Search results: Found 11

Listing 1 - 10 of 11 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Australian Aboriginal Kinship : An introductory handbook with particular emphasis on the Western Desert

Author:
ISBN: 9782956398110 DOI: 10.4000/books.pacific.556 Language: English
Publisher: pacific-credo Publications
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Since the very early years of anthropology, Australian Aboriginal kinship has fascinated researchers in the field as well as theorists. Its complexity is considerable and, as some have remarked, its mechanical and logical beauty is astonishing. This complexity has however discouraged many scholars, students and people working in Aboriginal communities from actively and intellectually engaging with indigenous ways of conceiving and producing relationships based on kinship, despite the fact that it is a domain deeply embedded in everyday life and interaction. This handbook attempts to bring the principles of kinship in general, and Australian Aboriginal kinship in particular, closer to the reader in an understandable and pedagogic way. Aimed at Aboriginal people themselves, students in the social sciences and humanities or, in fact, any other person eager to learn more about Aboriginal Australia, while also discussing some issues of interest to even accomplished anthropologists, the book is divided into four general parts each tackling specific questions. Part 1 deals with the historical and ethnographic background against which the discussions on kinship are framed in later sections. Important concepts in anthropology such as 'culture' or 'hunter-gatherer societies' are looked at. Part 2 develops the basic tools and concepts needed to understand kinship. It discusses its main domains, such as terminology, marriage, descent and filiation. Part 3 applies the material considered up to this point to actual ethnographic examples from the Australian Western Desert and elaborates on other important concepts such as 'family', 'household' and 'domestic group'. Part 4 explains social organisation and, in particular, generational moieties, patri- and matrimoieties, sections and subsections, all of which are central to Aboriginal peoples' ways of interacting. Finally, the concluding chapter discusses in a more critical fashion the concept of kinship itself ad elaborates on the idea of relatedness as a meaningful expansion of formal kinship studies.

Unheil durch Dämonen?

Author:
ISBN: 9783205784852 Year: Pages: 218 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437183 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4098
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:21
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Narratives about people haunted by demons have a long tradition in the Middle East. The Koran addresses the existence of demons, although their overall significance in it is limited. In contrast, dangerous demons and accompanying phenomena, such as the evil eye and witchcraft, play a vital role in concepts of folk religion. Particularly in peripheral and rural areas of the present-day Syrian Arab Republic, many people have stories to tell about their own encounters with such supernatural beings. In my research, I have collected such narratives, orally transmitted over time, and I have reconstructed subsequent discourses. More specifically, I have pursued the two following questions: In which spatial and temporal spheres do demons appear? And: Which human behaviours are likely to cause dangerous demons to appear? My analysis firstly replicated and extended structural approaches which presume demons and other metaphysical entities in spatial and temporal border zones. Secondly, evidence was collected to demonstrate that demons appear primarily when humans are faced with uncertainties - regarding ethical-moral decisions, regarding the realm of sexuality, or the construction of individual and collective identities. Narratives about encounters with demons inevitably lead to discourses about important issues of great urgency. In theory they can be described as conflict-laden topics regarding ethics and morals, sexuality, social change, and identity. However, the topics of these discourses are not abstract theories claiming universal validity. Quite the contrary: On the basis of concrete events in concrete contexts, concrete options for a virtuous and good life are discussed. These concretizations, in the narratives as well as in the discourses, form an effective strategy in creating security in a world full of uncertainties. The folk religious concepts regarding the demons’ influence therefore provide an opportunity to cope with negative experiences of contingency. Moreover, particular relevance of the local-cultural beliefs in demons lies in dealing with value conflicts. Focusing on situations of daily life, such local-cultural concepts appear to be valid even when contrasted with other, concurring models of reality. Viewed in this light, they are essential, practical, and useful for the people in the Syrian periphery - at least today, and perhaps also tomorrow.

Keywords

Social Anthropology --- Islam --- Djinn --- Ethnography --- Syria --- Evil Eye

Race and Ethnicity in Latin America

Author:
Book Series: Anthropology, Culture and Society ISBN: 9780745329482 9781849645515 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_625258 Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100044
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:21
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

For over ten years, Race and Ethnicity in Latin America has been an essential text for students studying the region. This second edition adds new material and brings the analysis up to date. Race and ethnic identities are increasingly salient in Latin America. Peter Wade examines changing perspectives on Black and Indian populations in the region, tracing similarities and differences in the way these peoples have been seen by academics and national elites. Race and ethnicity as analytical concepts are re-examined in order to assess their usefulness. This book should be the first port of call for anthropologists and sociologists studying identity in Latin America.

Where is the Field?

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789522227621 9789522223883 9789522227621 9789522227614 Year: Pages: 221 DOI: 10.21435/sfe.14 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:42
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The book sheds light on the experiences of immigrants in different parts of the world and other insightful reflections on the art of carrying out fieldwork in the present day, when the task of locating the ‘field’ seems to present a particular challenge for researchers. This book is of interest to experienced ethnographers working in the discipline of migration studies and also to scholars conducting ethnographic research in other fields.

Les dynamiques religieuses dans le pacifique : Formes et figures contemporaines de la spiritualité océanienne

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782956398103 DOI: 10.4000/books.pacific.111 Language: French
Publisher: pacific-credo Publications
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Christianisée à partir du XIXe siècle, l’Océanie est aujourd’hui le théâtre de phénomènes religieux d’une extrême diversité, ce qui soulève deux séries d’interrogations. La première porte sur les raisons, les formes et les effets de cette transformation majeure que fut la conversion au christianisme des populations locales. La seconde concerne la nature du changement culturel impliqué dans la conversion : s’agit-il d’un mélange, plus ou moins homogène, plus ou moins stable, de deux systèmes religieux ou, au contraire, d’une rupture brutale et profonde avec la société précédente ? Ou encore d’un autre type de recomposition entre deux systèmes d’interprétation du monde, dont il convient de comprendre et d’analyser les modalités ? S’y ajoute le problème du cadre d’analyse dans lequel étudier la conversion et donc le rapport que ces populations entretiennent avec leur passé. Celui-ci doit-il être placé dans la continuité supposée d’une société ou, au contraire, n’est-il pas plus pertinent de questionner une telle perspective, trop souvent considérée comme allant de soi ? Cependant, si l’on postule d’emblée la discontinuité du rapport au passé et si l’on fait l’économie du discours autochtone sur la permanence culturelle, ne risque-t-on pas de passer à côté de ce que pensent, disent et font les populations lorsqu’elles transforment en continuités les discontinuités de leur propre histoire ? Enfin, étant donné l’extrême diversité des formes d’imposition et d’appropriation du christianisme et des modes de mutation religieuse autochtone, quel(s) modèle(s) d’analyse peut-on mettre en œuvre pour comprendre l’ensemble des transformations induites par ces phénomènes ? C’est à ces problématiques que se confrontent les auteurs des textes réunis ici. Anthropologues ou historiens, ils ont tous, et parfois depuis plusieurs décennies, accompli des recherches de terrain au sein des sociétés océaniennes, aujourd’hui en pleine mutation.

Mistrust

Author:
Book Series: Kultur und soziale Praxis ISBN: 9783839439234 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-02 11:02:18
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Scholars have long seen trust as a foundational social good. We therefore have ample studies on building trust in free markets, on cultivating trust in the state, and on rebuilding trust through civil society. The contributors to this volume, instead, take a step back. They ask: Can mistrust ever be more than the flip side of trust, more than the sign of an absence or failure? By looking ethnographically at what a variety of actors actually do when they express mistrust, this volume offers a richly empirical trove of the social life of mistrust across a range of settings.

Pathways of change : Socio-cultural change among the highlanders of western New Guinea

Author:
ISBN: 9782491338022 DOI: 10.4000/books.pacific.938 Language: English
Publisher: pacific-credo Publications
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This monograph is a comparative study of eight ways of life of highlanders in West Papua. It consists of ten sections: an introduction, a conclusion and eight ethnographic chapters, each dealing with a separate way of life. I chose this presentation since I wanted to make clear the individuality of each of them. In the book I attempt to trace the changes in these ways of life as they were occurring just previous to the settlement of colonial outsiders. This attempt proved feasible since for seven of them first contact accounts are available.

Die altnubischen Dörfer Bāb und Al-Ğūwānī.

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783902976819 Year: Pages: 317 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 544
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The presented volume aims to carry out a socio-cultural case study focusing on two abandoned Nubian villages in Upper Egypt, which are regarding their formation and abandonment closely connected with the construction of the British Dam south of Aswan and the following floods around 1900. Besides the documentation of architecture and associated find material, the special nature of the research strategy involved a close cooperation with the descendents of the village inhabitants and other Nubians still living in the sourroundings of the affected area.Through the interdisciplinary research strategy and the combination of a variety of methods in the fields of Archaeology, Building research and Social Anthropology, standard interpretations could be reflected upon, questioned and if necessary corrected, wherefore this study makes an important contribution to the discussion of cultural formation processes and their transformation into the archaeological record as well as bringing insights into the debate on context interpretation of material culture.

Employment, Poverty and Rights in India

Author:
ISBN: 9781138479586 Year: Pages: 204 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-06 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In comparison to other social groups, India’s rural poor – and particularly Adivasis and Dalits - have seen little benefit from the country’s economic growth over the last three decades. Though economists and statisticians are able to model the form and extent of this inequality, their work is rarely concerned with identifying possible causes. Employment, Poverty and Rights in India analyses unemployment in India and explains why the issues of employment and unemployment should be the appropriate prism to understand the status of wellbeing in India. The author provides a historical analysis of policy interventions on behalf of the colonial and postcolonial state with regard to the alleviation of unemployment and poverty in India and in West Bengal in particular. Arguing that, as long as poverty - either as a concept or as an empirical condition - remains as a technical issue to be managed by governmental technologies, the ‘poor’ will be held responsible for their own fate and the extent of poverty will continue to increase. The book contends that rural unemployment in India is not just an economic issue but a political process that has consistently been shaped by various socio-economic, political and cultural factors since the colonial period. The analysis which depends mainly on ethnography extends to the implementation of the ‘New Rights Agenda’, such as the MGNREGA, at the rural margin. Challenging the dominant approach to poverty, this book will be of interest to scholars working in the fields of South Asian studies, Indian Political Economy, contemporary political theories, poverty studies, neo-liberalism, sociology and social anthropology as well as development studies.

Educational Change Amongst English Language College Teachers in China

Author:
ISBN: 9789811530531 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-3053-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Linguistics --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:30:26
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book provides anthropological insights into the arduous yet rewarding journeys involved in selected TESOL teachers’ pedagogical transition to teaching English for Academic Purposes (EAP) at universities in Shanghai, the largest metropolitan area in China. Applying a unique combination of ethnography and phenomenology, the book offers innovative new perspectives on teacher education research. Drawing on the latest language education theory, it outlines a practitioner-friendly approach to EAP literacy. Teacher readers will especially benefit from the case studies presented here, which provide role models for teacher change in educational reform, as well as advice on their academic careers. In addition to addressing a timely and important research gap on EAP teachers in non-Western countries, the book is the ideal choice for readers interested in an update on English education in China.

Listing 1 - 10 of 11 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by