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Nanoparticle Engineering for Chemical-Mechanical Planarization

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ISBN: 9781420059113 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102698
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-26 11:21:02
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Increasing reliance on electronic devices demands products with high performance and efficiency. Such devices can be realized through the advent of nanoparticle technology. This book explains the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles according to each step in the chemical mechanical planarization (CMP) process, including dielectric CMP, shallow trend isolation CMP, metal CMP, poly isolation CMP, and noble metal CMP. The authors provide a detailed guide to nanoparticle engineering of novel CMP slurry for next-generation nanoscale devices below the 60nm design rule. This comprehensive text also presents design techniques using polymeric additives to improve CMP performance.

Bonobo Cognition and Behaviour

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ISBN: 9789004304161 9789004304178 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102260
Subject: Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-15 11:21:15
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This volume includes twelve novel empirical papers focusing on the behaviour and cognition of both captive and wild bonobos (''Pan paniscus''). Overall it demonstrates how anyone interested in understanding humans or chimpanzees must also know bonobos.

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Life Sciences

Vers une philosophie scientifique : Le programme de Brentano

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ISBN: 9782354571023 DOI: 10.4000/books.demopolis.96 Language: French
Publisher: Demopolis
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:28
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Face à l'essor considérable des sciences cognitives, qu'est-on en droit d'attendre aujourd'hui de la philosophie ? Cette question est celle que se pose Brentano au XIXe siècle dans un contexte où l'explosion des sciences de la nature place la philosophie dans une crise sans précédent. Loin de se limiter à une simple épistémologie des sciences, Brentano saisit l'opportunité de cette crise pour non seulement asseoir de nouveau la philosophie sur le sol de l'expérience mais, également, définir la philosophie en tant que science. C'est cette dimension intégrée à la marche des sciences que nous avons perdue et qu'il s'agit de retrouver grâce à l'étude du programme de Brentano et de ses élèves : ses résultats appartiennent de plein droit, à l'histoire de la psychologie scientifique et permettent à la philosophie de gagner en positivité. Cet ouvrage, dirigé par Charles-Edouard Niveleau et à travers un très riche ensemble de contributions de spécialistes de premier plan, témoigne de l'ambition d'un tel programme philosophique, dont la reprise permettrait d'ouvrir la voie à une véritable interdisciplinarité avec les sciences de la cognition, pour le moment hors d'atteinte.

Keywords

philosophie --- sciences

Adophobie : Le piège des images

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ISBN: 9782821895225 DOI: 10.4000/books.pum.3027 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:44
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Êtes-vous adophobe ? À l'ère du numérique, nombre d'adultes confrontés à des images mettant en scène la violence et la sexualité des adolescents s'inquiètent, convaincus que les nouvelles générations sont à la fois menacées et menaçantes. Pourtant, si le sentiment d'insécurité est bien palpable, la peur qui en découle ne résiste pas à l'épreuve des faits. Portés par les émotions plutôt que par la rationalité, impressionnés par les images plutôt que par les recherches et déroutés par ce qui est rendu visible sur nos écrans, les parents, les professionnels et les spécialistes tombent dans le piège de l'adophobie… et ils ont peur à la fois pour les ados et de leurs ados. À partir d'un examen de faits médiatisés depuis l'avènement de YouTube et de Facebook - du happy slapping à la propagande djihadiste, en passant par l'hypersexualisation et les sextos -, cet essai explore l'hypothèse selon laquelle l'adophobie a aujourd'hui un terrain fertile pour fleurir : un monde débordant d'images.

Advances in Bioremediation and Phytoremediation

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ISBN: 9789535139577 9789535139584 9789535140238 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.5772/67970 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The pollution of soil and groundwater by harmful chemical compounds and heavy metals is becoming very serious in many countries. Although remediation is necessary as soon as possible, the performance of conventional bioremediation processes is not sufficient. This book deals with advances in bioremediation and phytoremediation processes by using excellent strains and a combination of processes. In the chapters of this book, the researchers have introduced the overall status of contamination; the characteristics of bioremediation using halobacteria, Candida yeast, and autochthonous bacteria; and phytoremediation using macrophytes. Moreover, other researchers introduced a process using biochar and electric currents, and this combination of processes and phytoremediation enhances the overall process.

Community and Global Ecology of Deserts

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ISBN: 9781789238938 9781789238945 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72093 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The aim and purpose of our book, Community and Global Ecology of Deserts, is to give an overview and report from the frontiers of desert ecological research. The ecology of deserts as a scientific discipline plays a key role in solving many of global problems due to collective adaptation methods and approaches of lifeforms living in extreme environments. If ecologists or environmental scientists are talking about desert ecological research, then almost everyone is thinking about specific desert flora, fauna, or desertification itself as a consequence of climate change, or sand dune-triggered disasters. In fact, the importance of ecological research in deserts is far more general and broader. We hope that our book will be interesting and useful for researchers, lecturers, students and anybody interested in this field.

Transdisziplinär und transformativ forschen, Band 2

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783658271350 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-27135-0 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:19
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Dieses Open-Access-Buch setzt die 2018 begonnene Sammlung von Methoden für transdisziplinäre, transformative wie nicht-transformative Forschung fort. Auch in Band 2 werden Methoden der Wissenserzeugung, Wissensintegration und Transformation so ausführlich beschrieben, dass Dritte sie umsetzen können. Entwickelt wurden die Methoden von Reallaboren in Baden-Württemberg, sie eignen sich jedoch auch für Forschung außerhalb von Reallaboren. Reflexionen insbesondere über die Zusammenarbeit mit kommunalen Praxisakteuren runden das Buch ab. Auch diese sind gewonnen aus der forschungspraktischen Erfahrung in Reallaboren und adressieren Fragen transdisziplinärer Forschung, die weit über das Forschungsformat Reallabor hinausreichen. Der Herausgeber und die Herausgeberin: Fürspr. Rico Defila und Dr. Antonietta Di Giulio leiten die Forschungsgruppe Inter-/Transdisziplinarität, Programm MGU (Mensch Gesellschaft Umwelt), Universität Basel.

Die Praxis kollektiven Handelns

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ISBN: 9783658249458 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-24945-8 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:20
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Dieses Open-Access-Buch präsentiert ein praxistheoretisches Konzept, das die Analyse verschiedener Aspekte und Formen kollektiven Handelns ermöglicht. Im Zentrum steht die Erweiterung des Handlungsverständnisses bei Anthony Giddens für Kollektive. Dabei werden Ansätze der Klassiker, der Organisations- und Bewegungsforschung sowie der jüngeren Debatten in Sozialtheorie und Philosophie integriert und miteinander verbunden. Heute wird eine neue Vielfalt an Formen kollektiven Handelns thematisiert, traditionelle Formen werden dagegen in Frage gestellt. Die vorgeschlagene Grundidee lautet: Lösen wir uns vom bisherigen Fokus auf stabile Kollektivakteure, gerät die fragile Praxis kollektiven Handelns in den Blick. Praxistheorien erhalten derzeit große Aufmerksamkeit. Sie haben zur Handlungsfähigkeit von Kollektiven bislang jedoch wenig zu sagen. Das Buch füllt diese Leerstelle und hat dabei stets die Anwendbarkeit für empirische Analysen im Blick.​

North Sea Region Climate Change Assessment

Authors: ---
Book Series: Regional Climate Studies ISSN: 1862-0248 ISBN: 9783319397436 9783319397450 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39745-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Meteorology and Climatology --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-14 10:06:08
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This book offers an up-to-date review of our current understanding of climate change in the North Sea and adjacent areas, as well as its impact on ecosystems and socio-economic sectors. It provides a detailed assessment of climate change based on published scientific work compiled by independent international experts from climate-related disciplines such as oceanography, atmospheric sciences, marine and terrestrial ecology, using a regional evaluation and review process similar to that of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). It provides a comprehensive overview of all aspects of our changing climate, discussing a wide range of topics including past, current and future climate change, and climate-related changes in marine, terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems. It also explores the impact of climate change on socio-economic sectors such as fisheries, agriculture, coastal zone management, coastal protection, urban climate, recreation/tourism, offshore activities/energy, and air pollution.

Building on Progress

ISBN: 9783863882815 9783940755582 Year: Pages: 1248 DOI: 10.3224/94075558 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:02
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This publication provides a comprehensive compendium of the current state of Germany’s research infrastructure in the social, economic, and behavioural sciences. In addition, the book presents detailed discussions of the current needs of empirical researchers in these fields as well as of opportunities for future development. The importance of solid data for both public policy and the social and economic sciences is obvious. Today, empirical research is essential in finding solutions to many of the major challenges our society faces, such as environmental change, turbulent financial markets, and population growth. Based on 68 advisory reports by more than 100 internationally recognised authors from a wide range of fields, the book provides recommendations by the German Data Forum (RatSWD) on how to improve the research infrastructure so as to create conditions ideal for making Germany’s social, economic, and behavioural sciences more innovative and internationally competitive.

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