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Software Architectures for Humanoid Robotics

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455904 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-590-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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In the past few years humanoid robots have evolved at a rapid pace. Research has made impressive advancements on both mechatronics and cognitive capabilities, including learning, perception and control. At the same time the explosion of the market of mobile devices has led to a remarkable increase in the computational capabilities of embedded CPUs and has made available higher resolution sensors and inertial units. Research on humanoid robotics is attacking problems such as human-robot interaction, whole body control, object manipulation and tool use. These research efforts must be supported by an adequate software infrastructure which allows experimenting with new hardware and algorithms while at the same time reducing debugging time and maximizing code-reuse. The complexity of humanoid robots and their peculiar application domain require that further software engineering efforts are devoted to support the proper integration of diverse capabilities. While research in mechatronics, motor control, learning and perception receive wide visibility in in international conference and journals, software tools and software engineering know-how are rarely shared among groups working on different platforms. This Research Topic invites submissions describing efforts in software engineering in the broad field of humanoid robotics.

Biologically Inspired Robotics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781439854884 Year: Pages: 341 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-24 23:59:17
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Robotic engineering inspired by biology—biomimetics—has many potential applications: robot snakes can be used for rescue operations in disasters, snake-like endoscopes can be used in medical diagnosis, and artificial muscles can replace damaged muscles to recover the motor functions of human limbs. Conversely, the application of robotics technology to our understanding of biological systems and behaviors—biorobotic modeling and analysis—provides unique research opportunities: robotic manipulation technology with optical tweezers can be used to study the cell mechanics of human red blood cells, a surface electromyography sensing system can help us identify the relation between muscle forces and hand movements, and mathematical models of brain circuitry may help us understand how the cerebellum achieves movement control. Biologically Inspired Robotics contains cutting-edge material—considerably expanded and with additional analysis—from the 2009 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO). These 16 chapters cover both biomimetics and biorobotic modeling/analysis, taking readers through an exploration of biologically inspired robot design and control, micro/nano bio-robotic systems, biological measurement and actuation, and applications of robotics technology to biological problems. Contributors examine a wide range of topics, including: A method for controlling the motion of a robotic snake The design of a bionic fitness cycle inspired by the jaguar The use of autonomous robotic fish to detect pollution A noninvasive brain-activity scanning method using a hybrid sensor A rehabilitation system for recovering motor function in human hands after injury Human-like robotic eye and head movements in human–machine interactions A state-of-the-art resource for graduate students and researchers.

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Biologically --- Inspired --- Robotics

Evolvability, Environments, Embodiment & Emergence in Robotics

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456222 Year: Pages: 109 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-622-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Embodied and evolving systems — biological or robotic — are interacting networks of structure, function, information, and behavior. Understanding these complex systems is the goal of the research presented in this book. We address different questions and hypotheses about four essential topics in complex systems: evolvability, environments, embodiment, and emergence. Using a variety of approaches, we provide different perspectives on an overarching, unifying question: How can embodied and evolutionary robotics illuminate (1) principles underlying biological evolving systems and (2) general analytical frameworks for studying embodied evolving systems? The answer — model biological processes to operate, develop, and evolve situated, embodied robots.

Robot Control

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ISBN: 9789535126843 9789535126850 9789535141709 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.5772/61728 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book includes a selection of research papers in robot control applications. The description of projects using robotic systems in areas such as vision, navigation, path planning, trajectories, non-holonomic systems, mobile robotics, robot control with very specific structures, as well as artificial intelligence systems is pointed out. It also presents several tools and mathematical concepts that allow the development and operation of robotic systems. Additionally, the development of different ideas in control systems that are useful and hopefully enriching for the reader are also presented in this book.

Robots Operating in Hazardous Environments

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ISBN: 9789535136798 9789535136804 9789535139942 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.5772/65992 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Robots are used in industry, rescue missions, military operations, and subwater missions. Their use in hazardous environments is crucial in terms of occupational safety of workers and the health of rescue and military operations. This book presents several hazardous environment operations and safe operations of robots interacting with people in the context of occupational health and safety.

Biomimetic Prosthetics

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ISBN: 9789535138198 9789535138204 9789535140016 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.5772/66062 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Biomimetic prosthetics are advanced devices that mimic the physical and functional properties of the replaced limb, thus restoring near-natural form and function. This flourishing field of research will continue to play an important role in improving quality of life, independence, and community participation for individuals with disabilities. This humble compilation showcases a few representative examples of progress in this exciting field.

Drones - Applications

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ISBN: 9781789232844 9781789232851 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70910 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Drone technologies have constantly been developing for over 100 years. The latest models exhibit a previously unseen set of specifications available to the end users. The collective effort of distinguished international researchers, within the field of drone technologies, has been incorporated into this textbook suitable to the broader audience. The book has been edited by Prof. George Dekoulis, Aerospace Engineering Institute (AEI), Cyprus, an expert on state-of-the-art implementations of reconfigurable space engineering systems. The book consists of four main sections, namely, ""Introduction,"" ""Drone History,"" ""Drone Design,"" and ""Drone Applications."" We hope this book will be beneficial to professionals, researchers, and academicians and, moreover, to inspire the younger generations into pursuing relevant academic studies and professional careers within the drone industry.

Agricultural Robots - Fundamentals and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789849332 9781789849349 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74631 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Over the past few decades, extensive research has been conducted on the applications of agricultural robots and automation to a variety of field and greenhouse operations, and technical fundamentals and their feasibility have also been widely demonstrated. Due to the unstructured environment, adverse interference and complicated and diversified operation process are the key of blocking its commercialization in robotic agricultural operations. Because of the development of automation techniques, smart sensors, and information techniques, some types of agricultural robots have achieved considerable success in recent years. This book intends to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of the current state of the art in agricultural robots, fundamentals, and applications in robotic agricultural operations.

Path Planning for Autonomous Vehicles - Ensuring Reliable Driverless Navigation and Control Maneuver

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781789239911 9781789239928 9781839622854 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77593 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Path Planning (PP) is one of the prerequisites in ensuring safe navigation and manoeuvrability control for driverless vehicles. Due to the dynamic nature of the real world, PP needs to address changing environments and how autonomous vehicles respond to them. This book explores PP in the context of road vehicles, robots, off-road scenarios, multi-robot motion, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs ).

RoCKIn - Benchmarking Through Robot Competitions

ISBN: 9789535133735 9789535133742 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69115 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:11

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The book ""RoCKIn - Benchmarking Through Robot Competitions"" describes the activities and achievements on the promotion of Robotics research and benchmarking in Europe through robot competitions, carried out within the framework of the RoCKIn (""Robot Competitions Kick Innovation in Cognitive Systems and Robotics"") Coordination Action, a project funded by the European Commission (EC) 7th Framework Programme (FP7). RoCKIn was one of the two pioneer projects on robot competitions in Europe funded by the EC, representing the acknowledgment of robot competitions as important tools to advance research on Robotics, besides education and public awareness of Robotics. Two challenges were selected for the RoCKIn competitions due to their high relevance and impact on Europe's societal and industrial needs: domestic service robots (RoCKIn@Home) and innovative robot applications in industry (RoCKIn@Work). Along the book chapters the reader will find details on RoCKIn@Home and RoCKIn@Work, and about the activities carried out during the project lifetime, namely the developed open domain test beds for competitions targeting the two challenges and usable by researchers worldwide; the scoring and benchmarking methods to assess the performance of robot systems and subsystems; and the building up of a community of new teams. The book ends with an assessment by the project industrial partner about the impact of RoCKIn and other robot competitions on the industrial robot markets.

The project work was funded by the European Commission (EC) 7th Framework Programme (FP7), under the 9th Call for projects on Information and Communication Technologies. The publishing of this book was funded by the EC FP7 Post-Grant Open Access Pilot programme.

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