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Bismarck's Institutions

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ISBN: 9783161522727 9783161524974 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101865
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:02
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The decline in birth rates in advanced economies is not a new phenomenon. Between 1880 and 1900 birth rates dropped from 5.5 children per woman to 2.5 children per woman. A further decline from 2.5 to 1.5 or even 1.3 children took much longer – about 80 years. One of the most apparent causes is, however, widely ignored. Beatrice Scheubel tries to fill this gap. According to the so-called Social Security Hypothesis, insurance against the risks of life (i.e. poverty for all sorts of reasons, in particular, age) by the state crowds out all types of private insurance. One of the (vast) different possibilities to privately insure oneself against poverty is having children. That is why it should not be surprising to witness falling birth rates given the sheer magnitude of the welfare state. In this book, Beatrice Scheubel analyses the effects of the first comprehensive system of social security, which was introduced between 1883 and 1891 in Germany.

Sosiaalipolitiikan lumo

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789520301149 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_608311 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-22 11:01:22
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Social and the ecological welfare should be taken as the main aim of all politics. This is the message of this book titled The Enchantment of Social Policy. Basic social security system needs to be rebuilt and grounded on the universal basic income that everyone can top up by participating to the society in different ways. Universal basic income can be seen as a mean to recognize all valuable participation to for example voluntary work or care of elderly people. In conditions of high unemployment, this kind of universalistic social security would weaken the nexus between employment and welfare. It would promote a society and culture that is less dependent on the exploitation of natural resources. This book describes building blocks that are needed to reconstitute the enchantment of social policy – the utopian that we should collectively pursue.

Sosiaaliturvariippuvuus

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ISBN: 9789520303662 9789520303655 Year: Pages: 381 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626902 Language: Finnish
Publisher: Tampere University Press
Subject: Economics --- Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:02:18
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"The dependency on social security: Social bums in disengaged society? In Finland, most discussion on the welfare state's condition has focused on stabilizing the public-sector's finances. However, more essential for the future of the welfare state is its' social foundation, meaning people’s experiences of fairness, equality and reliability of the society as well as the welfare state's capability of taking care of the most vulnerable groups of people.

A functional welfare state combines economic stability with the social foundation. However in the mid 2010s there are cracks in the social foundation of the welfare state .

In this book the cracks of welfare state's social foundation are analysed from the perspective of dependency on social security. Especially the Finns' attitudes and political divisions, policies, the length of customership of last-resort social security, the functionality of service and income transfer systems, social segmentation created by breadlines and coping on the last-resort social security are observed.

The book is meant for all interested in the condition and future of the welfare state. It is suitable as a textbook in universities and universities of applied sciences.

The editor of the book, Juho Saari, is Professor in social and health policy at the University of Tampere and part-time Professor in welfare sociology at the University of Eastern Finland. He has also a docent at the University of Helsinki, at the University of Turku and at the University of Jyväskylä. "

Die Wunden des Staates

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ISBN: 9783205795988 Year: Pages: 586 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515614 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 231
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-22 11:01:09
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The study’s subject is the assistance for the victims of World War I in Austria. It explains the numerous measures taken in favour of disabled veterans and war widows during the war and in the post-war period and describes the powerful organisations of the invalids. The assistance for war victims expressed very early social policy as supported by the state.

Bedingungsloses Grundeinkommen und Solidarisches Bürgergeld - mehr als sozialutopische Konzepte/

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Book Series: Edition HWWI ISBN: 9783937816470 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HWWI.1.69 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:21

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Thomas Straubhaar and Ingrid Hohenleitner outline the model of an unconditionally granted basic income. According to the authors, it can also be financed by Germany. They see the basic income as an opportunity to sustainably restructure the state budget and make the welfare state financially viable again for future generations. They show that new jobs of up to 1.17 million full-time jobs could be created, particularly in the low-wage sector. Michael Opielka sees the Althaus model as "a kind of combination wage for all". Part of the national income would be distributed to all. With a "mixture of pragmatism and idealism", the Solidarity Citizen's Income creates on the one hand a "real" labour market, but at the same time makes part-time work worthwhile and provides secure voluntary commitment and educational phases. With the Solidarity Citizen Income, wage differentiation in the lower income bracket no longer leads to poverty. The Solidarity Citizen Income of Dieter Althaus would be an important step on the way to more social solidarity, more subsidiarity and more (social) justice. Michael Schramm comes to this conclusion. In addition, the system of social security would be placed on an economically viable footing and the labour market and entrepreneurial forces would be stimulated.

White-Collar Crime in the Shadow Economy: Lack of Detection, Investigation and Conviction Compared to Social Security Fraud

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319752914 9783319752921 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-75292-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: BI Norwegian Business School
Subject: Law --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 19:17:54
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This open access book examines the magnitude, causes of, and reactions to white-collar crime, based on the theories and research of those who have uncovered various forms of white-collar crime. It argues that the offenders who are convicted represent only ‘the tip of the iceberg’ of a much greater problem: because white-collar crime is forced to compete with other kinds of financial crime like social security fraud for police resources and so receives less attention and fewer investigations. Gottschalk and Gunnesdal also offer insights into estimation techniques for the shadow economy, in an attempt to comprehend the size of the problem. Holding broad appeal for academics, practitioners in public administration, and government agencies, this innovative study serves as a timely starting point for examining the lack of investigation, detection, and conviction of powerful white-collar criminals.

Basic Questions of Tort Law from a Comparative Perspective

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783709700402 Year: Pages: 914 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574832 Language: English
Publisher: Jan Sramek Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 301
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:56
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The starting point for this project on the »Basic Questions of Tort Law« was the book written by Helmut Koziol, the »Basic Questions of Tort Law from a Germanic Perspective« (Sramek Verlag, 2012), a volume which presented an introduction into the law of torts from a Germanic perspective. Colleagues from seven countries were then invited to give critical responses to the ideas presented in the 2012 volume. The comparative law conclusions then attempt to pick up on the ideas expressed in the legal systems examined and to make them amenable for debate on the further development of the legal systems and their harmonisation.German Version: http://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:603

Addressing Food and Nutrition Security in Developed Countries

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ISBN: 9783039212811 / 9783039212828 Year: Pages: 427 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-282-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The Addressing Food and Nutrition Security in Developed Countries Special Issue is a collection of papers from researchers in counties with developed economies who are responding to increasing prevalence of food insecurity. Food insecurity is relatively hidden, and the real extent of the problem is likely to be underestimated in many of these countries. Novel methods to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity in the face of no routine measurement are presented. Population surveys highlight adverse mental health outcomes and new and emerging subgroups that are experiencing food insecurity. Understanding the factors associated with food insecurity and how people cope is extremely important when considering how best to address the problem. Readers can become familiar with the lived experience of food insecurity in some countries—essential intelligence for effective policy and interventions. The extent of food banking operations and the nature of the charitable response in some countries is also described. Country-specific research highlights the importance of understanding the cultural and external environmental context. The influence the cost of food and budgetary tools on diet and food insecurity suggests opportunities for intervention. Researchers calls for social protection and high-quality dignified responses to address this complex public health problem.

Keywords

food insecurity --- charitable food services --- food charity --- food system --- nutrition --- voluntary failure --- INFORMAS --- diet prices --- food affordability --- Pacific diets --- M?ori diets --- food security --- food insecurity --- mental health --- depression --- women --- scoping review --- food bank --- food insecurity --- welfare recipients --- poverty --- food supply --- food aid --- food insecurity --- disaster --- family health --- Hurricane Katrina --- mental health --- physical health --- social support --- Asian Americans --- California Health Interview Survey --- food security --- Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) --- acculturation --- English language use --- food insecurity --- food security --- Indigenous population --- ageing --- Indigenous --- food assistance --- food insecurity --- food charity --- food service --- social enterprise models --- food insecurity --- low-to-middle income --- experience --- mixed methodology research --- rural --- food supply --- food security --- obesity --- food insecurity --- stressors --- stressful life events --- access to food --- food equality --- Healthy Diets ASAP tool --- food security --- food prices --- diet affordability --- rural communities --- INFORMAS --- food insecurity --- monitoring --- surveillance --- determinants --- path diagram --- food security --- food insecurity --- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population --- children --- urban --- experiences --- coping strategies --- household food insecurity --- food poverty --- Scotland --- low income --- families --- children --- women --- older people --- qualitative --- food aid --- charity --- Finland --- welfare state --- food aid recipient --- deservingness --- disadvantages --- inequality --- food security --- diet-related chronic disease --- policy --- food pricing --- food security --- diet price --- food price --- affordability --- food policy --- nutrition policy --- fiscal policy --- obesity prevention --- non-communicable disease --- monitoring and surveillance --- INFORMAS --- reference budgets --- food insecurity --- cost of a healthy diet --- Food-based dietary guidelines --- food insecurity --- food stress --- food affordability --- food insecurity --- food poverty --- prevalence --- household --- food surveys --- secondary data --- Scotland --- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander --- remote --- community store --- fruit and vegetables --- incentive --- subsidy --- food security --- nutrition --- diet --- household food insecurity --- mental health --- sex --- Canadian adults --- food insecurity --- access to food --- social assistance payments --- social security --- Newstart allowance --- food and nutrition security --- research --- values --- co-creation --- trauma-informed --- food insecurity --- hunger --- developed countries --- Sustainable Development Goals --- social determinants --- inequality --- food banks --- food security --- food insecurity --- social assistance --- poverty --- homeless --- nutrition environment --- food stress --- food affordability --- policy --- intervention --- determinants --- food banks --- developed countries

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