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Advances in Prevention of Foodborne Pathogens of Public Health Concern during Manufacturing

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ISBN: 9783039219322 9783039219339 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-933-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Abstract

According to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), achieving safe and healthier foods was one of the top ten achievements of public health in the 20th century. However, considerable persisting challenges currently exist in developed nations and developing economies for further assuring the safety and security of the food supplies. According to CDC estimates, as many as 3000 American adults, as an example, and based on a recent epidemiological estimate of the World Health Organization, around 420,000 individuals around the globe, lose their lives annually due to foodborne diseases. This emphasizes the need for innovative and emerging interventions, for further prevention or mitigation of the risk of foodborne microbial pathogens during food processing and manufacturing. The current publication discusses recent advancements and progress in the elimination and decontamination of microbial pathogens during various stages of manufacturing and production. Special emphasis is placed on hurdle validation studies, investigating decontamination of non-typhoidal Salmonella enterica serovars, various serogroups of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli, public health-significant serotypes of Listeria monocytogenes, and pathogenic species of Cronobacter.

Carotenoids

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ISBN: 9783039218646 9783039218653 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-865-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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Carotenoids are a group of natural pigments, consisting of more than 750 compounds. They are mostly yellow, orange, or red in color, due to the system of conjugated double bonds. This structural element is also responsible for the good antioxidant properties of many carotenoids. Carotenoids have shown numerous biological activities (not only as provitamin A), e.g., preventive properties of fruits and vegetables. As lipophilic compounds, their uptake and storage in the body are dependent on various conditions. In vitro and in vivo data showed stimulating and inhibitory effects of matrix compounds on bioaccessibility and bioavailability of carotenoids.

Keywords

?-carotene --- lycopene --- antioxidants --- free radicals --- ageing --- fruit --- vegetables --- ?-carotene --- HIV --- nelfinavir --- interaction --- pharmacokinetics --- carotenoids --- astaxanthin --- oxidative stress --- antioxidant --- chelating compound --- metal ions --- antireductant --- antiradical --- cationic lipid --- carotenoid --- antisense oligonucleotide --- exon skipping --- Duchenne muscular dystrophy --- ?-carotene --- lutein --- chlorophyll --- spent coffee grounds --- soil amendment --- lettuce --- accelerated solvent extraction --- pressurized fluid extraction --- ethanol --- carrots --- ?-carotene --- antioxidants --- marine carotenoids --- inflammation --- oxidative stress --- cardiovascular disease --- flavonoids --- carotenoids --- antioxidant synergism --- antioxidant antagonism --- free radical kinetics --- dye-sensitized solar cells --- carotenoid and chlorophyll derivatives --- singlet-triplet annihilation --- carotenoids --- xanthophylls --- fluorocarotenoids --- chlorocarotenoids --- bromocarotenoids --- iodocarotenoids --- silicon carotenoids --- nitrogen carotenoids --- sulfur carotenoids --- selenium carotenoids --- iron carotenoids --- carotenoids --- xanthophylls --- cancer chemoprevention --- mechanisms --- B16F10 --- ?-carotene --- PC-3 --- SK-Hep-1 --- VEGF --- oxidative stress --- ROS --- RNS --- antioxidants --- carotenoids --- cardiovascular disease --- carotenoids --- hydrophilic --- esterification --- PEG conjugates --- cycloaddition --- carotenoid --- stability --- feed processing --- storage --- carotenoids --- extraction --- solubility --- injection solvent --- liquid chromatography

Element-Doped Functional Carbon-based Materials

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ISBN: 9783039282241 9783039282258 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-225-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Carbon materials are one of the most fascinating materials because of their unique properties and potential use in several applications. They can be obtained from residues or by using advanced synthesis technologies like chemical vapor deposition. The carbon family is very broad, ranging from classical activated carbons to more advanced species such as carbon nanotubes and graphene. The surface chemistry is one of the most interesting aspects of this broad family of materials, which allows the incorporation of different types of chemical functionalities or heteroatoms on the carbon surface, such as O, N, B, S, or P, which can modify the acid–base character, hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity, or the electronic properties of these materials and, thus, determine the final application. This book represents a collection of original research articles and communications focused on the synthesis, properties, and applications of heteroatom-doped functional carbon materials.

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