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Nanoparticles for Catalysis

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ISBN: 9783038425366 9783038425373 Year: Pages: X, 154 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-25 13:21:26
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The present book is aimed at illustrating the width of applications of metal nanoparticles in catalysis. It covers aspects such as metal nanoparticles preparation using natural biomolecules to the catalytic, photocatalytic and electrocatalytic activity of supported metal nanoparticles. In catalysis, metal nanoparticles exhibit general activity in oxidation and reduction reactions and the book contains examples of both types of processes in which the nanoparticles are on carbon supports or embedded inside the voids of microporous crystalline metal organic frameworks. Metal nanoparticles are also widely used in photocatalysis to enhance light absorption through plasmon band and the efficiency of the photochemical process. Besides classical applications, the use of metal nanoparticles is expanding rapidly in the field of renewable energies, going from catalysts for solid fuels electrodes to novel Li-O2 batteries.

Solid Catalysts for the Upgrading of Renewable Sources

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ISBN: 9783038975724 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-573-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:07:22
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The use of solid catalysts for the upgrade of renewable sources gives the opportunity to combine the two main cores of green chemistry, that is, on the one hand, the set-up of sustainable processes and, on the other, the use of biomass-derived materials. Solid catalysts have taken on a leading role in traditional petrochemical processes and could represent a key tool in new biorefinery-driven technologies.

Amide Bond Activation

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ISBN: 9783039212033 / 9783039212040 Year: Pages: 466 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-204-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The amide bond represents a privileged motif in chemistry. The recent years have witnessed an explosion of interest in the development of new chemical transformations of amides. These developments cover an impressive range of catalytic N–C bond activation in electrophilic, Lewis acid, radical, and nucleophilic reaction pathways, among other transformations. Equally relevant are structural and theoretical studies that provide the basis for chemoselective manipulation of amidic resonance. This monograph on amide bonds offers a broad survey of recent advances in activation of amides and addresses various approaches in the field.

Keywords

fumardiamide --- primaquine --- succindiamide --- Michael acceptor --- biofilm eradication --- antibacterial screening --- antiviral activity --- cytostatic activity --- N,N-dimethylformamide --- DMF --- N,N-dimethylacetamide --- DMAc --- amination --- amidation --- thioamidation --- formylation --- carbonylation --- cyanation --- insertion --- cyclization --- amide --- arynes --- insertion --- activation --- heterocycles --- organic synthesis --- multi-component coupling reaction --- aryl thioamides --- thiourea --- C-H/C-N activation --- C-S formation --- transition-metal-free --- rotational barrier energy --- amide bond --- nuclear magnetic resonance --- kinetic --- density functional theory --- non planar amide --- base-catalyed hydrolysis --- water solvation --- entropy --- transamidation --- amide --- amine --- catalyst --- catalysis --- acylative cross-coupling --- trialkylborane --- amide activation --- palladium --- N-heterocyclic carbene --- ruthenium (Ru) --- N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) --- homogeneous catalysis --- in situ --- amide bonds --- synthesis --- density functional theory --- cis/trans isomerization --- secondary amides --- dipeptides --- steric effects --- tert-butyl --- additivity principle --- amino acid transporters --- amide bond --- gemcitabine prodrug --- metabolic stability --- pancreatic cancer cells --- pharmacokinetics --- peptide bond cleavage --- amide bond resonance --- twisted amides --- enzymes --- metal complexes --- catalysts --- amide C–N bond activation --- nickel catalysis --- amidation --- DFT study --- reaction thermodynamics --- amide resonance --- anomeric effect --- HERON reaction --- pyramidal amides --- physical organic chemistry --- reaction mechanism --- amide --- activation --- amidicity --- carbonylicity --- transamidation --- acyl transfer --- excited state --- Suzuki-Miyaura --- cross-coupling --- aryl esters --- C–O activation --- Pd-catalysis --- amides --- carbanions --- C–H acidity --- nitro-aci tautomerism --- molecular dynamics --- density-functional theory --- alkynes --- C–H bond cleavage --- C–N bond cleavage --- cyclopentadienyl complexes --- N-(1-naphthyl)acetamide --- rhodium --- [2+2+2] annulation --- amide bond --- sulfonamide bond --- alkynes --- addition reaction --- aminoacylation --- aminosulfonylation --- pre-catalysts --- palladium catalysis --- amide bond activation --- ester bond activation --- cross-coupling --- amide bond --- bridged lactams --- twisted amides --- amides --- Winkler-Dunitz parameters --- N–C activation --- hypersensitivity --- nitrogen heterocycles --- distortion --- bridged sultams --- amides --- C-N ? bond cleavage --- sodium --- crown ether --- amide hydrolysis --- model compound --- intramolecular catalysis --- twisted amide --- protease --- intein --- C-H functionalization --- directing groups --- amides --- transition metals --- catalysis

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