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Filosofia sociale e politica : Lezioni in Cina (1919-1920)

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ISBN: 9788878855243 DOI: 10.4000/books.res.939 Language: Italian
Publisher: Rosenberg & Sellier
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
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Le lezioni tenute da John Dewey a Pechino nel 1919-1920, presentate qui per la prima volta in forma completa al pubblico italiano, costituiscono un documento prezioso per gettare luce su uno degli aspetti più intricati e intriganti, ma ancora meno discussi, dell’opera del filosofo americano, ovvero la sua filosofia sociale. Nelle lezioni in Cina, Dewey delinea un nuovo tipo di filosofia (“terza filosofia”), in grado non solo di capire le trasformazioni del presente, ma anche e soprattutto di farvi fronte e provare a orientarle. Per dimostrarsi all’altezza di tale compito, filosofe e filosofi devono allora abbandonare il cielo delle astrazioni concettuali e calarsi nella fitta trama dei conflitti sociali, imparare a decifrare le prospettive dei gruppi subalterni e oppressi, superare sia il desiderio di conservare lo status quo sia l’impulso di creare un ordine socio-politico completamente nuovo. Alla luce di queste considerazioni, anche la teoria politica deweyana, in particolare la sua visione della democrazia, ne risulta rinnovata e arricchita.

Conflict and Resource Development in the Southern Highlands of PNG

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studies in State and Society in the Pacific ISBN: 9781921313462 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458888 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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The Southern Highlands is one of Papua New Guinea’s most resource-rich provinces, but for a number of years the province has been riven by conflict. Longstanding inter-group rivalries, briefly set aside during the colonial period, have been compounded by competition for the benefits provided by the modern state and by fighting over the distribution of returns from the several big mining and petroleum projects located within the province or impinging upon it. Deaths from the various conflicts over the past decade number in the hundreds. As a result of inter-group fighting, criminal activity and vandalism, a number of businesses have withdrawn from the province. Roadblocks and ambushes have made travel dangerous in many parts and expatriate missionaries and aid workers have left. Many public servants have abandoned their posts with the result that state services are not provided. Corruption is rife. Police are often reluctant to act because they are outnumbered and outgunned. This volume brings together a number of authors with deep experience of the Southern Highlands to examine the underlying dynamics of resource development and conflict in the province. Its primary purpose is to provide some background to recent events, but the authors also explore possible approaches to limiting the human and economic costs of the ongoing conflict and breakdown of governance.

Anomie and Violence: Non-truth and reconciliation in Indonesian peacebuilding

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781921666230 Year: Pages: 501 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458801 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Indonesia suffered an explosion of religious violence, ethnic violence, separatist violence, terrorism, and violence by criminal gangs, the security forces and militias in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By 2002 Indonesia had the worst terrorism problem of any nation. All these forms of violence have now fallen dramatically. How was this accomplished? What drove the rise and the fall of violence? Anomie theory is deployed to explain these developments. Sudden institutional change at the time of the Asian financial crisis and the fall of President Suharto meant the rules of the game were up for grabs. Valerie Braithwaite’s motivational postures theory is used to explain the gaming of the rules and the disengagement from authority that occurred in that era. Ultimately resistance to Suharto laid a foundation for commitment to a revised, more democratic, institutional order. The peacebuilding that occurred was not based on the high-integrity truth-seeking and reconciliation that was the normative preference of these authors. Rather it was based on non-truth, sometimes lies, and yet substantial reconciliation. This poses a challenge to restorative justice theories of peacebuilding.

A Tale of Two Villages

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ISBN: 9789639776784 9789633860076 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Central European University Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-19 15:18:48
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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This dramatic story of land and power from twentieth-century Eastern Europe is set in two extraordinary villages: a rebel village, where peasants fought the advent of Communism and became its first martyrs, and a model village turned forcibly into a town, Dictator Ceauşescu’s birthplace. The two villages capture among themselves nearly a century of dramatic transformation and social engineering, ending up with their charged heritage in the present European Union. ""One of Romania’s foremost s...

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