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The Multi-Agent Transport Simulation MATSim

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781909188754 9781909188761 9781909188778 9781909188785 Year: Pages: 618 DOI: 10.5334/baw Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249393
Subject: Computer Science --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Economics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-19 11:01:19
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"The MATSim (Multi-Agent Transport Simulation) software project was started around 2006 with the goal of generating traffic and congestion patterns by following individual synthetic travelers through their daily or weekly activity programme. It has since then evolved from a collection of stand-alone C++ programs to an integrated Java-based framework which is publicly hosted, open-source available, automatically regression tested. It is currently used by about 40 groups throughout the world. This book takes stock of the current status. The first part of the book gives an introduction to the most important concepts, with the intention of enabling a potential user to set up and run basic simulations.The second part of the book describes how the basic functionality can be extended, for example by adding schedule-based public transit, electric or autonomous cars, paratransit, or within-day replanning. For each extension, the text provides pointers to the additional documentation and to the code base. It is also discussed how people with appropriate Java programming skills can write their own extensions, and plug them into the MATSim core.
The project has started from the basic idea that traffic is a consequence of human behavior, and thus humans and their behavior should be the starting point of all modelling, and with the intuition that when simulations with 100 million particles are possible in computational physics, then behavior-oriented simulations with 10 million travelers should be possible in travel behavior research. The initial implementations thus combined concepts from computational physics and complex adaptive systems with concepts from travel behavior research. The third part of the book looks at theoretical concepts that are able to describe important aspects of the simulation system; for example, under certain conditions the code becomes a Monte Carlo engine sampling from a discrete choice model. Another important aspect is the interpretation of the MATSim score as utility in the microeconomic sense, opening up a connection to benefit cost analysis.
Finally, the book collects use cases as they have been undertaken with MATSim. All current users of MATSim were invited to submit their work, and many followed with sometimes crisp and short and sometimes longer contributions, always with pointers to additional references.
We hope that the book will become an invitation to explore, to build and to extend agent-based modeling of travel behavior from the stable and well tested core of MATSim documented here."

Infrastructure Investment in Indonesia: A Focus on Ports

ISBN: 9781783748211/9781783748235 Year: Pages: 396 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0189 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-25 16:35:18
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Infrastructure Investment in Indonesia: A Focus on Ports presents an important and original collation of current material investigating the efficient facilitation of major infrastructure projects in Indonesia and Australia, with an emphasis on infrastructure investment and a focus on port planning and development.This interdisciplinary collection—spanning the disciplines of engineering, law and planning—draws helpfully on a range of practical and theoretical perspectives. It is the collaborative effort of leading experts in the fields of infrastructure project initiation and financing, and is based on international research conducted by the University of Melbourne, Universitas Indonesia and Universitas Gadjah Mada.The volume opens with a macroscopic perspective, outlining the broader economic situations confronting Indonesia and Australia, before adopting a more microscopic perspective to closely examine the issues surrounding major infrastructure investment in both countries. Detailed case studies are provided, key challenges are identified, and evidence-based solutions are offered. These solutions respond to such topical issues as how to overcome delays in infrastructure project initiation; how to enhance project decision-making for the selection and evaluation of projects; how to improve overall efficiency in the arrangement of project finance and governance; and how to increase the return provided by investment in infrastructure. Special focus is given to proposed improvements to the portal cities of Indonesia in the areas of major infrastructure project governance, policies, engagement, operation and processes.By rigorously investigating the economic, transport, finance and policy aspects of infrastructure investment, this book will be a valuable resource for policy makers and government officials in Indonesia and Australia, infrastructure investment organisations, and companies involved in exporting services between Indonesia and Australia. This book will also be of interest to researchers and students of infrastructure planning and financing, setting a solid foundation for subsequent investigations of financing options for large-scale infrastructure developments.

Circular Economy, Ethical Funds, and Engineering Projects

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039282524 / 9783039282531 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-253-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This special issue provides a collection of 15 papers with modern theories and applications for circular economy, engineering projects, entrepreneurship models, and investor decisions. After the commencing review on Occupational Health and Safety Management-Systems Standards, follow papers which can be classified into four categories which cover the overall scope of special issue. The first category includes papers regarding the micro-level of circular economy. This means case studies in firm-level which implement different techniques to achieve sustainable development and circular economy goals. The findings reveal interesting achievements which are associated with cultural characteristics of the countries these case studies have been conducted. The second category of papers refers to the meso-level of circular economy where firms cooperate with each other by exchanging byproducts and organizing common operational procedures and routines to address environmental problems. The findings suggest assessment information technology tools to support industrial symbiosis among European firms. The next body of literature encompasses macro-level where circular economy techniques are implemented at a country level. Findings suggest methodologies for implementing and tracking circular economy in cities. Finally, a number of papers are included that focus on advanced engineering techniques. These techniques are useful tools for achieving circular economy and sustainability.

Keywords

cost prediction of substation project --- Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition --- Cuckoo Search --- Support Vector Machines --- climate change --- adaptation --- manufacturing firms --- strategic management --- action theory --- Value-at-Risk --- probabilistic alternative approach --- Theory of Inventive Problem Solving --- Project Definition Rating Index --- optimal project profitability --- prefabrication housing production --- planning and control --- critical success factors --- China --- CCPM --- piping construction --- material procurement management --- resource competition --- buffer management --- PERT/CPM --- stochastic simulation --- construction delay --- corporate philanthropy --- information transfer --- political connections --- social capital --- social network --- social network centrality --- sustainability --- circular economy --- investments --- sources of funding --- SME --- sustainable economy --- smart city --- sustainable city --- smart governance --- drivers --- Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) --- sustainability --- Management Standards --- emergy analysis --- pollution impact --- resource consumption --- steel production --- sustainable development --- Industrial symbiosis --- IT tools --- research and innovation projects --- risk assessment --- Fuzzy TOPSIS --- construction safety --- PRAT method --- sustainability --- value of travel time savings --- fuzzy logic --- rule-based systems --- transport project evaluation --- cost benefit analysis --- traffic congestion --- transport planning --- circular economy --- urbanization --- framework --- indicators --- circular city --- Life cycle assessment (LCA) --- carbon footprint --- renewable energy systems --- photovoltaics --- solar thermal collectors

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