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Remote Sensing of Evapotranspiration (ET)

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ISBN: 9783039216024 / 9783039216031 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-603-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Evapotranspiration (ET) is a critical component of the water and energy balances, and the number of remote sensing-based ET products and estimation methods has increased in recent years. Various aspects of remote sensing of ET are reported in the 11 papers published in this book. The major research areas covered by this book include inter-comparison and performance evaluation of widely used one- and two-source energy balance models, a new dual-source model (Soil Plant Atmosphere and Remote Sensing Evapotranspiration, SPARSE), and a process-based model (ETMonitor); assessment of multi-source (e.g., remote sensing, reanalysis, and land surface model) ET products; development or improvement of data fusion frameworks to predict continuous daily ET at a high spatial resolution (field-scale or 30 m) by fusing the advanced spaceborne thermal emission reflectance radiometer (ASTER), the moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS), and Landsat data; and investigating uncertainties in ET estimates using an ET ensemble composed of several land surface models and diagnostic datasets. The effects of the differences between ET products on water resources and ecosystem management were also investigated. More accurate ET estimates and improved understanding of remotely sensed ET products are crucial for maximizing crop productivity while minimizing water losses and management costs.

Carbonates

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ISBN: 9783038977223 Year: Pages: 146 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-723-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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This Special Issue is aimed at presenting the state of the art of the multidisciplinary science concerning all aspects of volcanic plumes, of relevance to the volcanology, climatology, atmospheric science, and remote sensing communities.

Siloxane-Based Polymers

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ISBN: 9783038971252 / 9783038971269 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-126-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book, a collection of 12 original contributions and 4 reviews, provides a selection of the most recent advances in the preparation, characterization, and applications of polymeric nanocomposites comprising nanoparticles. The concept of nanoparticle-reinforced polymers came about three decades ago, following the outstanding discovery of fullerenes and carbon nanotubes. One of the main ideas behind this approach is to improve the matrix mechanical performance. The nanoparticles exhibit higher specific surface area, surface energy, and density compared to microparticles and, hence, lower nanofiller concentrations are needed to attain properties comparable to, or even better than, those obtained by conventional microfiller loadings, which facilitates processing and minimizes the increase in composite weight. The addition of nanoparticles into different polymer matrices opens up an important research area in the field of composite materials. Moreover, many different types of inorganic nanoparticles, such as quantum dots, metal oxides, and ceramic and metallic nanoparticles, have been incorporated into polymers for their application in a wide range of fields, ranging from medicine to photovoltaics, packaging, and structural applications.

Keywords

fabrication --- multielectrode array (MEA) --- PDMS --- PDMS etching --- plateau-shaped electrode --- recessed electrode --- spinal cord signal recording --- underexposure --- organosilane --- quartz microcrystal --- encapsulant --- refractive index --- thermal conductivity --- poly(dimethylsiloxanes) --- surface modification --- nanosilica --- diethyl carbonate --- carbon content --- morphology --- coatings --- fillers --- hybrid hydrogel --- MAPOSS --- mechanical properties --- swelling --- drug release --- dental resin --- methacryl POSS --- shrinkage --- hardness --- scratch resistance --- ceramizable silicone rubber --- borate --- halloysite --- composite --- ceramizable mechanism --- polysiloxanes --- mortar --- basalt fibre --- roughness --- surface free energy --- poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) --- hydrophilic --- non-releasable --- polydimethylsiloxane --- coatings --- cross-linking --- surface --- amphiphilic --- anti-bioadhesion --- hyperbranched poly(methylhydrosiloxanes) --- hydrolytic polycondensation --- 29Si-NMR --- topology of polysiloxane chains --- polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes --- high molecular weight --- nanoparticles --- PDMS --- sugar templating process --- 3D porous network --- thermal stability --- TG-FTIR --- X-ray (Micro-CT) microtomography --- sol-gel --- hybrids --- chlorogenic acid --- bioactivity --- FTIR --- TG --- polysiloxanes --- theranostics --- drug delivery --- nanomedicine --- PDMS --- silicon --- ultraviolet (UV) curable coatings --- low surface energy materials --- fluorinated siloxane resin

Solar Radiation, Modelling and Remote Sensing

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ISBN: 9783039210046 / 9783039210053 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-005-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Accurate solar radiation knowledge and its characterization on the Earth’s surface are of high interest in many aspects of environmental and engineering sciences. Modeling of solar irradiance from satellite imagery has become the most widely used method for retrieving solar irradiance information under total sky conditions, particularly in the solar energy community. Solar radiation modeling, forecasting, and characterization continue to be broad areas of study, research, and development in the scientific community. This Special Issue contains a small sample of the current activities in this field. Both the environmental and climatology community, as the solar energy world, share a great interest in improving modeling tools and capabilities for obtaining more reliable and accurate knowledge of solar irradiance components worldwide. The work presented in this Special Issue also remarks on the significant role that remote sensing technologies play in retrieving and forecasting solar radiation information.

Keywords

Himawari-8/Advanced Meteorological Imager (Himawari-8/AHI) --- Geostationary Korea Multi-Purse Satellite/Advanced Meteorological Imager (GK-2A/AMI) --- broadband albedo at the top of the atmosphere (TOA albedo) --- reflected shortwave radiation at the top of the atmosphere (RSR) --- Clouds and the Earth Radiant Energy System (CERES) --- surface solar radiation --- remote sensing --- validation --- India --- solar radiation trends --- Solis scheme --- clear sky --- radiation model --- radiative transfer --- high turbidity --- water vapor --- solar radiation --- understory light condition --- forest canopy --- subcanopy light regime --- PAR --- shortwave radiation --- light attenuation --- remote sensing --- solar irradiance --- nowcasting --- AMESIS --- MSG --- SEVIRI --- radiance --- brightness temperature --- motion vector field --- photosynthetically active radiation --- global horizontal irradiance --- clustering analysis --- Kato bands --- solar irradiance --- MSG --- SEVIRI --- HRV --- AMESIS --- solar radiation --- global horizontal irradiance --- satellite-derived dataset --- validation --- solar energy --- aerosol impact --- earth observation --- clear sky index --- solar irradiance --- downward shortwave radiation --- global horizontal irradiance --- solar variability --- cloud categories --- GOES satellites --- evapotranspiration --- insolation --- surface energy balance --- data fusion --- water resource management --- California Delta --- solar radiation --- radiative transfer --- solar energy systems --- solar radiation forecasting

Surface Modification to Improve Properties of Materials

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ISBN: 9783038977964 9783038977971 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-797-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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This book contains selected contributions on surface modification to improve the properties of solid materials. The surface properties are tailored either by functionalization, etching, or deposition of a thin coating. Functionalization is achieved by a brief treatment with non-equilibrium gaseous plasma containing suitable radicals that interact chemically with the material surface and thus enable the formation of rather stable functional groups. Etching is performed in order to modify the surface morphology. The etching parameters are selected in such a way that a rich morphology of the surfaces is achieved spontaneously on the sub-micrometer scale, without using masks. The combination of adequate surface morphology and functionalization of materials leads to superior surface properties which are particularly beneficial for the desired response upon incubation with biological matter. Alternatively, the materials are coated with a suitable thin film that is useful in various applications from food to aerospace industries.

Keywords

sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) plasma --- tetrafluoromethane (CF4) plasma --- polymer polyethylene terephthalate (PET) --- surface modification --- functionalization and wettability --- optical emission spectroscopy (OES) --- electronegativity --- PVD nanocomposite coatings --- aluminum die casting --- tool life --- tribological performance --- plasma surface modification --- polymer polypropylene --- neutral oxygen atom density --- initial surface functionalization --- food packaging --- wettability --- tantalum --- hardness --- gradient nanostructured layer --- grain size --- residual stress --- dry wear behavior --- surface texture --- surface treatment --- Ti6Al4V alloy --- tribology --- biology --- materials characterization --- shot-peening --- image processing --- TIG welding --- aluminum 6061-T6 --- special surfaces --- wettability --- superhydrophobic --- cell cultures --- anti-bio adhesion --- self-cleaning fabrics --- polyethylene granules --- low-pressure MW air plasma --- optical emission spectroscopy --- XPS --- laser cobalt catalytic probe --- Alloy 718 --- surface hardness --- surface residual stress --- grain size --- fretting failure --- corrosion --- antimicrobial film --- nisin --- physical properties --- plasma treatment polyvinyl alcohol --- surface characterization --- microhole-textured tool --- CaF2 --- micro-EDM --- tribological properties --- egg shell --- stearic acid --- modification --- particle characterization --- epoxy composites --- dynamic mechanical analysis --- adhesion effectiveness --- Poly(tetrafluoroethylene) --- Teflon --- plasma treatment --- zeta potential --- surface energy --- contact angle measurement --- lectin --- bovine serum albumin --- adsorption --- cellulose thin film --- polystyrene --- gold --- surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy --- silver nanoparticles --- laser ablation in liquids --- laser synthesis of colloidal nanoparticles solution --- nanoparticle-impregnated paper --- antimicrobial activity --- fiber fines --- sheet forming --- vacuum filtration --- pulse power --- electrical stimulation --- electric field --- mushroom --- L. edodes --- Lyophyllum deeastes Sing --- surface modification --- porous silicon --- silicon surface --- carbonization --- oxidation --- aluminum --- alloy --- duralumin --- etching --- surface texture --- porous-like --- adhesive bonding --- superhydrophobic --- porous silicon --- visible light assisted organosilanization --- solid state NMR --- XPS --- ToF-SIMS --- atmospheric pressure plasma jets --- plasma polymerization --- superhydrophobicity --- wetting --- biomaterial --- polymer --- plasma --- functionalization --- surface properties --- thrombosis --- hemocompatibility --- endothealization --- vascular graft --- biocompatibility --- endothelial cells --- surface properties --- nanostructuring --- functionalization --- grafting

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210121 / 9783039210138 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-013-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Construction materials are the most widely used materials for civil infrastructure in our daily lives. However, from an environmental point of view, they consume a huge amount of natural resources and generate the majority of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, many new and novel technologies for designing environmentally friendly construction materials have been developed recently. This Special Issue, “Environment-Friendly Construction Materials”, has been proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of construction materials. It covers a wide range of selected topics on construction materials.

Keywords

Ca-alginate microcapsules --- microfluidic --- self-healing --- bitumen --- mineral-asphalt mixtures --- aggregate from sanitary ceramic wastes --- environmentally friendly construction materials --- diatomite --- styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) modified bitumen --- diatomite-modified asphalt mixture --- road engineering --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- asphalt mixture --- plateau value of permanent deformation ratio --- damage evolution --- fatigue equation --- ultraviolet radiation --- bitumen --- aging depth --- transmittance --- permeation --- expanded graphite --- polyethylene glycol --- phase change materials --- titanate coupling agent --- molecular bridge --- building envelopes --- thermal property --- building energy conservation --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- recycling --- epoxidized soybean oil --- rejuvenator --- diffusing --- asphalt pavement --- fatigue property --- pavement failure --- long-term field service --- asphalt mixture --- microwave heating --- induction heating --- effective heating depth --- induced healing --- initial self-healing temperature --- asphalt mastic --- flow behavior index --- steel slag --- limestone --- aggregate morphology --- aggregate image measurement system --- micro-surfacing --- skid-resistance --- surface texture --- asphalt --- water solute exposure --- aqueous solute compositions --- chemical evolutions --- rheological properties --- polyacrylic acid --- fluidity --- rheology --- adsorption --- combination --- cement emulsified asphalt mixture --- fatigue performance --- thickness combinations --- X-ray computed tomography --- artificial neural network --- crumb rubber --- high-strength concrete --- damping --- dynamic moduli --- railway application --- recycled material --- recycling --- sanitary ceramics --- concrete --- recycling aggregate --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- response surface methodology --- design optimization --- fluorescence spectrum --- bitumen --- ageing --- parametrization --- “blue-shift” --- asphalt --- asphalt mortar --- healing agents --- crack healing --- healing model --- ultra-thin wearing course --- self-healing --- induction heating --- steel fiber --- steel slag --- rankinite --- carbonation --- waste concrete --- CO2 --- aged bitumen --- rejuvenator --- solubilizer --- colloidal structure --- micro-morphology --- granite aggregate --- desulphurization gypsum residues --- rubber modified asphalt --- asphalt mixture --- pavement performance --- limestone aggregates --- emulsified asphalt --- demulsification speed --- surface energy --- specific surface area --- artificially aged asphalt mixture --- rejuvenator --- durability --- dynamic characteristics --- overlay tester --- energy-based approach --- dissipated strain energy --- plateau value of dissipated strain energy ratio --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- amorphous silica --- crystallization sensitivity --- water-leaching pretreatment --- rice husk ash --- cement --- crumb rubber --- anti-rutting agent --- flexibility --- field evaluation --- asphalt mixes --- aggregate characteristics --- simplex lattice design --- viscoelastic properties --- asphalt combustion --- flame retardant --- aluminum hydroxide --- layered double hydroxide --- asphalt mixture --- viscoelastic properties --- creep --- relaxation --- aggregates --- morphology --- crumb rubber powder --- SBS/CRP-modified bitumen --- aging processes --- temperature sensitivity characteristics --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- asphalt mixture --- low-temperature --- damage constitutive model --- graphene --- nitrogen and phosphorus removal --- MDA --- SOD --- sequencing batch Chlorella reactor --- SEM --- thermal–mechanical properties --- bio-oil --- regeneration --- aged asphalt --- molecular dynamic simulation --- viscoelasticity --- nanomaterial --- hydrophobic nanosilica --- hydrophilic nanosilica --- laboratory evaluation --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- compound modify --- asphalt mixture --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- freeze-thaw cycle --- damage characteristics --- high-modulus asphalt mixture (HMAM) --- dynamic tests --- viscoelasticity --- dynamic responses --- resistance to deformations --- tensile strains --- tensile stresses --- sensitivity analysis --- hot mix asphalt containing recycled concrete aggregate --- contact angle --- adhesion energy --- water stability --- fatigue performance --- self-compacting concrete (SCC) --- rheology --- workability --- pozzolanic reaction --- microstructure --- Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) --- long-term drying shrinkage --- hydration characteristic --- porous pumice --- optimization --- engineered cementitious composites (ECC) --- polyvinyl alcohol --- fiber modification --- mechanical behavior --- self-healing --- asphalt --- rejuvenation --- calcium alginate capsules --- asphalt-aggregate adhesion --- plant ash lixivium --- stripping test --- contact angle --- interfacial transition zone --- SBS-modified bitumen --- rejuvenating systems --- physical properties --- viscous-elastic temperature --- rutting factor --- vibration noise consumption --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- mastic --- rheological properties --- emulsified asphalt --- cement --- construction materials --- fatigue life --- ageing resistance --- modified asphalt materials --- rejuvenator --- self-healing asphalt --- recycling --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- ultra-high performance concrete

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210145 / 9783039210152 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-015-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

Construction materials are the most widely used materials for civil infrastructure in our daily lives. However, from an environmental point of view, they consume a huge amount of natural resources and generate the majority of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, many new and novel technologies for designing environmentally friendly construction materials have been developed recently. This Special Issue, “Environment-Friendly Construction Materials”, has been proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of construction materials. It covers a wide range of selected topics on construction materials.

Keywords

Ca-alginate microcapsules --- microfluidic --- self-healing --- bitumen --- mineral-asphalt mixtures --- aggregate from sanitary ceramic wastes --- environmentally friendly construction materials --- diatomite --- styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) modified bitumen --- diatomite-modified asphalt mixture --- road engineering --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- asphalt mixture --- plateau value of permanent deformation ratio --- damage evolution --- fatigue equation --- ultraviolet radiation --- bitumen --- aging depth --- transmittance --- permeation --- expanded graphite --- polyethylene glycol --- phase change materials --- titanate coupling agent --- molecular bridge --- building envelopes --- thermal property --- building energy conservation --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- recycling --- epoxidized soybean oil --- rejuvenator --- diffusing --- asphalt pavement --- fatigue property --- pavement failure --- long-term field service --- asphalt mixture --- microwave heating --- induction heating --- effective heating depth --- induced healing --- initial self-healing temperature --- asphalt mastic --- flow behavior index --- steel slag --- limestone --- aggregate morphology --- aggregate image measurement system --- micro-surfacing --- skid-resistance --- surface texture --- asphalt --- water solute exposure --- aqueous solute compositions --- chemical evolutions --- rheological properties --- polyacrylic acid --- fluidity --- rheology --- adsorption --- combination --- cement emulsified asphalt mixture --- fatigue performance --- thickness combinations --- X-ray computed tomography --- artificial neural network --- crumb rubber --- high-strength concrete --- damping --- dynamic moduli --- railway application --- recycled material --- recycling --- sanitary ceramics --- concrete --- recycling aggregate --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- response surface methodology --- design optimization --- fluorescence spectrum --- bitumen --- ageing --- parametrization --- “blue-shift” --- asphalt --- asphalt mortar --- healing agents --- crack healing --- healing model --- ultra-thin wearing course --- self-healing --- induction heating --- steel fiber --- steel slag --- rankinite --- carbonation --- waste concrete --- CO2 --- aged bitumen --- rejuvenator --- solubilizer --- colloidal structure --- micro-morphology --- granite aggregate --- desulphurization gypsum residues --- rubber modified asphalt --- asphalt mixture --- pavement performance --- limestone aggregates --- emulsified asphalt --- demulsification speed --- surface energy --- specific surface area --- artificially aged asphalt mixture --- rejuvenator --- durability --- dynamic characteristics --- overlay tester --- energy-based approach --- dissipated strain energy --- plateau value of dissipated strain energy ratio --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- amorphous silica --- crystallization sensitivity --- water-leaching pretreatment --- rice husk ash --- cement --- crumb rubber --- anti-rutting agent --- flexibility --- field evaluation --- asphalt mixes --- aggregate characteristics --- simplex lattice design --- viscoelastic properties --- asphalt combustion --- flame retardant --- aluminum hydroxide --- layered double hydroxide --- asphalt mixture --- viscoelastic properties --- creep --- relaxation --- aggregates --- morphology --- crumb rubber powder --- SBS/CRP-modified bitumen --- aging processes --- temperature sensitivity characteristics --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- asphalt mixture --- low-temperature --- damage constitutive model --- graphene --- nitrogen and phosphorus removal --- MDA --- SOD --- sequencing batch Chlorella reactor --- SEM --- thermal–mechanical properties --- bio-oil --- regeneration --- aged asphalt --- molecular dynamic simulation --- viscoelasticity --- nanomaterial --- hydrophobic nanosilica --- hydrophilic nanosilica --- laboratory evaluation --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- compound modify --- asphalt mixture --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- freeze-thaw cycle --- damage characteristics --- high-modulus asphalt mixture (HMAM) --- dynamic tests --- viscoelasticity --- dynamic responses --- resistance to deformations --- tensile strains --- tensile stresses --- sensitivity analysis --- hot mix asphalt containing recycled concrete aggregate --- contact angle --- adhesion energy --- water stability --- fatigue performance --- self-compacting concrete (SCC) --- rheology --- workability --- pozzolanic reaction --- microstructure --- Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) --- long-term drying shrinkage --- hydration characteristic --- porous pumice --- optimization --- engineered cementitious composites (ECC) --- polyvinyl alcohol --- fiber modification --- mechanical behavior --- self-healing --- asphalt --- rejuvenation --- calcium alginate capsules --- asphalt-aggregate adhesion --- plant ash lixivium --- stripping test --- contact angle --- interfacial transition zone --- SBS-modified bitumen --- rejuvenating systems --- physical properties --- viscous-elastic temperature --- rutting factor --- vibration noise consumption --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- mastic --- rheological properties --- emulsified asphalt --- cement --- construction materials --- fatigue life --- ageing resistance --- modified asphalt materials --- rejuvenator --- self-healing asphalt --- recycling --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- ultra-high performance concrete

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210169 / 9783039210176 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-017-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

Construction materials are the most widely used materials for civil infrastructure in our daily lives. However, from an environmental point of view, they consume a huge amount of natural resources and generate the majority of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, many new and novel technologies for designing environmentally friendly construction materials have been developed recently. This Special Issue, “Environment-Friendly Construction Materials”, has been proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of construction materials. It covers a wide range of selected topics on construction materials.

Keywords

Ca-alginate microcapsules --- microfluidic --- self-healing --- bitumen --- mineral-asphalt mixtures --- aggregate from sanitary ceramic wastes --- environmentally friendly construction materials --- diatomite --- styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) modified bitumen --- diatomite-modified asphalt mixture --- road engineering --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- asphalt mixture --- plateau value of permanent deformation ratio --- damage evolution --- fatigue equation --- ultraviolet radiation --- bitumen --- aging depth --- transmittance --- permeation --- expanded graphite --- polyethylene glycol --- phase change materials --- titanate coupling agent --- molecular bridge --- building envelopes --- thermal property --- building energy conservation --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- recycling --- epoxidized soybean oil --- rejuvenator --- diffusing --- asphalt pavement --- fatigue property --- pavement failure --- long-term field service --- asphalt mixture --- microwave heating --- induction heating --- effective heating depth --- induced healing --- initial self-healing temperature --- asphalt mastic --- flow behavior index --- steel slag --- limestone --- aggregate morphology --- aggregate image measurement system --- micro-surfacing --- skid-resistance --- surface texture --- asphalt --- water solute exposure --- aqueous solute compositions --- chemical evolutions --- rheological properties --- polyacrylic acid --- fluidity --- rheology --- adsorption --- combination --- cement emulsified asphalt mixture --- fatigue performance --- thickness combinations --- X-ray computed tomography --- artificial neural network --- crumb rubber --- high-strength concrete --- damping --- dynamic moduli --- railway application --- recycled material --- recycling --- sanitary ceramics --- concrete --- recycling aggregate --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- response surface methodology --- design optimization --- fluorescence spectrum --- bitumen --- ageing --- parametrization --- “blue-shift” --- asphalt --- asphalt mortar --- healing agents --- crack healing --- healing model --- ultra-thin wearing course --- self-healing --- induction heating --- steel fiber --- steel slag --- rankinite --- carbonation --- waste concrete --- CO2 --- aged bitumen --- rejuvenator --- solubilizer --- colloidal structure --- micro-morphology --- granite aggregate --- desulphurization gypsum residues --- rubber modified asphalt --- asphalt mixture --- pavement performance --- limestone aggregates --- emulsified asphalt --- demulsification speed --- surface energy --- specific surface area --- artificially aged asphalt mixture --- rejuvenator --- durability --- dynamic characteristics --- overlay tester --- energy-based approach --- dissipated strain energy --- plateau value of dissipated strain energy ratio --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- amorphous silica --- crystallization sensitivity --- water-leaching pretreatment --- rice husk ash --- cement --- crumb rubber --- anti-rutting agent --- flexibility --- field evaluation --- asphalt mixes --- aggregate characteristics --- simplex lattice design --- viscoelastic properties --- asphalt combustion --- flame retardant --- aluminum hydroxide --- layered double hydroxide --- asphalt mixture --- viscoelastic properties --- creep --- relaxation --- aggregates --- morphology --- crumb rubber powder --- SBS/CRP-modified bitumen --- aging processes --- temperature sensitivity characteristics --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- asphalt mixture --- low-temperature --- damage constitutive model --- graphene --- nitrogen and phosphorus removal --- MDA --- SOD --- sequencing batch Chlorella reactor --- SEM --- thermal–mechanical properties --- bio-oil --- regeneration --- aged asphalt --- molecular dynamic simulation --- viscoelasticity --- nanomaterial --- hydrophobic nanosilica --- hydrophilic nanosilica --- laboratory evaluation --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- compound modify --- asphalt mixture --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- freeze-thaw cycle --- damage characteristics --- high-modulus asphalt mixture (HMAM) --- dynamic tests --- viscoelasticity --- dynamic responses --- resistance to deformations --- tensile strains --- tensile stresses --- sensitivity analysis --- hot mix asphalt containing recycled concrete aggregate --- contact angle --- adhesion energy --- water stability --- fatigue performance --- self-compacting concrete (SCC) --- rheology --- workability --- pozzolanic reaction --- microstructure --- Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) --- long-term drying shrinkage --- hydration characteristic --- porous pumice --- optimization --- engineered cementitious composites (ECC) --- polyvinyl alcohol --- fiber modification --- mechanical behavior --- self-healing --- asphalt --- rejuvenation --- calcium alginate capsules --- asphalt-aggregate adhesion --- plant ash lixivium --- stripping test --- contact angle --- interfacial transition zone --- SBS-modified bitumen --- rejuvenating systems --- physical properties --- viscous-elastic temperature --- rutting factor --- vibration noise consumption --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- mastic --- rheological properties --- emulsified asphalt --- cement --- construction materials --- fatigue life --- ageing resistance --- modified asphalt materials --- rejuvenator --- self-healing asphalt --- recycling --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- ultra-high performance concrete

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