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The Illusion of Risk Control: What Does it Take to Live With Uncertainty?

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISSN: 2191-530X / 2191-5318 ISBN: 9783319329383 9783319329390 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32939-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 16:25:37
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This book explores the implications of acknowledging uncertainty and black swans for regulation of high-hazard technologies, for stakeholder acceptability of potentially hazardous activities and for risk governance. The conventional approach to risk assessment, which combines the likelihood of an event and the severity of its consequences, is poorly suited to situations where uncertainty and ambiguity are prominent features of the risk landscape. The new definition of risk used by ISO, “the effect of uncertainty on [achievement of] one’s objectives”, recognizes this paradigm change. What lessons can we draw from the management of fire hazards in Edo-era Japan? Are there situations in which increasing uncertainty allows more effective safety management? How should society address the risk of potentially planet-destroying scientific experiments?This book presents insights from leading scholars in different disciplines to challenge current risk governance and safety management practice.

Toxic Chemicals

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781439839157 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-29 23:58:26
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Catastrophic events such as the Bhopal, India tragedy and rising incidences of cancer in areas neighboring industrial facilities have heightened concern over the use of toxic chemicals in manufacturing and industry, particularly with respect to long-term exposure. While legislation and publicity have reduced the use of some chemicals, risks remain that continue to threaten the health of individuals worldwide. Based on the authors’ research conducted through their development of a program in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Toxic Chemicals: Risk Prevention Through Use Reduction examines various toxicity factors and proposes a plan to reduce the toxic impact of these hazardous substances. Explores all factors that contribute to toxicity The book begins by exploring the history of toxic chemical release reporting programs, a trend growing out of the Bhopal tragedy. It surveys their impact both in the United States through the Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) program and in the 29 other countries that maintain similar programs. Then, with the goal of developing a rational method of prioritizing toxic chemicals for reduction, the authors discuss mobility, persistence, and bioconcentration adjustment factors and present a method for integrating all of these factors to estimate the relative impact of chemical release. Compares alternate emphases in existing programs The book describes programs that concentrate on reducing the release of chemicals with the greatest adverse toxic impact and those that require companies to prepare pollution prevention plans and set goals for reducing use or release. It also examines technical assistance programs that help companies search for alternative chemicals to use or process changes that eliminate the use of toxic chemicals. In addition, it explores alternative market-based approaches for achieving environmental protection. Presents a workable plan for the future In the final chapters, the authors lay out their proposed program for reducing the use of toxic chemicals. This plan builds on the existing TRI program and uses lessons learned from this and other programs. The combined research assembled by the authors and their multifaceted approach to the issue of chemical toxicity enables companies and policy makers to move to the next level of toxic chemical use reduction, resulting in a safer environment for future generations.

Keywords

Toxic Chemicals --- Prevention --- Risk

Obvladovanje kreditnega tveganja pri bančnem poslovanju

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789616842174 Year: Pages: 65 DOI: 10.4335/97.961.6842.17.4(2013) Language: Slovenian
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-09 22:09:50
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Risk in banking business can not be avoided because the latter is strongly embedded in the very nature of it and banks should therefore be aware of the importance of effective risk management, encompassing the identification, measurement and assessment of each type of risk. Risk management can be important source of gaining competitive advantage and a way to survive in the world of banking. One of the most important risk in bank is the credit risk. Credit risk can be defined as the potential that a bank borrower or counterparty will fail to meet its obligations. The goal of credit risk management is to maximise bank´s risk-adjusted rate of return by maintaining credit risk exposure within acceptable parameters. Banks need to manage the credit risk inherent in the entire portfolio as well as the risk in invidual credits of transaction. Banks should also consider the relationships between credit risk and other risks. The effective management of credit risk is a comprehensive component of a comprehensive approach to risk management and essential to the long-term success of bank. Risk management is usualy regulated by bank directives, prescriptions, where the most important in Slovenia is the Law about banking with under law acts.

Amok

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ISBN: 9783954660247 Year: Pages: 135 DOI: 10.32745/9783954660247 Language: German
Publisher: MWV Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-08 00:01:05
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Health Among the Elderly in Germany

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Book Series: Beitrage zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft ISBN: 9783847402886 9783847406068 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.3224/84740606 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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Whether increasing life expectancy leads to better health remains still controversial. Three topics are explored: (1) vanguard groups which inform about possible levels of health if the general social and environmental conditions were to approach those of the vanguard group; (2) the social and behavioral determinants of health differentiated into proximal and distal factors; (3) vulnerable groups such as migrants and the health differences between migrant groups. Newly available population-based data as well as new study designs and advanced statistical modelling form the basis for the empirical analyses.

Extreme Values and Financial Risk

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ISBN: 9783038974390 9783038974406 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-440-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Statistics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 11:24:07
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Since the 2008 financial crisis, modeling of the extreme values of financial risk has become important. Postgraduate programs and PhD research programs in mathematical finance are cropping up in nearly every university. Additionally, many conferences are being held annually on the topic of extreme financial risk. The aim of this Special Issue is to provide a collection of papers from leading experts in the area of extreme financial risk

La comunicazione del rischio chimico. Sperimentazione e valutazione nelle scuole di Roma

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Book Series: Il riccio e la volpe - Open Access ISBN: 9788891739612 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_622170 Language: Italian
Publisher: FrancoAngeli Grant: ISPRA
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-13 11:01:28
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The book contains the results of a research on the outcomes of a communication campaign of the risks related to exposure to chemicals. The initiative, aimed at students of 3rd, 4th and 5th high school classes of the City of Rome, explored the initial level of skills and knowledge on the chemical hazard, and then assessed the increase as a result of an information campaign conducted by experts of Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e la Ricerca Ambientale (ISPRA), in order to spread knowledge on the subject and form a group of aware young citizens.

Actuarial and Financial Risks in Life Insurance, Pensions and Household Finance

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ISBN: 9783038427308 9783038427292 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-729-2
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 13:44:41
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The recent regulatory changes, together with the increasing awareness of the variety of sources of uncertainty that affect the activities of insurance and pension funds, have generated increasing attention towards insurance risk management theory and practice. Against this background, this Special Issue collects relevant contributions on a variety of issues encompassing longevity risk modelling, solvency requirements, risk management, and risk sharing. This collection of papers provides insights, from both a theoretical and a practical perspective, into the modeling and management of actuarial and financial risks for institutions and households.

Marine Oil Spills

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ISBN: 9783038425045 9783038425052 Year: Pages: VIII, 168 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-02 11:45:44
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Major oil spills attract the attention of the public and the media. This was especially the case after the Deepwater Horizon spill. In recent years, this attention has created a global awareness of the risks of oil spills and the damage they do to the environment. Oil is a necessity in our industrial society, however, and a major component of our lifestyle. This means that the risk of major spills continues as does the interest in spills.The Deepwater Horizon spill began a new series of scientific studies that have greatly increased our understanding of oil spills. This book contains 10 such studies. These studies vary from toxicity studies to social studies of human reaction to spills and risk. Importantly, the book is a sampling of important new topics that have become important after the Deepwater Horizon spill. These new topics include new chemical and tracing techniques, new risk perception techniques, perspectives on human health and spills, and discussion on new fuels. This book makes a significant contribution to the understanding of facets of spills and explores 10 very different facets of oil spills.

Beyond Safety Training: Embedding Safety in Professional Skills

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Safety Management ISSN: 2191-5318 ISBN: 9783319655260 9783319655277 Year: Pages: 159 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65527-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 10:15:15
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This book investigates why, despite more and more resources devoted to safety training, expectations are not entirely met, particularly in the industrial sectors that have already achieved a high safety level. It not only reflects the most precious viewpoints of experts from different disciplines, different countries, with experiences in various industrial fields at the cutting edge of theories and practices in terms of safety, professionalization and their relationships. It also consolidates the positioning of the Foundation for an Industrial Safety Culture, highlighting what is currently considered at stake in terms of safety training, taking into account the system of constraints the different stakeholders are submitted to. It reports some success stories as well as elements which could explain the observed plateau in terms of outcome. It identifies some levers for evolution for at-risk industry and outlines a possible research agenda to go further with experimental solutions.

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