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State-Of-The- Art Sensors Technology in France 2016

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ISBN: 9783038426523 9783038426530 Year: Pages: 218 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Analytical Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-16 09:42:38
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This Special Issue aims to provide a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art sensors technology in France. It includes research articles that consolidate our understanding of the state-of-the-art in this area and also four reviews on hot fields in sensor technology (nanomaterials, electronic tongue and optical fibre networks).

Laser Pulses Characterization with Pyroelectric Sensors (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789533074054 Year: DOI: 10.5772/13292 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 226424
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:47:58
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There are many industrial and medical applications of CO2 (λ=10.6 μm) and Nd:YAG (λ=1.06 μm) infrared lasers for which the quality of the process are tightly connected to the&#xD;&#xD;characteristic of the laser pulse. These two types of lasers deliver pulses with duration,&#xD;&#xD;repetition frequency and power that can be controlled by means of a programmable&#xD;&#xD;electronic control unit. An open-loop control generally optimize the process performances&#xD;&#xD;by availing of a laser system model. However, this method cannot control that during the&#xD;&#xD;operation the laser source and the optical delivering system could deteriorate; moreover&#xD;&#xD;the laser beam characteristics and laser pulse temporal envelope could change by several&#xD;&#xD;factors like power supply variations, optical beam misalignments, dirty deposits on mirrors,&#xD;&#xD;changes in laser efficiency and many others .

Remote Sensed Data and Processing Methodologies for 3D Virtual Reconstruction and Visualization of Complex Architectures

ISBN: 9783038422372 9783038422389 Year: Pages: XVIII, 584 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-26 13:37:10
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In recent years, the topic of 3D reconstruction and modeling of complex architectures from remotely acquired multiple data sources has been of growing interest. This “democratization” of 3D modeling processes and the large availability of data is, however, not always followed by reliable, affordable and powerful tools for realizing photo-realistic, metric, re-usable and semantic-aware 3D products. This should be a motivation to research, design, develop and validate novel easy-to-use, ease-to-learn and a low-cost framework for 3D modeling and further understanding of virtual environments using multiple data sources, so that the whole 3D modeling community has access to an affordable, transferable, functional and usable framework of methods and tools. This challenge causes several problems that should be addressed: from improving and testing the technical capabilities of new capturing devices, to the solution of problems resultant from large image blocks, from delivering Building Information Modeling (BIM) standards in order to provide new management approaches to replacing existing visualization tools with new working experiences such as Virtual and Augmented Reality or game-engine technology.

UAV Sensors for Environmental Monitoring

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038427537 9783038427544 Year: Pages: 670 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-754-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 13:47:38
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The rapid development and growth of UAVs as a remote sensing platform, as well as advances in the miniaturization of instrumentation and data systems, are catalyzing a renaissance in remote sensing in a variety of fields and disciplines from precision agriculture to ecology, atmospheric research, and disaster response.This Special Issue was open for submissions that highlight advances in the development and use of sensors deployed on UAVs. Topics include, but were not limited, to:• Optical, multi-spectral, hyperspectral, laser, and optical SAR technologies• Gas analyzers and sensors• Artificial intelligence and data mining based strategies from UAVs• UAV onboard data storage, transmission, and retrieval• Collaborative strategies and mechanisms to control multiple UAVs and sensor networks• UAV sensor applications: precision agriculture; pest detection, forestry, mammal species tracking search and rescue; target tracking, the monitoring of the atmosphere; chemical, biological, and natural disaster phenomena; fire prevention, flood prevention; volcanic monitoring, pollution monitoring, micro-climates and land use

Smart machines, Remote Sensing, Precision Farming, Processes, Mechatronic, Materials and Policies for Safety and Health Aspects

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783038428657 9783038428664 Year: Pages: VIII, 256 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-18 13:24:56
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The introduction of "smart machines" for agricultural operations will allow several advantages, such as an increase in their efficiencies, a reduction in environmental impacts and a reduction of work injuries. There are partially- and fully-automatic devices for most aspects of agricultural functions, from seeding and planting to harvesting and postharvesting, from spraying to livestock management, and so onThe objectives of this book are: study of man–machine dialogue systems; analysis on towed or carried machines: forestry chippers, manure spreaders, round balers and others; safety and health management system design and engineering; safety and health monitoring sensors and sensing; data-driven methods for anomaly detection, diagnosis and prognosis; precision farming; mechatronic; automotive and agriculture machinery applications; engineering of hybrid and integrated systems and their efficiency maximization, especially for safety and health purposes, aimed to injuries and accidents reduction, use of remote sensor and mechatronic systems applied in several aspects.

Spintronics with individual metal-organic molecules

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Book Series: Experimental Condensed Matter Physics / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Physikalisches Institut ISSN: 21919925 ISBN: 9783866446496 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 110 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000022418 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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In this work two ideas of using individual metal organic molecules in applications for data storage are presented. On the one hand, metal-free phthalocyanine is used to form a GMR contact consisting of one single molecule leading to the world smallest magnetic sensor. On the other hand, chromium acetylacetonate was used to study the properties of magnetic molecules adsorbed on surfaces in order to build magnetic bits for date storage.

Hydrodynamic processes at the water-sediment interface of streambeds

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Book Series: Dissertationsreihe am Institut für Hydromechanik der Universität Karlsruhe / Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Institut für Hydromechanik ISSN: 14394111 ISBN: 9783866442443 Year: Volume: 2008/1 Pages: IV, 153 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000008267 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Simultaneous 2D pressure and 2D velocity information at the rough water-sediment interface of streambeds were gained by a newly developed measurement setup. In the bed the pressure fluctuations decay exponentially within the first 1-2 equivalent sand roughnesses. Structural findings concerning coherent flow structures are consistent with models originally developed for smooth walls. A significant bed destabilizing flow-pressure pattern was identified for the first time.

Application of genetically encoded indicators to mammalian central nervous system

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198047 Year: Pages: 116 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-804-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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Genetically encoded indicators emerged as promising tools for cell type-specific and chronic recording of neuronal population activity. Since publication of the first prototypical genetically encoded Ca2+ indicators (Cameleons) in 1997, we have witnessed remarkable evolution of the field, with rapid improvement of indicator performance as well as expanded application to many model organisms in the neuroscience community. Challenges still remain, however, concerning the mammalian central nervous system: limited sensitivity of indicators to subtle changes in activity, slow signal kinetics, cytotoxicity after a long-term and high-level expression of indicators, and variable performance across cell types. In addition to improvement of the indicators per se, development of strategies that allow combined use of the indicators and optogenetic tools is also desired. In this Research Topic, we recruited top researchers in the field and their young colleagues to present their cutting-edge research as well as insightful opinions on the following subtopics:1) Latest breakthroughs on development of genetically encoded indicators2) Novel scientific findings obtained with genetically encoded indicators3) Wishlist for the next-generation genetically encoded indicators4) Guideline for selecting an appropriate indicator5) Optimal methodology for indicator delivery to mammalian CNS

Assistance Robotics and Biosensors

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038973942 9783038973959 Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-395-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-29 11:34:28
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This Special Issue is focused on breakthrough developments in the field of biosensors, as well as on the current scientific progress in biomedical signal processing. The papers address innovative solutions in assistance robotics based on bioelectrical signals, including the following: affordable biosensor technology, affordable assistive-robotics devices, new techniques in myoelectric control, and advances in brain–machine interfacing.

Manipulation of the host cell by viral auxiliary proteins

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194841 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-484-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Microbiology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-16 15:44:59
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Productive HIV infection requires completion of all the steps of the replication cycle, the success of which largely relying on the multiple interactions established by viral proteins with cellular partners. Indeed, cellular and viral fates are intertwined and this interplay may involve rerouting of cellular factors/pathways to the benefit of the viral life cycle. To gain a foothold into host cells, HIV has to take advantage of available cellular factories and overcome the numerous potential blocks opposed to its replication while ensuring cellular survival. Viral auxiliary proteins are a perfect paradigm to illustrate the complexity of the relationship between HIV and its host. Although these accessory proteins are mostly unnecessary for viral replication in permissive cells in vitro, they play a crucial role in regulating viral spread ex vivo in non-permissive cells and in vivo in hosts. Most accessory proteins are pleiotropic and instrumental in the counteraction of restriction factors and proteins involved in innate immune response. Several proteins of the "intrinsic" immune system that detect the presence of the assailant and initiate a subsequent immune response, as well as restriction factors that are directly devoted to arresting the replication cycle at precise steps have been characterized. Despite the numerous cellular mechanisms dedicated to preventing viral replication, HIV is able to efficiently replicate in humans. Indeed, as a master regulator of cellular machineries and processes, not only has HIV evolved strategies to avoid triggering of pattern recognition receptors, but HIV has also elaborated ways to counteract host restriction factors, thereby overcoming the hurdles that oppose efficient replication. This review collection is dedicated to the manipulation of host cells by HIV-1 and HIV-2, with a particular focus on viral accessory proteins.

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