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Integrating SSR and SALW Programming

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Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529439 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.5334/bca Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:04
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Security sector reform (SSR) and small arms and lights weapons (SALW) reduction and control programmes have become staples of peacebuilding policy and practice in fragile, failed and conflict-affected states (FFCAS). There is wide agreement in the peacebuilding field that the two areas are intricately interconnected and mutually reinforcing. However, this consensus has rarely translated into integrated programming on the ground. Drawing on a diverse set of case studies, this paper presents a renewed argument for robust integration of SSR and SALW programming. The failure to exploit innate synergies between the two areas in the field has not merely resulted in missed opportunities to leverage scarce resources and capacity, but has caused significant programmatic setbacks that have harmed wider prospects for peace and stability. With the SSR model itself in a period of conceptual transition, the time is ripe for innovation. A renewed emphasis on integrating SSR and SALW programming in FFCAS, while not a wholly new idea, represents a potential avenue for change that could deliver significant dividends in the field. The paper offers some preliminary ideas on how to achieve this renewed integration in practice.&#xD;

Linking Mine Action and SSR through Human Security

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529422 Year: Pages: 72 DOI: 10.5334/bbz Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:04
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Security sector reform (SSR) and mine action share a strong common conceptual basis, which draws from a shared understanding of security. They both reflect a conceptualization of security that is not limited to the level of the state, but takes into account security threats and needs at societal and individual levels. This common basis provides opportunities for synergies between SSR and mine action. However, empirical evidence demonstrates that the strong conceptual basis is not fully reflected in concrete activities, and the linkages remain limited and underexplored. Despite this gap, there are positive examples showing the potential for synergies between SSR and mine action. Ultimately, this paper maintains that the concept of human security provides a comprehensive framework which can bridge the differences and open broader opportunities for cooperation, which in turn will increase the impact of interventions in SSR and mine action.&#xD;

DDR and SSR in War-to-Peace Transition

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Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529415 Year: Pages: 84 DOI: 10.5334/bby Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:04
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While disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR) have become integral statebuilding tools in post-conflict states, the existing empirical literature examining their relationship has focused on supply-side considerations related to the programming of both processes. In practice, though, DDR and SSR are implemented in the wider context of war-to-peace transitions where the state is attempting to establish a monopoly over the use of force and legitimize itself in the eyes of domestic and international communities. This paper therefore assumes that to identify opportunities and constraints for establishing closer practical linkages between DDR and SSR it is important to take the local politics into consideration. It examines two past externally driven peacebuilding interventions in West Africa, namely Liberia and Sierra Leone, featuring cases in which the central state had essentially fragmented or collapsed. Through this comparative analysis, the paper aims to provide a stepping-stone for future studies examining demand-side considerations of DDR and SSR in post-conflict contexts.&#xD;

Money Matters

Authors: ---
Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529385 Year: Pages: 35 DOI: 10.5334/bbv Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:04
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Although the financial sustainability of United Nations (UN) support to institutional capacity building in post-conflict contexts may be the least analysed topic on the peacebuilding agenda, understanding the costs of rebuilding and maintaining the security sector should be one of the most important priorities for security sector reform (SSR) practitioners today. Through innovative partnerships between the UN and the World Bank, a new and important practice area in public financial management of the security sector is beginning to take shape. This paper traces the new demands placed on peacekeeping operations to â&#128;&#156;get more bang for every peacekeeping buckâ&#128;&#157;, and explores how to match SSR priorities and recurring costs in the security sector with available resources over the long term. In presenting the lessons learned from the security sector public expenditure review conducted by the UN and the World Bank in Liberia in 2012, the first such review jointly undertaken by the two organizations, the paper seeks to illustrate how the discussion on right-sizing of the security sector can go hand in hand with a discussion on right-financing in order to help prioritize key reforms pragmatically in light of the available fiscal space. Specifically, the paper provides SSR practitioners with insights into the challenges often encountered when assisting national authorities to address the political economy of SSR, and how to navigate those dilemmas.&#xD;

The Paradox of Gendarmeries

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Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529354 Year: Pages: 66 DOI: 10.5334/bbs Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:04
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This paper describes and explains the evolution of gendarmerie-type forces, i.e. police forces with a military status, over the past three decades. It focuses on their institutional features and functions, including material and human resources, and uses case studies from Europe, the Middle East and North Africa to illustrate these characteristics in different contexts. The overall development of gendarmeries has been a somewhat paradoxical one. On the one hand, most of these forces have witnessed a considerable expansion, and come to assume an increasingly prominent role in addressing many of the currently most important security challenges, ranging from border control and counterterrorism to public order tasks in international peace operations. On the other hand, there has also been a trend towards the demilitarization of gendarmeries, which in some European countries has ultimately led to their dissolution and integration into the civilian police. The paper suggests an explanation of these seemingly contradictory developments with reference to two broad â&#128;&#147; and at least partly opposing â&#128;&#147; trends: the convergence of internal and external security agendas, which to a large extent is a post-Cold War phenomenon; and the demilitarization of internal security, which is a more long-term historical trend and part of the more general democratization process. Based on this analysis, the paper predicts that in the long run gendarmeries are likely to be further demilitarized, eventually losing their formal military status, although in the context of international peace operations militarized gendarmerie forces are expected to play an increasingly significant part.&#xD;

Africa in International Politics

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Book Series: Routledge Advances in International Relations and Global Politics ISBN: 9780203493175 9780415318587 9780415358361 9781134367122 9781134367115 9781134367078 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203493175 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:31
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Locating Africa on the global stage, this book examines and compares external involvement in the continent, exploring the foreign policies of major states and international organizations towards Africa. The contributors work within a political economy framework in order to study how these powers have attempted to stimulate democracy, peace and prosperity in the context of neo-liberal hegemony and ask whom these attempts have benefited and failed.

Gouvernance du secteur de la Sécurité

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ISBN: 9781909188716 9781909188723 9781909188730 9781909188747 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.5334/bav Language: French
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Migration --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-16 11:01:12
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"Many efforts have been undertaken to address dysfunctional security sector governance in West Africa. However, security sector reform (SSR) has fallen short of radical – transformational – change to the fundamental structures of power and governance in the region. Looking more closely at specific examples of SSR in six West African countries, Learning from West African Experiences in Security Sector Governance explores both progress and reversals in efforts by national stakeholders and their international partners to positively influence security sector governance dynamics. Written by eminent national experts based on their personal experiences of these reform contexts, this study offers new insights and practical lessons that should inform processes to improve democratic security sector governance in West Africa and beyond. This book is written in French:&#xD;De nombreux efforts ont été déployés afin d’améliorer la gestion défaillante du secteur de la sécurité en Afrique de l’Ouest. Mais il ne suffit pas d’instaurer une réforme du secteur de la sécurité (RSS) pour changer de manière radicale, voire transformationnelle, la structure fondamentale du pouvoir et de la gouvernance dans la région. À partir de plusieurs exemples de RSS dans six des pays ouest-africains, l’ouvrage Gouvernance du secteur de la Sécurité : Leçons des expériences ouest-africaines examine non seulement les progrès accomplis par des acteurs nationaux et leurs partenaires internationaux en vue de renforcer la dynamique de la gouvernance du secteur de la sécurité, mais aussi les revers. Rédigée par d’éminents experts nationaux, auteurs ayant puisé dans leur expérience personnelle de ces contextes de réforme, l’étude livre des enseignements novateurs et pragmatiques visant à faciliter la mise en oeuvre d’une gouvernance démocratique du secteur de la sécurité en Afrique de l’Ouest et au-delà.&#xD;An English translation of this book can be viewed, for free, at: http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/bau"

Learning from West African Experiences in Security Sector Governance

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ISBN: 9781909188679 9781909188686 9781909188693 9781909188709 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.5334/bau Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Migration --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-16 11:01:15
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"Many efforts have been undertaken to address dysfunctional security sector governance in West Africa. However, security sector reform (SSR) has fallen short of radical – transformational – change to the fundamental structures of power and governance in the region. Looking more closely at specific examples of SSR in six West African countries, Learning from West African Experiences in Security Sector Governance explores both progress and reversals in efforts by national stakeholders and their international partners to positively influence security sector governance dynamics. Written by eminent national experts based on their personal experiences of these reform contexts, this study offers new insights and practical lessons that should inform processes to improve democratic security sector governance in West Africa and beyond. “This volume has markedly moved the ball forward in the continuous efforts to better understand SSR experiments, specifically in West Africa. Through what could be dubbed ‘street level analysis of SSR’ (their concept of “micro-dynamics of SSR”), the editors have introduced a perceptive and innovative vista through which to examine and take stock of SSR processes. A must read volume for academics and practitioners of SSR alike in order to integrate the lessons and add to their knowledge base the valuable insights contained in the various chapters.” — Dr. Boubacar N’Diaye, Executive Committee Chair, African Security Sector Network (ASSN); Professor of Political Science and Pan-African Studies, The College of Wooster, USA&#xD;A French translation of this book can be viewed, for free, at: http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/bav"

Business and Security Sector Reform

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Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529408 Year: Pages: 49 DOI: 10.5334/bbx Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:04
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Challenges to security and human rights involving extractive and other industries are addressed in a framework known as business and human rights (BHR), which shares many challenges and goals with SSR. This paper describes the grounds where BHR and SSR coincide in principles, actors and activities and which synergies can be built on that base. Opportunities for bridging BHR and SSR are drawn from a systematic comparison of case studies on Guinea, Colombia and Papua New Guinea. BHR and SSR should ideally cohere instead of collide.&#xD;

Towards an International Code of Conduct for Private Security Providers:

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Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529392 Year: Pages: 61 DOI: 10.5334/bbw Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:04
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The use of private security companies (PSCs) to perform services that are traditionally associated with the state presents a challenge to regulatory and oversight frameworks. Analyzing developments leading to the International Code of Conduct for Security Providers (ICOC) and the ICOC Association, this paper argues that a multistakeholder approach to develop standards adapted for the private sector and which creates governance and oversight mechanisms fills some of the governance gaps found in traditional regulatory approaches.&#xD;

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