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New forms of collaborative innovation and production on the internet - an interdisciplinary perspective

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ISBN: 9783863950200 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-287 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Social Sciences --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The Internet has enabled new forms of large-scale collaboration. Voluntary contributions by large numbers of users and co-producers lead to new forms of production and innovation, as seen in Wikipedia, open source software development, in social networks or on user-generated content platforms as well as in many firm-driven Web 2.0 services. Large-scale collaboration on the Internet is an intriguing phenomenon for scholarly debate because it challenges well established insights into the governance of economic action, the sources of innovation, the possibilities of collective action and the social, legal and technical preconditions for successful collaboration. Although contributions to the debate from various disciplines and fine-grained empirical studies already exist, there still is a lack of an interdisciplinary approach.

Customer intimacy analytics : leveraging operational data to assess customer knowledge and relationships and to measure their business impact

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ISBN: 9783866448483 Year: Pages: XIX, 356 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000028159 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:27
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The ability to capture customer needs and to tailor the provided solutions accordingly, also defined as customer intimacy, has become a significant success factor in the B2B space - in particular for increasingly ""servitizing"" businesses. This book elaborates on the solution CI Analytics to assess and monitor the impact of customer intimacy strategies by leveraging business analytics and social network analysis technology. This solution thereby effectively complements existing CRM solutions.

Events in social networks : a stochastic actor-oriented framework for dynamic event processes in social networks

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ISBN: 9783866447929 Year: Pages: V, 140 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000025407 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Interactions between people are ubiquitous. When people make phone calls, transfer money, connect on social network sites, or visit each other, these actions can be collected as dyadic, directed, relational events. Each of those events can be understood as driven by multiple individual decisions that at least partially involve rational considerations. This book aims at developing models that allow to understand individual event decisions in the context of large social networks.

Electronic Iran - The Cultural Politics of an Online Evolution

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Book Series: New Directions in International Studies ISBN: 9780813561929 9780813561936 9780813561943 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_469368 Language: English
Publisher: Rutgers University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:42
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Electronic Iran introduces the concept of the Iranian Internet, a framework that captures interlinked, transnational networks of virtual and offline spaces. Taking her cues from early Internet ethnographies that stress the importance of treating the Internet as both a site and product of cultural production, accounts in media studies that highlight the continuities between old and new media, and a range of works that have made critical interventions in the field of Iranian studies, Niki Akhavan traces key developments and confronts conventional wisdom about digital media in general, and contemporary Iranian culture and politics in particular.&#xD;&#xD;&#xD;Akhavan focuses largely on the years between 1998 and 2012 to reveal a diverse and combative virtual landscape where both geographically and ideologically dispersed individuals and groups deployed Internet technologies to variously construct, defend, and challenge narratives of Iranian national identity, society, and politics. While it tempers celebratory claims that have dominated assessments of the Iranian Internet, Electronic Iran is ultimately optimistic in its outlook. As it exposes and assesses overlooked aspects of the Iranian Internet, the book sketches a more complete map of its dynamic landscape, and suggests that the transformative powers of digital media can only be developed and understood if attention is paid to both the specificities of new technologies as well as the local and transnational contexts in which they appear. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Soziale Netzwerke in gemeinschaftlichen Wohnprojekten

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ISBN: 9783863882518 9783863880866 Year: Pages: 313 DOI: 10.3224/86388086 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:06
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In recent years, communal housing projects - as a form of life between community and individuality - have become increasingly relevant in Germany. The social relationships among residents, however, have hardly been researched to date. For the two dimensions of friendship and social support, Christine Philippsen examines the degree of social integration of residents into their residential group and the mechanisms of integration. A common housing project is characterized by the coexistence of a fixed group of 15 to 30 households on average. Important motives for communal living are mutual help in everyday life, prevention of loneliness, experiencing solidarity and joint leisure activities. The two main target groups are older people and households with underage children. The empirical results are based on a separate written survey of residents in five multi-generation housing projects - they provide answers to various questions, including socio-politically relevant questions, such as the generation of social capital for different groups of people such as the elderly, people living alone or families with minor children.

Datenschutz in sozialen Netzwerken in Europa, Deutschland und Chile

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ISBN: 9783631725528 9783631725795 9783631725801 Year: DOI: 10.3726/b11293 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103683
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 11:21:03
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Der Autor untersucht, ob geltendes Recht in Europa, Deutschland und Chile personenbezogene Daten in sozialen Netzwerken hinreichend vor Missbrauch schützt. Hierbei widmet er sich vertieft dem Vergleich deutscher und europäischer Regelungen mit der Rechtslage in Chile, zwei sehr unterschiedlichen Rechtsordnungen und technologisch komplizierten Sachverhalten. Der Fokus des Buches liegt auf der Untersuchung des Datenschutzes speziell in sozialen Netzwerken und auf der Beleuchtung der internationalen Dimension dieses Phänomens. So leistet der Autor einen rechtswissenschaftlichen Beitrag mit grenzüberschreitendem Blickwinkel zu dem Thema Datenschutz.

Avoiding Unintended Flows of Personally Identifiable Information : Enterprise Identity Management and Online Social Networks

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ISBN: 9783731500940 Year: Pages: XVIII, 196 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000036269 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01

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This work addresses potentially occurring unintended flows of personally identifiable information (PII) within two fields of research, i.e., enterprise identity management and online social networks. For that, we investigate which pieces of PII can how often be gathered, correlated, or even be inferred by third parties that are not intended to get access to the specific pieces of PII. Furthermore, we introduce technical measures and concepts to avoid unintended flows of PII.

Quantum Structures in Cognitive and Social Science

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198764 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-876-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Traditional approaches to cognitive psychology correspond with a classical view of logic and probability theory. More specifically, one typically assumes that cognitive processes of human thought are founded on the Boolean structures of classical logic, while the probabilistic aspects of these processes are based on the Kolmogorovian structures of classical probability theory. However, growing experimental evidence indicates that the models founded on classical structures systematically fail when human decisions are at stake. These experimental deviations from classical behavior have been called `paradoxes’, `fallacies’, `effects’ or `contradictions’, depending on the specific situation where they appear. But, they involve a broad spectrum of cognitive and social science domains, ranging from conceptual combination to decision making under uncertainty, behavioral economics, and linguistics. This situation has constituted a serious drawback to the development of various disciplines, like cognitive science, linguistics, artificial intelligence, economic modeling and behavioral finance. A different approach to cognitive psychology, initiated two decades ago, has meanwhile matured into a new domain of research, called ‘quantum cognition’. Its main feature is the use of the mathematical formalism of quantum theory as modeling tool for these cognitive situations where traditional classically based approaches fail. Quantum cognition has recently attracted the interest of important journals and editing houses, academic and funding institutions, popular science and media. Specifically, within a quantum cognition approach, one assumes that human decisions do not necessarily obey the rules of Boolean logic and Kolmogorovian probability, and can on the contrary be modeled by the quantum-mechanical formalism. Different concrete quantum-theoretic models have meanwhile been developed that successfully represent the cognitive situations that are classically problematical, by explaining observed deviations from classicality in terms of genuine quantum effects, such as `contextuality’, `emergence’, `interference’, `superposition’, `entanglement’ and `indistinguishability’. In addition, the validity of these quantum models is convincingly confirmed by new experimental tests. We also stress that, since the use of a quantum-theoretic framework is mainly for modeling purposes, the identification of quantum structures in cognitive processes does not presuppose (without being incompatible with it) the existence of microscopic quantum processes in the human brain. In this Research Topic, we review the major achievements that have been obtained in quantum cognition, by providing an accurate picture of the state-of-the-art of this emerging discipline. Our overview does not pretend to be either complete or exhaustive. But, we aim to introduce psychologists and social scientists to this challenging new research area, encouraging them, at the same time, to consider its promising results. It is our opinion that, if continuous progress in this domain can be realized, quantum cognition can constitute an important breakthrough in cognitive psychology, and potentially open the way towards a new scientific paradigm in social science.

Facebook Democracy

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ISBN: 9781409444305 Year: Pages: 200 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100822
Subject: Computer Science --- Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:01:52
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Drawing on a number of disciplines and an ethnographic analysis of 250 Facebook political groups, Marichal explores how Facebook's emphasis on social connection impacts key dimensions of political participation: e.g. mobilization, deliberation, and attitude formation.

Geoinformatics in Citizen Science

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ISBN: 9783039210725 / 9783039210732 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-073-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The book features contributions that report original research in the theoretical, technological, and social aspects of geoinformation methods, as applied to supporting citizen science. Specifically, the book focuses on the technological aspects of the field and their application toward the recruitment of volunteers and the collection, management, and analysis of geotagged information to support volunteer involvement in scientific projects. Internationally renowned research groups share research in three areas: First, the key methods of geoinformatics within citizen science initiatives to support scientists in discovering new knowledge in specific application domains or in performing relevant activities, such as reliable geodata filtering, management, analysis, synthesis, sharing, and visualization; second, the critical aspects of citizen science initiatives that call for emerging or novel approaches of geoinformatics to acquire and handle geoinformation; and third, novel geoinformatics research that could serve in support of citizen science.

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