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Concept and Design of a Hand-held Mobile Robot System for Craniotomy

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ISBN: 9783731500186 Year: Pages: XXIV, 194 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000034461 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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This work demonstrates a highly intuitive robot for Surgical Craniotomy Procedures. Utilising a wheeled hand-held robot, to navigate the Craniotomy Drill over a patient's skull, the system does not remove the surgeons from the procedure, but supports them during this critical phase of the operation.

What does the honeybee see? And how do we know?

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ISBN: 9781921536991 Year: Pages: 359 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459768 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This book is the only account of what the bee, as an example of an insect, actually detects with its eyes. Bees detect some visual features such as edges and colours, but there is no sign that they reconstruct patterns or put together features to form objects. Bees detect motion but have no perception of what it is that moves, and certainly they do not recognize “things” by their shapes. Yet they clearly see well enough to fly and find food with a minute brain. Bee vision is therefore relevant to the construction of simple artificial visual systems, for example for mobile robots. The surprising conclusion is that bee vision is adapted to the recognition of places, not things. In this volume, Adrian Horridge also sets out the curious and contentious history of how bee vision came to be understood, with an account of a century of neglect of old experimental results, errors of interpretation, sharp disagreements, and failures of the scientific method. The design of the experiments and the methods of making inferences from observations are also critically examined, with the conclusion that scientists are often hesitant, imperfect and misleading, ignore the work of others, and fail to consider alternative explanations. The erratic path to understanding makes interesting reading for anyone with an analytical mind who thinks about the methods of science or the engineering of seeing machines.

Keywords

vision --- robot vision --- bee --- insects

Investigating Human Nature and Communication through Robots

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450862 Year: Pages: 111 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-086-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Computer Science --- General and Civil Engineering --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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The development of information technology enabled us to exchange more items of information among us no matter how far we are apart from each other. It also changed our way of communication. Various types of robots recently promoted to be sold to general public hint that these robots may further influence our daily life as they physically interact with us and handle objects in environment. We may even recognize a feel of presence similar to that of human beings when we talk to a robot or when a robot takes part in our conversation. The impact will be strong enough for us to think about the meaning of communication. This e-book consists of various studies that examine our communication influenced by robots. Topics include our attitudes toward robot behaviors, designing robots for better communicating with people, and how people can be affected by communicating through robots.

Neues Konzept zur Bewegungsanalyse und -synthese für Humanoide Roboter basierend auf Vorbildern aus der Biologie

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Informatik - Automatisierungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16145267 ISBN: 9783731501947 Year: Volume: 48 Pages: VIII, 217 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000039463 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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New methods to generate and analyze motions of humanoid robots are presented and applied to a demonstrator. Reflexes of humans and neural central pattern generators (CPGs) were used as archetype. With leaky Integrate-and-Fire neurons a generic reflex template was designed and put to work for several specialized reflexes. The designed CPGs were used to analyze robotik motion as well as for generation of locomotion patterns on a biped demonstrator.

Automation and Control Trends

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ISBN: 9789535126706 9789535126713 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.5772/61646 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book is an overview of the different paths automation and control engineering have taken lately, from a modern point of view. Built up with example chapters, this book provides some insight into the use of artificial intelligence and control theory on manufacturing, comfort analysis, reliability of modern digital systems, and the use of unusual reference and feedback signals as those coming from the brain. Nonetheless, some chapters are also devoted to a more traditional point of view of control theory, addressing complex problems where human intervention must be limited. Overall, this book is an effort to show that modern automation and control engineering are comprised by many diverse areas, which should interact in order to provide a complete result. In this way, as the systems become more complex and the control objectives more subjective, both, formal analytic and intelligent approaches, should be seen as complementary tools, not unrelated competitors. This book&rsquo;s aim is precisely that of showing how broad and diverse the control objectives have become and how the abilities of the control engineer should be extended.

Robots Operating in Hazardous Environments

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ISBN: 9789535136798 9789535136804 9789535139942 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.5772/65992 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Robots are used in industry, rescue missions, military operations, and subwater missions. Their use in hazardous environments is crucial in terms of occupational safety of workers and the health of rescue and military operations. This book presents several hazardous environment operations and safe operations of robots interacting with people in the context of occupational health and safety.

Service Robots

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ISBN: 9789535137221 9789535137238 9789535139805 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/65536 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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The idea of using robots in our daily lives was an inspiring research in the field of robotics during the last decades. Service robots can be found nowadays in warehouses, hospitals, retail stores, city streets, and industrial parks or as personal assistants. The effort on the development of these robots is confirmed by the amount of money invested in projects and companies, the creation on new start-ups worldwide, and, not less important, the quantity and quality of the manuscripts published in journals and conferences worldwide. This book is an outcome of research done by several researchers who have highly contributed to the field of service robots. The main goal of this book is to present the recent advances in the field of service robots.

Human-Robot Interaction - Theory and Application

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ISBN: 9781789233162 9781789233179 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68231 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book takes the vocal and visual modalities and human-robot interaction applications into account by considering three main aspects, namely, social and affective robotics, robot navigation, and risk event recognition. This book can be a very good starting point for the scientists who are about to start their research work in the field of human-robot interaction.

Agricultural Robots - Fundamentals and Applications

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ISBN: 9781789849332 9781789849349 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74631 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Over the past few decades, extensive research has been conducted on the applications of agricultural robots and automation to a variety of field and greenhouse operations, and technical fundamentals and their feasibility have also been widely demonstrated. Due to the unstructured environment, adverse interference and complicated and diversified operation process are the key of blocking its commercialization in robotic agricultural operations. Because of the development of automation techniques, smart sensors, and information techniques, some types of agricultural robots have achieved considerable success in recent years. This book intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art in agricultural robots, fundamentals, and applications in robotic agricultural operations.

Applications of Mobile Robots

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Book Series: Mobile Robotics ISSN: 26325195 ISBN: 9781789857559 9781789857566 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 228 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74181 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book includes a selection of research work in the mobile robotics area, where several interesting topics are presented. In this way we find a review of multi-agents, different techniques applied to the navigation systems, artificial intelligence algorithms, which include deep learning applications, systems where a Kalman filter estimator is extended for visual odometry, and finally the design of an on-chip system for the execution of cognitive agents. Additionally, the development of different ideas in mobile robot applications are included and hopefully will be useful and enriching for readers.

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