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Experimenting for Sustainable Transport

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Book Series: Transport, Development and Sustainability Series ISBN: 9780203994061 9780415271165 9780415271172 9781134488223 9781134488216 9781134488179 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203994061 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:25
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Technological change is a central feature of modern societies and a powerful source for social change. There is an urgent task to direct these new technologies towards sustainability, but society lacks perspectives, instruments and policies to accomplish this. There is no blueprint for a sustainable future, and it is necessary to experiment with alternative paths that seem promising. Various new transport technologies promise to bring sustainability benefits. But as this book shows, important lessons are often overlooked because the experiments are not designed to challenge the basic assumptions about established patterns of transport choices. Learning how to organise the process of innovation implementation is essential if the maximum impact is to be achieved - it is here that strategic niche management offers new perspectives. The book uses a series of eight recent experiments with electric vehicles, carsharing schemes, bicycle pools and fleet management to illustrate the means by which technological change must be closely linked to social change if successful implementation is to take place. The basic divide between proponents of technological fixes and those in favour of behavioural change needs to be bridged, perhaps indicating a third way.

Management of Cities and Regions

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ISBN: 9789535136033 9789535136040 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.5772/68056 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Cities and regions represent the driving force of development in economic, social, and cultural life and reflect the spatial organization of human society. Furthermore, strategic urban regions are becoming increasingly important players in the global economy, as the impact of national states decreases while the impact of cities and urban regions is increasing. The process of globalization is reflected in the tendency for gaining competitiveness and efficiencies of global trends. Once cities and regions have identified where they are, they need to decide where they want to be in the future. And to do this, they need to understand the significant trends that will influence the direction in which the future unfolds. Managing the identified capitals (four of them are subject of the sections in this book) effectively means taking a holistic approach, since each of the capitals depends on the others. The necessity of taking a holistic approach is one of the themes to emerge particularly strongly from the knowledge-based economy.

Immigration and Development

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ISBN: 9789535137849 9789535137856 9789535140900 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69818 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This book deals with several issues linking immigration and social development. Following several approaches, from economic to sociological ones, it covers the many effects of the rising phenomenon of immigration. It deals with the effects of immigration on economic growth, on human capital accumulation, and on the government budget. Moreover, it also includes contributions on the social integration of immigrants and on the effects they have in some different cities. It covers studies in countries such as Norway, the USA, Romania, and South Africa. The book Immigration and Development is an essential reading for those who want to get a social sciences multidisciplinary approach to immigration as a social phenomenon.

Positive and Negative Aspects of Outsourcing

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ISBN: 9789535139331 9789535139348 9789535140542 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68439 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Outsourcing has been seen as a phenomenon allowing competitive advantages for organizations, but some studies do not include the causes and consequences of this particular strategy. Consequently, the objective of this book is to fill this gap by combining several studies from different perspectives. The various chapters presented here follow several approaches, which researchers explore in different contexts. This book intends, therefore, to add to the body of knowledge about outsourcing. Furthermore, it shows how the outsourcing strategy can stimulate organizations' development in various countries and regions worldwide.

The Economic Geography of Globalization

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ISBN: 9789533075020 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.5772/983 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:08

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Very often the process of globalization is referred the word economy evolution. Often we measure and study globalization in the economic relevance. The economy is possibly the most recognized dimension of globalization. That is why we see many new phenomena and processes on economic macro levels and economic sectoral horizons as well as on specific ""geography of globalization"". The book The Economic Geography of Globalization consists of 13 chapters divided into two sections: Globalization and Macro Process and Globalization and Sectoral Process. The Authors of respective chapters represent the great diversity of disciplines and methodological approaches as well as a variety of academic culture. This book is a valuable contribution and it will certainly be appreciated by a global community of scholars.

Circular Economy, Ethical Funds, and Engineering Projects

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ISBN: 9783039282524 / 9783039282531 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-253-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This special issue provides a collection of 15 papers with modern theories and applications for circular economy, engineering projects, entrepreneurship models, and investor decisions. After the commencing review on Occupational Health and Safety Management-Systems Standards, follow papers which can be classified into four categories which cover the overall scope of special issue. The first category includes papers regarding the micro-level of circular economy. This means case studies in firm-level which implement different techniques to achieve sustainable development and circular economy goals. The findings reveal interesting achievements which are associated with cultural characteristics of the countries these case studies have been conducted. The second category of papers refers to the meso-level of circular economy where firms cooperate with each other by exchanging byproducts and organizing common operational procedures and routines to address environmental problems. The findings suggest assessment information technology tools to support industrial symbiosis among European firms. The next body of literature encompasses macro-level where circular economy techniques are implemented at a country level. Findings suggest methodologies for implementing and tracking circular economy in cities. Finally, a number of papers are included that focus on advanced engineering techniques. These techniques are useful tools for achieving circular economy and sustainability.

Keywords

cost prediction of substation project --- Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition --- Cuckoo Search --- Support Vector Machines --- climate change --- adaptation --- manufacturing firms --- strategic management --- action theory --- Value-at-Risk --- probabilistic alternative approach --- Theory of Inventive Problem Solving --- Project Definition Rating Index --- optimal project profitability --- prefabrication housing production --- planning and control --- critical success factors --- China --- CCPM --- piping construction --- material procurement management --- resource competition --- buffer management --- PERT/CPM --- stochastic simulation --- construction delay --- corporate philanthropy --- information transfer --- political connections --- social capital --- social network --- social network centrality --- sustainability --- circular economy --- investments --- sources of funding --- SME --- sustainable economy --- smart city --- sustainable city --- smart governance --- drivers --- Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) --- sustainability --- Management Standards --- emergy analysis --- pollution impact --- resource consumption --- steel production --- sustainable development --- Industrial symbiosis --- IT tools --- research and innovation projects --- risk assessment --- Fuzzy TOPSIS --- construction safety --- PRAT method --- sustainability --- value of travel time savings --- fuzzy logic --- rule-based systems --- transport project evaluation --- cost benefit analysis --- traffic congestion --- transport planning --- circular economy --- urbanization --- framework --- indicators --- circular city --- Life cycle assessment (LCA) --- carbon footprint --- renewable energy systems --- photovoltaics --- solar thermal collectors

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