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Linear Estimation in Interconnected Sensor Systems with Information Constraints

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Book Series: Karlsruhe Series on Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Intelligent Sensor-Actuator-Systems Laboratory ISSN: 18673813 ISBN: 9783731503422 Year: Volume: 16 Pages: XVII, 227 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000045577 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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A ubiquitous challenge in many technical applications is to estimate an unknown state by means of data that stems from several, often heterogeneous sensor sources. In this book, information is interpreted stochastically, and techniques for the distributed processing of data are derived that minimize the error of estimates about the unknown state. Methods for the reconstruction of dependencies are proposed and novel approaches for the distributed processing of noisy data are developed.

Sensors and Actuators in Smart Cities

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038428732 9783038428749 Year: Pages: VI, 186 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-04 16:51:47
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Cities across the globe are installing sensors and actuators to become more sustainable, safe, efficient, and greener, with the hope of improving urban life. This book examines how sensors and actuators enable smart cities to provide critical services from road traffic management and disaster preparedness to key infrastructure, e.g., healthcare, and public safety. It presents a systems engineering perspective of the foundations and principles that span the various challenges and opportunities of developing smart cities. In addition, the studies presented in this book give the state of the art, system design, use cases, simulation, and real-life deployments or testbeds. The comprehensiveness of this book pose it as a reference for researchers and practitioners working on building the future smart cities and applications.

QoS in Wireless Sensor/Actuator Networks and Systems

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ISBN: 9783038973621 9783038973638 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-363-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-26 10:59:38
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Wireless sensor/actuators networks (WSANs) are being increasingly used in a panoply of applications, such as industrial automation, process control, ambient assisted living, structural health monitoring, and homeland security. Most of these applications require specific quality-of-service (QoS) guarantees from their underlying communication infrastructures (regardless of their wireless, wired, or hybrid nature).This book gathers together an extremely rich set of contributions, addressing several WSAN domains and sharing QoS as a common denominator. Eight papers have made it through a rigorous and iterative peer review process (three reviews per paper, at least two review rounds), involving 38 authors from all over the world (North and South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia) from academia, industry, and the military. Each paper features at least one reference author which is highly reputed in this scientific domain, totaling over 100,000 citations altogether.

Open-Source Electronics Platforms

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ISBN: 9783038979722 / 9783038979739 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-973-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Open-source electronics are becoming very popular, and are integrated with our daily educational and developmental activities. At present, the use open-source electronics for teaching science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) has become a global trend. Off-the-shelf embedded electronics such as Arduino- and Raspberry-compatible modules have been widely used for various applications, from do-it-yourself (DIY) to industrial projects. In addition to the growth of open-source software platforms, open-source electronics play an important role in narrowing the gap between prototyping and product development. Indeed, the technological and social impacts of open-source electronics in teaching, research, and innovation have been widely recognized.

Keywords

human-computer interface (HCI) --- electrooculogram (EOG) --- electromyogram (EMG) --- modified sliding window algorithm --- piecewise linear approximation (PLA) --- support vector regression --- eye tracking --- blockchain --- ontology --- context --- cyber-physical systems --- robotics --- interaction --- coalition --- individual management of livestock --- momentum data sensing --- remote sensing platform --- sensor networks --- technology convergence --- industry 4.0 --- distributed measurement systems --- automation networks --- node-RED --- cloud computing --- OPC UA --- hardware trojan taxonomy --- thermal imaging --- side channel analysis --- infrared --- FPGA --- Internet of Things --- wireless sensor networks --- Cloud of Things --- virtual sensor --- sensor detection --- smart cities --- Internet of Things --- Raspberry Pi --- BeagleBoard --- Arduino --- Internet of Things --- open hardware --- smart farming --- teaching robotics --- science teaching --- STEM --- robotic tool --- Python --- Raspberry Pi --- PiCamera --- vision system --- service learning --- robotics --- open platform --- automated vehicle --- EPICS --- open-source platform --- visual algorithms --- digital signal controllers --- embedded systems education --- dsPIC --- Java --- smart converter --- maximum power point tracking (MPPT) --- photovoltaic (PV) system --- Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) --- Digital Signal Processor (DSP) --- interleaved --- DC/DC converter --- distributed energy resource --- n/a

Middleware Solutions for Wireless Internet of Things

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210367 / 9783039210374 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-037-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The proliferation of powerful but cheap devices, together with the availability of a plethora of wireless technologies, has pushed for the spread of the Wireless Internet of Things (WIoT), which is typically much more heterogeneous, dynamic, and general-purpose if compared with the traditional IoT. The WIoT is characterized by the dynamic interaction of traditional infrastructure-side devices, e.g., sensors and actuators, provided by municipalities in Smart City infrastructures, and other portable and more opportunistic ones, such as mobile smartphones, opportunistically integrated to dynamically extend and enhance the WIoT environment. A key enabler of this vision is the advancement of software and middleware technologies in various mobile-related sectors, ranging from the effective synergic management of wireless communications to mobility/adaptivity support in operating systems and differentiated integration and management of devices with heterogeneous capabilities in middleware, from horizontal support to crowdsourcing in different application domains to dynamic offloading to cloud resources, only to mention a few. The book presents state-of-the-art contributions in the articulated WIoT area by providing novel insights about the development and adoption of middleware solutions to enable the WIoT vision in a wide spectrum of heterogeneous scenarios, ranging from industrial environments to educational devices. The presented solutions provide readers with differentiated point of views, by demonstrating how the WIoT vision can be applied to several aspects of our daily life in a pervasive manner.

Stochastic Processes with Applications

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039217281 / 9783039217298 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-729-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Stochastic processes have wide relevance in mathematics both for theoretical aspects and for their numerous real-world applications in various domains. They represent a very active research field which is attracting the growing interest of scientists from a range of disciplines.This Special Issue aims to present a collection of current contributions concerning various topics related to stochastic processes and their applications. In particular, the focus here is on applications of stochastic processes as models of dynamic phenomena in research areas certain to be of interest, such as economics, statistical physics, queuing theory, biology, theoretical neurobiology, and reliability theory. Various contributions dealing with theoretical issues on stochastic processes are also included.

Keywords

fusion estimation --- sensor networks --- random parameter matrices --- multiplicative noises --- random delays --- realized volatility --- forecast combinations --- structural breaks --- arithmetic progressions --- first Chebyshev function --- products of primes --- regularly varying functions --- slowly varying functions --- mixed Gaussian process --- small deviations --- exact asymptotics --- loan interest rate regulation --- diffusion model --- first passage time (FPT) --- continuous-time Markov chains --- catastrophes --- bounds --- birth-death process --- rate of convergence --- double-ended queues --- time-non-homogeneous birth-death processes --- catastrophes --- repairs --- transient probabilities --- periodic intensity functions --- time-non-homogeneous jump-diffusion processes --- transition densities --- first-passage-time --- lognormal diffusion process --- exogenous factors --- growth curves --- maximum likelihood estimation --- asymptotic distribution --- first-passage time --- inverse first-passage problem --- diffusion --- mixture of Gaussian laws --- rate of convergence --- total variation distance --- Wasserstein distance --- weighted quadratic variation --- non-Markovian queue --- general bulk service --- multiple vacation --- breakdown and repair --- stand-by server --- re-service --- discrete time stochastic model --- first-passage time --- time between inspections --- host-parasite interaction --- nematode infection --- nonhomogeneous Poisson process --- seasonal environment --- Strang–Marchuk splitting approach --- Cohen and Grossberg neural networks --- random impulses --- mean square stability --- fractional differential-difference equations --- fractional queues --- fractional birth-death processes --- busy period --- two-dimensional signature --- multi-state network --- totally positive of order 2 --- stochastic order --- stochastic process --- reliability --- stochastic orders --- scale family of distributions --- proportional hazard rates --- differential entropy

Evolutionary Computation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039219285 / 9783039219292 Year: Pages: 424 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-929-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Computational intelligence is a general term for a class of algorithms designed by nature's wisdom and human intelligence. Computer scientists have proposed many computational intelligence algorithms with heuristic features. These algorithms either mimic the evolutionary processes of the biological world, mimic the physiological structure and bodily functions of the organism,

Keywords

artificial bee colony algorithm (ABC) --- cloud model --- normal cloud model --- Y conditional cloud generator --- global optimum --- evolution --- computation --- urban design --- biology --- shape grammar --- architecture --- SPEA 2 --- energy-efficient job shop scheduling --- dispatching rule --- nonlinear convergence factor --- mutation operation --- whale optimization algorithm --- particle swarm optimization --- confidence term --- random weight --- benchmark functions --- t-test --- success rates --- average iteration times --- set-union knapsack problem --- moth search algorithm --- transfer function --- discrete algorithm --- evolutionary multi-objective optimization --- convergence point --- acceleration search --- evolutionary computation --- optimization --- bat algorithm (BA) --- bat algorithm with multiple strategy coupling (mixBA) --- CEC2013 benchmarks --- Wilcoxon test --- Friedman test --- facility layout design --- single loop --- monarch butterfly optimization --- slicing tree structure --- material handling path --- integrated design --- wireless sensor networks (WSNs) --- DV-Hop algorithm --- multi-objective DV-Hop localization algorithm --- NSGA-II-DV-Hop --- first-arrival picking --- fuzzy c-means --- particle swarm optimization --- range detection --- minimum total dominating set --- evolutionary algorithm --- genetic algorithm --- local search --- constrained optimization problems (COPs) --- evolutionary algorithms (EAs) --- firefly algorithm (FA) --- stochastic ranking (SR) --- Artificial bee colony --- swarm intelligence --- elite strategy --- dimension learning --- global optimization --- DE algorithm --- ?-Hilbert space --- topology structure --- quantum uncertainty property --- numerical simulation --- whale optimization algorithm --- flexible job shop scheduling problem --- nonlinear convergence factor --- adaptive weight --- variable neighborhood search --- elephant herding optimization --- EHO --- swarm intelligence --- individual updating strategy --- large-scale --- benchmark --- diversity maintenance --- particle swarm optimizer --- entropy --- large scale optimization --- minimum load coloring --- memetic algorithm --- evolutionary --- local search --- particle swarm optimization --- large-scale optimization --- adaptive multi-swarm --- diversity maintenance --- deep learning --- convolutional neural network --- rock types --- automatic identification --- monarch butterfly optimization --- greedy optimization algorithm --- global position updating operator --- 0-1 knapsack problems

Sensors in Agriculture

Author:
ISBN: 9783038974123 / 9783038974130 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-413-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Agriculture requires technical solutions for increasing production while lessening environmental impact by reducing the application of agro-chemicals and increasing the use of environmentally friendly management practices. A benefit of this is the reduction of production costs. Sensor technologies produce tools to achieve the abovementioned goals. The explosive technological advances and developments in recent years have enormously facilitated the attainment of these objectives, removing many barriers for their implementation, including the reservations expressed by farmers. Precision agriculture and ‘smart farming’ are emerging areas where sensor-based technologies play an important role. Farmers, researchers, and technical manufacturers are joining their efforts to find efficient solutions, improvements in production, and reductions in costs. This book brings together recent research and developments concerning novel sensors and their applications in agriculture. Sensors in agriculture are based on the requirements of farmers, according to the farming operations that need to be addressed.

Keywords

wireless sensor network (WSN) --- Wi-SUN --- vine --- mandarin orange --- thermal image --- fluorescent measurement --- X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy --- visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy --- heavy metal contamination --- spectral pre-processing --- feature selection --- machine-learning --- LiDAR --- light-beam --- plant localization --- Kinect --- leaf area index --- radiative transfer model --- neural networks --- GF-1 satellite --- wide field view --- big data --- geo-information --- plant phenotyping --- grapevine breeding --- Vitis vinifera --- ambient intelligence --- wireless sensor --- fuzzy logic --- smart irrigation --- virtual organizations of agents --- CIE-Lab --- precision plant protection --- optical sensor --- weed control --- classification --- NIR hyperspectral imaging --- chemometrics analysis --- weeds --- UAS --- RPAS --- one-class --- machine learning --- remote sensing --- geoinformatics --- plant disease --- pest --- deep convolutional neural networks --- real-time processing --- detection --- hyperspectral imaging --- soil type classification --- total nitrogen --- texture features --- data fusion --- Fusarium --- near-infrared --- spectroscopy --- hulled barely --- partial least squares-discriminant analysis --- remote sensing --- precision agriculture --- crop monitoring --- data fusion --- speckle --- diffusion --- scattering --- biological sensing --- apparent soil electrical conductivity --- ECa-directed soil sampling --- electromagnetic induction --- proximal sensor --- response surface sampling --- salt tolerance --- boron tolerance --- soil mapping --- soil salinity --- spatial variability --- irrigation --- energy balance --- water management --- semi-arid regions --- on-line vis-NIR measurement --- total nitrogen --- total carbon --- spiking --- gradient boosted machines --- artificial neural networks --- random forests --- rice --- striped stem-borer --- hyperspectral imaging --- texture feature --- data fusion --- greenhouse --- wireless sensor network --- data fusion --- dynamic weight --- dataset --- agriculture --- obstacle detection --- computer vision --- cameras --- stereo imaging --- thermal imaging --- LiDAR --- radar --- object tracking --- crop area --- remote sensing image classification --- area frame sampling --- stratification --- regression estimator --- agriculture --- meat spoilage --- vegetable oil --- quality assessment --- electronic nose --- electrochemical sensors --- spectral analysis --- feature selection --- genetic algorithms --- classification --- vegetation indices --- vineyard --- diseases --- spatial data --- sensor --- data fusion --- change of support --- geostatistics --- precision agriculture --- management zones --- event detection --- back propagation model --- multivariate water quality parameters --- time-series data --- spatial-temporal model --- connected dominating set --- water supply network --- SS-OCT --- Capsicum annuum --- germination --- salt concentration --- deep learning --- clover-grass --- precision agriculture --- dry matter composition --- proximity sensing --- 3D reconstruction --- RGB-D sensor --- crop inspection platform --- water depth sensors --- soil moisture sensors --- temperature sensors --- rice field monitoring --- irrigation --- silage --- packing density --- moisture content --- compound sensor --- simultaneous measurement --- birth sensor --- bovine embedded hardware --- ambient intelligence --- virtual organizations of agents --- Fusarium --- near infrared --- discrimination --- hulled barely --- naked barley --- wheat --- dielectric probe --- apple shelf-life --- dielectric dispersion --- electronic nose --- pest scouting --- pest management --- gas sensor --- noninvasive detection --- nitrogen --- near infrared sensors --- drying temperature --- SPA-MLR --- PLS --- CARS --- hyperspectral camera --- handheld --- sensor evaluation --- case studies --- soil --- moisture --- sensor --- landslide --- rice leaves --- chromium content --- laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy --- laser wavelength --- preprocessing methods --- agricultural land --- field crops --- land cover --- photograph-grid method --- remote sensing --- data validation and calibration --- mobile app --- wireless sensor networks (WSN) --- energy efficiency --- distributed systems --- processing of sensed data --- WSN distribution algorithms --- recognition patterns --- agriculture

Sensors in Agriculture

Author:
ISBN: 9783038977445 / 9783038977452 Year: Pages: 354 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-745-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

Agriculture requires technical solutions for increasing production while lessening environmental impact by reducing the application of agro-chemicals and increasing the use of environmentally friendly management practices. A benefit of this is the reduction of production costs. Sensor technologies produce tools to achieve the abovementioned goals. The explosive technological advances and developments in recent years have enormously facilitated the attainment of these objectives, removing many barriers for their implementation, including the reservations expressed by farmers. Precision agriculture and ‘smart farming’ are emerging areas where sensor-based technologies play an important role. Farmers, researchers, and technical manufacturers are joining their efforts to find efficient solutions, improvements in production, and reductions in costs. This book brings together recent research and developments concerning novel sensors and their applications in agriculture. Sensors in agriculture are based on the requirements of farmers, according to the farming operations that need to be addressed.

Keywords

wireless sensor network (WSN) --- Wi-SUN --- vine --- mandarin orange --- thermal image --- fluorescent measurement --- X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy --- visible and near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy --- heavy metal contamination --- spectral pre-processing --- feature selection --- machine-learning --- LiDAR --- light-beam --- plant localization --- Kinect --- leaf area index --- radiative transfer model --- neural networks --- GF-1 satellite --- wide field view --- big data --- geo-information --- plant phenotyping --- grapevine breeding --- Vitis vinifera --- ambient intelligence --- wireless sensor --- fuzzy logic --- smart irrigation --- virtual organizations of agents --- CIE-Lab --- precision plant protection --- optical sensor --- weed control --- classification --- NIR hyperspectral imaging --- chemometrics analysis --- weeds --- UAS --- RPAS --- one-class --- machine learning --- remote sensing --- geoinformatics --- plant disease --- pest --- deep convolutional neural networks --- real-time processing --- detection --- hyperspectral imaging --- soil type classification --- total nitrogen --- texture features --- data fusion --- Fusarium --- near-infrared --- spectroscopy --- hulled barely --- partial least squares-discriminant analysis --- remote sensing --- precision agriculture --- crop monitoring --- data fusion --- speckle --- diffusion --- scattering --- biological sensing --- apparent soil electrical conductivity --- ECa-directed soil sampling --- electromagnetic induction --- proximal sensor --- response surface sampling --- salt tolerance --- boron tolerance --- soil mapping --- soil salinity --- spatial variability --- irrigation --- energy balance --- water management --- semi-arid regions --- on-line vis-NIR measurement --- total nitrogen --- total carbon --- spiking --- gradient boosted machines --- artificial neural networks --- random forests --- rice --- striped stem-borer --- hyperspectral imaging --- texture feature --- data fusion --- greenhouse --- wireless sensor network --- data fusion --- dynamic weight --- dataset --- agriculture --- obstacle detection --- computer vision --- cameras --- stereo imaging --- thermal imaging --- LiDAR --- radar --- object tracking --- crop area --- remote sensing image classification --- area frame sampling --- stratification --- regression estimator --- agriculture --- meat spoilage --- vegetable oil --- quality assessment --- electronic nose --- electrochemical sensors --- spectral analysis --- feature selection --- genetic algorithms --- classification --- vegetation indices --- vineyard --- diseases --- spatial data --- sensor --- data fusion --- change of support --- geostatistics --- precision agriculture --- management zones --- event detection --- back propagation model --- multivariate water quality parameters --- time-series data --- spatial-temporal model --- connected dominating set --- water supply network --- SS-OCT --- Capsicum annuum --- germination --- salt concentration --- deep learning --- clover-grass --- precision agriculture --- dry matter composition --- proximity sensing --- 3D reconstruction --- RGB-D sensor --- crop inspection platform --- water depth sensors --- soil moisture sensors --- temperature sensors --- rice field monitoring --- irrigation --- silage --- packing density --- moisture content --- compound sensor --- simultaneous measurement --- birth sensor --- bovine embedded hardware --- ambient intelligence --- virtual organizations of agents --- Fusarium --- near infrared --- discrimination --- hulled barely --- naked barley --- wheat --- dielectric probe --- apple shelf-life --- dielectric dispersion --- electronic nose --- pest scouting --- pest management --- gas sensor --- noninvasive detection --- nitrogen --- near infrared sensors --- drying temperature --- SPA-MLR --- PLS --- CARS --- hyperspectral camera --- handheld --- sensor evaluation --- case studies --- soil --- moisture --- sensor --- landslide --- rice leaves --- chromium content --- laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy --- laser wavelength --- preprocessing methods --- agricultural land --- field crops --- land cover --- photograph-grid method --- remote sensing --- data validation and calibration --- mobile app --- wireless sensor networks (WSN) --- energy efficiency --- distributed systems --- processing of sensed data --- WSN distribution algorithms --- recognition patterns --- agriculture

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