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Optimum Choice of Energy System Configuration and Storages for a Proper Match between Energy Conversion and Demands

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ISBN: 9783039280360 9783039280377 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-037-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Abstract

This Special Issue addresses the general problem of a proper match between the demands of energy users and the units for energy conversion and storage, by means of proper design and operation of the overall energy system configuration. The focus is either on systems including single plants or groups of plants, connected or not to one or more energy distribution networks. In both cases, the optimum design and operation involve decisions about thermodynamic processes, about the type, number, design parameters of components/plants, and storage capacities, and about mutual interconnections and the interconnections with the distribution grids. The problem is absolutely general, encompassing design and operation of energy systems for single houses, groups of houses, industries, industrial districts, municipal areas, regions and countries. The presented papers show that similar approaches can be used in different applications, although a general standard has not been achieved yet.

Keywords

advanced exergy-based analysis --- superstructure-based --- superstructure-free --- mathematical programming --- flowsheet synthesis --- multi-objective optimization --- thermal power plants --- gas supply chain --- optimization --- distributed energy --- liquefied natural gas (LNG) --- compressed natural gas (CNG) --- small-scale compressed-air energy storage (SS-CAES) --- energy storage --- exergy analysis --- optimization --- Real Coded Genetic Algorithm (RCGA) --- Violation Constraint-Handling (VCH) --- oil palm --- palm oil mills --- palm oil residues --- value-added products --- supply chains optimization --- spatial analysis --- techno-economic analysis --- wave energy --- battery storage --- price estimation --- hourly distribution --- electricity production --- electricity demand --- synthesis/design optimization --- cycle configuration --- absorption technology --- absorption refrigerator --- district energy system --- optimization --- renewable energy systems --- combined heat and power --- operating cost --- uncertainty --- reliability --- sustainability --- IEEE-RTS --- uncertainties --- MONA --- energy storage --- thermo-electric --- supercritical CO2 --- solar energy --- thermal energy storage --- mixed integer linear programming --- rolling-horizon --- combined heat and power --- optimization --- energy systems --- integrated ship energy systems --- synthesis --- design and operation optimization --- intertemporal optimization --- dynamic optimization --- smart energy systems --- Mixed-Integer NonLinear/Linear Programming (MINLP/MILP) --- dynamic modelling --- design and operation optimization --- fleet of energy conversion and storage units --- smart power systems --- multi-energy systems --- optimization of energy systems design and operation

Methods and Concepts for Designing and Validating Smart Grid Systems

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ISBN: 9783039216482 9783039216499 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-649-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Energy efficiency and low-carbon technologies are key contributors to curtailing the emission of greenhouse gases that continue to cause global warming. The efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions also strongly affect electrical power systems. Renewable sources, storage systems, and flexible loads provide new system controls, but power system operators and utilities have to deal with their fluctuating nature, limited storage capabilities, and typically higher infrastructure complexity with a growing number of heterogeneous components. In addition to the technological change of new components, the liberalization of energy markets and new regulatory rules bring contextual change that necessitates the restructuring of the design and operation of future energy systems. Sophisticated component design methods, intelligent information and communication architectures, automation and control concepts, new and advanced markets, as well as proper standards are necessary in order to manage the higher complexity of such intelligent power systems that form smart grids. Due to the considerably higher complexity of such cyber-physical energy systems, constituting the power system, automation, protection, information and communication technology (ICT), and system services, it is expected that the design and validation of smart-grid configurations will play a major role in future technology and system developments. However, an integrated approach for the design and evaluation of smart-grid configurations incorporating these diverse constituent parts remains evasive. The currently available validation approaches focus mainly on component-oriented methods. In order to guarantee a sustainable, affordable, and secure supply of electricity through the transition to a future smart grid with considerably higher complexity and innovation, new design, validation, and testing methods appropriate for cyber-physical systems are required. Therefore, this book summarizes recent research results and developments related to the design and validation of smart grid systems.

Keywords

adaptive control --- fuzzy logic --- cell --- frequency containment control (FCC) --- power frequency characteristic --- droop control --- smart grids --- substation automation system (SAS) --- high-availability seamless redundancy (HSR) --- seamless communications --- traffic reduction technique --- Power Hardware-in-the-Loop (PHIL) --- interface algorithm (IA) --- operational range of PHIL --- linear/switching amplifier --- cyber-physical energy system --- co-simulation --- conceptual structuration --- coupling method --- linear decision rules --- optimal reserve allocation --- robust optimization --- web of cells --- demand response --- real-time balancing market --- elastic demand bids --- shiftable loads --- market design --- market design elements --- Web-of-Cells --- procurement scheme --- remuneration scheme --- pricing scheme --- cascading procurement --- real-time simulation --- hardware-in-the-Loop --- synchrophasors --- micro-synchrophasors --- distribution phasor measurement units --- distribution grid --- time synchronization --- PHIL (power hardware in the loop) --- simulation initialization --- synchronization --- time delay --- synchronous power system --- stability --- accuracy --- peer-to-peer --- distributed control --- device-to-device communication --- voltage control --- experimentation --- smart grid --- cyber physical co-simulation --- information and communication technology --- 4G Long Term Evolution—LTE --- network reconfiguration --- fault management --- power loss allocation --- plug-in electric vehicle --- smart grid --- locational marginal prices --- microgrid --- resilience --- investment --- underground cabling --- network outage --- battery energy storage system (BESS) --- micro combined heat and power (micro-CHP) --- electricity distribution --- solar photovoltaics (PV) --- islanded operation --- distributed control --- microgrid --- hardware-in-the-loop --- average consensus --- multi-agent system --- active distribution network --- laboratory testbed --- renewable energy sources --- DC link --- centralised control --- interoperability --- smart energy systems --- use cases --- IEC 62559 --- SGAM --- TOGAF --- integration profiles --- IHE --- testing --- gazelle --- connectathon --- Hardware-in-the-Loop --- Software-in-the-Loop --- Power-Hardware-in-the-Loop --- Quasi-Dynamic Power-Hardware-in-the-Loop --- smart grids --- real-time simulation --- validation and testing --- decentralised energy system --- smart grids control strategies --- smart grid --- wind power --- synchronized measurements --- PMU --- data mining --- Architecture --- Development --- Enterprise Architecture Management --- Model-Based Software Engineering --- Smart Grid --- Smart Grid Architecture Model --- System-of-Systems --- Validation --- design, development and implementation methods for smart grid technologies --- modelling and simulation of smart grid systems --- co-simulation-based assessment methods --- validation techniques for innovative smart grid solutions --- real-time simulation and hardware-in-the-loop experiments

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


License

CC by-nc-nd (2)


Language

english (2)


Year
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2020 (1)

2019 (1)