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Competence Training for Pharmacy

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ISBN: 9783038424802 9783038424819 Year: Pages: VIII, 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-481-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Pharmacy and materia medica
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-11 12:24:48
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The educational system leading up to the pharmacy degree, student training, and the continuing personal development of pharmacists are being more and more mapped to the competences pharmacists require to provide the relevant safe and efficient pharmaceutical services to meet the health needs of patients. This book draws on the experience of experts involved in the develoment of competence training for pharmacy education and training in Europe, North America, and Australia. It discusses the philosophy and implications of such an approach, as well as the production and development of models, and their application to existing courses.

Keywords

Pharmacy --- Education --- Competence --- Training

Sharpening the Sword of State

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760460723 Year: DOI: 10.22459/SSS.11.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Education --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:31
License: ANU Press

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Sharpening the Sword of State explores the various ways in which 10 jurisdictions in the Asia-Pacific enhance their administrative capabilities through training and executive development. It traces how modern governments across this region look to develop their public services and public sector organisations in the face of rapid global change. For many governments there is a delicate balance between the public interest in promoting change and capacity enhancement across the public service, and the temptation to micro-manage agencies and be complacent about challenging the status quo. There is a recognition in the countries studied that training and executive development is a crucial investment in human capital but is also couched in a much wider context of public service recruitment, patterns of entry and retention, promotion, executive appointment and career development. This empirical volume, authored by academics and practitioners, is one of the first to chart these comparative differences and provide fresh perspectives to enable learning from international experiences

The Study of Religion and the Training of Muslim Clergy in Europe

Authors: ---
Book Series: LUP Academic ISBN: 9789087280253 Year: Pages: 503 DOI: 10.24415/9789087280253 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Religious scholarship can be offensive to believers, as conflicts from the time of Galileo and Spinoza to the recent critique of Danish religious scholars in the wake of the infamous Muhammad cartoons have shown. Studies of this type of scholarship have been appropriated by believers as a means of reinventing their own identities - as the training of twentieth-century Muslim clergy demonstrates. This volume offers a unique collection of training materials from European Muslim clergy since the 1940s - including Third Reich reports on debriefing imams, surveillance files on Muslim activists, and information on Bosnian clergy and their training centres - as well as an exploration of religion and academic freedom in general, accompanied by appendices in both Arabic and English.

Keywords

islam --- imam --- religie --- training --- religion --- muslim clergy

Brain Networks in Aging: Reorganization and Modulation by Interventions

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454167 Year: Pages: 170 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-416-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Old adults undertake multiple reduced cognitive abilities in aging, which are accompanied with specific brain reorganization in forms of regional brain activity and brain tissues, inter-region connectivity, and topology of whole brain networks in both function and structure. The plasticity changes of brain activities in old adults are explained by the mechanisms of compensation and dedifferentiation. For example, older adults have been observed to have greater, usually bilateral, prefrontal activities during memory tasks compared to the typical unilateral prefrontal activities in younger adults, which was explained as a compensation for the reduced brain activities in visual processing cortices. Dedifferentiation is another mechanism to explain that old adults are with much less selective and less distinct activity in task-relevant brain regions compared with younger adults. A larger number of studies have examined the plasticity changes of brain from the perspective of regional brain activities. However, studies on only regional brain activities cannot fully elucidate the neural mechanisms of reduced cognitive abilities in aging, as multiple regions are integrated together to achieve advanced cognitive function in human brain. In recent years, brain connectivity/network, which targets how brain regions are integrated, have drawn increasing attention in neuroscience with the development of neuroimaging techniques and graph theoretical analysis. Connectivity quantifies functional association or neural fibers between two regions that may be spatially far separated, and graph theoretical analysis of brain network examines the complex interactions among multiple regions from the perspective of topology. Studies showed that compared to younger adults, older adults had altered strength of task-relevant functional connectivity between specific brain regions in cognitive tasks, and the alternation of connectivity are correlated to behavior performance. For example, older adults had weaker functional connectivity between the premotor cortex and a region in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in a working memory task. Interventions like cognitive training and neuro-modulation (e.g., transcranial magnetic stimulation) have been shown to be promising in regaining or retaining the decreasing cognitive abilities in aging. However, only few neuroimaging studies have examined the influence of interventions to old adult’s brain activity, connectivity, and cognitive performance. This Research Topic calls for contributions on brain network of subjects in normal aging or with age-related diseases like mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease. The studies are expected to be based on neuroimaging techniques including but not limited to functional magnetic resonance imaging, Electroencephalography, and diffusion tensor imaging, and contributions on the influence of interventions to brain networks in aging are highly encouraged. All these studies would enrich our understanding of neural mechanisms underlying aging, and offer new insights for developing possible interventions to retain cognitive abilities in aging subjects.

4 Workshop-Didaktik for Cooperation in a Contingent World (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch4 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"Based on the idea that contingency frames people’s view of the world, the&#xD;text examines how cooperation is still possible. It is argued that cooperation is a human&#xD;constant (Tomsello), as well as a skill and craft to be unfolded again (Sennett).&#xD;In order to facilitate teaching and learning processes focussing on the emergence&#xD;of cooperation, a “Workshop Didactic” is developed. Such a didactic is particularly&#xD;powerful in enabling people to deal with the challenges of unforeseen situations."&#xD;

2 Defining the Term Samhandling (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch2 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:09
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"In this chapter we will demonstrate that samhandling has a different&#xD;qualitative meaning from other similar concepts. The term “samhandling” is used&#xD;by many organizations, researchers and textbook authors without clarifying the&#xD;rationale for its use (Torgersen & Steiro, 2009). The word samhandling is built on&#xD;a distinct cultural foundation. Therefore, we think it is necessary to describe Norwegian&#xD;culture briefly, to enable the reader to understand the basis of samhandling.&#xD;The chapter presents a definition of samhandling that was originally presented by&#xD;Torgersen & Steiro (2009). Samhandling is distinguished from cooperation/teamwork&#xD;by three core attributes which we can call the identity of samhandling: focus&#xD;on complementarity, exchange and utilization of the participants’ various skills,&#xD;experiences, backgrounds and cultures, and coordination of these factors in efforts&#xD;towards a common goal in a work situation or meeting. Samhandling has a higher&#xD;relative ambition level than the corresponding processes covered by the expressions&#xD;“collaboration”, “cooperation” and “coordination”. Increased complexity and&#xD;relations between stakeholders call for a focus on complementary handling in action,&#xD;that is, samhandling. The following competencies were identified in order for&#xD;good samhandling to occur: trust, assurance, well-being, belonging, clarity, time&#xD;and tolerance."&#xD;

Planlos durchs Praktikum?

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Book Series: Beiträge der Schweizer Bildungsforschung ISBN: 9783847403098 9783847400530 Year: Pages: 205 DOI: 10.3224/84740053 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:04
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In the practical training of prospective teachers in schools, a goal-oriented acquisition of competence is to be aimed at. In particular, the consulting method of goal-oriented pedagogical coaching, with the three core elements of work relationship, goal definition skills and goal-oriented work, plays a central role and can contribute to the expansion of action competence. The author explains how.

Ténis: estratégia, perceção e ação

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Ensino ISBN: 9789892612850 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1286-7 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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The strategic management of training and competition in tennis is a highly complex process that convenes transdisciplinary knowledge, including, in particular, the technique and biomechanics, the tactic, the psychology, but also the physiology, nutrition, auxology or immunology. Without the pretension of analyzing all of the determinants of the process, this book aims to introduce the tennis from a complex approach regarding the conceptualization and operationalization of the process, and also in relation to the understanding of the phenomenon and the prediction of profiles that give more guarantees of positive results. Over the eleven chapters, various national and foreign researchers develop themes including strategy, philosophy and model of game, pedagogy and didactics, learning and motor control, psychology, tactics, and health. It is a book that is directed to students, researchers, coaches and managers, as well as other people connected to tennis.

Keywords

sport --- tennis --- management --- training --- stratety --- competition

Neuromuscular Training and Adaptations in Youth Athletes

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456277 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-627-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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The Frontiers Research Topic entitled "Neuromuscular Training and Adaptations in Youth Athletes" contains one editorial and 22 articles in the form of original work, narrative and systematic reviews and meta-analyses.From a performance and health-related standpoint, neuromuscular training stimulates young athletes' physical development and it builds a strong foundation for later success as an elite athlete. The 22 articles provide current scientific knowledge on the effectiveness of neuromuscular training in young athletes.

Soziale Ungleichheit in der flexibilisierten Berufsbildung

Author:
ISBN: 9783863883751 9783863888015 Year: Pages: 356 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:03
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In Switzerland, "Lehrbetriebsverbünde" (apprenticeship company networks) represent a new model of vocational training. The author shows that the project-based organisation of this form of basic vocational training, in which learners change companies several times, constitutes new mechanisms of social inequality in the field of basic vocational training. This is due to the fact that training company networks place substantially higher demands on the self-organisation and flexibility of learners than traditional apprenticeships. A confident handling of these requirements requires specific prerequisites and resources that are unequally distributed in terms of social structure. Nevertheless, training company networks also offer the opportunity to reduce social inequality. The prerequisite for this is that training company networks do not presuppose the unevenly distributed key competences such as flexibility and self-organisation, which are fundamental to working life, as skills, but rather systematically impart them during training. In addition, framework conditions must be created which make it possible for learners from less privileged backgrounds to master the challenges of collaborative training.

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