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Chapter 2 'Sex and History' (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781137400338 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-40033-8_2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:12
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The project responds to issues identified by the health&#xD;and education sector in the UK and internationally, particularly relating to&#xD;the widely attested difficulty for teachers of opening up conversations around&#xD;important topics such as consent and pornography.

Keywords

Sex --- History

Destroyer of Naivetés

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ISBN: 9780692573129 Year: Pages: 110 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0118.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:37
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Victor J. Vitanza (author of Sexual Violence in Western Thought and Writing) continues to rethink the problem of sexual violence in cinema and how rape is often represented in “chaste” ways, in the form of a Chaste Cinematics. Vitanza continues to discuss Chaste Cinematics as participating in transdisciplinary-rhetorical traditions that establish the very foundations (groundings, points of stasis) for nation states and cultures. In this offering, however, the initial grounding for the discussions is “base materialism” (George Bataille): divine filth, the sacred and profane. It is this post-philosophical base materialism that destabilizes binaries, fixedness, and brings forth excluded thirds. Vitanza asks: why is it that a repressed third, or a third figure, returns, most strangely as a “product” of rape and torture? He works with Jean-Paul Sartre and Page duBois’s suggestion that the “product” is a new “species.” Always attempting unorthodox ways of approaching social problems, Vitanza organizes his table of contents as a DVD menu of “Extras” (supplements). This menu includes Alternate Endings and Easter Eggs as well as an Excursus, which invokes readers to take up the political exigency of the DVD-Book. Vitanza’s first “Extra” studies a trio of films that need to be reconsidered, given what they offer as insights into Chaste Cinematics: Amadeus (a mad god), Henry Fool (a foolish god), and Multiple Maniacs (a divine god who is raped and eats excrement). The second examines Helke Sander’s documentary Liberators Take Liberties, which re-thinks the rapes of German women by the Russians and Allies during the Battle of Berlin. The third rethinks Margie Strosser’s video-film Rape Stories that calls for revenge. In the Alternate Endings, Vitanza rethinks the problem of reversibility in G. Noé’s Irréversible. In the Easter Eggs, he considers Dominique Laporte’s “the Irreparable,” as the object of loss and Giorgio Agamben’s “the Irreparable,” as hope in what is without remedy. The result is not another film-studies book, but a new genre, a new set of rhetorics, for new ways of thinking about cinematics, perhaps postcinematics.

Keywords

erotic poetry --- sex farce

From Sex Differences in Neuroscience to a Neuroscience of Sex Differences: New Directions and Perspectives

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196890 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-689-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Internal medicine --- Medicine (General) --- Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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This research topic aims to integrate scattered findings on sex differences in neuroscience into a broader theory of how the human brain is shaped by sex and sex hormones in order to cause the great variety of sex differences that are commonly observed. It can be assumed that these differences didn’t occur arbitrarily, but that they rather determined and still determine evolutionary success of individuals and were shaped by the processes of natural and in particular sexual selection. Therefore, sex differences are not negligible and sex difference research cannot be discriminating against one sex or the other. In fact a better understanding of the underlying causes of sex differences has great advantages for both men and women and society as a whole, not only in terms of health care, but in every aspect of life. Gender equality can only work out if it is equally well understood for men and women what their individual resources and needs are. Therefore, it is of great importance to pave the way for identifying the underlying principles of structural and functional brain organization that cause men and women to act, think and feel differently. To this end it is of particular interest to identify possible similarities and interrelations between sex differences that did so far stand separately, in order to investigate whether they share a common source. To understand, where a specific sex difference comes from and whether or not it is caused by the same principle as other sex differences, it is necessary to explicitly link sex differences in behavior to their neuronal correlates and vice versa link sex differences in brain structure and function to their behavioral outcomes. In particular a new understanding of male and female brain functioning may arise from findings on how sex hormones interact with various neurotransmitter systems. In the past few years several findings demonstrated that women’s behavior is influenced by the sex hormone fluctuations they experience naturally during their menstrual cycle to the extent that sex differences may only be detectable in one cycle phase but not another. The study of menstrual cycle dependent effects gives important hints about which sex differences are activational and which are organizational. Additionally it only recently came to attention, that hormonal contraception may alter a women’s mood, cognition and behavior as a consequence of changes in brain structure and function. The underlying mechanisms are so poorly understood that it is even hard to predict, whether hormonal contraception will mask or amplify sex differences in a given task. Since the oral hormonal contraceptive pill is meanwhile used by 100 million women worldwide and even by teenagers whose brains are not yet fully developed, the question of how the synthetic steroids contained in hormonal contraceptives act on the brain is to be studied hand in hand with naturally occurring sex differences. This topic summarizes the current state of the art in sex difference research and gives new perspectives in terms of hypothesis generation an methodology. Both are necessary to gain a complete picture of what it is that makes a brain male or female and move towards a neuroscience of sex differences.

Name, Shame and Blame: Criminalising Consensual Sex in Papua New Guinea

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ISBN: 9781925021219 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515936 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-01 11:01:41
License: ANU Press

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This book is an exceptional contribution to our knowledge of the nexus between the criminal law and negative attitudes of society, and what effects criminalization has on the social lives of prostitutes and males who have sex with males, and whether these effects might provide evidence to support the argument for law reform.

Keywords

papua new guinea --- pacific --- hiv --- sex --- criminalisation

Chapter: '‘Sex and History’: Talking Sex with Objects from the Past' from book: The Palgrave Handbook of Sexuality Education (Book chapter)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781137400321 9781137400338 Year: Pages: 720 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-40033-8_2 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Education --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 16:34:43
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This chapter describes the ‘Sex and History’ project which uses objects from the past as the basis for discussions with young people about sexuality, as part of sexuality education. The chapter outlines key aspects of a methodology in which historical and cultural distance, coupled with striking familiarities in concerns about sex throughout history, bring contemporary expectations and norms into sharper focus and encourage young people to re-consider them critically. This chapter considers the different contexts within which this methodology can be applied and the challenges of trying to embed it into mainstream UK education. It describes how the project responds to international calls for a multidisciplinary approach to young people’s healthy development and the importance of non-biological dimensions to sexuality education, such as consent, gender, body image and the impact of pornography.

Keywords

sex education --- young people --- gender --- media

Filhos de Adão, filhas de Eva : A visão do mundo camponesa no Alto Minho

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ISBN: 9791036516276 DOI: 10.4000/books.etnograficapress.1709 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Etnográfica Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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O rio Lima corre em direcção ao poente, da província espanhola de Orense para a costa Atlântica, que encontra na cidade de Viana do Castelo, capital do distrito ao qual ambas as margens do rio pertencem. Na margem sul, estão situadas duas pequenas vilas, Ponte de Lima e Ponte da Barca, nomes que referem as pontes que atravessam o rio nos locais de encontro entre a estrada que o bordeja e as principais vias antigas que, no sentido sul-norte, ligam Braga (capital eclesiástica e económica do Minho) com o rio Minho, na fronteira mais setentrional do país. Paço de S. Miguel e Couto de S. Fins, cujos residentes são os protagonistas deste estudo, são duas freguesias ribeirinhas do pequeno concelho de Ponte da Barca, que se situa a cerca de quarenta quilómetros do mar.

Keywords

kinship --- property --- wedding --- sex roles --- inheritance --- Portugal

Chapter 12 If They Gunned Me Down: Postmodern Media Criticism in a Post-Racial World (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138640108 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315636801 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:05:14
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This volume will feature research examining the consequences, implications, and opportunities associated with issues of diversity in the electronic media. The topics of gender and race in electronic media have been hot topics of study and remain so today. The book will consider race and gender issues in both historical and contemporary (including newly emerging) electronic media, and will focus on: 1) media content, 2) media audiences, and 3) media production. Chapters may reflect the intersection of race and gender, or overlap with either race or gender and other types of difference such as class, religion, and physical ability.

Keywords

digital media --- electronic media --- gender --- sex --- race

Chapter 5 The Challenge of Warrior Women: Gender, Race, and Militarism in Media (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138640108 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315636801 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:05:19
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This volume will feature research examining the consequences, implications, and opportunities associated with issues of diversity in the electronic media. The topics of gender and race in electronic media have been hot topics of study and remain so today. The book will consider race and gender issues in both historical and contemporary (including newly emerging) electronic media, and will focus on: 1) media content, 2) media audiences, and 3) media production. Chapters may reflect the intersection of race and gender, or overlap with either race or gender and other types of difference such as class, religion, and physical ability.

Keywords

digital media --- electronic media --- gender --- sex --- race

Chapter 10 Understanding How the Internet and Social Media Accelerate Racial Stereotyping and Social Division: The Socially Mediated Stereotyping Model (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138640108 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315636801 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:05:43
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This volume will feature research examining the consequences, implications, and opportunities associated with issues of diversity in the electronic media. The topics of gender and race in electronic media have been hot topics of study and remain so today. The book will consider race and gender issues in both historical and contemporary (including newly emerging) electronic media, and will focus on: 1) media content, 2) media audiences, and 3) media production. Chapters may reflect the intersection of race and gender, or overlap with either race or gender and other types of difference such as class, religion, and physical ability.

Keywords

digital media --- electronic media --- gender --- sex --- race

Chapter 19 This Week in Blackness and the Construction of Blackness in Independent Digital Media (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138640108 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315636801 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:07:10
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Abstract

This volume will feature research examining the consequences, implications, and opportunities associated with issues of diversity in the electronic media. The topics of gender and race in electronic media have been hot topics of study and remain so today. The book will consider race and gender issues in both historical and contemporary (including newly emerging) electronic media, and will focus on: 1) media content, 2) media audiences, and 3) media production. Chapters may reflect the intersection of race and gender, or overlap with either race or gender and other types of difference such as class, religion, and physical ability.

Keywords

digital media --- electronic media --- gender --- sex --- race

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