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Batellerie gallo-romaine : Pratiques régionales et influences maritimes ‎méditerranéennes

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782957155781 DOI: 10.4000/books.pccj.967 Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Camille Jullian
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les récentes découvertes d’épaves de barges fluviales gallo-romaines à Lyon (place Tolozan et Parc Saint-Georges) et à Arles, auxquels s’ajoutent les épaves de Chalon-sur-Saône, ont non seulement attiré l’attention sur la batellerie fluviale et lacustre gallo-romaine mais aussi porté au premier plan des recherches le bassin rhodanien et le midi de la Gaule jusque-là peu présent ou même totalement absent du débat. Or les particularités de ces épaves renouvellent fondamentalement le sujet en montrant l’existence d’une tradition régionale « Rhône-Saône » mettant en lumière des influences maritimes méditerranéennes. Dès lors, il devenait intéressant de confronter ces recherches, intéressant le bassin fluvial Rhône-Saône et le midi de la Gaule, à celles menées sur l’Europe du Nord qui avaient monopolisé le débat sur la construction navale gallo-romaine. À partir de données provenant de l’arc rhénan (Allemagne, Pays- Bas) et du lac de Neuchâtel (Suisse), ces recherches avaient jusqu’alors mis en évidence l’existence des seules groupes régionaux « Rhénan » et « Alpin ». Il est aussi apparu enrichissant d’élargir le sujet de cet ouvrage à d’autres épaves, comme l’épave lagunaire de la Conque des Salins (étang de Thau, Hérault), encore peu connue, et l’épave du chaland de la Ljubljanica (Slovénie), de découverte plus ancienne, dont les caractéristiques s’inscrivent dans le cadre de la nouvelle problématique définie autour des notions de pratiques régionales et d’influences maritimes méditerranéennes. C’est, au total, à un renouvellement complet du panorama de la construction navale et de la batellerie gallo-romaine que nous invite cet ouvrage. Ce dernier, richement illustré, comporte de nombreuses contributions de spécialistes français et étrangers qui remettent au premier plan les études sur la batellerie antique et montrent l’intérêt de ces recherches en un domaine trop souvent considéré comme mineur.

Shipbuilding and Ship Repair Workers around the World

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789462981157 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462981157 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 11:01:13
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Maritime trade is the backbone of the world’s economy. Around ninety percent of all goods are transported by ship, and since World War II, shipbuilding has undergone major changes in response to new commercial pressures and opportunities. Early British dominance, for example, was later undermined in the 1950s by competition from the Japanese, who have since been overtaken by South Korea and, most recently, China. The case studies in this volume trace these and other important developments in the shipbuilding and ship repair industries, as well as workers’ responses to these historic transformations.

Riksäpplet

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ISBN: 9789188661203 9789188168795 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.21525/kriterium.8 Language: Swedish
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Sociology --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-11 11:01:56
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"Riksäpplet deals with a shipwreck that has a neglected position in the grand narrative of the history of the Swedish navy. The story of its destiny and the missing accounts in scholarly and popular works in history says something about heritage processes within Swedish maritime archaeology. On 5 June 1676 Riksäpplet came loose and adrift from its moorings outside Dalarö Sea fortress. The hull struck a rock and sank. The loss was considered both ignominious and embarrassing and the ship’s fate has been overlooked in all major history books. The rock onto which Riksäpplet sank was named ‘Äpplet’ after the incident, and the wreck itself has become an integrated component of the underwater seascape. As a consequence the wreckage has never enjoyed a proper ‘discovery’ or undergone documentation under the sensational forms that many other famous shipwrecks have, even though they have sunk in more inconvenient places. In Eriksson’s study the official handling of Riksäpplet’s wrecked body is compared to the more wellknown ships Kronan and Svärdet, which both sank during battle only days before. Eriksson draws on different motifs and driving forces behind the study of naval wrecks from the period from his comparison, and the differences are discussed. Riksäpplet has never achieved a prominent position with the romanticising works of history that honour the national heroes and their deeds which are associated with this era of the Swedish Empire. The first half of the book thus sets out to unpack the ideas that have led to the relative disinterest in Riksäpplet in comparison to other shipwrecks. The second half of the book sets out to analyse Riksäpplet from a specific archaeological perspective, with focus on the ship as material culture. Eriksson’s departure is to explore the relatively low budget fieldwork that has been done at the wreck site. He the combines those facts with a survey of the artefacts recovered from the wreck, of which all are kept in museum archives and private collections. This, in addition to his studies of preserved written correspondence concerning the construction of the ship, has brought new insights into seventeenth-century shipbuilding and how the balance between the global political superpowers affected this trade. In this context Riksäpplet has great potential to show how military alliances are materialized through ships’ architecture.

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