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Continued Violence and Troublesome Pasts: Post-war Europe between the Victors after the Second World War

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789522228574 9789522229045 9789522229038 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.22 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library
Subject: Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-24 11:01:55
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In most European countries, the horrific legacy of 1939–45 has made it quite difficult to remember the war with much glory. Despite the Anglo-American memory narrative of saving democracy from totalitarianism and the Soviet epic of the Great Patriotic War, the fundamental experience of war for so many Europeans was that of immense personal losses and often meaningless hardships. The anthology at hand focuses on these histories between the victors: on the cases of Hungary, Estonia, Poland, Austria, Finland, and Germany and on the respective, often gendered experiences of defeat. The book’s chapters underline the asynchronous transition to peace in individual experiences, when compared to the smooth timelines of national and international historiographies. Furthermore, it is important to note that instead of a linear chronology, both personal and collective histories tend to return back to the moments of violence and loss, thus forming continuous cycles of remembrance and forgetting. Several of the authors also pay specific attention to the constructed and contested nature of national histories in these cycles. The role of these ‘in-between’ countries – and even more their peoples’ multifaceted experiences – will add to the widening European history of the aftermath, thereby challenging the conventional dichotomies and periodisations. In the aftermath of the seventieth anniversary of 1945, it is still too early to regard the post-war period as mere history, the memory politics and rhetoric of the Second World War and its aftermath are again being used and abused to serve contemporary power politics in Europe

Arbeit als Hoffnung. Jüdische Ghettos in Litauen 1941-1944

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 04813545 ISBN: 9783110415551 Year: Volume: 108 Pages: 452 DOI: 10.1515/9783110415551 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17

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In the ghettos of Lithuania an urban infrastructure developed based on the needs of Jewish conscription and forced labor for German occupation forces and the Lithuanian administration. Using the example of the ghettos in Vilnius, Kaunas, and Siauliai, the author reveals for the first time the ways to which Jewish labor conscription was organized inside and outside the ghettos and the patterns of daily ghetto life as seen by the inhabitants.

Brownshirt Princess: A Study of the 'Nazi Conscience'

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ISBN: 9781906924072 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0003 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe-Biesterfeld was a rebellious young writer who became a fervent Nazi. Heinrich Vogeler was a well-regarded artist who was to join the German Communist Party. Ludwig Roselius was a successful businessman who had made a fortune from his invention of decaffeinated coffee. What was it about the revolutionary climate following World War I that induced three such different personalities to collaborate in the production of a slim volume of poetry—entitled Gott in Mir—about the indwelling of the divine within the human?Gossman's study situates the poem in the ideological context that made the collaboration possible: pantheism, Darwinism, disillusionment with traditional liberal values, theosophy and völkisch religions, and Lebensreform. The study outlines the subsequent life of the Princess who, until her death in 1993, continued to support and celebrate the ideals and heroes of National Socialism. Brownshirt Princess provides deep insight into the sources and character of the "Nazi Conscience", and is invaluable reading for anybody interested in understanding German society during the inter-war and Nazi periods.

Denunziation als soziale Praxis

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ISBN: 9783205784326 Year: Pages: 384 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437184 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4110
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:22
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Denunciations were an essential component of everyday life under Nazism and affected almost every aspect of life. During the war, denunciations became a mass phenomenon. In Austria the subject was noticed relatively late. The attention proceeds from a general definition of terms, to a specific interpretation on the basis of archive sources (Wehrmacht legal records) and then to individual case reconstructions on the basis of oral history interviews, that is to say, from a macro to a micro perspective.The closed holding relates to charges on the offence of Wehrkraftzersetzung (subversion of the armed forces), most of which were reported by former residents in the Ostmark at the central court, Vienna, in 1943-1945. Central to this are above all questions of social history and the history of mentality, such as the significance of social milieu (denunciation as “release” from class or interest differences, as a group phenomenon, etc.), and of gender (gender-differentiated behaviour, denunciation as “release” from conflicts concerning gender hierarchy), of generation, of political/ideological orientation, and of the significance of the social environment, the sphere of life and the locality. Of interest, however, are not just the historical conditions under the Nazi regime, but also the room for manoeuvre of men and women - in the military milíeu in the endphase of the war - and the communicative mechanisms that led to political denunciation.

Chapter 2. Revolutionary Brothers (Book chapter)

Book title: Nations and Citizens in Yugoslavia and the Post-Yugoslav States

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ISBN: 9781474221559 Year: Pages: 37-52 DOI: 10.5040/9781474221559.ch-003 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 230239
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-31 11:01:46
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re complex as two parallel nationalist movements – one seeking higher Yugoslav unity, the other arguing for the separate political autonomy of ethnic groups – often complemented one another, but at other times were in open conflict. Moreover, the political and territorial ambitions entailed by the various ethnic nationalisms often collided with each other. Eventually, as elsewhere, a marriage of necessity brought the two together. Yugoslav communists had to acknowledge that nationalism was a potent political force. They thus continued searching for a political project that could successfully combine both social and national emancipation in the context of developed and often mutually exclusive national projects of neighbouring groups. In this chapter, I show how the Yugoslav communists ‘discovered’ the successful federalist formula for the socialist re unification of Yugoslavia after the Second World War as well as how, as with any ‘successful’ formula, its discovery was preceded by numerous fruitless experiments.

Volksgemeinschaft am Ende. Gesellschaft und Gewalt 1944/45

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2190-1317 ISBN: 9783486763645 Year: Volume: 97 Pages: 497 DOI: 10.1524/9783486763645 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-02 14:22:30
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The ubiquitous violence of the Nazi regime reached its climax just as it was collapsing. Systematic terror served to stabilize the regime and preserved its ability to act until the very end. This terrible epilogue to Hitler`s rule is described in striking detail, drawing on an extremely broad range of sources.

Brownshirt Princess

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ISBN: 9781906924089 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0003 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 11:02:00
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Princess Marie Adelheid of Lippe-Biesterfeld was a rebellious young writer who became a fervent Nazi. Heinrich Vogeler was a well-regarded artist who was to join the German Communist Party. Ludwig Roselius was a successful businessman who had made a fortune from his invention of decaffeinated coffee. What was it about the revolutionary climate following World War I that induced three such different personalities to collaborate in the production of a slim volume of poetry—entitled Gott in Mir—about the indwelling of the divine within the human? Gossman's study situates the poem in the ideological context that made the collaboration possible: pantheism, Darwinism, disillusionment with traditional liberal values, theosophy and völkisch religions, and Lebensreform. The study outlines the subsequent life of the Princess who, until her death in 1993, continued to support and celebrate the ideals and heroes of National Socialism. Brownshirt Princess provides deep insight into the sources and character of the "Nazi Conscience", and is invaluable reading for anybody interested in understanding German society during the inter-war and Nazi periods. The University Committee on Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Princeton University, has generously contributed towards the publication of this volume.

The Roma Struggle for Compensation in Post-War Germany

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ISBN: 9781907396113 9781912260065 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Hertfordshire Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100789
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-12 11:02:35
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Thirty years passed before it was accepted, in West Germany and elsewhere, that the Roma (Germany's Gypsies) had been Holocaust victims. And, similarly, it took thirty years for the West German state to admit that the sterilisation of Roma had been part of the 'Final Solution'.Drawing on a substantial body of previously unseen sources, this book examines the history of the struggle of Roma for recognition as racially persecuted victims of National Socialism in post-war Germany.Since modern academics belatedly began to take an interest in them, the Roma have been described as 'forgotten victims'.This book looks at the period in West Germany between the end of the War and the beginning of the Roma civil rights movement in the early 1980s, during which the Roma were largely passed over when it came to compensation. The complex reasons for this are at the heart of this book.

Keywords

History --- Holocaust --- Germany --- Roma --- Sinti --- Gypsies --- Gypsy --- Romani --- WWII --- Second World War --- Sterilisation --- Sterilization

Das Staatsarchiv Hamburg im Nationalsozialismus

Authors: ---
Book Series: Veröffentlichungen aus dem Staatsarchiv der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg ISBN: 9783943423297 Year: DOI: 10.15460/HUP.STAHH.24.158 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:17

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Archives are places of history. They preserve testimonies of the past and make them accessible to the public, and also keep documents that bear witness to their own past.The influence of politics and ideology on archival activity was strongly developed during the period of National Socialism in Germany. Thus, the State Archives of Hamburg took a special position in the issue of the so-called "proofs of the Aryan" ("Ariernachweise") on account of its sources.The present work examines the past as well as the role of the state archives as well as the scientific archivists - Heinrich Reincke, Hans Kellinghusen, Erich von Lehe, and Kurt Detlev Möller - during the period of National Socialism by examination of the records, and considers the results on basis of current research.

320 rue St Jacques

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ISBN: 9781912482139 9781912482122 9781912482146 9781912482153 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.22599/Blaess Language: English
Publisher: White Rose University Press
Subject: Linguistics --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:04
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"Madeleine’s diary is unique as she wrote it to record as much as she could about everyday life, people and events so she could use these written traces to rekindle memories later for the family from whom she had been parted. Many diaries of that era focus on the political situation. Madeleine’s diary does reflect and engage with military and political events. It also provides an unprecedented day-by-day account of the struggle to manage material deprivation, physical hardship, mental exhaustion and depression during the Occupation. The diary is also a record of Madeleine’s determination to achieve her ambition to become a university academic at a time when there was little encouragement for women to prioritise education and career over marriage and motherhood. Her diary is edited and translated here for the first time. &#xD;Dr Wendy Michallat was born in West Yorkshire. She studied at the Universities of Warwick and Nottingham and lectures in the School of Languages and Cultures at the University of Sheffield. She researches and teaches French cultural history, life-writing and popular culture and has published on diverse subjects including cartoon art, women’s football and first-wave French feminism.&#xD;Readers may prefer to download and cite from the PDF version of this book. This has a specific DOI and has a fixed structure with page numbers. Guidance on citing from other ebook versions without stable page numbers (Kindle, EPUB etc.) is now usually offered within style guidance (e.g. by the MLA style guide, The Chicago Manual of Style etc.) so please check the information offered on this by the referencing style you use."&#xD;

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