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A New Era? Timor-Leste after the UN

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ISBN: 9781925022506 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_578881 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-06 11:01:27
License: ANU Press

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Timor-Leste has made impressive progress since its historic achievement of independence in 2002. From the instability that blighted its early years, the fledgling democratic country has achieved strong economic growth and a gradual reinstatement of essential social services. A decade on in 2012, Presidential and Parliamentary elections produced smooth political transitions and the extended UN peacekeeping presence in the country came to an end. But significant challenges remain. This book, a product of the inaugural Timor-Leste Update held at The Australian National University in 2013 to mark the end of Timor-Leste’s first decade as a new nation, brings together a vibrant collection of papers from leading and emerging scholars and policy analysts. Collectively, the chapters provide a set of critical reflections on recent political, economic and social developments in Timor-Leste. The volume also looks to the future, highlighting a range of transitions, prospects and undoubted challenges facing the nation over the next 5–10 years. Key themes that inform the collection include nation-building in the shadow of history, trends in economic development, stability and social cohesion, and citizenship, democracy and social inclusion. The book is an indispensable guide to contemporary Timor-Leste.

Consolidação da paz e a sua sustentabilidade: as missões da ONU em Timor-Leste e a contribuição de Portugal

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Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892608891 Year: Pages: 292 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-0890-7 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-03 18:12:02
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Este volume analisa a contribuição das missões de paz das Nações Unidas para a manutenção e consolidação da paz em Timor-Leste, bem como o envolvimento mais específico de Portugal nestes processos. Os contributos deste trabalho visam explicitar a multidimensionalidade que os sucessivos mandatos das missões internacionais foram adquirindo, os contextos em que estes se desenharam, os atores envolvidos, bem como as implicações que essas alterações tiveram na forma como Portugal se foi posicionando e articulando. Tudo isto tem por objetivo perceber o contributo destas missões e do envolvimento externo mais alargado, para a consolidação da paz em Timor-Leste. A explicitação de elementos visíveis e das dinâmicas invisíveis associados aos processos de intervenção permitem perceber as relações por vezes desajustadas entre o que é assumido ao nível do planeamento e a sua implementação no terreno, sublinhando a relevância de dinâmicas locais e da sua inclusão na construção de uma paz sustentável.

The Promise of Prosperity

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ISBN: 9781760462529 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.22459/PP.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:03
License: ANU Press

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For the people of Timor-Leste, independence promised a fundamental transformation from foreign occupation to self-rule, from brutality to respect for basic rights, and from poverty to prosperity. In the eyes of the country’s political leaders, revenue from the country’s oil and gas reserves is the means by which that transformation could be effected. Over the past decade, they have formulated ambitious plans for state-led development projects and rapid economic growth. Paradoxically, these modernist visions are simultaneously informed by and contradict ideas stemming from custom, religion, accountability and responsibility to future generations. This book explores how the promise of prosperity informs policy and how policy debates shape expectations about the future in one of the world’s newest and poorest nation-states.

Networked Governance of Freedom and Tyranny

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781921862762 Year: Pages: 365 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459392 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
License: ANU Press

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This book offers a new approach to the extraordinary story of Timor-Leste. The Indonesian invasion of the former Portuguese colony in 1975 was widely considered to have permanently crushed the Timorese independence movement. Initial international condemnation of the invasion was quickly replaced by widespread acceptance of Indonesian sovereignty. But inside Timor-Leste various resistance networks maintained their struggle, against all odds. Twenty-four years later, the Timorese were allowed to choose their political future and the new country of Timor-Leste came into being in 2002. This book presents freedom in Timor-Leste as an accomplishment of networked governance, arguing that weak networks are capable of controlling strong tyrannies. Yet, as events in Timor-Leste since independence show, the nodes of networks of freedom can themselves become nodes of tyranny. The authors argue that constant renewal of liberation networks is critical for peace with justice – feminist networks for the liberation of women, preventive diplomacy networks for liberation of victims of war, village development networks, civil society networks. Constant renewal of the separation of powers is also necessary. A case is made for a different way of seeing the separation of powers as constitutive of the republican ideal of freedom as non-domination.

The book is also a critique of realism as a theory of international affairs and of the limits of reforming tyranny through the centralised agency of a state sovereign. Reversal of Indonesia’s 1975 invasion of Timor-Leste was an implausible accomplishment. Among the things that achieved it was principled engagement with Indonesia and its democracy movement by the Timor resistance. Unprincipled engagement by Australia and the United States in particular allowed the 1975 invasion to occur. The book argues that when the international community regulates tyranny responsively, with principled engagement, there is hope for a domestic politics of nonviolent transformation for freedom and justice.

John Braithwaite and Hilary Charlesworth work in the Centre for International Justice and Governance, Regulatory Institutions Network, The Australian National University.

Adérito Soares is the Anti-Corruption Commissioner for Timor-Leste.

Timor-Leste's Bill of Rights: A Preliminary History

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ISBN: 9781925022384 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_569098 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-14 11:01:32
License: ANU Press

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The Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste of 2002 contains over 40 human rights provisions in its Bill of Rights. In addition to providing an overview of the process leading up to the adoption of the Constitution, this book brings together information relating to each section of the Bill of Rights, presenting: progressive texts produced during the process of the Constituent Assembly; highlights of the arguments put forward within the Constituent Assembly concerning the draft provisions, including alternative proposals advanced; submissions made by Timorese officials, civil society and international bodies; and the results of consultation with the broader community before and during the constitutional process. It is designed to be useful in particular to judges and legal practitioners called upon to interpret the Constitution, government officials and civil society actors involved in human rights work, as well as students of history and constitutional law in Timor-Leste and internationally.

Land and Life in Timor-Leste

Authors: ---
Book Series: Monographs in Anthropology Series ISBN: 9781921862601 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459352 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
License: ANU Press

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Following the historic 1999 popular referendum, East Timor emerged as the first independent sovereign nation of the 21st Century. The years since these momentous events have seen an efflorescence of social research across the country drawn by shared interests in the aftermath of the resistance struggle, the processes of social recovery and the historic opportunity to pursue field-based ethnography following the hiatus of research during 24 years of Indonesian rule (1975-99). This volume brings together a collection of papers from a diverse field of international scholars exploring the multiple ways that East Timorese communities are making and remaking their connections to land and places of ancestral significance. The work is explicitly comparative and highlights the different ways Timorese language communities negotiate access and transactions in land, disputes and inheritance especially in areas subject to historical displacement and resettlement. Consideration is extended to the role of ritual performance and social alliance for inscribing connection and entitlement. Emerging through analysis is an appreciation of how relations to land, articulated in origin discourses, are implicated in the construction of national culture and differential contributions to the struggle for independence. The volume is informed by a range of Austronesian cultural themes and highlights the continuing vitality of customary governance and landed attachment in Timor-Leste.

Rethinking Community Policing in International Police Reform

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Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529453 9781911529446 9781911529460 9781911529477 Year: Pages: 68 DOI: 10.5334/bcb Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology --- Political Science --- Social and Public Welfare --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:10
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Community policing has often been promoted, particularly in liberal democratic societies, as the best approach to align police services with the principles of good security sector governance (SSG). The stated goal of the community policing approach is to reduce fear of crime within communities, and to overcome mutual distrust between the police and the communities they serve by promoting police citizen partnerships. This SSR Paper traces the historical origins of the concept of community policing in Victorian Great Britain and analyses the processes of transfer, implementation, and adaptation of approaches to community policing in Imperial and post-war Japan, Singapore, and Timor-Leste. The study identifies the factors that were conducive or constraining to the establishment of community policing in each case. It concludes that basic elements of police professionalism and local ownership are necessary preconditions for successfully implementing community policing according to the principles of good SSG. Moreover, external initiatives for community policing must be more closely aligned to the realities of the local context.

Keywords

Singapore --- Timor-Leste --- Governance --- Police --- reform --- Community --- policing --- Security --- sector --- reform

Development Assistance for Peacebuilding

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Book Series: International Peacekeeping ISBN: 9781138080461 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_632450 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-22 11:01:47
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Development assistance to fragile states and conflict-affected areas can be a core component of peacebuilding, providing support for the restoration of government functions, delivery of basic services, the rule of law, and economic revitalization. What has worked, why it has worked, and what is scalable and transferable are key questions for both development practice and research into how peace is built and the interactive role of domestic and international processes therein. Despite a wealth of research into these questions, significant gaps remain. This volume speaks to these gaps through new analysis of a selected set of well-regarded aid interventions. Drawing on diverse scholarly and policy expertise, eight case study chapters span multiple domains and regions to analyse Afghanistan’s National Solidarity Programme, the Yemen Social Fund for Development, public financial management reform in Sierra Leone, Finn Church Aid’s assistance in Somalia, Liberia’s gender-sensitive police reform, the judicial facilitators programme in Nicaragua, UNICEF’s education projects in Somalia, and World Bank health projects in Timor-Leste. Analysis illustrates the significance of three broad factors in understanding why some aid interventions work better than others: the area of intervention and related degree of engagement with state institutions, local contextual factors such as windows of opportunity and the degree of local support, and programme design and management.

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