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Irlande Vision(s) / Révision(s)

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ISBN: 9782869064744 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires François-Rabelais
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 12:27:07
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Le thème retenu pour ces deux journées d'études, ""Vision (s)/Révision (s)"", a fourni aux participants matière à réflexion dans des domaines variés comme en atteste la diversité des textes ici réunis: fiction, poésie, théâtre, cinéma, histoire plus ou moins récente. La tension entre les deux termes, confirmée par la présence insistante du pluriel amène à s'interroger sur une dynamique, un dialogue, parfois douloureux ou convenu mais souvent fécond entre passé et présent, entre tradition et or...

Erfolgsfaktoren und Auswirkungen der Kooperation von Controllerbereich und Interner Revision

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Book Series: Controlling & Business Accounting ISBN: 9783631640739 Year: Pages: 254 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:57
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Controllerbereich und Interne Revision werden im Rahmen einer effizienten Unternehmenssteuerung und -überwachung in Forschung und Praxis getrennt voneinander zentrale Rollen beigemessen. Forschungsdefizite bestehen jedoch hinsichtlich ihres Kooperationspotenzials. Diese Arbeit liefert konkrete Hinweise, wie eine Kooperation dieser beiden Unternehmensbereiche erfolgreich ausgestaltet werden kann und somit zum Unternehmenserfolg beiträgt. Als Grundlage dieser Handlungsempfehlungen dienen die Erkenntnisse aus einer empirischen Untersuchung deutscher Unternehmen. Dieses Buch spricht Wissenschaftler, Praktiker und Studierende an, die sich einen Überblick über die Erfolgsfaktoren und Auswirkungen einer erfolgreichen Zusammenarbeit von Controllerbereich und Interner Revision verschaffen wollen.

Qualitätssicherung. Die Praxis der Übersetzungsrevision im Zusammenhang mit EN 15038 und ISO 17100

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Book Series: TRANSÜD. Arbeiten zur Theorie und Praxis des Übersetzens und Dolmetschens ISBN: 9783732905393 9783732994175 9783732994601 Year: Pages: 286 DOI: 10.13097/archive-ouverte/unige:109130 Language: German
Publisher: Frank & Timme
Subject: Business and Management --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-02 11:21:03
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Translation revision is essential for ensuring the quality of translations. It is a service of its own, which involves the provision of additional personnel, time and financial resources. The quality standards, the auditing practice and the service providers are the focus of a study with Austrian language service providers, presented here by Madeleine Schnierer. The results describe the practical framework conditions and the current status of translation revision in Austria. They also show the extent to which EN 15038 and ISO 17100 form the basis of the respondents' professional activities. These and other revealing results demonstrate the importance of translation revision within quality assurance. Madeleine Schnierer studied translation with French and Russian at the University of Innsbruck and graduated from the University of Geneva with a PhD thesis on translation revision. Since September 2018 she is a lecturer in the German Department of the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting at the University of Geneva, where she teaches translation, translation revision and German language and cultural competence.

Improving Bayesian Reasoning: What Works and Why?

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197453 Year: Pages: 207 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-745-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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We confess that the first part of our title is somewhat of a misnomer. Bayesian reasoning is a normative approach to probabilistic belief revision and, as such, it is in need of no improvement. Rather, it is the typical individual whose reasoning and judgments often fall short of the Bayesian ideal who is the focus of improvement. What have we learnt from over a half-century of research and theory on this topic that could explain why people are often non-Bayesian? Can Bayesian reasoning be facilitated, and if so why? These are the questions that motivate this Frontiers in Psychology Research Topic. Bayes' theorem, named after English statistician, philosopher, and Presbyterian minister, Thomas Bayes, offers a method for updating one’s prior probability of an hypothesis H on the basis of new data D such that P(H|D) = P(D|H)P(H)/P(D). The first wave of psychological research, pioneered by Ward Edwards, revealed that people were overly conservative in updating their posterior probabilities (i.e., P(D|H)). A second wave, spearheaded by Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky, showed that people often ignored prior probabilities or base rates, where the priors had a frequentist interpretation, and hence were not Bayesians at all. In the 1990s, a third wave of research spurred by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby and by Gerd Gigerenzer and Ulrich Hoffrage showed that people can reason more like a Bayesian if only the information provided takes the form of (non-relativized) natural frequencies. Although Kahneman and Tversky had already noted the advantages of frequency representations, it was the third wave scholars who pushed the prescriptive agenda, arguing that there are feasible and effective methods for improving belief revision. Most scholars now agree that natural frequency representations do facilitate Bayesian reasoning. However, they do not agree on why this is so. The original third wave scholars favor an evolutionary account that posits human brain adaptation to natural frequency processing. But almost as soon as this view was proposed, other scholars challenged it, arguing that such evolutionary assumptions were not needed. The dominant opposing view has been that the benefit of natural frequencies is mainly due to the fact that such representations make the nested set relations perfectly transparent. Thus, people can more easily see what information they need to focus on and how to simply combine it. This Research Topic aims to take stock of where we are at present. Are we in a proto-fourth wave? If so, does it offer a synthesis of recent theoretical disagreements? The second part of the title orients the reader to the two main subtopics: what works and why? In terms of the first subtopic, we seek contributions that advance understanding of how to improve people’s abilities to revise their beliefs and to integrate probabilistic information effectively. The second subtopic centers on explaining why methods that improve non-Bayesian reasoning work as well as they do. In addressing that issue, we welcome both critical analyses of existing theories as well as fresh perspectives. For both subtopics, we welcome the full range of manuscript types.

Special Issue Dedicated to Late Professor Takuo Okuda. Tannins and Related Polyphenols Revisited: Chemistry, Biochemistry and Biological Activities

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ISBN: 9783038978343 / 9783038978350 Year: Pages: 316 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-835-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 10:09:00
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Antioxidative polyphenols represented by tannins and flavonoids are rich in numerous food sources and traditional natural medicines and currently attracting increased attention in health care and food industries because of their multiple biological activities that are favorable to human health. Commemorating the outstanding achievements on tannins by Dr. Takuo Okuda on the occasion of his passing away in December 2016, his colleagues, friends, and worldwide experts of polyphenol research have contributed 18 papers on their recent study to the Special Issue of Molecules. This book is its reprinted form. This covers reviews of structural features, historical usages, and biological activities of unique class of ellagitannins and condensed tannins, and original articles on the most up-to-date findings on the anticancer effect of green tea catechins, the antivirus effect of tannins comparing with the clinically used drugs, the analytical method of ellagitannins using quantitative NMR, the chemical structures of Hydrangea-blue complex (pigment) and condensed tannins in Ephedra sinica and purple prairie clover, and the relationship of condensed tannins in legumes and grape-marc with methane production in the in vitro ruminant system, and others. This book will be useful to natural product chemists and also to researchers in pharmaceutical and/or food industry.

Keywords

Dittrichia viscosa --- antifungal activities --- Candida spp. --- Malassezia spp. --- Microsporum canis --- Aspergillus fumigates --- Ephedra sinica --- proanthocyanidin --- oligomer --- thiolysis --- phloroglucinolysis --- TDDFT --- ECD --- neuraminidase --- inhibition --- tannins --- oseltamivir carboxylate --- zanamivir --- crystal structure --- molecular interactions --- oenothein B --- ellagitannin --- macrocyclic oligomer --- Onagraceae --- Myrtaceae --- Lythraceae --- antioxidants --- antitumor effect --- immunomodulatory effect --- anti-inflammation --- tannin composition --- purple prairie clover --- conservation method --- protein precipitation --- Escherichia coli --- Cynanchum wilfordii --- phenolic glycoside --- 2-O-?-laminaribiosyl-4-hydroxyacetophenone --- cynandione A --- thin layer chromatography --- Cynanchum auriculatum --- Acacia mearnsii bark --- wattle tannin --- proanthocyanidins --- biological activities --- tannins --- vegetable tanning --- European historic leathers --- colorimetric tests --- spectroscopy --- UV-Vis --- FTIR --- triple-negative breast cancer --- fatty acid synthase --- FASN inhibition --- polyphenolic FASN inhibitors --- (?)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate --- synthetic analogues --- apoptosis --- anticancer activity --- 1H-NMR --- quantitative NMR --- ellagitannin --- Geranium thunbergii --- geraniin --- Aluminum ion --- blue color development --- 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid --- 3-O-glucosyldelphinidin --- Hydrangea macrophylla --- ESI-mass --- metal complex --- Coreopsis lanceolata L. --- chalcone --- flavanone --- flavonol --- aurone --- Horner–Wadsworth–Emmons reaction --- condensed tannin --- bioactivity --- methanogenesis --- grape marc --- fatty acids --- in vitro batch fermentation --- neuroprotection --- PC12 --- NGF --- differentiation --- amyloid-? peptide --- taxanes --- hormesis --- polyphenol --- bamboo leaf extract --- overlay method --- ellagitannin --- structure --- revision --- (?)-epigallocatechin gallate --- immune checkpoint --- interferon-? --- epidermal growth factor --- lung tumor --- proanthocyanidins --- condensed tannins --- thiolysis --- NMR spectroscopy --- ultrahigh-resolution negative mode MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry --- antioxidant --- ORAC assay --- Acacia --- forage legume --- Trapa taiwanensis Nakai --- hydrolysable tannin --- stability --- gallotannin --- ellagitannin

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