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The international politics of the Middle East

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ISBN: 9780719053450 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The international politics of the Middle East fills a major gap in the field of middle eastern political studies by combining international relations theory with concrete case studies. It will be of immense benefit to students of middle eastern politics, international relations and comparative politics. The book begins with an overview of the rules and features of the middle east regional system - the arena in which the local states, including Egypt, Turkey, Israrel and Arab states od Syria, Jordan and Iraq, operate. It goes on to analyse foreign policy-making in key states, illustrating how systematic determinants contrain this policy-making, and how these contraints are dealt with in distinctive ways depending on particular domsetic features of the individual states. Finally, the book goes on to look at the outcomes of state policies by examining several major conflicts including the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Gulf War, and the system of regional alignment. The book assesses the impact of international pentrartion in the region, including the hsitorica reasons behind the formation of the regional state system. It also analyses the continued role of the external great powers, such as the United States and the former Soviet Union and explains the process by which the region has besome incorporated into the global capitalist market.

Keywords

diplomacy --- politics --- syria --- arab

Unheil durch Dämonen?

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ISBN: 9783205784852 Year: Pages: 218 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437183 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4098
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:21
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Narratives about people haunted by demons have a long tradition in the Middle East. The Koranaddresses the existence of demons, although their overall significance in it is limited. In contrast,dangerous demons and accompanying phenomena, such as the evil eye and witchcraft, play a vital rolein concepts of folk religion. Particularly in peripheral and rural areas of the present-day Syrian ArabRepublic, many people have stories to tell about their own encounters with such supernatural beings.In my research, I have collected such narratives, orally transmitted over time, and I have reconstructedsubsequent discourses. More specifically, I have pursued the two following questions: In which spatialand temporal spheres do demons appear? And: Which human behaviours are likely to cause dangerousdemons to appear?My analysis firstly replicated and extended structural approaches which presume demons and othermetaphysical entities in spatial and temporal border zones.Secondly, evidence was collected to demonstrate that demons appear primarily when humans are facedwith uncertainties - regarding ethical-moral decisions, regarding the realm of sexuality, or theconstruction of individual and collective identities.Narratives about encounters with demons inevitably lead to discourses about important issues of greaturgency. In theory they can be described as conflict-laden topics regarding ethics and morals, sexuality,social change, and identity. However, the topics of these discourses are not abstract theories claiminguniversal validity. Quite the contrary: On the basis of concrete events in concrete contexts, concreteoptions for a virtuous and good life are discussed.These concretizations, in the narratives as well as in the discourses, form an effective strategy increating security in a world full of uncertainties. The folk religious concepts regarding the demons’influence therefore provide an opportunity to cope with negative experiences of contingency.Moreover, particular relevance of the local-cultural beliefs in demons lies in dealing with valueconflicts. Focusing on situations of daily life, such local-cultural concepts appear to be valid even whencontrasted with other, concurring models of reality. Viewed in this light, they are essential, practical,and useful for the people in the Syrian periphery - at least today, and perhaps also tomorrow.

The Crime of Writing

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ISBN: 9782351597101 9782351598023 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 12:11:13
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Cette étude nous livre une occasion unique de brosser un portrait fort complexe de la société syrienne contemporaine telle qu’elle transparaît à travers les archives criminelles d’avant la guerre civile de 2011. L’auteur a pu avoir accès à de nombreux dossiers d’Alep et d’Idlib, en plus d’entretiens extensifs avec des avocats, des juges et d’autres experts, et avec des détenus accusés de crimes contre la société ; l’auteur rend compte ici avec acuité des années des deux régimes de Ḥāfiẓ et Ba...

Palmyras Reichtum durch weltweiten Handel. Achäologische Untersuchungen im Bereich der hellenistischen Stadt

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783902868633 Year: Pages: 270 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 59
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:31
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Final publication of an international excavation project in Palmyra/Syria. Publicaation of the architectural features of an hellenistic-roman caravan building: architecture, wall paintings, stucco decorations, restauration reports, material analyses.

The Clarion of Syria

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ISBN: 9780520971158 9780520299436 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.67 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:04
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When “The Clarion of Syria” was penned, between September 1860 and April 1861, its anonymous author—identified only as “a patriot”—had just witnessed his homeland undergo unprecedented violence in what many today consider Lebanon’s first civil war. Butrus al-Bustani, the author, wrote a series of pamphlets to his fellow Syrians that became a key text of the nineteenth-century literary revival movement known as the Nahda. They addressed an array of universally resonant and locally relevant themes that render the pamphlets pertinent beyond their immediate context. With a style oscillating between Paulinian sermon and Socratic dialogue, the author ponders the meaning of civil war in relation to religion, politics, morality, society, and civilization. Above all, the text was an anti-sectarian clarion call to build a cohesive and “civilized” Syrian society in place of what the author considered a community gripped by the most pernicious of conflicts, violent fanaticism and factionalism. Rereading the pamphlets in the context of today’s political violence in war-torn Syria and elsewhere in the Arab world helps us gain a critical and historical perspective on (anti-)sectarianism, conflict resolution, Western interventionism, and national reconciliation. This translation thereby makes an important historical document accessible for the first time to an English audience.

Palmyras Reichtum durch weltweiten Handel. Achäologische Untersuchungen im Bereich der hellenistischen Stadt

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783902868640 Year: Pages: 314 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 60
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:27
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Final publication of an international excavation project in Palmyra/Syria. Publicaation of so called small finds of an hellenistic-roman caravan building: pottery (incl. natural science analyses), amphorae, lamps, glass. metal, coins, animal bones.

A Theory of ISIS

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ISBN: 9780745399119 9781786801692 9781786801708 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100922
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria has been the subject of intense scrutiny in the West. Considered by many to be the most dangerous terrorist organisation in the world, it has become shrouded in numerous myths and narratives, many emanating from the US, which often fail to grasp its true nature.Against these narratives, Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou presents a bold new theory of ISIS. By tracing its genealogy and documenting its evolution in Iraq and Syria, he argues that ISIS has transcended Osama Bin Laden’s original project of Al Qaeda, mutating into an unprecedented hybrid form that distils postcolonial violence, postmodernity and the emerging post-globalisation international order.This book analyses ISIS from a social sciences perspective and unpacks its dynamics by looking beyond superficial questions such as its terrorist nature and religious rhetoric. It transforms our understanding of ISIS and its profound impact on the very nature of contemporary political violence.

Die Mission des American Board in Syrien im 19. Jahrhundert

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783515113786 Year: Pages: 317 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_615739 Language: German
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 332
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 11:01:16
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The focus of this study is the “Syria Mission”, directed by the Protestant missionary society American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) from 1819 to 1870 in the Ottoman province of Syria, operating mainly within the territory of present-day Lebanon. The analysis of the cultural transfer between the Ottoman Empire and the United States of America undertaken in this study focuses on four relevant protagonists, whose contributions have not yet been sufficiently explored in missiological studies: The missionaries Eli Smith and Cornelius Van Dyck as well as the Syrian Protestants Butrus al-Bustani and John Wortabet. As a result, the Syria Mission of the ABCFM demonstrates how two different cultures met in a so called contact zone in the mission field and how these dialogue partners, despite many conflicts and disagreements, succeeded in contributing towards a fruitful dialogue.

The Mission of the American Board in Syria

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783515115995 Year: Pages: 300 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_624639 Language: English
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 332
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:29
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The focus of this study is the “Syria Mission”, directed by the Protestant missionary society American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) from 1819 to 1870 in the Ottoman province of Syria, operating mainly within the territory of present-day Lebanon. The analysis of the cultural transfer between the Ottoman Empire and the United States of America undertaken in this study focuses on four relevant protagonists, whose contributions have not yet been sufficiently explored in missiological studies: The missionaries Eli Smith and Cornelius Van Dyck as well as the Syrian Protestants Butrus al-Bustani and John Wortabet. As a result, the Syria Mission of the ABCFM demonstrates how two different cultures met in a so called contact zone in the mission field and how these dialogue partners, despite many conflicts and disagreements, succeeded in contributing towards a fruitful dialogue.

Central Places and Un-Central Landscapes. Political Economies and Natural Resources in the Longue Durée

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038976783 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-679-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Modern developments of Fourier analysis during the 20th century have explored generalizations of Fourier and Fourier–Plancherel formula for non-commutative harmonic analysis, applied to locally-compact, non-Abelian groups. In parallel, the theory of coherent states and wavelets has been generalized over Lie groups. One should add the developments, over the last 30 years, of the applications of harmonic analysis to the description of the fascinating world of aperiodic structures in condensed matter physics. The notions of model sets, introduced by Y. Meyer, and of almost periodic functions, have revealed themselves to be extremely fruitful in this domain of natural sciences.

Keywords

Cyprus --- Bronze Age --- site location --- resource procurement --- metals trade --- political economy --- connectivity --- central places --- central flow theory --- nodal points --- central place --- social networks --- landscape archaeology --- settlement location --- interaction --- hunting --- eschatia --- bird hunting --- landscape archaeology --- Populonia --- settlement organization --- supply basin --- central place --- hilltop fortresses --- liminal landscape --- connectivity --- viewshed analysis --- sacred areas --- South-Eastern Provence --- Marseille --- Arles --- centrality --- gateways --- ancient port cities --- trading mechanisms --- political economy --- Cyprus --- Bronze Age --- water --- materiality --- new materialisms --- entanglements --- assemblages --- networks --- central place theory --- Byzantine bath-houses --- medieval Crete --- Byzantine settlements of eastern Crete --- urban culture of Byzantium --- church architecture --- Secular Byzantine architecture --- Byzantine Mochlos --- Timacum Minus --- Moesia Superior --- central place theory --- centrality --- Roman urbanism --- settlement status --- Roman mining --- Cypriot archaeology --- Mediterranean archaeology --- landscape archaeology --- central places --- sacred space --- political power --- economy --- religion --- ideology --- ancient sanctuaries --- byzantine and medieval Peloponnese --- byzantine and medieval port towns --- central place theory --- networks --- economy --- trade links --- Cyprus --- Roman archaeology --- Roman imperialism --- island and coastal archaeology --- identity --- urbanism --- central place theory --- connectivity --- maritime cultural landscapes --- Cyprus --- landscape archaeology --- surface survey --- river valley --- settlement organisation --- aridity --- marginality --- landscape archaeology --- Marmarica (NW-Egypt) --- Hauran (Syria/Jordan) --- Graeco-Roman period --- spatial scales in networks --- network relationship qualities --- interaction --- resource management

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