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Scale: Discourse and Dimensions of Social Life

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ISBN: 9780520291799 9780520965430 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.15 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Anthropology --- Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-10 11:01:14
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"Wherever we turn, we see diverse things scaled for us, from cities to economies, from history to love. We know scale by many names and through many familiar antinomies: local and global, micro and macro events. Even the most critical among us often proceed with our analysis as if such scales were the ready-made platforms of social life, rather than asking how, why, and to what effect are scalar distinctions forged in the first place. How do scalar distinctions help actors and analysts alike make sense of and navigate their social worlds? What do these distinctions reveal and what do they conceal? How are scales construed and what effects do they have on the way those who abide by them think and act? This pathbreaking volume attends to the practical labor of scale-making and the communicative practices this labor requires. From an ethnographic perspective, the authors demonstrate that scale is practice and process before it becomes product, whether in the work of projecting the commons, claiming access to the big picture, or scaling the seriousness of a crime."

Between the Plough and the Pick

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ISBN: 9781760461713 Year: DOI: 10.22459/BPP.03.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-10 11:01:51
License: ANU Press

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"Between the Plough and the Pick deepens our understanding of informal, artisanal and small-scale mining, popularly known as ASM. The book engages with wider scholarly conceptualisations of contemporary global social, agrarian and political changes, whilst underlining the roles that local social‑political-historical contexts play in shaping mineral extractive processes and practices. It shows that the people who are engaged in these mining practices are often the poorest and most exploited labourers—erstwhile peasants caught in the vortex of global change, who perform the most insecure and dangerous tasks. Although these people are located at the margins of mainstream economic life, they collectively produce enormous amounts of diverse material commodities and find a livelihood (and often a pathway out of oppressive poverty). The contributions to this book bring these people to the forefront of debates on resource politics. The contributors are international scholars and practitioners who explore the complexities in the histories, in labour and production practices, the forces driving such mining, the creative agency and capacities of these miners, as well as the human and environmental costs of ASM. They show how these informal, artisanal and small‑scale miners are inextricably engaged with, or bound to, global commodity values, are intimately involved in the production of new extractive territories and rural economies, and how their labour reshapes agrarian communities and landscapes of resource access and control. This book drives home the understanding that, collectively, this social and economic milieu redefines our conceptualisation of resource politics, mineral‑dependent livelihoods, extractive geographies of resources and commodities, and their multiple meanings."

3. Mestrer jeg trenerrollen? (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 26 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch3 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The purpose of this study was to examine factorial, convergent, discriminant, and criteria validity of a multi-dimensional scale measuring coaching efficacy (Feltz, Chase, Moritz, & Sullivan, 1999). The sample consisted of 281 Norwegian grassroot football coaches taking part in two data collections (across the football season) within the Norwegian arm of the international PAPA project (intervention group, n = 193) and control group, n = 88). Latent variable modeling supported a 4-factor model reflecting Motivation efficacy, Strategy efficacy, Technique efficacy and Character efficacy. An introductory ESEM analysis of the 24-item coaching efficacy scale yielded an acceptable solution after omitting two items. A parceling approach of the twenty-two items were then converted into eleven parcels to examine factorial validity and time and group invariance. The four-factor model based on parcels obtained good fit indices: (S-B χ2 = [df = 29, n = 222] = 38.622, p < .011 (ns.); RMSEA = .039; 90% (CI = .000–.068); CFI = .99; SRMR = .023). Moreover, we obtained strong support for time invariance for a merged solution of the two groups of coaches. Invariance across time for the intervention and control group separately was supported at time 1, but not at time 2. Satisfactorily convergent, discriminant, and criteria validity were also supported. The scale needs further validation before use in intervention studies."

Unpaid Work and the Economy

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Book Series: Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy ISBN: 9780203987285 9780415296946 9780415407069 9781134433551 9781134433544 9781134433506 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203987285 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:04
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In economics, the voluntary sector is surprisingly understudied. In order to fully understand economics, unpaid and voluntary work needs to be taken into account and afforded the same status as paid activities. This book constitutes a rigorous economic analysis with special emphasis on gender issues and covers every conceivable angle of unpaid work and all its ramifications for the modern economy. The unified vision offered by this group of leading contributors ensures this book is a work of excellent quality. There is every chance it will become a seminal study on unpaid work and as such will provide a useful reference for students and academics involved in gender studies, econometrics, and consumption studies.

Keywords

extended --- income --- equivalency --- scale --- womens --- labour --- market --- convenience --- consumption --- double

Precipitation statistics from regional climate model at resolutions relevant for soil erosion

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Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Berichte des Instituts für Meteorologie und Klimaforschung des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie ISSN: 1795619 ISBN: 9783731502272 Year: Volume: 66 Pages: XX, 177 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000041271 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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A major source of uncertainty in regional climate model simulations arises from the convection parameterisation. Increasing spatial resolution to the so-called convection-permitting scale allows switching off most of the convective parameterisations. Several studies prove the benefits of this spatial scale, but none of them is based on climatological time-scale (i.e. 30 years) as this research.

The Multi-Agent Transport Simulation MATSim

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781909188754 9781909188761 9781909188778 9781909188785 Year: Pages: 618 DOI: 10.5334/baw Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249393
Subject: Computer Science --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Economics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-19 11:01:19
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"The MATSim (Multi-Agent Transport Simulation) software project was started around 2006 with the goal of generating traffic and congestion patterns by following individual synthetic travelers through their daily or weekly activity programme. It has since then evolved from a collection of stand-alone C++ programs to an integrated Java-based framework which is publicly hosted, open-source available, automatically regression tested. It is currently used by about 40 groups throughout the world. This book takes stock of the current status. The first part of the book gives an introduction to the most important concepts, with the intention of enabling a potential user to set up and run basic simulations.The second part of the book describes how the basic functionality can be extended, for example by adding schedule-based public transit, electric or autonomous cars, paratransit, or within-day replanning. For each extension, the text provides pointers to the additional documentation and to the code base. It is also discussed how people with appropriate Java programming skills can write their own extensions, and plug them into the MATSim core. The project has started from the basic idea that traffic is a consequence of human behavior, and thus humans and their behavior should be the starting point of all modelling, and with the intuition that when simulations with 100 million particles are possible in computational physics, then behavior-oriented simulations with 10 million travelers should be possible in travel behavior research. The initial implementations thus combined concepts from computational physics and complex adaptive systems with concepts from travel behavior research. The third part of the book looks at theoretical concepts that are able to describe important aspects of the simulation system; for example, under certain conditions the code becomes a Monte Carlo engine sampling from a discrete choice model. Another important aspect is the interpretation of the MATSim score as utility in the microeconomic sense, opening up a connection to benefit cost analysis. Finally, the book collects use cases as they have been undertaken with MATSim. All current users of MATSim were invited to submit their work, and many followed with sometimes crisp and short and sometimes longer contributions, always with pointers to additional references. We hope that the book will become an invitation to explore, to build and to extend agent-based modeling of travel behavior from the stable and well tested core of MATSim documented here."

Advancing Human Assessment: The Methodological, Psychological and Policy Contributions of ETS

Authors: ---
Book Series: Methodology of Educational Measurement and Assessment ISSN: 2367-170X ISBN: 9783319586878 9783319586892 Year: Pages: 711 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58689-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 10:09:46
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​This book describes the extensive contributions made toward the advancement of human assessment by scientists from one of the world’s leading research institutions, Educational Testing Service. The book’s four major sections detail research and development in measurement and statistics, education policy analysis and evaluation, scientific psychology, and validity. Many of the developments presented have become de-facto standards in educational and psychological measurement, including in item response theory (IRT), linking and equating, differential item functioning (DIF), and educational surveys like the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), the Programme of international Student Assessment (PISA), the Progress of International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) and the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). In addition to its comprehensive coverage of contributions to the theory and methodology of educational and psychological measurement and statistics, the book gives significant attention to ETS work in cognitive, personality, developmental, and social psychology, and to education policy analysis and program evaluation. The chapter authors are long-standing experts who provide broad coverage and thoughtful insights that build upon decades of experience in research and best practices for measurement, evaluation, scientific psychology, and education policy analysis. Opening with a chapter on the genesis of ETS and closing with a synthesis of the enormously diverse set of contributions made over its 70-year history, the book is a useful resource for all interested in the improvement of human assessment.

Hybrid Modelling and Multi- Parametric Control of Bioprocesses

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ISBN: 9783038427452 9783038427469 Year: Pages: 148 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-16 08:40:41
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The goal of bioprocessing is to optimize process variables, such as product quantity and quality, in a reproducible, scalable, and transferable manner. However, bioprocesses are highly complex. A large number of process parameters and raw material attributes exist, which are highly interactive, and may vary from batch to batch. Those interactions need to be understood, and the source of variance must be identified and controlled.While purely data-driven correlations, such as chemometric models of spectroscopic data, may be employed for the understanding how process parameters are related to process variables, they can hardly be deployed outside of the calibration space. Currently, mechanistic models, models based on mechanistic links and first principles, are in the focus of development. They are perceived to allow transferability and scalability, because mechanistics can be extrapolated. Moreover, the models deliver a large range of hardly-measureable states and physiological parameters.The current Special Issue wants to display current solutions and case studies of development and deployment of hybrid models and multi-parametric control of bioprocesses. It includes: •Models for Bioprocess Monitoring•Model for Bioreactor Design and Scale Up•Hybrid model solutions, combinations of data driven and mechanistic models.•Model to unravel mechanistic physiological regulations•Implementation of hybrid models in the real-time context•Data science driven model for process validation and product life cycle management

Optimizing the Delivery of Multiple Ecosystem Goods and Services in Agricultural Systems

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452965 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-296-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Ecology --- Environmental Sciences --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Agricultural land is subjected to a variety of societal pressures, as demands for food, animal feed, and biomass production increase, with an added requirement to simultaneously maintain natural areas and mitigate climatic and environmental impacts. The biotic elements of agricultural systems interact with the abiotic environment to generate a number of ecosystem functions that offer services benefiting humans across many scales of time and space. The intensification of agriculture generally reduces biodiversity including that within soil, and impacts negatively upon a number of regulating and supporting ecosystem services. There is a global need toward achieving sustainable agricultural systems, as also highlighted in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. There is hence a need for management regimes that enhance both agricultural production and the associated provision of multiple ecosystem services. The articles of this Research Topic enhance our knowledge of how management practices applied to agricultural systems affect the delivery of multiple ecosystem services and how trade-offs between provisioning, regulating, and supporting services can be handled both above- and below-ground. They also show the diversity of topics that need to be considered within the framework of ecosystem services delivered by agricultural systems, from knowledge on basic concepts and newly-proposed frameworks, to a focus on specific ecosystem types such as grasslands and high nature-value farmlands, pollinator habitats, and soil habitats. This diversity of topics indicates the need for broader-scope research, integrated with targeted scientific research to promote sustainable agricultural practices and to ensure food security.

Safety Pharmacology - Risk Assessment QT Interval Prolongation and Beyond

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455393 Year: Pages: 385 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-539-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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Current regulatory guidelines for cardiac safety utilize hERG block and QT interval prolongation as risk markers. This strategy has been successful at preventing harmful drugs from being marketed, but criticized for leading to early withdrawal of potentially safe drugs. Here we collected a series of articles presenting new technological and conceptual advances, including refinement of ex vivo and in vitro assays, screens and models, and in silico approaches reflecting the increasing effort that has been put forward by regulatory agencies, industry, and academia to try and address the need of a more accurate, mechanistically-based paradigm of proarrhythmic potential of drugs.This Research Topic is dedicated to the memory of Dr. J. Jeremy Rice, our wonderful friend and colleague.

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