas --- air exchange effectiveness --- local air change effectiveness --- draught rate --- Monte Carlo method --- ISO 7730 --- TRNSYS --- greenhouse --- indoor temperature uniformity --- multiple sensor nodes --- qualitative control --- corner impinging jet --- corner mixing ventilation --- hybrid displacement device --- heating mode --- thermal comfort --- air exchange effectiveness --- local air change effectiveness --- draught rate, --- downdraught --- smart buildings --- smart readiness indicator --- energy efficiency --- energy performance of buildings directive --- energy flexibility --- load shifting --- demand response --- building energy simulation --- occupant behavior --- energy performance --- indoor climate --- retirement home --- user input data --- condenser evaporative precooling --- rooftop air conditioners --- building energy modelling --- control strategy --- ground source heat pump --- heating power --- sizing --- DHW heating --- space heating --- alternate operation --- daylight --- existing buildings --- daylight factor --- daylight simulations --- daylight survey --- energy efficiency --- student dormitories --- Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ), Pro-GET-onE H2020 --- in situ measurements --- monitoring measurements --- energy signature --- indoor air quality --- stratification --- basketball hall --- CFD --- field measurement --- single room ventilation unit --- building pressure condition --- stack effect --- wind pressure --- ventilation renovation --- decentralized ventilation unit

Long-Term Health Effects of the 9/11 Disaster

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039218127 / 9783039218134 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-813-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Abstract

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center towers on September 11, 2001, also referred as 9/11, was an iconic event in US history that altered the global and political response to terrorism. The attacks, which involved two planes hitting the twin towers in Lower Manhattan, New York City, resulted in the collapse of the buildings and over 2800 deaths of occupants of the buildings, fire, police and other responders and persons on the street in the vicinity of the collapsing buildings. The destroyed towers and the surrounding buildings have since been replaced but the health effects that resulted from the release of tons of dust, gases and debris as well as the life threat trauma are ongoing, and represent a major health burden among persons directly exposed. Hundreds of scientific publications have documented the physical and mental health effects attributed to the disaster. The current state-of-the-art in understanding the ongoing interactions of physical and mental health, especially PTSD, and the unique mechanisms by which pollutants from the building collapse, have resulted in long term pulmonary dysfunction, course of previously reported conditions, potential emerging conditions (e.g., heart disease and autoimmune diseases), as well as quality of life, functioning and unmet health care needs would be in the purview of this Special Issue on the 9/11 Disaster.

Keywords

counseling --- post-disaster --- psychotherapy --- mental health treatment --- treatment utilization --- World Trade Center --- indoor allergens sensitization --- asthma quality of life --- asthma control --- asthma outcomes --- mini asthma quality of life questionnaire --- asthma morbidity --- WTC-related asthma --- immunoglobulin E --- allergen exposure --- WTC attack --- respiratory symptoms --- lower Manhattan residents --- cleaning practices --- WTC --- fibrotic sarcoid --- injury --- inflammation --- fibrosis --- World Trade Center disaster --- pulmonary fibrosis --- dust --- injury --- physical health --- mental health --- World Trade Center disaster --- Short Form-12 (SF-12) --- HQoL --- 9/11 --- 9/11 disaster --- handgrip strength --- WTC responders --- PTSD --- depression --- aging --- 9/11 impact --- retirement --- chronic disease --- PTSD --- disaster --- income loss --- PTSD symptom change --- PCL score --- longitudinal analysis --- PTSD cluster --- WTC survivors --- 9/11 disaster --- obstructive sleep apnea --- comorbid insomnia --- sleep-related quality of life --- chronic sinusitis --- sleepiness --- WTC responders --- thyroid cancer --- 9/11 disaster --- World Trade Center --- surveillance bias --- sarcoidosis --- World Trade Center (WTC) --- Scadding stage --- lung function --- severe lung disease --- extrathoracic sarcoidosis --- cardiac sarcoidosis --- unmet mental health care needs --- Asian Americans --- World Trade Center attack --- disaster --- mental health conditions --- mental health service use --- health insurance --- social support --- stressful life events --- cognitive reserve --- cognitive decline --- latent class analysis --- disaster epidemiology --- PTSD --- airway physiology --- dust --- environmental health --- forced oscillation --- respiratory function --- small airway disease --- paresthesia --- neuropathic symptoms --- Cox regression --- hazard function --- World Trade Center exposure --- metabolic syndrome --- airway hyperreactivity --- World Trade Center --- disaster mental health --- evidence-based treatment --- mental health service utilization --- quality improvement --- 9/11 --- screening --- thyroid cancer --- biomarkers --- medical imaging --- pulmonary function tests --- lung injury --- occupational exposure --- epidemiological studies --- peripheral neuropathy --- prevalence --- World Trade Center --- rescue/recovery workers --- occupational exposure --- sarcoidosis --- World Trade Center --- 9/11 --- genetics --- firefighters --- FDNY --- 9/11 disaster --- asthma --- trigger(s) --- air pollution --- irritant(s) --- health-related quality of life --- n/a

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