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Soil Contamination - Current Consequences and Further Solutions

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535128151 9789535128168 9789535141310 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.5772/62589 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This edited book, Soil Contamination - Current Consequences and Further Solutions, is intended to provide an overview on the different environmental consequences of our anthropogenic activities, which has introduced a large number of xenobiotics that the soil cannot, or can only slower, decompose or degrade. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in diverse fields with expertise in soil science, health, toxicology, and other disciplines who contribute and share their findings to take this area forward for future investigations.

Peat

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789237467 9781789237474 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69565 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Peatlands are formed in limited areas and have significant effects on our planet. As a result of their use peatlands are continually shrinking on a daily basis. This edited book, Peat, is intended to provide an overview of different perspectives of peat material in relevant disciplines. We hope that this book will contribute to the expectations and needs of all relevant disciplines that share their findings for future research.

Soil Contamination and Alternatives for Sustainable Development

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789857436 9781789857443 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73438 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The book Soil Contamination and Alternatives for Sustainable Development allows the reader to obtain information about some case studies related to soil contamination, as well as provide sustainable alternatives to reduce environmental damage. The book is divided into two sections, where the first section describes anthropogenic contamination in detail and the second section discusses three alternatives for sustainable development.

Engineering Applications of Biochar

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ISBN: 9789535134039 9789535134046 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: 10.5772/65231 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This book has included the following major sections: ""Introduction"", ""History of Biochar,"" ""Preparation of Biochar,"" and ""Applications of Biochar."" The editor and authors hope that the development of biochar can cross its application field from agriculture into engineering.

Methods for Measuring Greenhouse Gas Balances and Evaluating Mitigation Options in Smallholder Agriculture

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319297927 9783319297941 Year: Pages: 203 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-29794-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-10 14:23:32
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This book provides standards and guidelines for quantifying greenhouse gas emissions and removals in smallholder agricultural systems and comparing options for climate change mitigation based on emission reductions and livelihood trade-offs. Globally, agriculture is directly responsible for about 11% of annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and induces an additional 17% through land use change, mostly in developing countries. Farms in the developing countries of sub-Saharan Africa and Asia are predominately managed by smallholders, with 80% of land holdings smaller than ten hectares. However, little to no information exists on greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potentials in smallholder agriculture. Greenhouse gas measurements in agriculture are expensive, time consuming, and error prone, challenges only exacerbated by the heterogeneity of smallholder systems and landscapes. Concerns over methodological rigor, measurement costs, and the diversity of approaches, coupled with the demand for robust information suggest it is germane for the scientific community to establish standards of measurements for quantifying GHG emissions from smallholder agriculture. Standard guidelines for use by scientists, development organizations will help generate reliable data on emissions baselines and allow rigorous comparisons of mitigation options. The guidelines described in this book, developed by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security (CCAFS) and partners, are intended to inform anyone conducting field measurements of agricultural greenhouse gas sources and sinks, especially to develop IPCC Tier 2 emission factors or to compare mitigation options in smallholder systems.

Hydraulic Conductivity - Issues, Determination and Applications

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ISBN: 9789533072883 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.5772/744 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geophysics and Geomagnetism --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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There are several books on broad aspects of hydrogeology, groundwater hydrology and geohydrology, which do not discuss in detail on the intrigues of hydraulic conductivity elaborately. However, this book on Hydraulic Conductivity presents comprehensive reviews of new measurements and numerical techniques for estimating hydraulic conductivity. This is achieved by the chapters written by various experts in this field of research into a number of clustered themes covering different aspects of hydraulic conductivity. The sections in the book are: Hydraulic conductivity and its importance, Hydraulic conductivity and plant systems, Determination by mathematical and laboratory methods, Determination by field techniques and Modelling and hydraulic conductivity. Each of these sections of the book includes chapters highlighting the salient aspects and most of these chapters explain the facts with the help of some case studies. Thus this book has a good mix of chapters dealing with various and vital aspects of hydraulic conductivity from various authors of different countries.

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination

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ISBN: 9789535112358 9789535142355 Year: Pages: 920 DOI: 10.5772/57086 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.

Contributions to Mineralization

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ISBN: 9789535137481 9789535137498 9789535140689 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68760 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Contributions to Mineralization provide some new aspects on economically important mineral deposits from various locations in Asia, Africa, and Europe in terms of their genesis, geochemical, and age considerations. Mining industry and mineral engineering issues are also discussed in the book through some new statistical approaches and economic aspects. The book represents a useful guide for specialists in the fields of mineralogy, economic geology, mining engineering, environmental impacts, and mining industry.

Earthworms - The Ecological Engineers of Soil

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ISBN: 9781789233964 9781789233971 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71290 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book in two sections represents the current trend of research in ecology and biology of earthworms. In section ""Ecology and Diversity"" the authors reported the ecological and geographical uniqueness and diversity of earthworms in different environmental terrains of Siberia and Mexico. Functional interaction between earthworms and soil nematodes was elucidated with reference to vermicomposting and agricultural systems. Importance of digital library was highlighted for inventorization and taxonomical identification of earthworms. In section ""Vermicomposting"" the importance of maintaining pure cultures was discussed from the viewpoint of growth rate and the reproduction of composting species. This section includes article describing the management-related issues like roles of physicochemical parameters of soil and feed mixture on growth and reproduction of commercially important species of earthworm.

Current Topics in the Utilization of Clay in Industrial and Medical Applications

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ISBN: 9781789237283 9781789237290 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71295 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book presents recent developments and research activities that highlight the importance of clay science and engineering in the environment and medical and civil engineering. The book contains nine chapters separated into three main sections: (1) Clay for the Environment, (2) Clay in Civil Engineering, and (3) Clay in Medical Applications. There are four chapters in the first section and the focus is made on the topics related to an introduction to the natural sources and chemical structure of one of the important clay types, montmorillonite. The application of waste recycling and the removal of arsenic and fluoride are the focus of next two chapters. In addition, a technique for corrosion protection is presented as the fourth chapter within this section. In the second section, special emphasis has been placed on the importance and application of clay in civil engineering, which is demonstrated in two chapters. In the third section, new research and development on utilizing clay minerals in medical applications is presented. Intended for readers wishing to acquire an understanding of the current trends in clay science and engineering and comprehension of the issue, this book addresses exciting topics in this field.

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