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Fusion of Data from Heterogeneous Sensors with Distributed Fields of View and Situation Evaluation for Advanced Driver Assistance Systems

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Book Series: Forschungsberichte aus der Industriellen Informationstechnik / Institut für Industrielle Informationstechnik (IIIT), Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 21906629 ISBN: 9783731500735 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: VIII, 238 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000035932 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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In order to develop a driver assistance system for pedestrian protection, pedestrians in the environment of a truck are detected by radars and a camera and are tracked across distributed fields of view using a Joint Integrated Probabilistic Data Association filter. A robust approach for prediction of the system vehicles trajectory is presented. It serves the computation of a probabilistic collision risk based on reachable sets where different sources of uncertainty are taken into account.

Probabilistic Maneuver Recognition in Traffic Scenarios

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783731502876 Year: Volume: 031 Pages: VI, 150 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000043680 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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In this work an approach is presented to model and recognize traffic maneuvers in terms of interactions between different traffic participants on extra urban roads. Results of the recognition concept are presented and evaluated using different sensor setups and its benefit is outlined by an integration into a software framework in the field of Car-to-Car (C2C) communications. Furthermore, recognition results are used in this work to robustly predict vehicle&#8217;s trajectories while driving dynamic

Fahrstrategien zur Unfallvermeidung im Straßenverkehr für Einzel- und Mehrobjektszenarien

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783731501985 Year: Volume: 30 Pages: XVI, 139 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000039757 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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The subject of this work is the determination of collision-free driving strategies. Firstly, the last possible maneuver is derived for a single object on the basis of reachable existence circles and is extended to a complete evasive maneuvre. Subsequently, the consideration is extended onto multiple objects. By the use of existence regions and kinematic configurations collision-free trajectories are determined and evaluated.

Integrated Planning and Control for Collision Avoidance Systems

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783731507857 Year: Volume: 039 Pages: XV, 139 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000081452 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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Collision avoidance systems like emergency braking assist systems have demonstrated their effectiveness in increasing the safety of vehicle passengers in various studies. To further increase the effectiveness of collision avoidance systems, the exploitation of the lateral free space by evasive maneuvers is being investigated in this book. This work focuses on methods for integrated trajectory planning and vehicle dynamics control in collision avoidance scenarios by combined evasion and braking.

Optimale Trajektorienplanung für Automobile

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783731505532 Year: Volume: 35 Pages: III, 133 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000056530 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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This work describes trajectory planning for autonomous driving. It treats continuous methods, which converge to a local optimum, as well as combinatorial methods, which are globally optimal. It is shown by analysis and experimentally, that both approaches are suitable for autonomous driving, but cover different driving situations.

Prädiktive Lichtfunktionen für volladaptive Scheinwerfersysteme

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Book Series: Spektrum der Lichttechnik / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), Lichttechnisches Institut ISSN: 21951152 ISBN: 9783731508755 Year: Volume: 20 Pages: VII, 215 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000088261 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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In this work, the realisation of an adaptive driving beam is examined that is based on the motion prediction of the ego vehicle and other traffic participants. Furthermore, light functions are developed and analysed regarding their effectiveness that project situation adaptive recommendations for action in front of the vehicle regarding a turn or lane change intention of the driver.

Road Vehicles Surroundings Supervision: On-Board Sensors and Communications

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ISBN: 9783038975687 / 9783038975694 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-569-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-29 10:33:32
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This Special Issue presents a selection of current solutions for vehicle surroundings perception systems. This perception is essential for many advanced driver application systems and autonomous driving, and there are currently several challenges that need addressing. Perception can be obtained using on-board sensors, but, due to their limitations, the development of sensor fusion techniques or specific algorithms is needed. Vehicle positioning is also important, but further refined accuracy and specific requirements arise with each new application. Apart from on-board sensors, wireless communication can provide information from a larger electronic horizon that can be used for better decision making. Finally, all this information can be used to enhance development of autonomous driving

Marine Oil Spills 2018

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ISBN: 9783038978541 9783038978558 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-855-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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The mitigation of oil spills is an important facet of environmental protection. Understanding oil spills is a first step toward preventing and minimizing their damage to the environment. This compilation presents several of the current studies related to such an understanding of oil spills and the environment.This book is a compilation of 14 papers presenting new developments in the field of oil spills, giving insight into the rapidly changing world of oil spill studies and technology. The 14 papers included cover topics varying from risk analysis to oil spill remote sensing. Broadly categorized, included are six papers on modeling, four papers on remote sensing, three papers on risk assessment, and one paper on oil spill countermeasures. Each paper presents a unique insight into a facet of oil spill research and technology. The authors of these papers represent many different countries and affiliations around the world.

Keywords

RANS --- non-breaking ocean waves --- random walk method --- Lagrangian particle dispersion --- oil spill model --- oil spill --- impact modeling --- simulation --- contingency planning --- oil spill model --- ocean trajectory --- GNOME --- BLOSOM --- Salish Sea --- Point Wells --- Foss Barge --- hindcast --- windage --- model comparison --- oil spill model --- FVCOM --- OSCAR --- M/V Marathassa oil spill --- the English Bay --- Vancouver Harbour --- oil spill response --- sea-coastal zones --- methods of vulnerability mapping to oil --- the problems of vulnerability maps development --- ordinal values --- arithmetic operations with rank values --- marine pollution --- oil spill pollution --- oil spill accidents --- oil spill mitigation plans --- coastal protection --- statistical analysis --- PROMETHEE methodology --- Access Western Blend (condensate/bitumen-dilbit) --- Western Canadian Select (condensate mixed with synthetic crude/bitumen-dilsynbit) --- Synthetic Bitumen (synthetic crude/bitumen-Synbit) --- Heidrun --- dispersant --- wave tank --- dispersion effectiveness (DE) --- oil-slick discrimination algorithm --- petrogenic oil-slick category --- naturally-occurring oil seeps --- man-made oil spills --- exploratory data analysis --- remote sensing --- synthetic aperture radar --- RADARSAT --- Gulf of Mexico --- Campeche Bay --- oil spill --- Italian seas --- numerical forecasting tool --- emergency management --- oil spill --- remote sensing --- reflection coefficient --- electromagnetic roughness --- multi-frequency detector --- multiple observations --- probability density function --- probability of detection --- contingency planning --- marine information systems --- environmental monitoring --- proactive systems --- decision support systems --- signal integration --- oil spills --- oil slicks characterization --- oil thickness --- polarized SAR data --- polarimetric SAR data (PolSAR) --- statistical region-based classification --- uncertainty maps --- UAVSAR --- trajectory model --- oil spill model --- oil spill response --- oil spill risk analysis --- Gulf of Mexico --- Outer Continental Shelf --- environmental resources --- risk modelling --- Princeton Ocean Model --- trajectory analysis --- oil spill --- numerical simulation --- LES --- low atmosphere --- coastal flow --- contingency plan --- Kotor bay --- n/a

Quantum Foundations. 90 Years of Uncertainty

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038977544 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-755-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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The name of Joseph Fourier is also inseparable from the study of the mathematics of heat. Modern research on heat equations explores the extension of the classical diffusion equation on Riemannian, sub-Riemannian manifolds, and Lie groups. In parallel, in geometric mechanics, Jean-Marie Souriau interpreted the temperature vector of Planck as a space-time vector, obtaining, in this way, a phenomenological model of continuous media, which presents some interesting properties.

Mobile Mapping Technologies

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039280186 / 9783039280193 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-019-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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Mobile Mapping technologies have seen a rapid growth of research activity and interest in the last years, due to the increased demand of accurate, dense and geo-referenced 3D data. Their main characteristic is the ability of acquiring 3D information of large areas dynamically. This versatility has expanded their application fields from the civil engineering to a broader range (industry, emergency response, cultural heritage...), which is constantly widening. This increased number of needs, some of them specially challenging, is pushing the Scientific Community, as well as companies, towards the development of innovative solutions, ranging from new hardware / open source software approaches and integration with other devices, up to the adoption of artificial intelligence methods for the automatic extraction of salient features and quality assessment for performance verification The aim of the present book is to cover the most relevant topics and trends in Mobile Mapping Technology, and also to introduce the new tendencies of this new paradigm of geospatial science.

Keywords

cultural heritage --- restoration --- indoor mapping --- laser scanning --- wearable mobile laser system --- 3D digitalization --- SLAM --- visual landmark sequence --- indoor topological localization --- convolutional neural network (CNN) --- second order hidden Markov model --- ORB-SLAM2 --- binary vocabulary --- small-scale vocabulary --- rapid relocation --- terrestrial laser scanning --- tunnel central axis --- tunnel cross section --- enhanced RANSAC --- quadric fitting --- constrained nonlinear least-squares problem --- visual simultaneous localization and mapping --- dynamic environment --- RGB-D camera --- encoder --- OctoMap --- IMMS --- indoor mapping --- MLS --- mobile laser scanning --- SLAM --- point clouds --- 2D laser scanner --- 2D laser range-finder --- LiDAR --- LRF --- sensors configurations --- Lidar localization system --- unmanned vehicle --- segmentation-based feature extraction --- category matching --- multi-group-step L-M optimization --- map management --- indoor mapping --- room type tagging --- semantic enrichment --- grammar --- Bayesian inference --- indoor localization --- crowdsourcing trajectory --- fingerprinting --- smartphone --- mobile mapping --- laser scanning --- self-calibration --- 3D point clouds --- geometric features --- motion estimation --- trajectory fusion --- mobile mapping --- sensor fusion --- optical sensors --- robust statistical analysis --- portable mobile mapping system --- handheld --- 3D processing --- point cloud --- Vitis vinifera --- terrestrial laser scanning --- plant vigor --- mobile mapping --- precision agriculture --- vine size --- visual positioning --- indoor scenes --- automated database construction --- image retrieval

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