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Chapter 1 Student voices on social exclusion in general primary schools (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780367209186 9780429264184 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-05 11:21:02
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Advocates of inclusive education argue that the social inclusion of students with special educational needs (SEN) increases when they are educated with typically developing peers. However, research indicates that this is not apparent for all students with SEN. Students with social, emotional and behavioural diffi culties (SEBD) are often socially excluded. To understand the situation of these students, their voices should be heard. The aim of the current explorative study was to gain insight into: (1) the experiences of students with SEBD regarding victimisation and social exclusion, and (2) the approaches they applied and preferred resolving social problems. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 28 socially excluded students from grades 5 and 6, attending general ( N = 6) and segregated special ( N = 21) primary education. The participants were prompted to talk about their own experiences using hypothetical scenarios. The interviews were analysed using a multi-grounded theory approach. The results show that students preferred diff erent approaches to resolving these social problems than the applied approaches. They would have liked to have seen their peers and teachers to show more initiative. In line with these results, the need to listen to the students’ voices are emphasised.

Search for Knowledge and Recognition : Traditional Qur'anic Students in Kano, Nigeria

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ISBN: 9791092312522 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifra.1425 Language: English
Publisher: IFRA-Nigeria
Subject: Social Sciences --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:50
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Hannah Hoechner investigates an educational practice that is widespread in Muslim West Africa. “Traditional” Qur’anic schools, whose students live with their teacher and earn their own livelihood (often through begging), have become the subject of much public concern and anxiety. Hannah Hoechner explores the experience of such Qur’anic students (pl. almajirai; sg. almajiri) in Kano State in northern Nigeria. The almajirai have attracted attention in the context of increased attempts to universalise primary education and of growing concerns about child welfare. They have also been rightly or wrongly associated with Islamic radicalisation, militancy, and the periodic riots that have blighted many northern Nigerian cities. The current spate of Boko Haram violence in northern Nigeria has carried such modes of thinking to the extreme. The Qur’anic schools are described as a “ticking time bomb” and a “threat” to national security. Despite the concern and controversy sparked by the almajirai, there is a dearth of research engaging directly and in depth with the constituencies of the “traditional” Qur’anic schooling system. That the existing literature does not contribute to a better understanding of the system is a particularly severe shortcoming, given the enthusiasm with which speculative narratives are constructed in some sections of the media. Such narratives craft their own realities, as people act upon their stereotypes. Hannah Hoechner’s research aims to fill the gap in knowledge about almajirai. She explores the processes through which children become almajirai and what they learn while they are living as almajirai. She also engages with the (overwhelmingly negative) representations of the system and asks how young people living as almajirai position themselves with respect to such representations.

My Decade at Old Sun, My Lifetime of Hell

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Book Series: Our Lives: Diary, Memoir, and Letters ISSN: 1921-6653; 1921-6661 ISBN: 9781771991759 9781771991766 9781771991773 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781771991759.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-06 23:29:19
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Arthur Bear Chief suffered both sexual and psychological abuse during his time at Old Sun Residential school in Gleichen on the Siksika Nation. My Decade at Old Sun, My Lifetime of Hell is a of chronological vignettes that depict the punishment, cruelty, and injustice that Arthur endured at Old Sun and then later relived in the traumatic process of retelling his story in connection with a complicated claims procedure.Late in life, after working for both the provincial and federal government, Arthur returned home to Gleichen. It was there that he began to reconnect with Blackfoot language and culture and to write his story.

Embodying the Vedas. Traditional Vedic Schools of Contemporary Maharashtra

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ISBN: 9783110517323 9783110517316 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1515/9783110517323 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 13:34:29
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Popularly Hinduism is believed to be the world’s oldest living religion. This claim is based on a continuous reverence to the oldest strata of religious authority within the Hindu traditions, the Vedic corpus, which began to be composed more than three thousand years ago, around 1750–1200 BCE. The Vedas have been considered by many as the philosophical cornerstone of the Brahmanical traditions (āstika); even previous to the colonial construction of the concept of “Hinduism.” However, what can be pieced together from the Vedic texts is very different from contemporary Hindu religious practices, beliefs, social norms and political realities. This book presents the results of a study of the traditional education and training of Brahmins through the traditional system of education called gurukula as observed in 25 contemporary Vedic schools across the state of Maharasthra. This system of education aims to teach Brahmin males how to properly recite, memorize and ultimately embody the Veda. This book combines insights from ethnographic and textual analysis to unravel how the recitation of the Vedic texts and the Vedic traditions, as well as the identity of the traditional Brahmin in general, are transmitted from one generation to the next in contemporary India.

Students at Risk of School Failure

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455911 Year: Pages: 594 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-591-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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The main objective of this Research Topic is to determine the conditions that place students at risk of school failure, identifying student and context variables.In spite of the fact that there is currently little doubt about how one learns and how to teach, in some countries of the “developed world,” there is still there is a high rate of school failure. Although the term “school failure” is a very complex construct, insofar as its causes, consequences, and development, from the field of educational psychology, the construct “student engagement” has recently gained special interest in an attempt to deal with the serious problem of school failure. School engagement builds on the anatomy of the students’ involvement in school and describes their feelings, behaviors, and thoughts about their school experiences. So, engagement is an important component of students’ school experience, with a close relationship to achievement and school failure. Children who self-set academic goals, attend school regularly and on time, behave well in class, complete their homework, and study at home are likely to interact adequately with the school social and physical environments and perform well in school. In contrast, children who miss school are more likely to display disruptive behaviors in class, miss homework frequently, exhibit violent behaviors on the playground, fail subjects, be retained and, if the behaviors persist, quit school. Moreover, engagement should also be considered as an important school outcome, eliciting more or less supportive reactions from educators. For example, children who display school-engaged behaviors are likely to receive motivational and instructional support from their teachers. The opposite may also be true. But what makes student engage more or less? The relevant literature indicates that personal variables (e.g., sensory, motor, neurodevelopmental, cognitive, motivational, emotional, behavior problems, learning difficulties, addictions), social and/or cultural variables (e.g., negative family conditions, child abuse, cultural deprivation, ethnic conditions, immigration), or school variables (e.g., coexistence at school, bullying, cyberbullying) may concurrently hinder engagement, preventing the student from acquiring the learnings in the same conditions as the rest of the classmates.

Rethinking Schooling

Authors: ---
Book Series: Education Heritage ISBN: 9780203963180 9780415407441 9781138881099 9781134133956 9781134133949 9781134133901 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203963180 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:13
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Taking a collection of seminal articles from the Journal of Curriculum Studies, this book offers readers a vantage point for thinking about the worlds of schools and curricula, focusing in particular on the concept of seeing schools, curricula and teaching in new ways. Each of the chapters sheds fresh light on the ways of thinking the aforementioned. Themes include: classrooms and teaching pedagogy science and history education school and curriculum development students’ lives in schools. Written by an international group of distinguished scholars from Britain, North America, Sweden and Germany, the chapters draw on the perspectives offered by curriculum and pedagogical theory, history, ethnography, sociology, psychology and organisational studies and experiences in curriculum-making. Together they invite many questions about why teaching and curricula must be as they are. Rethinking Schooling provides new futures for education and alternative ways of seeing them.

Keywords

journal --- curriculum --- studies --- didaktik --- analysis --- mathematics --- reform --- secondary --- modern --- schools

Policing Gender, Class And Family In Britain, 1800-1945

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Book Series: Women's and Gender History ISBN: 9780203993668 9781857281880 9781138978669 9781135369279 9781135369262 9781135369224 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203993668 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:15
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This book is intended for undergraduate courses on modern British history, women's history, courses on family, sexuality and childhood. Women's studies, history of education, sociology.

Keywords

industrial --- schools --- national --- vigilance --- association --- day --- residential --- school --- magdalene --- asylum

A Socially Critical View Of The Self-Managing School

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ISBN: 9780203973882 9780750702126 9780750702133 9781135721169 9781135721152 9781135721114 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203973882 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:31
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The shift from the model of central government educational control to school- based management has been widely adopted and acclaimed and has created the general impression of increased democracy and participation.; The international contributors to this book tackle this important policy issue and look behind the scenes of the moves towards school self- management. They investigate the phenomenon of the self-managing school, Why It Is Happening Now, What Is The Truth Behind This Notion And The problems which lie behind devolution and self-management.; The self- managing school, it is claimed is not about "grassroots democracy" or "parent participation" but absolutely the reverse and this contradiction is best understood in terms of the ideology of the New Right. Enlightened and informed perspectives of the reality behind school self-management suggest that the devolution of power is only superficial. Hierarchies continue to exist as unequally funded schools which perpetuate class, gender and ethnic divisions. The mechanism involved promotes the Survivial Of The Fittest Through Notions Of Choice.; For Those Involved in school management and education generally, this book should provide a useful insight into the struggle surrounding the control of schooling.

Keywords

collaborative --- management --- schoolbased --- schools --- council --- cycle --- selfmanaging --- level --- change --- parental

Geographies of Schooling

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Knowledge and Space ISBN: 9783030187996 Year: Pages: 359 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-18799-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Education --- Geography --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
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This open access book explores the complex relationship between schooling as a set of practices embedded in educational institutions and their specific spatial dimensions from different disciplinary perspectives. It presents innovative empirical and conceptual research by international scholars from the fields of social geography, pedagogy, educational and social sciences in Germany, the United Kingdom, France, Czechia, Hungary, Austria, Switzerland, Norway and Canada. The book covers a broad range of topics, all examined from a spatial perspective: the governance of schooling, the transition processes of and within national school systems, the question of small schools in peripheral areas as well as the embeddedness of schooling in broader processes of social change. Transcending disciplinary boundaries, the book offers deep insights into current theoretical debates and empirical case studies within the broad research field encompassing the complex relationship between education and space.

Konzeptionen von Förderung, Selektion und Gerechtigkeit

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Book Series: Rekonstruktive Bildungsforschung ISBN: 9783658257828 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-25782-8 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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In diesem Open Access Buch wird in einer rekonstruktiven Vorgehensweise der Frage nachgegangen, inwiefern sich an Primarschulen kollektive/divergierende Orientierungen von Förderung und Selektion sowie dahinterliegende Bildungsgerechtigkeitskonzeptionen zeigen. Basierend auf einer sinngenetischen Typologie werden Vorstellungen gelungener Förderung und Selektion theoretischen Gerechtigkeitskonzeptionen gegenübergestellt. Die Analyse der Diskursverläufe zeigt, dass die Organisation eine sinngebende Struktur darstellt, wenn sich die Schulakteure aktiv in der Bearbeitung des Spannungsverhältnisses zwischen Bezugnahme zum Kontext sowie der innerorganisatorischen Ausgestaltung erleben.

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