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Between Feasts and Daily Meals

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Book Series: Berlin Studies of the Ancient World ISBN: 9783981675108 Year: Volume: 30 Pages: 288 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Topoi
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-17 16:02:33
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COMMENSALITY - EATING AND DRINKING together in a common physical and social setting – is a central element in people’s everyday lives. This makes commensality a particularly important theme within which to explore social relations, social reproduction and the working of politics whether in the present or the past.Archaeological attention has been focused primarilyon feasting and other special commensal occasionsto the neglect of daily commensality. This volumeseeks to redress this imbalance by emphasizing thedynamic relation between feasts and quotidian mealsand devoting explicit attention to the micro-politics of Alltag (“the everyday”) rather than solely to special occasions. Case studies drawing on archaeological(material) as well as written sources range from the Neolithic to the Bronze Age in Western Asia and Greece, Formative to late pre-Columbian com munities in Andean South America, and modern Europe.

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Social relations

Connected and Disconnected in Viet Nam: Remaking Social Relations in a Post-socialist Nation

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ISBN: 9781925022926 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_607534 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-10 11:01:26
License: ANU Press

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Vietnam’s shift to a market-based society has brought about profound realignments in its people’s relations with each other. As the nation continues its retreat from the legacies of war and socialism, significant social rifts have emerged that divide citizens by class, region and ethnicity. By drawing on social connections as a traditional resource, Vietnamese are able to accumulate wealth, overcome marginalisation and achieve social mobility. However, such relationship-building strategies are also fraught with peril for they have the potential to entrench pre-existing social divisions and lead to new forms of disconnectedness. This book examines the dynamics of connection and disconnection in the lives of contemporary Vietnamese. It features 11 chapters by anthropologists who draw upon research in both highland and lowland contexts to shed light on social capital disparities, migration inequalities and the benefits and perils of gift exchange. The authors investigate ethnic minority networks, the politics of poverty, patriotic citizenship, and the ‘heritagisation’ of culture. Tracing shifts in how Vietnamese people relate to their consociates and others, the chapters elucidate the social legacies of socialism, nation-building and the transition to a globalised market-based economy. With compelling case studies and including many previously unheard perspectives, this book offers original insights into social ties and divisions among the modern Vietnamese.

Chapter 1 Housing careers, intergenerational support and family relations (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367262822 Year: Pages: 14 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:03
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The home and family have always been mutually embedded, with&#xD;the former central to the realization and reproduction of the latter.&#xD;More recently, this mutuality has taken on a more critical salience as&#xD;realignments in housing markets, employment and welfare states in&#xD;many countries have worked together to undermine housing access&#xD;for new households. In this context, families have become increasingly&#xD;involved in smoothening the routes of young adults members up&#xD;the ‘housing ladder’ into home ownership. Intergenerational support&#xD;appears to have become much more widespread and not just confi ned&#xD;to familialistic welfare regimes. The role of intergenerational support&#xD;for housing remains, however, highly diff erentiated across countries,&#xD;cities and regions, as well as uneven between social and income&#xD;classes. This introduction to the Special Issue explores how the role&#xD;of housing wealth transfers has impacted the renegotiation of the&#xD;generational contract. In doing so, it sets the scene for the articles&#xD;that follow, each of which contribute signifi cantly to advancing&#xD;understanding of housing as a key driver of contemporary social&#xD;relations and inequalities.

Imagining the Future: Young Australians on sex, love and community

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ISBN: 9781922064356 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.1017/9781922064356 Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-09-27 02:37:35
License: University of Adelaide Press

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Do young Australians understand and live ‘equality’ and ‘difference’ differently from older generations? Is Australia the gender equal society that many claim it to be? How do we understand and explain growing economic inequality when our dominant ideologies are individualism and neoliberalism? What are or should be the limits of tolerance in our negotiation of cultural difference? Imagining the Future explores our contemporary complex equality narrative through the desires and dreams of 1000 young Australians and 230 of their parents from diverse backgrounds across Australia. This ‘extraordinary’ data set affords analysis of the impact of gender, socio-economic disadvantage, ethnicity, Aboriginality and sexuality on young people’s ‘imagined life stories’, or essays written about their future. An intergenerational comparison assesses how different young people really are from older generations. The book offers a compelling and subtle engagement with the sometimes ‘deeply moving’, sometimes ‘hilarious’ voices of young people to deliver insight into the challenges and complexity of gender and other social relations in early 21st Australian society.

Learning in Social Context: The Nature and Profit of Living in Groups for Development

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451821 Year: Pages: 87 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-182-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-28 14:01:09
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One of the distinctive features of humans is their unique sociality. Humans live in organized societies that are characterized by a high level of interdependence of group members in various aspects of life, ranging from the economic phenomenon of labour division to providing emotional support to others. Under these circumstances, the capacity to track social connections within and between groups has great adaptive value in managing everyday life. We may understand the importance and adaptive value of tracking the scope of culturally shared knowledge if we consider the importance of cultural norms in guiding behaviour. To become a competent member of their cultural group one must be able to conform to the group's specific behavioural norms and to accumulate culturally shared knowledge. Acquiring this knowledge is essential for successful social interactions. In contrast to current dominant explanatory theories emphasizing that social category formation is simply rooted in humans’ need to belong and affiliate with a group, the aim of this e-book is to provide evidence that, in addition to its affiliative role, children form social categories for epistemic purposes. We show that children use specific cues, like kinship, patterns of resource allocation and consensus to understand group cohesion (Section 1). Once children figured out who is in-group and who is out-group, they show a significant in-group bias in attention, acting and learning (Section 2). Yet, this in-group bias can be attenuated by induced synchronous behavior (Section 3).

Soziologien des Lebens

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839445587 9783837645583 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.14361/9783839445587 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: OGeSoMo
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:00
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The various sociologies of life do not interpret life only as the object that is socially standardized, enhanced and recognized. They always see it as a subject of its norms, its knowledge and its changes as well. Life is not one-sided; instead its entanglements are analyzed: the immanence of nature and culture; the concurrence of being active and passive; the co-constitution of affect and cognition; the identity of normativity and standardization. Following authors such as Bataille, Bergson, Canguilhem, Deleuze, Driesch, Plessner, the pragmatists or Simmel, the contributions featured in this book unfold different perspectives on the sociology of life, re-vitalizing a discourse that is instructive for sociological theory in a variety of ways.&#xD;

Communicative Figurations: Transforming Communications in Times of Deep Mediatization

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Transforming Communications – Studies in Cross-Media Research ISBN: 9783319655833 9783319655840 Year: Pages: 444 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-65584-0 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Universität Bremen
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:20:32
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This open access volume is about how to research the influence of our changing media environment. Today, there is not one single medium that is the driving force of change. With the spreading of various technical communication media such as mobile phone and internet platforms, we are confronted with a media manifold of deep mediatization. But how can we investigate its transformative capability? This book answers this question by taking a non-media-centric perspective, researching the various figurations of collectivities and organizations humans are involved in. The first part of the book outlines a fundamental understanding of the changing media environment of deep mediatization and its transformative capacity. The second part focuses on collectivities and movements: communities in the city, critical social movements, maker, online gaming groups and networked groups of young people. The third part moves institutions and organizations into the foreground, discussing the transformation of journalism, religion, politics, and education, whilst the fourth and final part is dedicated to methodologies and perspectives.

Verzeihen, Versöhnen, Vergessen

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Book Series: Kulturen der Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783839436516 9783837636512 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.14361/9783839436516 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:02
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Illuminated universally as an anthropological invariable yet hardly yet as a sociological category: the potential the act to forgive has for the social and society theory!&#xD;

The legacies of Albert Schweitzer reconsidered

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781928396031 Year: DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2016.tlasr11 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS Grant: University of South Africa
Subject: Education --- Philosophy --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:18
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This book on the legacy of Albert Schweitzer contextualises this remarkable intellectualist, humanist, medicine-man, theologian and Nobel Prize winner. This collected work is aimed at specialists in the humanities, social sciences, education, and religious studies. The authors embrace philanthropic values to benefit Africa and the world at large. The publication engages with peers on the relevance of Schweitzer’s work for humanitarian values in Africa. The essays in the book stimulate further research in the various fields in which Schweitzer excelled. Its academic contribution is its focus on the post-colonial discourse in contemporary discussions both in South Africa and Africa at large. The book emphasises Schweitzer’s reverence for life philosophy and demonstrates how this impacts on moral values. However, the book also points to the possibility that Schweitzer’s reverence for life philosophy is embedded in a typically European appreciation of ‘mysticism’ that is not commensurate with African indigenous religious values. From an African academic perspective, the book advocates the view that Schweitzer’s concept of the reverence for life supports not only the Biblical notion of imago Dei but also the African humanist values of the preservation and protection of life, criticising the exploitation of the environment by warring factions and large companies, especially in oil-producing African countries. It also argues that Schweitzer’s disposition on ethics was influenced by the Second World War, his sentiments against nuclear weapons and his resistance to the Enlightenment view of ‘civilisation’. With regard to Jesus studies the book elucidates values promoted by Schweitzer by following in Jesus’ steps and portraying Jesus’ message within a modern world view. Taken over from Schweitzer, the book argues that Jesus’ moral authority resides in his display of love and his interaction with the poor and marginalised. The book demonstrates Schweitzer’s understanding of Jesus as the one who sacrifices his own life to bring the Kingdom of God to realisation in this world. The book commends Schweitzer’s insight that we know Jesus through his toils on the one hand, and through our own experiences on the other. It is in a mixture between the two that the hermeneutical gap between then and now is bridged. It is precisely in bridging this gap that Schweitzer sees himself as an instrument of God’s healing. It defines Schweitzer as the embodiment of being a healer, educationalist and herald of the greening of Christianity. His philosophy on the reverence for life prepares a foundation for Christians to think ‘green’ about human life within a greater environment. He advocates aspects of education such as lifelong learning, holistic education and a problem-based approach to education. Finally, the book analyses both critically and appreciatively Albert Schweitzer’s contribution to the concepts of religious healing prevalent in African Christianity today.

Nature, Place & People:Forging Connections through Neighbourhood Landscape Design

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789813236035 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1142/10879 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-02 05:50:37
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Neighbourhood landscapes are the quintessential forms of urban landscapes in most cities worldwide. They are pervasive, and hence experienced by the large majority of urban dwellers in their everyday life. More than parks, nature reserves or nature areas which are visited as destinations, neighbourhood landscapes provide the most immediate, frequent and convenient form of nature experienced by urban dwellers on a daily basis. They are also valuable as social spaces to bring residents together, foster social ties, and strengthen communities. Despite their importance, surprisingly little has been written to guide the planning and design of neighbourhood landscapes.This book is written for a specific purpose, to illustrate how the design of neighbourhood landscapes helps to deliver more benefits for urban dwellers and, at the same time, protect ecosystems that facilitate human well-being. This is in turn important as the synergistic relationships between human well-being, quality of biophysical urban environment, and health of human–environment interactions fundamentally underpin urban sustainability. The authors emphasize the role neighbourhood landscapes play in forging connections between people and nature, people and people, and people and place. Most of all, the book highlights the role of focusing on people in this endeavour, as it is only when landscapes are appropriately designed, and when people recognize these benefits, that they become valued and protected as a community resource.This book is organized into two parts. Part 1 focuses on the conceptual foundations that underpin the neighbourhood landscape design guidelines being developed. In this section, the authors describe the key concepts relating functions of neighbourhood landscapes to the key urban development goals of sustainability, liveability and reliance; how they can be represented in a framework; and how a synthesis of current knowledge of cities as socio-ecological systems helps to identify principles that can guide the designing of neighbourhood landscapes. Part 2 is more application focused, and is centred on neighbourhood landscape design guidelines inspired by the concept of ecosystem services. The guidelines consist of design approaches, practical strategies, design targets and performance monitoring indicators for tracking the performance of neighbourhood landscapes. The book is written for readers in academia and design practice, and anyone who has a role in shaping neighbourhood landscapes for the benefit of urban dwellers.

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