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Intra-Asian Trade and the World Market

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Asia ISBN: 9780203086506 9780415372077 9780415546928 9781134194087 9781134194070 9781134194032 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203086506 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Sociology --- History --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:20
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Intra-Asian trade is a major theme of recent writing on Asian economic history. From the second half of the nineteenth century, intra-Asian trade flows linked Asia into an integrated economic system, with reciprocal benefits for all participants. But although this was a network from which all gained, there was also considerable inter-Asian competition between Asian producers for these Asian markets, and those of the wider world. This collection presents captivating snap-shots of trade in specific commodities, alongside chapters comprehensively covering the region. The book covers: China’s relative backwardness, Japanese copper exports, Japan’s fur trade, Siam’s luxury rice trade, Korea, Japanese shipbuilding, the silk trade, the refined sugar trade, competition in the rice trade, the Japanese cotton textile trade to Africa, multilateral settlements in Asia, the cotton textile trade to Britain, and the growth of the palm oil industry in Malaysia and Indonesia. The opening of

Stimuli-Responsive Polymer Systems—Recent Manufacturing Techniques and Applications

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ISBN: 9783039214839 / 9783039214846 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-484-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Stimuli-responsive polymer systems can be defined as functional materials that show physical or chemical property changes in response to external stimuli such as temperature, radiation, chemical agents, pH, mechanical stress, and electric and magnetic fields. Recent developments in manufacturing techniques have facilitated the production of a wide range of stimuli-responsive polymer systems, such as micro- and nanoscale structures, with potential applications in soft sensors and actuators, smart textiles, soft robots, and artificial muscles. This book brings together the recent progress in manufacturing techniques, with particular emphasis on 3D and 4D printing and applications of stimuli-responsive polymer systems in biomedicine and soft robotics.

Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Nanomedicine

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ISBN: 9783039216567 / 9783039216574 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-657-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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[This book focus on the most recent advances related to the design and processing methods of different nanobiomaterials, films, and fibers; surface functionalization strategies, including biological performance assessment and cytocompatibility; and their applications in tissue engineering strategies.]

Progress in Water Footprint Assessment

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ISBN: 9783039210381 / 9783039210398 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-039-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Water Footprint Assessment is a young research field that considers how freshwater use, scarcity, and pollution relate to consumption, production, and trade patterns. This book presents a wide range of studies within this new field. It is argued that collective and coordinated action - at different scale levels and along all stages of commodity supply chains - is necessary to bring about more sustainable, efficient, and equitable water use. The presented studies range from farm to catchment and country level, and show how different actors along the supply chain of final commodities can contribute to more sustainable water use in the chain.

Synthesis and Applications of Biopolymer Composites

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ISBN: 9783039211326 / 9783039211333 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-133-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book, as a collection of 17 research articles, provides a selection of the most recent advances in the synthesis, characterization, and applications of environmentally friendly and biodegradable biopolymer composites and nanocomposites. Recently, the demand has been growing for a clean and pollution-free environment and an evident target regarding the minimization of fossil fuel usage. Therefore, much attention has been focused on research to replace petroleum-based commodity plastics by biodegradable materials arising from biological and renewable resources. Biopolymers—polymers produced from natural sources either chemically from a biological material or biosynthesized by living organisms—are suitable alternatives for addressing these issues due to their outstanding properties, including good barrier performance, biodegradation ability, and low weight. However, they generally possess poor mechanical properties, a short fatigue life, low chemical resistance, poor long-term durability, and limited processing capability. In order to overcome these deficiencies, biopolymers can be reinforced with fillers or nanofillers (with at least one of their dimensions in the nanometer range). Bionanocomposites are advantageous for a wide range of applications, such as in medicine, pharmaceutics, cosmetics, food packaging, agriculture, forestry, electronics, transport, construction, and many more.

Keywords

nanocellulose --- protease sensor --- human neutrophil elastase --- peptide-cellulose conformation --- aerogel --- glycol chitosan --- ?-tocopherol succinate --- amphiphilic polymer --- micelles --- paclitaxel --- chitosan --- PVA --- nanofibers --- electrospinning --- nanocellulose --- carbon nanotubes --- nanocomposite --- conductivity --- surfactant --- Poly(propylene carbonate) --- thermoplastic polyurethane --- compatibility --- toughness --- biopolyester --- compatibilizer --- cellulose --- elastomer --- toughening --- biodisintegration --- heat deflection temperature --- biopolymers composites --- MgO whiskers --- PLLA --- in vitro degradation --- natural rubber --- plasticized starch --- polyfunctional monomers --- physical and mechanical properties --- cross-link density --- water uptake --- chitosan --- deoxycholic acid --- folic acid --- amphiphilic polymer --- micelles --- paclitaxel --- silk fibroin --- glass transition --- DMA --- FTIR --- stress-strain --- active packaging materials --- alginate films --- antimicrobial agents --- antioxidant activity --- biodegradable films --- essential oils --- polycarbonate --- thermal decomposition kinetics --- TG/FTIR --- Py-GC/MS --- wheat gluten --- potato protein --- chemical pre-treatment --- structural profile --- tensile properties --- biocomposites --- natural fibers --- poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-3-hydroxyvalerate) --- biodegradation --- impact properties --- chitin nanofibrils --- poly(lactic acid) --- nanocomposites --- bio-based polymers --- natural fibers --- biomass --- biocomposites --- fiber/matrix adhesion --- bio-composites --- mechanical properties --- poly(lactic acid) --- cellulose fibers --- n/a

Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038976561 9783038976578 Year: Pages: 474 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-657-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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This Special Issue on the Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils presents 31 new research papers on one of the most diverse and successful groups of animals on Earth, the beetle superfamily Curculionoidea. It was in part inspired to commemorate the extraordinary life and scientific achievements of Guillermo (“Willy”) Kuschel (1918–2017), who shaped this field of science over the last century like no other weevil systematist. The papers in this memorial issue span weevil faunas from all over the globe, including South and Central America, Africa, Europe and the Near East, South-East Asia, New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand. They include major advances on the phylogeny and classification of the “broad-nosed” weevils (Entiminae), on the weevils associated with American cycads and on the unique extinct weevil fauna preserved in the 100-million-year-old Burmese amber, when weevils started to diversify alongside the oldest angiosperm plants. They comprise a tribute to Willy Kuschel, the proceedings of a weevil symposium held in his honor in 2016 in Orlando, Florida, 24 systematic studies (including seven phylogenetic analyses) and five other contributions on the diversity, biology, distribution, evolution and fossil history of weevils. In the papers collated in this volume, 30 new genera and 92 new species of weevils are described and a new family of extinct weevils is recognized.

Keywords

constraint analysis --- AU test --- SH test --- KH test --- mitochondrial genomes --- Curculionoidea --- Curculionidae --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- mature larva --- morphology --- host plant --- Cape Verde --- biogeography --- microclimate --- species competition --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- spermatheca --- Mimaulus --- Spartecerus --- spatio-temporal diffusion --- specialist weevils --- parasitic plants --- co-dispersal through space and time --- stable populations --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Curculioninae --- Acentrusini --- phylogeny --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Belidae --- Oxycoryninae --- Erotylidae --- Pharaxonothinae --- cycad pollination --- Alien --- invasive --- exotic --- biodiversity --- Patagonia --- Pinus radiata --- Eucalyptus --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Araucariaceae --- Hoop Pine --- Klinki Pine --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Neotropical region --- broad-nosed weevils --- Naupactini --- Pantomorus-Naupactus complex --- phylogeny --- COI --- combined evidence --- 1K Weevils Project --- biogeography --- classification --- Curculionidae --- Curculionoidea --- fossils --- Guillermo Kuschel --- morphology --- molecular phylogenetics --- DNA barcoding --- phylogeny --- phytophagy --- weevils --- Dichotrachelini --- systematics --- morphology --- evolution --- mt-Cox1 --- Cryptoplini --- taxonomy --- weevils --- tectal aedeagus --- Kuschelorhynchus --- Macadamia --- Syzygium --- Australia --- New Guinea --- Curculionidae --- biological control --- target host --- non-target host --- taxonomy --- phylogeny --- Sclerocardius --- Sclerocardiini --- taxonomy --- systematics --- elytro-tergal stridulation --- taxonomy --- identification --- diagnostics --- pollination --- flightlessness --- Curculionoidea --- weevil --- hygrophilous --- aquatic --- semi-aquatic --- riparian --- key --- Israel --- Curculionidae --- Anchonini --- Molytinae --- Aethiopacorep africanus --- neotype --- Titilayo --- Titilayo barclayi --- Titilayo garnerae --- Titilayo geiseri --- Titilayo takanoi --- Titilayo perrinae --- Titilayo saotomense --- Titilayo turneri --- taxonomy --- distribution --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Araceae --- biodiversity --- ecology --- faunal inventories --- mimicry --- phenology --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- Aciphylla --- Chatham Islands --- integrative taxonomy --- Poor Knights Islands --- weevils --- Urodontinae --- Urodontidius --- genitalia --- larva --- life history --- galling habit --- silk production --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- Broad-nosed weevils --- Entiminae --- tribal relationships --- combined evidence --- ribosomal markers --- structural alignment --- mitochondrial COI --- adults --- larvae --- biography --- obituary --- weevils --- systematics --- publications --- Borneo --- tropical forest canopies --- fogging --- diversity --- forest disturbance --- weevil fauna --- longhorned beetle (Cerambycidae) --- new species --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous --- taxonomy --- morphology --- CT scanning --- amber preparation --- angiosperm associations --- weevil larvae --- palm weevils --- invasive species --- comparative morphology --- homonym --- taxonomy --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous

Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038976684 9783038976691 Year: Pages: 458 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-669-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Abstract

This Special Issue on the Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils presents 31 new research papers on one of the most diverse and successful groups of animals on Earth, the beetle superfamily Curculionoidea. It was in part inspired to commemorate the extraordinary life and scientific achievements of Guillermo (“Willy”) Kuschel (1918–2017), who shaped this field of science over the last century like no other weevil systematist. The papers in this memorial issue span weevil faunas from all over the globe, including South and Central America, Africa, Europe and the Near East, South-East Asia, New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand. They include major advances on the phylogeny and classification of the “broad-nosed” weevils (Entiminae), on the weevils associated with American cycads and on the unique extinct weevil fauna preserved in the 100-million-year-old Burmese amber, when weevils started to diversify alongside the oldest angiosperm plants. They comprise a tribute to Willy Kuschel, the proceedings of a weevil symposium held in his honor in 2016 in Orlando, Florida, 24 systematic studies (including seven phylogenetic analyses) and five other contributions on the diversity, biology, distribution, evolution and fossil history of weevils. In the papers collated in this volume, 30 new genera and 92 new species of weevils are described and a new family of extinct weevils is recognized.

Keywords

constraint analysis --- AU test --- SH test --- KH test --- mitochondrial genomes --- Curculionoidea --- Curculionidae --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- mature larva --- morphology --- host plant --- Cape Verde --- biogeography --- microclimate --- species competition --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- spermatheca --- Mimaulus --- Spartecerus --- spatio-temporal diffusion --- specialist weevils --- parasitic plants --- co-dispersal through space and time --- stable populations --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Curculioninae --- Acentrusini --- phylogeny --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Belidae --- Oxycoryninae --- Erotylidae --- Pharaxonothinae --- cycad pollination --- Alien --- invasive --- exotic --- biodiversity --- Patagonia --- Pinus radiata --- Eucalyptus --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Araucariaceae --- Hoop Pine --- Klinki Pine --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Neotropical region --- broad-nosed weevils --- Naupactini --- Pantomorus-Naupactus complex --- phylogeny --- COI --- combined evidence --- 1K Weevils Project --- biogeography --- classification --- Curculionidae --- Curculionoidea --- fossils --- Guillermo Kuschel --- morphology --- molecular phylogenetics --- DNA barcoding --- phylogeny --- phytophagy --- weevils --- Dichotrachelini --- systematics --- morphology --- evolution --- mt-Cox1 --- Cryptoplini --- taxonomy --- weevils --- tectal aedeagus --- Kuschelorhynchus --- Macadamia --- Syzygium --- Australia --- New Guinea --- Curculionidae --- biological control --- target host --- non-target host --- taxonomy --- phylogeny --- Sclerocardius --- Sclerocardiini --- taxonomy --- systematics --- elytro-tergal stridulation --- taxonomy --- identification --- diagnostics --- pollination --- flightlessness --- Curculionoidea --- weevil --- hygrophilous --- aquatic --- semi-aquatic --- riparian --- key --- Israel --- Curculionidae --- Anchonini --- Molytinae --- Aethiopacorep africanus --- neotype --- Titilayo --- Titilayo barclayi --- Titilayo garnerae --- Titilayo geiseri --- Titilayo takanoi --- Titilayo perrinae --- Titilayo saotomense --- Titilayo turneri --- taxonomy --- distribution --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Araceae --- biodiversity --- ecology --- faunal inventories --- mimicry --- phenology --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- Aciphylla --- Chatham Islands --- integrative taxonomy --- Poor Knights Islands --- weevils --- Urodontinae --- Urodontidius --- genitalia --- larva --- life history --- galling habit --- silk production --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- Broad-nosed weevils --- Entiminae --- tribal relationships --- combined evidence --- ribosomal markers --- structural alignment --- mitochondrial COI --- adults --- larvae --- biography --- obituary --- weevils --- systematics --- publications --- Borneo --- tropical forest canopies --- fogging --- diversity --- forest disturbance --- weevil fauna --- longhorned beetle (Cerambycidae) --- new species --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous --- taxonomy --- morphology --- CT scanning --- amber preparation --- angiosperm associations --- weevil larvae --- palm weevils --- invasive species --- comparative morphology --- homonym --- taxonomy --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous

Arid Land Systems: Sciences and Societies

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039213474 / 9783039213481 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-348-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Abstract

Understanding deserts and drylands is essential, as arid landscapes cover >40% of the Earth and are home to two billion people. Today's problematic environment–human interaction needs contemporary knowledge to address dryland complexity. Physical dimensions in arid zones—land systems, climate and hazards, ecology—are linked with social processes that directly impact drylands, such as land management, livelihoods, and development. The challenges require integrated research that identifies systemic drivers across global arid regions. Measurement and monitoring, field investigation, remote sensing, and data analysis are effective tools to investigate natural dynamics. Equally, inquiry into how policy and practice affect landscape sustainability is key to mitigating detrimental activity in deserts. Relations between socio-economic forces and degradation, agro-pastoral rangeland use, drought and disaster and resource extraction reflect land interactions. Contemporary themes of food security, conflict, and conservation are interlinked in arid environments. This book unifies desert science, arid environments, and dryland development. The chapters identify land dynamics, address system risks and delineate human functions through original research in arid zones. Mixed methodologies highlight the vital links between social and environmental science in global deserts. The book engages with today's topical themes and presents novel analyses of arid land systems and societies.

Keywords

Central Asia --- landscape --- One Belt --- One Road --- Kazakhstan --- Kyrgyzstan --- infrastructure --- environment --- New Silk Road --- drylands --- wind erosion modelling --- drag partition --- aerodynamic roughness --- remote sensing --- computational fluid dynamics --- cellular automata --- remote sensing --- modelling --- coverage --- grass height --- Cuchillas de la Zarca --- Chobe --- forest resources --- ecosystem services --- non-linear change --- protected areas --- disturbance --- drought --- sustainable livelihoods --- ecotone --- dryland --- KAZA --- Southern Africa --- nomadic pastoralism --- spatial migration model --- Afar --- livestock --- fodder demand --- fodder supply --- Asian dust --- human health --- Mongolia --- Japan --- subarctic agriculture --- Greenland --- soil quality index --- farming at its limits --- air temperature increase --- increase of growing season --- dry lake beds --- dust storm emission --- remote sensing --- Gobi Desert region --- communal rangelands --- property rights --- environmental impacts --- policy implementation --- drylands --- arid region --- LUCC --- driving forces --- snow index --- SPOT VGT --- Kashgar Region --- degrading --- tamarind age --- regeneration --- invasive vine --- vegetation survey --- erosion --- rotational grazing --- continuous grazing --- grassland degradation --- case study of nomadic and settlement grazing system --- remote sensing --- Mongolian grassland --- arid area --- land use change --- soil carbon storage --- global carbon balance --- the Shiyang River Basin --- riparian ecosystems --- Sonoran desert --- remote sensing --- land cover/land use --- drip irrigation --- groundwater --- common-pool resource --- water rights --- local farming --- desert reclamation --- desertification --- river basin development --- political ecology --- water --- vegetation response to precipitation --- dust storm outbreak --- cross correlation analysis --- the Hovmoller diagram --- environmental regime shift --- Gobi desert of Mongolia --- climate hazard --- Asia --- drylands --- risk --- drought --- desert --- Central Asia --- Kyrgyzstan --- infrastructure --- environment --- mining --- social movements --- protest --- environmental justice --- subversive clientelism --- China --- Tibetan Plateau --- Sanjiangyuan region --- social–ecological systems --- pastoralism --- partnerships --- co-management --- national parks --- Belt and Road Initiative --- mountains of Central Asia --- pastoralism --- Ethiopia --- South Omo --- Nyangatom --- Jordan River Basin --- water productivity --- Jordan --- Israel --- Palestine --- agriculture --- agricultural water intensity --- decoupling --- water security --- institutional change --- ecosystem services --- economic valuation --- drylands --- absence --- afforestation --- charisma --- China --- conservation --- desertification --- Gobi --- Mongolia

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