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Milk Run Design: Definitions, Concepts and Solution Approaches

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Book Series: Wissenschaftliche Berichte des Instituts für Fördertechnik und Logistiksysteme des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie ISSN: 01712772 ISBN: 9783731505662 Year: Volume: 88 Pages: VIII, 267 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000057833 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Efficient inbound networks in the European automotive industry rely on a set of different transport concepts including milk runs - understood as regularly scheduled pickup tours. The complexity of designing such a mixed network makes decision support necessary: In this book we provide definitions, mathematical models and a solution method for the Milk Run Design problem and introduce indicators assessing the performance of established milk runs in relation to alternative transport concepts.

27 Samhandling, Preparedness and Supply Chains (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch27 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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"Supply-chain preparedness means to design inter-organisational structures,&#xD;to organise supply-chain resources, and to plan and train to ensure efficient&#xD;response if this is called for. Acknowledging that supply chains are made up of&#xD;two or more organisations, and that interaction describes relations between two or&#xD;more actors, the purpose of this research is to explore whether the introduction of&#xD;the concept of interaction (samhandling) to supply-chain thinking adds to our understanding&#xD;of efficiency and the effectiveness of logistics preparedness.&#xD;We position our work along three dimensions: a profit – non-profit classification,&#xD;a descriptive – normative dichotomy, and a micro – macro continuum. Information&#xD;was retrieved both through semi-structured interviews and by studying secondary&#xD;sources. Interaction and preparedness is assessed through an empirical case: the&#xD;operation Atalanta. By applying interactional indicators, enablers and barriers to&#xD;relationship success can be studied at both micro, meso, and macro levels. Without&#xD;understanding the mechanisms leading to interactional competence, success (or&#xD;the lack thereof) in supply-chain preparedness is difficult to address properly. Thus,&#xD;managers need to assess the interactional constructs at all levels when planning and&#xD;training for preparedness."&#xD;

Dual sourcing : with arbitrary stochastic demand and stochastic lead times

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ISBN: 9783866445284 Year: Pages: XVIII, 337 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000018435 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Companies with high-performing supply chains enjoy essential competitive ad- vantages. However, supply chain management faces an environment of rising risk that endangers these competitive advantages. One of the reasons is to outsource parts of their business. This bears the risk of significantly increased lead times and lead time variability. It is the impact of lead time variability on inventory management that is the central aspect of this book. It describes a mathematical model for dual sourcing with two reorder points, shows the deviation between stochastic and deterministic calculations in a sensitivity analysis, and investigates different relaxations of a traditional dual-sourcing policy.

Advances in Production Technology

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Production Engineering ISSN: 21940525 ISBN: 9783319123035 9783319123042 Year: Pages: 211 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-12304-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-20 14:56:00
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This edited volume contains the selected papers presented at the scientific board meeting of the German Cluster of Excellence on “Integrative Production Technology for High-Wage Countries”, held in November 2014. The topical structure of the book is clustered in six sessions: Integrative Production Technology, Individualised Production, Virtual Production Systems, Integrated Technologies, Self-Optimising Production Systems and Human Factors in Production Technology. The Aachen perspective on a holistic theory of production is complemented by conference papers from external leading researchers in the fields of production, materials science and bordering disciplines. The target audience primarily comprises research experts and practitioners in the field but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Multi-Criteria Methods and Techniques Applied to Supply Chain Management

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ISBN: 9781789233346 9781789233353 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71296 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book intends to be a complimentary reference for graduate and undergraduate courses of Business and Engineering. Readers not familiar with Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) and supply chain management (SCM) may have a first glance, reading isolate chapters. Moreover, the sequential order from Chapters 1 to 8 may be more instructive. Readers with expertise on MCDM or SCM will find interesting applications or proposals. The book also presents a systematic literature review, which confirms the leadership of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and data envelopment analysis (DEA).

Systematische Analyse und Bewertung komplexer Supply Chain Prozesse bei dynamischer Festlegung des Auftragsentkopplungspunkts

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631579619 Year: Pages: 156 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:22
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Ein entscheidender Erfolgsfaktor jeder Supply Chain ist das adäquate Design ihrer Leistungserstellungsprozesse. Da diese Prozesse regelmäßig durch einen hohen Grad an Komplexität gekennzeichnet sind, stellt deren Gestaltung eine große Herausforderung dar. In dieser Forschungsarbeit wird deshalb die Frage behandelt, wie komplexe Leitungserstellungsprozesse einer Supply Chain effektiv und effizient verbessert werden können. Dazu wird eine systematische Vorgehensweise für die Analyse und Bewertung von Supply Chain Prozessen vorgestellt und im Rahmen einer Fallstudie auf eine reale Logistikkette in der Elektronikindustrie angewandt. Bei der Prozessanalyse wird eine Reduktion der Komplexität durch eine Kombination von analytischen Methoden und Simulation erzielt, sodass nicht nur die Validität der Ergebnisse, sondern auch die praktische Umsetzbarkeit gewährleistet ist. Die Bewertung von alternativen Prozessdesigns erfolgt multikriteriell und strategiebasierend, damit sowohl Zielkonflikte als auch die verfolgte Strategie der Logistikkette Berücksichtigung finden. Generell spielt die Wahl des marktbezogenen Produktionstyps (z.B. Make-to-Order, Make-to-Stock) bei der Verbesserung von Supply Chain Prozessen eine entscheidende Rolle. Daher wird auf diesen Aspekt besonders eingegangen, wobei der hybride Produktionstyp Make-to-Forecast in einem Supply Chain-Kontext in der Fallstudie implementiert wird.

Supply Chain Design

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Book Series: Bochumer Beitraege zur Unternehmensfuehrung ISBN: 9783631543757 Year: Pages: 265 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:19
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Diese Arbeit wurde mit dem Ernst-Zander-Preis 2005 der Ruhr-Universität Bochum ausgezeichnet.
Das Supply Chain Design als strategisches Supply Chain Management beinhaltet als wesentlichen Aspekt die Konfiguration der Supply Chain. Dabei sind die über eine Preisminimierung hinausgehenden Auswahlkriterien der Zulieferer sowie die aus dem langfristigen Planungshorizont der Fragestellung resultierende Unsicherheit geeignet zu berücksichtigen. In dieser Arbeit werden die vielfältigen betriebswirtschaftlichen Aspekte des Supply Chain Design umfassend diskutiert und ein Kriterienkatalog zur Auswahl von Zulieferern entwickelt. Die Unsicherheit wird mit Hilfe des neu entwickelten Konzeptes der Zielrobustheit abgebildet. Die Planungsentscheidungen im Rahmen des Supply Chain Design können durch das vorgestellte Vorgehen unterstützt und in ihren Konsequenzen quantifiziert werden.

The Economic and Environmental Sustainability of Dual Sourcing

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631622728 Year: Pages: 119 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:59
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Supply chains consist of all processes which are needed in order to supply customers with the required products. Traditionally, supply chain management decisions are based on the economic performance of the involved parties. But in recent years, other criteria, such as quality, flexibility or the environment, have become important as well. Especially carbon emissions are high on the political agenda because they are considered to be a major cause of the greenhouse gas effect. In this work it is shown how the performance of supply chains can be evaluated considering both economic and environmental criteria. In particular, the work deals with dual sourcing in the context of the newsvendor model. The impact of environmental regulations (emission taxes and emission trading) on the decisions of companies is analysed.

Enabling Things to Talk

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783642404023 9783642404030 Year: Pages: 379 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-40403-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Transportation --- Business and Management --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Biotechnology --- Manufactures --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-10 16:18:02
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The Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging network superstructure that will connect physical resources and actual users. It will support an ecosystem of smart applications and services bringing hyper-connectivity to our society by using augmented and rich interfaces. Whereas in the beginning IoT referred to the advent of barcodes and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), which helped to automate inventory, tracking and basic identification, today IoT is characterized by a dynamic trend toward connecting smart sensors, objects, devices, data and applications. The next step will be “cognitive IoT,” facilitating object and data re-use across application domains and leveraging hyper-connectivity, interoperability solutions and semantically enriched information distribution.The Architectural Reference Model (ARM), presented in this book by the members of the IoT-A project team driving this harmonization effort, makes it possible to connect vertically closed systems, architectures and application areas so as to create open interoperable systems and integrated environments and platforms. It constitutes a foundation from which software companies can capitalize on the benefits of developing consumer-oriented platforms including hardware, software and services.The material is structured in two parts. Part A introduces the general concepts developed for and applied in the ARM. It is aimed at end users who want to use IoT technologies, managers interested in understanding the opportunities generated by these novel technologies, and system architects who are interested in an overview of the underlying basic models. It also includes several case studies to illustrate how the ARM has been used in real-life scenarios. Part B then addresses the topic at a more detailed technical level and is targeted at readers with a more scientific or technical background. It provides in-depth guidance on the ARM, including a detailed description of a process for generating concrete architectures, as well as reference manuals with guidelines on how to use the various models and perspectives presented to create a concrete architecture. Furthermore, best practices and tips on how system engineers can use the ARM to develop specific IoT architectures for dedicated IoT solutions are illustrated and exemplified in reverse mapping exercises of existing standards and platforms.

Solution Models based on Symmetric and Asymmetric Information

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210060 / 9783039210077 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-007-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This Special Issue covers symmetry and asymmetry phenomena occurring in real-life problems. We invited authors to submit their theoretical or experimental research presenting engineering and economic problem solution models dealing with the symmetry or asymmetry of different types of information. The issue gained interest in the research community and received many submissions. After rigorous scientific evaluation by editors and reviewers, nine papers were accepted and published. The authors proposed different MADM and MODM solution models as integrated tools to find a balance between the components of sustainable global development, to find a symmetry axis concerning goals, risks, and constraints to cope with the complicated problems. Most approaches suggested decision models under uncertainty, combining the usual decision-making methods with interval-valued fuzzy or rough sets theory, also Z numbers. The application fields of the proposed models involved both problems of technological sciences and social sciences. The papers cover three essential areas: engineering, economy, and management. We hope that a summary of the Special Issue as provided here will encourage a detailed analysis of the papers included in the Printed Edition.

Keywords

multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) --- group decision-making --- interval type-2 fuzzy set (IT2FS) --- subjective weights --- criteria weights --- Step-wise Weight Assessment Ratio Analysis (SWARA) --- multiple attribute decision making (MADM) --- neutrosophic numbers --- 2-tuple linguistic neutrosophic numbers set (2TLNNSs) --- Bonferroni mean (BM) operator --- generalized Bonferroni mean (GBM) operator --- dual generalized Bonferroni mean (DGBM) operator --- dual generalized geometric Bonferroni mean (DGGBM) operator --- green supplier selection --- green supply chain management --- Pythagorean fuzzy set --- normal cloud --- MCGDM --- backward cloud transformation --- MCDM --- the criteria of the weights --- Bayes’ theorem --- combining the weights --- symmetry of the method --- IDOCRIW --- FAHP --- evaluating the quality of distant courses --- optimal dividend --- capital injection --- salvage value --- transaction cost --- excess-of-loss reinsurance --- thrust --- data logger --- sensor --- quadcopter --- measurement --- control system --- stability --- data envelopment analysis --- Z-numbers --- full fuzzy environment --- fuzzy efficiency --- rough ARAS --- transport --- performance --- logistics --- MCDM --- probabilistic systems analysis --- nonlinear dynamics --- public management --- pattern formation --- resources distribution --- population sizes --- information theory --- oscillations --- hybrid problem solution models --- multiple-criteria decision-making (MCDM) --- hybrid MCDM --- criteria weight assessment --- fuzzy sets --- rough sets --- Z-numbers --- neutrosophic numbers --- Bonferroni mean (BM) operator --- engineering problems --- economic decisions

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