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Bio-Inspired Robotics

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ISBN: 9783038970453 9783038970460 Year: Pages: 554 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-046-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-07 12:23:27
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Modern robotic technologies have enabled robots to operate in a variety of unstructured and dynamically-changing environments, in addition to traditional structured environments. Robots have, thus, become an important element in our everyday lives. One key approach to develop such intelligent and autonomous robots is to draw inspiration from biological systems. Biological structure, mechanisms, and underlying principles have the potential to provide new ideas to support the improvement of conventional robotic designs and control. Such biological principles usually originate from animal or even plant models, for robots, which can sense, think, walk, swim, crawl, jump or even fly. Thus, it is believed that these bio-inspired methods are becoming increasingly important in the face of complex applications. Bio-inspired robotics is leading to the study of innovative structures and computing with sensory–motor coordination and learning to achieve intelligence, flexibility, stability, and adaptation for emergent robotic applications, such as manipulation, learning, and control. This Special Issue invites original papers of innovative ideas and concepts, new discoveries and improvements, and novel applications and business models relevant to the selected topics of ``Bio-Inspired Robotics''. Bio-Inspired Robotics is a broad topic and an ongoing expanding field. This Special Issue collates 30 papers that address some of the important challenges and opportunities in this broad and expanding field.

How mobile robots can self-organise a vocabulary

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Book Series: Computational Models of Language Evolution ISBN: 9783946234005 9783946234012 Year: Pages: 270 + xi DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603358 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-25 11:01:13
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One of the hardest problems in science is the symbol grounding problem, a question that has intrigued philosophers and linguists for more than a century. With the rise of artificial intelligence, the question has become very actual, especially within the field of robotics. The problem is that an agent, be it a robot or a human, perceives the world in analogue signals. Yet humans have the ability to categorise the world in symbols that they, for instance, may use for language. This book presents a series of experiments in which two robots try to solve the symbol grounding problem. The experiments are based on the language game paradigm, and involve real mobile robots that are able to develop a grounded lexicon about the objects that they can detect in their world. Crucially, neither the lexicon nor the ontology of the robots has been preprogrammed, so the experiments demonstrate how a population of embodied language users can develop their own vocabularies from scratch.

Language strategies for the domain of colour

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Book Series: Computational Models of Language Evolution ISBN: 9783946234173 9783944675442 Year: Pages: 220 + xvii DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603341 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-25 11:01:06
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This book presents a major leap forward in the understanding of colour by showing how richer descriptions of colour samples can be operationalized in agent-based models. Four different language strategies are explored: the basic colour strategy, the graded membership strategy, the category combination strategy and the basic modification strategy. These strategies are firmly rooted in empirical observations in natural languages, with a focus on compositionality at both the syntactic and semantic level. Through a series of in-depth experiments, this book discerns the impact of the environment, language and embodiment on the formation of basic colour systems. Finally, the experiments demonstrate how language users can invent their own language strategies of increasing complexity by combining primitive cognitive operators, and how these strategies can be aligned between language users through linguistic interactions.

Elements of Robotics

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ISBN: 9783319625324 9783319625331 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62533-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 12:52:53
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This book bridges the gap between playing with robots in school and studying robotics at the upper undergraduate and graduate levels to prepare for careers in industry and research. Robotic algorithms are presented formally, but using only mathematics known by high-school and first-year college students, such as calculus, matrices and probability. Concepts and algorithms are explained through detailed diagrams and calculations.Elements of Robotics presents an overview of different types of robots and the components used to build robots, but focuses on robotic algorithms: simple algorithms like odometry and feedback control, as well as algorithms for advanced topics like localization, mapping, image processing, machine learning and swarm robotics. These algorithms are demonstrated in simplified contexts that enable detailed computations to be performed and feasible activities to be posed. Students who study these simplified demonstrations will be well prepared for advanced study of robotics.The algorithms are presented at a relatively abstract level, not tied to any specific robot. Instead a generic robot is defined that uses elements common to most educational robots: differential drive with two motors, proximity sensors and some method of displaying output to the user.The theory is supplemented with over 100 activities, most of which can be successfully implemented using inexpensive educational robots. Activities that require more computation can be programmed on a computer. Archives are available with suggested implementations for the Thymio robot and standalone programs in Python.

500 ICT Tips for Primary Teachers

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Book Series: 500 Tips ISBN: 9780203016701 9781138179301 9780749428631 9781135727819 9781135727802 9781135727765 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203016701 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:32
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Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has been the focus of much debate and development within education, especially in the primary sector. This text offers tried and tested ideas for using IT effectively across the whole primary curriculum.

Neural Computation in Embodied Closed-Loop Systems for the Generation of Complex Behavior: From Biology to Technology

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456055 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-605-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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How can neural and morphological computations be effectively combined and realized in embodied closed-loop systems (e.g., robots) such that they can become more like living creatures in their level of performance? Understanding this will lead to new technologies and a variety of applications.To tackle this research question, here, we bring together experts from different fields (including Biology, Computational Neuroscience, Robotics, and Artificial Intelligence) to share their recent findings and ideas and to update our research community. This eBook collects 17 cutting edge research articles, covering neural and morphological computations as well as the transfer of results to real world applications, like prosthesis and orthosis control and neuromorphic hardware implementation.

Adaptive State

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783731505808 Year: Volume: 27 Pages: XXV, 241 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000058693 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Mobile robot motion planning in unstructured dynamic environments is a challenging task. Thus, often suboptimal methods are employed which perform global path planning and local obstacle avoidance separately. This work introduces a holistic planning algorithm which is based on the concept of state

Die zivilrechtliche Haftung für autonome Drohnen unter Einbezug von Zulassungs- und Betriebsvorschriften

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Book Series: sui generis ISBN: 9783941159280 9783941159273 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.24921/2018.94115928 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:05
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The characteristics and abilities of autonomous drones pose major chal­lenges for liability law. Nowadays only personal injury and damage to property on the ground are covered by strict liability (Art. 64 para. 1 Swiss Aviation Act). Injured parties are in danger of being left without legal pro­tection in the event of mid-air collisions, as claims for damages cannot be asserted on the basis of erroneous decisions by an algorithm, either through liability for wilful or negligent wrongdoing (Art. 41 para. 1 Swiss Code of Obligations) or product liability. The same applies to purely pecu­niary loss. The question of liability for wilful or negligent wrongdoing arises only if duties of care were violated when using autonomous drones. Such duties of care may ensue from permit and operating regulations. Currently autonomous flights without the possibility of direct control and beyond a pilot’s field of vision are allowed only with special permits. As international efforts show, such barriers will come down in future. Appropriate licensing and operating regulations as described in this dissertation will therefore be required. At the same time it will be necessary to extend strict liability under aviation law for unmanned aircraft that are not steered by a pilot to damage in the event of mid-air collisions and to purely pecuniary damage. The specific legal formulations and their legislative implementation are proposed and discussed here for this purpose.&#xD;

Mechanism Design for Robotics

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ISBN: 9783039210589 / 9783039210596 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-059-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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MEDER 2018, the IFToMM International Symposium on Mechanism Design for Robotics, was the fourth event in a series that was started in 2010 as a specific conference activity on mechanisms for robots. The aim of the MEDER Symposium is to bring researchers, industry professionals, and students together from a broad range of disciplines dealing with mechanisms for robots, in an intimate, collegial, and stimulating environment. In the 2018 MEDER event, we received significant attention regarding this initiative, as can be seen by the fact that the Proceedings contain contributions by authors from all around the world.The Proceedings of the MEDER 2018 Symposium have been published within the Springer book series on MMS, and the book contains 52 papers that have been selected after review for oral presentation. These papers cover several aspects of the wide field of robotics dealing with mechanism aspects in theory, design, numerical evaluations, and applications.This Special Issue of Robotics (https://www.mdpi.com/journal/robotics/special_issues/MDR) has been obtained as a result of a second review process and selection, but all the papers that have been accepted for MEDER 2018 are of very good quality with interesting contents that are suitable for journal publication, and the selection process has been difficult.

Keywords

hexapod walking robot --- 3-UPU parallel mechanism --- kinematics --- stability --- gait planning --- shape changing --- rolling --- robot --- cylindrical --- elliptical --- velocity control --- economic locomotion --- actuation burden --- inadvertent braking --- humanoid robots --- parallel mechanisms --- cable-driven robots --- robotic legs --- painting robot --- collaborative robot --- image processing --- non-photorealistic rendering --- artistic rendering --- robot wrists --- spherical parallel mechanism --- orientational mechanisms --- computer-aided design --- workspace analysis --- iCub --- shape memory alloy --- compliant mechanism --- SMA actuator --- pneumatic artificial muscle --- McKibben muscle --- haptic glove --- hand exoskeleton --- teleoperation --- force reflection --- human-machine interaction --- robot kinematics --- robot singularity --- singularity analysis --- robot control --- mobile manipulation --- human-robot-interaction --- learning by demonstration --- compliance control --- trajectory planning --- energy efficiency --- redundancy --- robotic cell --- kinematic redundancy --- cable-driven parallel robots --- fail-safe operation --- exercising device --- cobot --- V2SOM --- safety mechanism --- safe physical human–robot interaction --- pHRI --- variable stiffness actuator --- VSA --- collaborative robots --- humanoid robotic hands --- underactuated fingers --- graphical user interface --- grasp stability --- safe physical human–robot interaction (pHRI) --- variable stiffness actuator (VSA) --- collaborative robots --- robot-assisted Doppler sonography --- n/a

Swarm Robotics

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ISBN: 9783038979227 / 9783038979234 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-923-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Collectively working robot teams can solve a problem more efficiently than a single robot, while also providing robustness and flexibility to the group. Swarm robotics model is a key component of a cooperative algorithm that controls the behaviors and interactions of all individuals. The robots in the swarm should have some basic functions, such as sensing, communicating, and monitoring, and satisfy the following properties:

Keywords

3D model identification --- shape normalization --- weighted implicit shape representation --- panoramic view --- scale-invariant feature transform --- optimization --- meta-heuristic --- parallel technique --- Swarm intelligence algorithm --- artificial flora (AF) algorithm --- bionic intelligent algorithm --- particle swarm optimization --- artificial bee colony algorithm --- swarm robotics --- search --- surveillance --- behaviors --- patterns --- comparison --- swarm behavior --- Swarm Chemistry --- self-organization --- asymmetrical interaction --- genetic algorithm --- cooperative target hunting --- multi-AUV --- improved potential field --- surface-water environment --- signal source localization --- multi-robot system --- event-triggered communication --- consensus control --- time-difference-of-arrival (TDOA) --- Cramer–Rao low bound (CRLB) --- optimal configuration --- UAV swarms --- path optimization --- multiple robots --- formation --- sliding mode controller --- nonlinear disturbance observer --- system stability --- formation control --- virtual structure --- formation reconfiguration --- multi-agents --- robotics --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- swarm intelligence --- particle swarm optimization --- search algorithm --- underwater environment --- sensor deployment --- event-driven coverage --- fish swarm optimization --- congestion control --- modular robots --- self-assembly robots --- environmental perception --- target recognition --- autonomous docking --- formation control --- virtual linkage --- virtual structure --- formation reconfiguration --- mobile robots --- robotics --- swarm robotics --- formation control --- coordinate motion --- obstacle avoidance --- n/a

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