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International Conference on Carbon Dioxide Utilisation (ICCDU) 2016

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456291 Year: Pages: 109 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-629-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Abstract

Carbon dioxide utilisation is a growing field of research that spans early stage laboratory chemistry through to commercial exploitation. In 2013 the CO2Chem Network (www.co2chem.com) made a successful bid to hold the 14th edition of this major conference. This was the first time it was held in the United Kingdom and attracted over 270 delegates from 32 different countries. It was a condition of presentation that all the work submitted was new and novel. We invited submissions of new work for this Research Topic and manuscripts were subjected to deep peer review. We are pleased that these papers are now being collated into an eBook. We value the range and quality of the papers submitted. These range from novel capture, integration and process through to policy, public perception and economic evaluation.CO2Chem was proud to be chosen to organise this prestigious conference. CO2Chem was founded in 2010 as one of the Engineering and Physical Sciences (EPSRC) Grand Challenge Networks. It is now in its eighth year of operation and its third round of direct funding. It continues to be a forum for discussion and collaboration nationally and globally. We have for a long time associated ourselves with ICCDU and will continue to do so in the future. We hope that the papers presented here serve as a catalyst to further research in CDU and to engagement with ICCDU.

Carbon Capture and Storage

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ISBN: 9783039213993 9783039214006 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-400-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Climate change is one of the main threats to modern society. This phenomenon is associated with an increase in greenhouse gas (GHGs, mainly carbon dioxide—CO2) emissions due to anthropogenic activities. The main causes are the burning of fossil fuels and land use change (deforestation). Climate change impacts are associated with risks to basic needs (health, food security, and clean water), as well as risks to development (jobs, economic growth, and the cost of living). The processes involving CO2 capture and storage are gaining attention in the scientific community as an alternative for decreasing CO2 emissions, reducing its concentration in ambient air. The carbon capture and storage (CCS) methodologies comprise three steps: CO2 capture, CO2 transportation, and CO2 storage. Despite the high research activity within this topic, several technological, economic, and environmental issues as well as safety problems remain to be solved, such as the following needs: increase of CO2 capture efficiency, reduction of process costs, and verification of the environmental sustainability of CO2 storage.

Optimum Choice of Energy System Configuration and Storages for a Proper Match between Energy Conversion and Demands

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ISBN: 9783039280360 9783039280377 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-037-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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This Special Issue addresses the general problem of a proper match between the demands of energy users and the units for energy conversion and storage, by means of proper design and operation of the overall energy system configuration. The focus is either on systems including single plants or groups of plants, connected or not to one or more energy distribution networks. In both cases, the optimum design and operation involve decisions about thermodynamic processes, about the type, number, design parameters of components/plants, and storage capacities, and about mutual interconnections and the interconnections with the distribution grids. The problem is absolutely general, encompassing design and operation of energy systems for single houses, groups of houses, industries, industrial districts, municipal areas, regions and countries. The presented papers show that similar approaches can be used in different applications, although a general standard has not been achieved yet.

Keywords

advanced exergy-based analysis --- superstructure-based --- superstructure-free --- mathematical programming --- flowsheet synthesis --- multi-objective optimization --- thermal power plants --- gas supply chain --- optimization --- distributed energy --- liquefied natural gas (LNG) --- compressed natural gas (CNG) --- small-scale compressed-air energy storage (SS-CAES) --- energy storage --- exergy analysis --- optimization --- Real Coded Genetic Algorithm (RCGA) --- Violation Constraint-Handling (VCH) --- oil palm --- palm oil mills --- palm oil residues --- value-added products --- supply chains optimization --- spatial analysis --- techno-economic analysis --- wave energy --- battery storage --- price estimation --- hourly distribution --- electricity production --- electricity demand --- synthesis/design optimization --- cycle configuration --- absorption technology --- absorption refrigerator --- district energy system --- optimization --- renewable energy systems --- combined heat and power --- operating cost --- uncertainty --- reliability --- sustainability --- IEEE-RTS --- uncertainties --- MONA --- energy storage --- thermo-electric --- supercritical CO2 --- solar energy --- thermal energy storage --- mixed integer linear programming --- rolling-horizon --- combined heat and power --- optimization --- energy systems --- integrated ship energy systems --- synthesis --- design and operation optimization --- intertemporal optimization --- dynamic optimization --- smart energy systems --- Mixed-Integer NonLinear/Linear Programming (MINLP/MILP) --- dynamic modelling --- design and operation optimization --- fleet of energy conversion and storage units --- smart power systems --- multi-energy systems --- optimization of energy systems design and operation

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