Search results: Found 11

Listing 1 - 10 of 11 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Growth and Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780198744795 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198744795.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 11:01:16
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

While the economic growth renaissance in sub-Saharan Africa is widely recognized, much less is known about progress in living conditions. This book comprehensively evaluates trends in living conditions in 16 major sub-Saharan African countries, corresponding to nearly 75% of the total population. A striking diversity of experience emerges. While monetary indicators improved in many countries, others are yet to succeed in channeling the benefits of economic growth into the pockets of the poor. Some countries experienced little economic growth, and saw little material progress for the poor. At the same time, the large majority of countries have made impressive progress in key non-monetary indicators of wellbeing. Overall, the African growth renaissance earns two cheers, but not three. While gains in macroeconomic and political stability are real, they are also fragile. Growth on a per capita basis is much better than in the 1980s and 1990s, yet not rapid compared with other developing regions. Importantly from a pan-African perspective, key economies-particularly Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa-are not among the better performers. Looking forward, realistic expectations are required. The development process is, almost always, a long hard slog. Nevertheless, real and durable factors appear to be at play on the sub-continent with positive implications for growth and poverty reduction in future.

Agriculture, Diversification, and Gender in Rural Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780198799283 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198799283.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Economics --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-22 11:01:50
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book contributes to the understanding of smallholder agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa through addressing the dynamics of intensification and diversification within and outside agriculture, in contexts where women have much poorer access to agrarian resources than men. It uses a longitudinal cross-country comparative approach, relying on the Afrint dataset—unique household-level longitudinal data for six African countries collected over the period 2002–2013/15. The book first descriptively summarizes findings from the third wave of the dataset. The book nuances the current dominance of structural transformation narratives of agricultural change by adding insights from gender and village-level studies of agrarian change. It argues that placing agrarian change within broader livelihood dynamics outside agriculture, highlighting country- and region-specific contexts is an important analytical adaptation to the empirical realities of rural Africa. From the policy perspective, this book provides suggestions for more inclusive rural development policies, outlining the weaknesses of present policies illustrated by the currently gendered inequalities in access to agrarian resources. The book also provides country-specific insights from Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia.

Weltagrarbericht: Bericht zu Afrika südlich der Sahara (SSA)/

Author:
ISBN: 9783937816951 Year: Pages: 413 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.124 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:23

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD), adopted in Johannesburg, South Africa in 2008, is the result of a unique cooperative effort by UN and other international organizations, 60 governments and more than 400 scientists from all over the world.A Global Report and five Regional Reports describe the main problems facing agriculture, food, the environment and human health today and show how the urgent need for a turnaround towards sustainable, environmentally and socially equitable development and food security for a growing world population can be achieved in practice.The Regional Report on Sub-Saharan Africa (SUB-Saharan Africa, SSA) deals with a region that has to contend with numerous problems, but at the same time has magnificent and wonderful people and natural resources. Also published in German by Hamburg University Press is the "Synthesebericht" der Weltagrarbericht.

Conservation Biology in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781783747504 / 9781783747528 Year: Pages: 694 DOI: doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0177 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-12 13:36:36
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Conservation Biology in Sub-Saharan Africa comprehensively explores the challenges and potential solutions to key conservation issues in Sub-Saharan Africa.Easy to read, this lucid and accessible textbook includes fifteen chapters that cover a full range of conservation topics, including threats to biodiversity, environmental laws, and protected areas management, as well as related topics such as sustainability, poverty, and human-wildlife conflict. This rich resource also includes a background discussion of what conservation biology is, a wide range of theoretical approaches to the subject, and concrete examples of conservation practice in specific African contexts. Strategies are outlined to protect biodiversity whilst promoting economic development in the region.Boxes covering specific themes written by scientists who live and work throughout the region are included in each chapter, together with recommended readings and suggested discussion topics. Each chapter also includes an extensive bibliography.Conservation Biology in Sub-Saharan Africa provides the most up-to-date study in the field. It is an essential resource, available on-line without charge, for undergraduate and graduate students, as well as a handy guide for professionals working to stop the rapid loss of biodiversity in Sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere.

Disclosure Within HIV-Affected Families

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455263 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-526-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

While HIV/AIDS is a global public heath challenge, its impact is arguably greatest in the Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where new infections account for approximately 66% of the total number of HIV-positive persons globally. In SSA, medical, social, and economic resources are limited, thus necessitating innovative approaches to disease prevention. One of the mechanisms of prevention that is most promising occurs through HIV disclosure to family members (e.g., adult sexual partners) generally, and to children in particular. Our emphasis in this eBook is on HIV disclosure to children because it has multiple benefits, including improved adherence to antiretroviral medication treatment and understanding at an early age of the impact of sexual activity on the spread of HIV. While there is a noticeable gap in research on HIV disclosure to younger children, some of the general reasons for non-disclosure include concerns about fear of adult partners leaving relationships, and that children are too young to comprehend the severity of the situation and may tell others outside the family. Thus, it is critical to better understand how the HIV disclosure process happens (or does not happen) within HIV-affected families, as well as the best practices on how to disclose. In this eBook, we present a combination of empirical research studies and critical literature reviews that investigate the reasons for and for not disclosing HIV status within HIV-affected families and provide evidence-based practices that could be adopted by healthcare professionals to help HIV-positive parents facilitate disclosure activities within these families. This information can also be used by researchers, practitioners, and stakeholders who are in a position to influence policies on effective HIV disclosure practices, guidelines, and programs.

Building a Resilient and Sustainable Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319762210 9783319762227 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76222-7 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: African Development Bank
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 18:51:43
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

What are the challenges and action points for agricultural sustainability in Sub-Saharan Africa? This collection of papers offers technical analyses, policy recommendations and an overview of success stories to date. Each carefully selected paper provides valuable insights for improved policy making and defines relevant strategic priorities on Africa’s sustainable transformation process, which is in line with the international development agenda. Although agriculture remains the main source of income for Africa’s population, the sector is rain-fed subjecting it to the vagaries of weather and climate change. This volume demonstrates the rationale of developing a competitive, inclusive and sustainable agribusiness sector for Africa’s food security and structural transformation.From the impact of Bioenergy crop adoption and Drought Index Insurance to Agro-Industrialization, this volume is important reading for individual researchers, academic associations and professional bodies interested in African agricultural development.

Biodiversity and Protected Areas

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977322 9783038977339 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-733-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Biodiversity and Protected Areas assembles twelve topics from around the world, illustrating the complexities and promise of addressing the biodiversity crisis. Authors from Mongolia, Africa, India, Canada, Iraq, and the United States dwell on particular aspects and challenges relevant to those regions. Lessons and approaches from interesting localities, coupled with global analyses give the reader a synthetic view of emerging problems. The opportunities for understanding common issues across different geographies abound, such as comparing local conservation in sub-Saharan Africa with a distribution of very small protected areas in Massachusetts. Several topics will be of immediate interest to policymakers. The book is illustrated with numerous color maps and figures and the authors strove for clear, uncomplicated writing. The editors provide an overview of chapters, placing them in the context of other biodiversity and protected area literature. Students and conservationists attempting to broaden their views of biodiversity and protected areas should find this collection to be interesting.

Drinking Water Quality and Human Health

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977261 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-727-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The quality of drinking water is paramount for public health. Despite important improvements in the last decades, access to safe drinking water is not universal. The World Health Organization estimates that almost 10% of the population in the world do not have access to improved drinking water sources. Among other diseases, waterborne infections cause diarrhea, which kills nearly one million people every year, mostly children under 5 years of age. On the other hand, chemical pollution is a concern in high-income countries and an increasing problem in low- and middle-income countries. Exposure to chemicals in drinking water may lead to a range of chronic non-communicable diseases (e.g., cancer, cardiovascular disease), adverse reproductive outcomes, and effects on children’s health (e.g., neurodevelopment), among other health effects. Although drinking water quality is regulated and monitored in many countries, increasing knowledge leads to the need for reviewing standards and guidelines on a nearly permanent basis, both for regulated and newly identified contaminants. Drinking water standards are mostly based on animal toxicity data, and more robust epidemiologic studies with accurate exposure assessment are needed. The current risk assessment paradigm dealing mostly with one-by-one chemicals dismisses the potential synergisms or interactions from exposures to mixtures of contaminants, particularly at the low-exposure range. Thus, evidence is needed on exposure and health effects of mixtures of contaminants in drinking water. Finally, water stress and water quality problems are expected to increase in the coming years due to climate change and increasing water demand by population growth, and new evidence is needed to design appropriate adaptation policies.This Special Issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) focuses on the current state of knowledge on the links between drinking water quality and human health.

Keywords

Vibrio pathogens --- rural water resources --- public health --- sub-Saharan Africa --- diarrhoeal disease --- HWTS implementation --- water and sanitation --- drinking water guidance --- infant exposure --- chemical risk assessment --- duration extrapolation --- acute gastroenteritis --- risk --- tap water --- time series study --- turbidity --- urban area --- water operation data --- THMs --- cancer --- effect measure modification --- drinking water --- drinking water --- exposure assessment --- sodium --- potassium --- magnesium --- calcium --- spatial variations --- Denmark --- water safety plans --- drinking water quality --- risk management --- impact assessment --- Asia-Pacific region --- diarrhea --- fever --- cough --- Nigeria --- infant health --- drinking water --- inorganic manganese --- health-based guideline --- infants --- pharmaceuticals --- human health --- environment --- drug labels --- screening method --- LTD --- uncertainty factors --- risk assessment --- risk context --- biomonitoring --- dental health --- drinking water --- fluoride --- pharmacokinetic modeling --- waterborne disease outbreak --- simulation study --- health insurance data --- space–time detection --- drinking water --- nitrate --- cancer --- adverse reproductive outcomes --- methemoglobinemia --- thyroid disease --- endogenous nitrosation --- N-nitroso compounds --- E. coli --- monitoring --- drinking water --- water safety plan --- sanitary inspection --- gravity-fed piped water scheme --- risk management --- chlorination by-product --- France --- environmental exposure --- organic matter --- tap water --- trihalomethanes --- private wells --- groundwater --- drinking water --- animal feeding operation --- fecal coliforms --- enterococci --- E. coli --- Maryland --- nitrite --- disinfection by-product --- drinking water distribution systems --- seasonality --- atrazine --- community water system --- low birth weight --- preterm birth --- small for gestational age --- water contamination --- endocrine disruptor --- drinking water --- radioactivity --- annual effective dose --- carcinogenic --- chronic kidney disease --- end-stage renal disease --- water contaminants --- zinc --- ammonia --- chemical oxygen demand --- dissolved oxygen --- arsenic

Nutrition and Vulnerable Groups

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039211203 / 9783039211210 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-121-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Food insecurity is a complex ‘wicked’ problem that results from a range of unstable and uncertain physical, social, cultural and economic factors that limits access to nutritious food. Globally, 800 million people are under-nourished, and around 2 billion are overweight/obese or have micronutrient deficiency. These populations are largely positioned in developing countries where disease burden is high and impacts health budgets and productivity. Similarly developed countries, cities and neighbourhoods are experiencing a greater emergence of vulnerable populations. This is in part explained by the change in the food production and manufacturing, the retraction in economic climates, the increase in food price, and in some regions reduced food availability and access.Vulnerable groups include but are not limited to migrant populations, Indigenous people, elderly, pregnant women, those with disability, homeless, young children and youth. Poor nutrition at significant periods of growth and development and during life impact long term health outcomes increasing non-communicable disease prevalence, health cost and reducing economic productivity.

Keywords

breastfeeding --- feeding practices --- infant feeding --- nutrition --- malnutrition --- pediatrics --- primary health care --- low-income population --- popular restaurant --- lunch --- energy density --- nutrition --- food security --- HFIAS --- double burden of malnutrition --- child stunting --- Indonesia --- emergency food assistance --- food pantry --- food insecurity --- dietary patterns --- dietary quality --- nutrition --- knowledge --- refugees --- children --- school intervention --- Lebanon --- rural populations --- food assistance --- low-income --- vulnerable groups --- food poverty --- food insecurity --- food literacy --- public health --- socioeconomics --- Obesity --- metabolic syndrome --- refugee --- women --- Palestine --- consumption of fruits and vegetables --- low-income undergraduate students --- Student Assistance Program --- adiposity markers --- obesity --- fat mass --- abdominal obesity --- adolescent health --- school performance --- Orang Asli --- food insecurity --- Malaysia --- challenges --- in-depth interview --- fruit and vegetables --- rural children --- Social Cognitive Theory --- undernutrition --- food security --- nutrition security --- village chickens --- livestock --- animal-source food --- Tanzania --- sub-Saharan Africa --- resource-poor settings --- children --- welfare home --- body image --- obesity --- BMI-for-age --- food security --- self-esteem --- self-efficacy --- food security --- public health --- place-based --- co-design --- vulnerable groups --- food poverty --- food insecurity --- food literacy --- public health --- charitable food sector --- food insecurity --- food literacy --- nutrition education --- training --- tertiary education --- n/a

Optimization Methods Applied to Power Systems: Volume 1

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039211302 / 9783039211319 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-131-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book presents an interesting sample of the latest advances in optimization techniques applied to electrical power engineering. It covers a variety of topics from various fields, ranging from classical optimization such as Linear and Nonlinear Programming and Integer and Mixed-Integer Programming to the most modern methods based on bio-inspired metaheuristics. The featured papers invite readers to delve further into emerging optimization techniques and their real application to case studies such as conventional and renewable energy generation, distributed generation, transport and distribution of electrical energy, electrical machines and power electronics, network optimization, intelligent systems, advances in electric mobility, etc.

Keywords

Cable joint --- internal defect --- thermal probability density --- power system optimization --- optimal power flow --- developed grew wolf optimizer --- energy internet --- prosumer --- energy management --- consensus --- demand response --- day-ahead load forecasting --- modular predictor --- feature selection --- micro-phasor measurement unit --- mutual information theory --- stochastic state estimation --- two-point estimation method --- JAYA algorithm --- multi-population method (MP) --- chaos optimization algorithm (COA) --- economic load dispatch problem (ELD) --- optimization methods --- constrained parameter estimation --- extended Kalman filter --- power systems --- C&I particle swarm optimization --- ringdown detection --- optimal reactive power dispatch --- loss minimization --- voltage deviation --- hybrid method --- tabu search --- particle swarm optimization --- artificial lighting --- simulation --- calibration --- radiance --- GenOpt --- street light points --- DC optimal power flow --- power transfer distribution factors --- generalized generation distribution factors --- unit commitment --- adaptive consensus algorithm --- distributed heat-electricity energy management --- eight searching sub-regions --- islanded microgrid --- dragonfly algorithm --- metaheuristic --- optimal power flow --- particle swarm optimization --- CCHP system --- energy storage --- off-design performance --- dynamic solving framework --- battery energy storage system --- micro grid --- MILP --- PCS efficiency --- piecewise linear techniques --- renewable energy sources --- optimal operation --- UC --- demand bidding --- demand response --- genetic algorithm --- load curtailment --- optimization --- hybrid renewable energy system --- pumped-hydro energy storage --- off-grid --- optimization --- HOMER software --- rural electrification --- sub-Saharan Africa --- Cameroon --- building energy management system --- HVAC system --- energy storage system --- energy flow model --- dependability --- sustainability --- data center --- power architectures --- optimization --- AC/DC hybrid active distribution --- hierarchical scheduling --- multi-stakeholders --- discrete wind driven optimization --- multiobjective optimization --- optimal power flow --- metaheuristic --- wind energy --- photovoltaic --- smart grid --- transformer-fault diagnosis --- principal component analysis --- particle swarm optimization --- support vector machine --- wind power --- integration assessment --- interactive load --- considerable decomposition --- controllable response --- SOCP relaxations --- optimal power flow --- current margins --- affine arithmetic --- interval variables --- optimizing-scenarios method --- power flow --- wind power --- active distribution system --- virtual power plant --- stochastic optimization --- decentralized and collaborative optimization --- genetic algorithm --- multi-objective particle swarm optimization algorithm --- artificial bee colony --- IEEE Std. 80-2000 --- Schwarz’s equation --- fuzzy algorithm --- radial basis function --- neural network --- ETAP --- distributed generations (DGs) --- distribution network reconfiguration --- runner-root algorithm (RRA) --- inter-turn shorted-circuit fault (ISCF) --- strong track filter (STF) --- linear discriminant analysis (LDA) --- switched reluctance machine (SRM) --- charging/discharging --- electric vehicle --- energy management --- genetic algorithm --- intelligent scatter search --- electric vehicles --- heterogeneous networks --- demand uncertainty --- power optimization --- Stackelberg game --- power system unit commitment --- hybrid membrane computing --- cross-entropy --- the genetic algorithm based P system --- the biomimetic membrane computing --- transient stability --- two-stage feature selection --- particle encoding method --- fitness function --- power factor compensation --- non-sinusoidal circuits --- geometric algebra --- evolutionary algorithms --- electric power contracts --- electric energy costs --- cost minimization --- evolutionary computation --- bio-inspired algorithms --- congestion management --- low-voltage networks --- multi-objective particle swarm optimization --- affinity propagation clustering --- optimal congestion threshold --- optimization --- magnetic field mitigation --- overhead --- underground --- passive shielding --- active shielding --- MV/LV substation --- n/a

Listing 1 - 10 of 11 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by