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Epistemology and Transformation of Knowledge in Global Age

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ISBN: 9789535133872 9789535133889 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.5772/66020 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This book consists of seven chapters containing multiple questions of the global socially epistemological situation in science and higher education. Despite the progress of techno-sciences, we are facing blind flaws in leading systems of knowledge and perception. The global era, in a paradox way, connects the new knowledge of economics, postpolitics, postdemocracy, and biopolitical regulation of live and unpresentable forms of the global geo-located violence. Techno-optimism and techno-dictatorship in the twenty-first century coincide with the ideology of market, biopolitics of mandatory satisfaction, religious revivalism, and collapse of higher education. In order for sciences to recover, it is necessary to make a globally epistemological and moral turn toward the truth. The book shows that, when joint desires of the new economics of knowledge and technology erase epistemology (in a way to assign definitions of knowledge and rules and practices of the public usage of the mind), then the time for epistemology is on its way.

Foundations for Moral Relativism: Second Expanded Edition

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ISBN: 9781783740345 9781783740338 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0086 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-04 15:55:54
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In this new edition of Foundations for Moral Relativism a distinguished moral philosopher tames a bugbear of current debate about cultural difference. J. David Velleman shows that different communities can indeed be subject to incompatible moralities, because their local mores are rationally binding. At the same time, he explains why the mores of different communities, even when incompatible, are still variations on the same moral themes. The book thus maps out a universe of many moral worlds without, as Velleman puts it, "moral black holes". The six self-standing chapters discuss such diverse topics as online avatars and virtual worlds, lying in Russian and truth-telling in Quechua, the pleasure of solitude and the fear of absurdity. Accessibly written, this book presupposes no prior training in philosophy.

Thomas Morus' Utopia und das Genre der Utopie in der Politischen Philosophie

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Book Series: EUKLID : Europäische Kultur und Ideengeschichte. Studien ISSN: 18675018 ISBN: 9783866444034 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: IX, 328 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000012216 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Thomas Morus 'Utopia' („Von der besten Staatsverfassung und von der neuen Insel Utopia, ein wahrhaft goldenes Büchlein, genauso wohltuend wie heiter“) (1516) ist ein Klassiker der Politischen Philosophie, der die spätere Tradition fiktiver Staatsmodelle prägte. Der Name bezeichnet ein ""Nirgendwo"", durch dessen Unauffindbarkeit alle Sehnsüchte in eine unerreichbare Ferne projiziert werden. Als Utopie gilt eine Vorstellung, die als Idee zwar denkbar, aber nicht unmittelbar umzusetzen ist. Der Band hinterfragt, mit welchen Chancen auf gesellschaftspolitische Diskussion heute überhaupt noch fiktive Staatsmodelle ausgearbeitet werden können.

Solidarität und Solidarismus

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837641813 9783839441817 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839441817 [2] Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103344
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Der Begriff der Solidarität, der in der Zeit nach der Französischen Revolution geprägt wurde, steht in einer spezifischen Spannung zu den liberalen Sozialtheorien des 18. Jahrhunderts. Während er in den Sozialwissenschaften, bei Comte und Durkheim, als zentrale Beschreibungskategorie arbeitsteiliger Gesellschaften fungiert, avanciert er im Solidarismus der Jahrhundertwende (u.a. bei Léon Bourgeois) zum republikanischen Legitimationskonzept des entstehenden Wohlfahrtsstaates. Im 20. Jahrhundert erlebt er dann jedoch theoretisch und programmatisch einen eigentümlichen Niedergang. Hermann-Josef Große Kracht wirft in seiner Ideengeschichte des Solidaritätsbegriffes die Frage nach einem 'Neustart solidaristischer Vernunft' auf.

Soziologien des Lebens

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839445587 9783837645583 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.14361/9783839445587 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: OGeSoMo
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:00
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The various sociologies of life do not interpret life only as the object that is socially standardized, enhanced and recognized. They always see it as a subject of its norms, its knowledge and its changes as well. Life is not one-sided; instead its entanglements are analyzed: the immanence of nature and culture; the concurrence of being active and passive; the co-constitution of affect and cognition; the identity of normativity and standardization. Following authors such as Bataille, Bergson, Canguilhem, Deleuze, Driesch, Plessner, the pragmatists or Simmel, the contributions featured in this book unfold different perspectives on the sociology of life, re-vitalizing a discourse that is instructive for sociological theory in a variety of ways.

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