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Soixante-trois. La peur de la grande année climactérique à la Renaissance

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Book Series: Titre courant ISBN: 9782600005531 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_579650 Language: French
Publisher: Librairie Droz Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163533
Subject: Biology --- Religion --- Social Sciences --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-21 11:01:15
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People have interpreted the numeration of the years of their life since Antiquity (when, for example, the Emperor Augustus did so). Ancient medical theories thus maintained that matter is renewed every seven or nine years. The product of these two numbers is sixty-three, and the sixty-third year of a person’s life – the great climacteric – was believed to be very critical. Max Engammare presents the history of the anxiety surrounding this year that came back into force during the Renaissance, as early as Petrarch but especially with Marsilio Ficino. This book touches on most of the great names of the age, from Philipp Melanchthon and Theodore de Bèze to Rabelais. The question of the sixty-third king of France, Henri III or Henri IV, was also discussed by members of the League. The goal is to achieve an understanding of the arithmetic of these ancient fears that were reborn at the end of the 1400s and which have not in fact completely disappeared today—a proof of this is Sigmund Freud and the curse of 27 listing all the famous artists dead at the age of 27 (three times nine).

Performanz und Imagination in der Oralkultur Südosteuropas

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ISBN: 9783205203278 Year: Pages: 600 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626331 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 370
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-30 11:01:20
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This monograpy analyses forms of performativity in the oral cultures of Southeast-Europe, as gestures, masks and disguising, theatrical customs, popular and professional theatre, as well as forms of imagination, like superstitions, magic practices, popular religion, demonology, etc.

«Que dorénavant chacun fuie paillardise, oisiveté, gourmandise…» Réforme et contrôle des moeurs

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ISBN: 9782889300969 Year: Pages: 468 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_624513 Language: French
Publisher: Editions Alphil Presses universitaires suisses Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170310
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-11 11:01:27
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Neuchâtel adopted the Reformation in 1530. What impact did this decision by the citizens of the city have on the population? This book describes the disci-pline that has since surrounded the parishioners of the canton of Neuchâtel and the lordship of Valangin and evoked three centuries of Neuchâtel consis-tories. Based on the analysis of thousands of cases, it draws back the cur-tain on daily life, love, the revolts of a small population, mostly rural, in which the sources speak only rarely.

Witchcraft, Demonology and Magic

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ISBN: 9783039289592 / 9783039289608 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-960-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Witchcraft and magic are topics of enduring interest for many reasons. The main one lies in their extraordinary interdisciplinarity: anthropologists, folklorists, historians, and more have contributed to build a body of work of extreme variety and consistence. Of course, this also means that the subjects themselves are not easy to assess. In a very general way, we can define witchcraft as a supernatural means to cause harm, death, or misfortune, while magic also belongs to the field of supernatural, or at least esoteric knowledge, but can be used to less dangerous effects (e.g., divination and astrology). In Western civilization, however, the witch hunt has set a very peculiar perspective in which diabolical witchcraft, the invention of the Sabbat, the persecution of many thousands of (mostly) female and (sometimes) male presumed witches gave way to a phenomenon that is fundamentally different from traditional witchcraft. This Special Issue of Religions dedicated to Witchcraft, Demonology, and Magic features nine articles that deal with four different regions of Europe (England, Germany, Hungary, and Italy) between Late Medieval and Modern times in different contexts and social milieus. Far from pretending to offer a complete picture, they focus on some topics that are central to the research in those fields and fit well in the current “cumulative concept of Western witchcraft” that rules out all mono-causality theories, investigating a plurality of causes.

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