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Du lac Tchad

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ISBN: 9791035101015 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.psorbonne.30097 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Sorbonne
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:42
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Rebattons les cartes. Le Sahara est au Nord. Son rivage, le Sahel, coupe l’Afrique en deux, de l’Atlantique à la mer Rouge. En son centre, le lac Tchad est le lieu de rencontre de migrants, transhumants, marchands et pèlerins venus des quatre coins du continent. Cette région, plus connue aujourd’hui pour les exactions de Boko Haram, fut à l’époque moderne un carrefour majeur dans les échanges économiques, humains et culturels du Sahel et du Sahara, jusqu’à la Méditerranée. C’est là que, à la croisée du Niger, du Nigeria, du Tchad et du Cameroun actuels, la dynastie des Sefuwa pose les bases d’un État islamique puissant : le sultanat du Borno. Parcourant et organisant leur territoire, entreprenant au péril de leur vie le pèlerinage à La Mecque, les sultans du Borno s’affirment aux xvie et xviie siècles comme des interlocuteurs essentiels dans le monde musulman. Un imam de la cour, Aḥmad b. Furṭū, nous a livré un témoignage exceptionnel de ce chapitre de l’histoire de l’Afrique, à travers le récit des quinze premières années du règne du sultan Idrīs b. ‘Alī (1564-1596), plus connu sous le nom d’Idrīs Alawma. Loin des idées reçues, son témoignage donne un éclairage saisissant sur le fonctionnement d’un état sahélien à l’époque moderne et sur ses relations avec le monde qui l’entoure. C’est en embrassant son regard et en prenant en compte les dynamiques environnementales, sociales et politiques que cet ouvrage cherche à redonner au sultanat du Borno sa place dans le monde, du lac Tchad à La Mecque.

Chemins d'Hécate : Portes, routes, carrefours et autres figures de l'entre-deux

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ISBN: 9782821896420 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pulg.1641 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Liège
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Hécate est une figure divine qui a longtemps été reléguée dans le monde d’en bas, dans l’univers de la superstition et de la magie. Les approches classiques n’ont guère rendu justice au rapport que la déesse entretient à l’espace, par sa présence aux portes, aux carrefours et aux divers autres points de passage. C’est une exploration attentive aux réalités concrètes, voire triviales, qu’offrent les analyses de ces Chemins d’Hécate, où la déesse fonctionne comme une sorte d’opérateur. Sans prétendre à une visée totalisante qui pourrait être factice, ce livre propose une image plurielle, mais cohérente d’Hécate en tant que divinité des entre-deux qui marquent l’espace, le temps et la vie elle-même.

Archeological findings of ancient harbor in the pilot site of Interreg Adrion APPRODI project in Ortona (Ch, Abruzzo), central Adriatic Sea (Book chapter)

Book title: Eighth International Symposium “Monitoring of Mediterranean Coastal Areas. Problems and Measurement Techniques”

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Proceedings e report ISSN: 27045846 ISBN: 9788855181471 Year: Volume: 126 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-147-1.05
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Forestry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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The Interreg Adrion ‘APPRODI’ project aims at a qualitative change in the nature of tourism demand with a transnational approach and at increasing visibility of destinations. the project will allow to create the conditions for development of cultural tourism, even underwater, increasing and enhancing the historical and archaeological resources. The dive samplings allowed to find an important archaeological heritage in the seabeds in front of Ortona coast, testifying to the presence of an ancient port and maritime traffic.

Companion to European Heritage Revivals

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ISBN: 9783319077697 9783319077703 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-07770-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-06 16:13:13
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Are you organising an international heritage project? Turning a so-called 'heritage revival' into a meaningful experience for the general public can be a challenge to historians, archaeologists, museum conservators and tourism professionals alike. This Companion to European Heritage Revivals offers inspiration and new ideas to those who want to engage a large, international audience in activities which bring the past to life. It offers a critical examination of the field’s basic concepts and discusses a vast array of 'heritage revival tools', including games, historical re-enactments, 3D-visualisations, films, television documentaries, spatial designs and most importantly, international heritage routes. Through many case studies, this book demonstrates how various aspects of heritage can be effectively presented by linking historical places and landscapes in a single revival to create a multifaceted but coherent whole. Above all, it shows the exceptional success achieved by projects which consistently focus on creating meaningful experiences together with individual users

Les Arméniens dans le commerce asiatique au début de l'ère moderne

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782735118489 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.editionsmsh.11283 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La poussée de la navigation occidentale au-delà du cap de Bonne Espérance et l'activité connue des diverses compagnies des Indes sont les références habituelles auxquelles renvoie le commerce de l'Asie entre le XVIe et le XVIIIe siècle. Les Européens ont pourtant rencontré sur les routes de l'Asie, maritimes ou continentales, des communautés marchandes bien établies qui, au gré des circonstances et avant la colonisation, ont été aussi bien leurs concurrents que leurs partenaires. Les Arméniens, déjà présents en Europe, sont l'une d'elles ; le principal réseau commercial qui les représente à partir du XVIIe siècle est celui de la Nouvelle-Djoulfa, un faubourg arménien fondé près d'Isfahan après la déportation de l'Arménie du Centre-Est par le chah de Perse Abbas Ier en 1604-1605. En se déployant d'Amsterdam au Bengale et au Tibet, et jusqu'aux îles Philippines, en prenant appui sur toute une série de ports et d'étapes répartis des rives de la Baltique ou de la Méditerranée à celles de l'océan Indien ou de la mer de Chine, le réseau commercial formé par les Arméniens de la Nouvelle-Djoulfa a de quoi susciter la curiosité, sinon la passion de l'historien. Il n'a pas manqué de surprendre aussi les contemporains : de la Nouvelle-Djoulfa, dont il découvre le faste grandissant, le chevalier de Chardin dira qu'il est peut-être le plus gros bourg du monde ; Gabriel de Chinon y verra, lui, une petite république. Pourvoyeurs d'épices, de tissus, de soie, des produits les plus variés des Indes ou de l'Europe, les marchands arméniens sont aussi les financiers du chah de Perse, les ambassadeurs de l'empereur d'Éthiopie; ils deviennent armateurs dans l'océan Indien, maîtrisent les techniques comptables et commerciales en usage en Orient ou en Occident, négocient avec les souverains ou les compagnies. Ils tentent également, alors que se construit le monde moderne, d'y faire une place à leur nation, à la fois ancrée dans un pays partagé et déterritorialisée. Dans la lignée de quelques travaux pionniers, ce livre réintègre dans le champ de l'histoire un long moment du commerce intercontinental, significatif non seulement des cheminements du capitalisme, mais d'une étonnante aspiration à mettre les nations sur le rang des États.

Materials Processing and Crystal Growth for Thermoelectrics

ISBN: 9783038975885 9783038975892 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-589-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-06 10:16:27
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This volume contains recent developments in the field of thermoelectric with a focus on materials research, including inorganic, polymer and composite materials as well as different approaches to materials processing. These studies are representative of some of the continuing technological development in the field of thermoelectrics.

Qhapaq Ñan Inkastraßen im Wandel der Zeit

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ISBN: 9783643506689 Year: Pages: 307 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574678 Language: German
Publisher: LIT Verlag GmbH & Co. KG Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 180
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:02:11
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Qhapaq Ñan, refers to a network of roads built during the time of the great inca empire. Almost 55,000 kilometers long this net of roads extended across the entire geographical area of the Inca. The Thesis, that guides this study, is that selected parts of the Qhapaq Ñan could be used for touristic use, presuming this tourism follows sustainable criteria. Not mass tourism but rather innovative programs with a concept that focuses on the balance between “use and protection” of these sensitive areas, will be essential., operated by the local communities could be the right way.

Zeolite Catalysis

ISBN: 9783038422648 9783038422655 Year: Pages: XIV, 260 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-31 17:01:58
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The term zeolite is based on Greek words for “to boil” and “stone” and it is already known since more than 250 years. At that time, the Swedish mineralogist A.F. Cronstedt (1722-1765) observed the formation of large amount of steam when heating the material Stilbite pointing to his porous character and adsorption capacity. At present, over 200 different zeolite frameworks have been identified. In general, zeolites are crystalline aluminosilicates with defined micropore structure. Within zeolites, a good number of elements can be isomorphously incorporated and much more elements or their oxides can be hosted by zeolites. Besides their big variety in size of pore mouths, channels, crossings etc. leading also to their designation as molecular sieves and uses in membrane applications, zeolites reveal Brønsted and Lewis acidic properties that can be varied in wide limits as well. Thus, they deserve the name “solid acids”. Zeolites have an immense importance in diverse industrial applications as catalysts and adsorbents, for example in refinery industry, chemical industry, detergent sector or for solar thermal collectors and adsorption refrigerationIn this special issue we aim at new developments and recent progress with respect to zeolite-catalyzed chemical reactions, adsorption applications and membrane uses as well as improved syntheses strategies and characterization techniques.

Across the Sahara

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030001452 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00145-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- History --- Geography --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:07:20
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This open access book provides a multi-perspective approach to the caravan trade in the Sahara during the 19th century. Based on travelogues from European travelers, recently found Arab sources, historical maps and results from several expeditions, the book gives an overview of the historical periods of the caravan trade as well as detailed information about the infrastructure which was necessary to establish those trade networks. Included are a variety of unique historical and recent maps as well as remote sensing images of the important trade routes and the corresponding historic oases. To give a deeper understanding of how those trading networks work, aspects such as culturally influenced concepts of spatial orientation are discussed. The book aims to be a useful reference for the caravan trade in the Sahara, that can be recommended both to students and to specialists and researchers in the field of Geography, History and African Studies.

Trust Management: Key Factor of the Sustainable Organizations Embedded in Network

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039212330 9783039212347 Year: Pages: 396 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-234-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Nowadays, trust is an important determinant in the development of modern organizations. Not only is it becoming an increasingly important element of relationships between entities, but, above all, it positively influences the building of an organization's intellectual capital. This capital can be defined in different ways, but its definition always references elements that determine the potential of sustainable organizations, often in human, social, relational, organizational, and innovation dimensions. Trust is increasingly becoming the key determinant of this capital (Ko?uch, Lenart-Gansiniec, 2017). Trust also has a number of different definitions. However, the basis of many of these definitions is the building of relationships focused on developing some kind of individual or inter-organizational link. Organizational trust is a complicated concept, and it is the basis of all organized activities performed by people in the organization, largely because trust is needed to develop relationships with integrity and commitment. Thus, it is interesting to study the relationship between trust and the building of the intellectual capital of sustainable organizations. Indeed, intellectual capital plays a special role here. It is a guide and a platform for achieving not only a competitive advantage for the sustainable organization, but also a source of value creation in the short and long term. Thus, this strategic hybrid, composed of a business model, strategy, and business processes, is favorable to the development of intellectual capital (Jab?o?ski 2017). Trust is an element that ties this capital to relationships in business. Moreover, it has an integrated character (R.C. Mayer, J. H. Davis, F. D. Schoorman 1995). Assuming that, nowadays, the network paradigm is becoming increasingly important, it is worth asking how the mechanism of building trust-based intellectual capital in a sustainable organization functions as its key asset in the network environment.

Keywords

trust --- distrust --- control --- project success --- structural equation modeling (SEM) --- trust --- trust management --- logistics service providers --- supply chain management --- collaboration --- trust --- antibiotic resistance --- antibiotics --- cooperation --- large-scale collective action --- Sweden --- coordinating behavior --- trust management --- reciprocity types --- reciprocity-based trust --- inter-organizational exchange relationships --- sustainable relationships --- consumer trust --- CSR --- advertising --- ethical advertising --- shockvertising --- consumer behavior --- apology --- denial --- penance --- opportunistic behaviors --- trust repair --- subcontracting --- scenario-based experiments --- sustainability --- trust --- distress --- transport services --- road freight transport --- modal shift potential --- paradigm shift --- modeling --- prediction --- General Discriminant Analysis --- trust --- international joint venture --- third-country relocation --- foreign direct investment --- asset specificity --- institutional theory --- public collaborative networks --- multilevel research --- trust --- cooperation --- competition --- paradoxes --- trust --- M&A sustainability --- performance --- start-ups --- retained autonomy --- mixed-method research --- interpersonal trust --- sustainable organizations --- competences --- relations --- cooperation --- trust --- quality culture --- universities --- higher education institutions --- conceptual model --- trust --- collaboration --- virtual teams --- integrity --- ability --- online --- strategic hybrids --- business model --- strategy --- business processes --- strategic projects --- water supply companies --- trust --- trustworthiness --- distrust --- water cooperation --- competition --- complexity --- deep uncertainty --- risk perception --- Nzoia river basin --- water policy gaming --- public management --- public-social partnership --- public value --- co-innovation --- sustainability --- trust --- creative industry --- networking --- stakeholders --- DAG scheduling --- trusted entities --- heterogeneous --- MCTS --- cultural routes --- trust --- cooperation networks --- cultural heritage management

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