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Islands of Inquiry: Colonisation, seafaring and the archaeology of maritime landscapes (TA29)

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Terra Australis ISBN: 9781921313905 Year: Pages: 510 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459300 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This collection makes a substantial contribution to several highly topical areas of archaeological inquiry. Many of the papers present new and innovative research into the processes of maritime colonisation, processes that affect archaeological contexts from islands to continents. Others shift focus from process to the archaeology of maritime places from the Bering to the Torres Straits, providing highly detailed discussions of how living by and with the sea is woven into all elements of human life from subsistence to trade and to ritual. Of equal importance are more abstract discussions of islands as natural places refashioned by human occupation, either through the introduction of new organisms or new systems of production and consumption. These transformation stories gain further texture (and variety) through close examinations of some of the more significant consequences of colonisation and migration, particularly the creation of new cultural identities. Afinal set of papers explores the ways in which the techniques of archaeological science have provided insights into the fauna of islands and the human history of such places. Islands of Inquiry highlights the importance of an archaeologically informed history of landmasses in the oceans and seas of the world.

Sensors and Techniques for 3D Object Modeling in Underwater Environments

ISBN: 9783038422228 9783038422235 Year: Pages: XX, 368 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-02 16:10:43
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Water covers approximately 71% of the planet’s surface and human activities have been relying on it since remote times. Many traces of these exist under the “zero level” and will continue to exist in the future. Measuring, positioning, and mapping objects under water have experienced very significant modifications, brought about by advances in technology and also by changed requirements, demands for new products, introduction of new tools, and the modification of existing equipment. The exploration, documentation, and recording of underwater environments remains a difficult task, and is sometimes still unsolved. The research, design, and development of techniques and procedures for correctly validating underwater environments are more than ever important.This Special Issue originates from the ISPRS/CIPA Workshop "UNDERWATER 3D RECORDING & MODELING—Experiences in Data Acquisition, Calibration, Orientation, Modelling & Accuracy Assessment” (http://3dom.fbk.eu/files/underwater/index.html) and will accept improved and extended selected papers derived from the workshop’s proceedings, as well as new contributions from international colleagues.We invite you to submit articles on the following topics:Underwater/Multi-media photogrammetryUnderwater platforms (ROV, AUV, robot, etc.)Characterization of underwater passive and active sensorsUnderwater navigation and positioningUnderwater metrology and inspectionsGeometric modeling in multi-media photogrammetryAccuracy requirement and assessment in underwater 3D applicationsRestoration, enhancement and processing of underwater images3D bathymetry techniquesData processing and underwater 3D modelingSensors for marine biology and water pollutionMulti-sensor integration

Physiology in Extreme Conditions: Adaptations and Unexpected Reactions

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453382 Year: Pages: 133 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-338-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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Physiology in extreme conditions can reveal important reactions of the human body, which help our assessment of limits emerging under healthy conditions and critical signals of transition toward disease. While many mechanisms could simply be associated with adaptations, others refer to unexpected reactions in response to internal stimuli and/or external abrupt changes.

Acoustical Impact of Ships and Harbours: Airborne and Underwater N&V Pollution

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889457106 Year: Pages: 57 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-710-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Noise and vibrations generated by ships affect a wide range of receivers: crew and passengers inside the vessel, inhabitants of the coastal areas and marine fauna outside it. Recent studies suggest that a large percentage of people living in urban areas close to harbors and a number of marine species, at different evolutionary levels (in particular mammals and cephalopods), suffer from ship N&V emissions in air and in water. The present degree of knowledge of the phenomena involved in the noise emissions inside and outside ships is quite different, as a result also of the time elapsed since the negative effects were realized and therefore studied. The development of the normative framework in the various areas reflects these differences, but there are expectations for improvements on all fronts that need to be supported by the scientific community presenting the latest research results in this particular field of acoustics.

The Archaeology of Europe’s Drowned Landscapes

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Coastal Research Library ISBN: 9783030373672 Year: Pages: 561 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37367-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Archaeology --- Geography --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:28:12
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This open access volume provides for the first time a comprehensive description and scientific evaluation of underwater archaeological finds referring to human occupation of the continental shelf around the coastlines of Europe and the Mediterranean when sea levels were lower than present. These are the largest body of underwater finds worldwide, amounting to over 2500 find spots, ranging from individual stone tools to underwater villages with unique conditions of preservation. The material reviewed here ranges in date from the Lower Palaeolithic period to the Bronze Age and covers 20 countries bordering all the major marine basins from the Atlantic coasts of Ireland and Norway to the Black Sea, and from the western Baltic to the eastern Mediterranean. The finds from each country are presented in their archaeological context, with information on the history of discovery, conditions of preservation and visibility, their relationship to regional changes in sea-level and coastal geomorphology, and the institutional arrangements for their investigation and protection. Editorial introductions summarise the findings from each of the major marine basins. There is also a final section with extensive discussion of the historical background and the legal and regulatory frameworks that inform the management of the underwater cultural heritage and collaboration between offshore industries, archaeologists and government agencies. The volume is based on the work of COST Action TD0902 SPLASHCOS, a multi-disciplinary and multi-national research network supported by the EU-funded COST organisation (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). The primary readership is research and professional archaeologists, marine and Quaternary scientists, cultural-heritage managers, commercial and governmental organisations, policy makers, and all those with an interest in the sea floor of the continental shelf and the human impact of changes in climate, sea-level and coastal geomorphology.

Umgebungskartenschätzung aus Sidescan-Sonardaten für ein autonomes Unterwasserfahrzeug

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783731505419 Year: Volume: 26 Pages: XXV, 331 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000055793 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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This work makes several contributions to the process of estimating elevation maps from side-scan sonar data: A new estimation method that recreates sonar measurements by pre-computed known sonar responses (so called kernels) and then derives a height profile from the kernels used. Additionally, a 3D method based on Markov Random Fields and a side-scan sonar simulation environment for arbitraty 3D scenes featuring different sonar modes and several terrain generators have been developed.

Intelligent Marine Robotics Modelling, Simulation and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039281329 / 9783039281336 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-133-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Pathology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The biennial Congress of the Italian Society of Oral Pathology and Medicine (SIPMO) is an International meeting dedicated to the growing diagnostic challenges in the oral pathology and medicine field. The III International and XV National edition will be a chance to discuss clinical conditions which are unusual, rare, or difficult to define. Many consolidated national and international research groups will be involved in the debate and discussion through special guest lecturers, academic dissertations, single clinical case presentations, posters, and degree thesis discussions. The SIPMO Congress took place from the 17th to the 19th of October 2019 in Bari (Italy), and the enclosed copy of Proceedings is a non-exhaustive collection of abstracts from the SIPMO 2019 contributions.

Oslo Manual on Select Topics of the Law of Armed Conflict

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030391690 Year: Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-39169-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:22
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This new open access book provides a valuable restatement of the current law of armed conflict regarding hostilities in a diverse range of contexts: outer space, cyber operations, remote and autonomous weapons, undersea systems and devices, submarine cables, civilians participating in unmanned operations, military objectives by nature, civilian airliners, destruction of property, surrender, search and rescue, humanitarian assistance, cultural property, the natural environment, and more. The book was prepared by a group of experts after consultation with a number of key governments. It is intended to offer guidance for practitioners (mainly commanding officers); facilitate training at military colleges; and inform both instructors and graduate students of international law on the current state of the law.

Swarm Robotics

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ISBN: 9783038979227 9783038979234 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-923-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Collectively working robot teams can solve a problem more efficiently than a single robot, while also providing robustness and flexibility to the group. Swarm robotics model is a key component of a cooperative algorithm that controls the behaviors and interactions of all individuals. The robots in the swarm should have some basic functions, such as sensing, communicating, and monitoring, and satisfy the following properties:

Keywords

3D model identification --- shape normalization --- weighted implicit shape representation --- panoramic view --- scale-invariant feature transform --- optimization --- meta-heuristic --- parallel technique --- Swarm intelligence algorithm --- artificial flora (AF) algorithm --- bionic intelligent algorithm --- particle swarm optimization --- artificial bee colony algorithm --- swarm robotics --- search --- surveillance --- behaviors --- patterns --- comparison --- swarm behavior --- Swarm Chemistry --- self-organization --- asymmetrical interaction --- genetic algorithm --- cooperative target hunting --- multi-AUV --- improved potential field --- surface-water environment --- signal source localization --- multi-robot system --- event-triggered communication --- consensus control --- time-difference-of-arrival (TDOA) --- Cramer–Rao low bound (CRLB) --- optimal configuration --- UAV swarms --- path optimization --- multiple robots --- formation --- sliding mode controller --- nonlinear disturbance observer --- system stability --- formation control --- virtual structure --- formation reconfiguration --- multi-agents --- robotics --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- swarm intelligence --- particle swarm optimization --- search algorithm --- underwater environment --- sensor deployment --- event-driven coverage --- fish swarm optimization --- congestion control --- modular robots --- self-assembly robots --- environmental perception --- target recognition --- autonomous docking --- formation control --- virtual linkage --- virtual structure --- formation reconfiguration --- mobile robots --- robotics --- swarm robotics --- formation control --- coordinate motion --- obstacle avoidance --- n/a

Marine Geomorphometry

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979548 9783038979555 Year: Pages: 400 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-955-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:07
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Geomorphometry is the science of quantitative terrain characterization and analysis, and has traditionally focused on the investigation of terrestrial and planetary landscapes. However, applications of marine geomorphometry have now moved beyond the simple adoption of techniques developed for terrestrial studies, driven by the rise in the acquisition of high-resolution seafloor data and by the availability of user-friendly spatial analytical tools. Considering that the seafloor represents 71% of the surface of our planet, this is an important step towards understanding the Earth in its entirety.This volume is the first one dedicated to marine applications of geomorphometry. It showcases studies addressing the five steps of geomorphometry: sampling a surface (e.g., the seafloor), generating a Digital Terrain Model (DTM) from samples, preprocessing the DTM for subsequent analyses (e.g., correcting for errors and artifacts), deriving terrain attributes and/or extracting terrain features from the DTM, and using and explaining those terrain attributes and features in a given context. Throughout these studies, authors address a range of challenges and issues associated with applying geomorphometric techniques to the complex marine environment, including issues related to spatial scale, data quality, and linking seafloor topography with physical, geological, biological, and ecological processes. As marine geomorphometry becomes increasingly recognized as a sub-discipline of geomorphometry, this volume brings together a collection of research articles that reflect the types of studies that are helping to chart the course for the future of marine geomorphometry.

Keywords

bedforms --- forage fish --- Pacific sand lance --- sediment habitats --- bathymetry --- currents --- seabed mapping --- marine geology --- submarine topography --- marine geomorphology --- terrain analysis --- multibeam echosounder --- bathymetry --- DEM --- satellite imagery --- multi beam echosounder --- filter --- geomorphology --- coral reefs --- Acoustic applications --- object segmentation --- seafloor --- underwater acoustics --- Cretaceous --- Cenomanian–Turonian --- paleobathymetry --- paleoclimate --- paleoceanography --- reconstruction --- simulation --- shelf-slope-rise --- geomorphometry --- GIS --- spatial scale --- spatial analysis --- terrain analysis --- seafloor geomorphometry --- domes --- volcanoes --- digital elevation models (DEMs) --- Canary Basin --- Atlantic Ocean --- cold-water coral --- carbonate mound --- habitat mapping --- spatial prediction --- image segmentation --- geographic object-based image analysis --- random forest --- accuracy --- confidence --- global bathymetry --- Seabed 2030 --- Nippon Foundation/GEBCO --- seafloor mapping technologies --- seafloor mapping standards and protocols --- benthic habitats --- shelf morphology --- eastern Brazilian shelf --- geomorphometry --- terrain analysis --- bathymetry --- surface roughness --- benthic habitat mapping --- python --- geomorphology --- submerged glacial bedforms --- deglaciation --- sedimentation --- multibeam --- acoustic-seismic profiling --- swath geometry --- multibeam spatial resolution --- integration artefacts --- Multibeam bathymetry --- benthic habitat mapping --- multiscale --- Random Forests --- pockmarks --- automated-mapping --- ArcGIS --- Glaciated Margin --- North Sea --- Malin Basin --- Barents Sea --- bathymetry --- thalwegs --- canyons --- Alaska --- Bering Sea --- multibeam sonar --- carbonate banks --- semi-automated mapping --- polychaete --- Northwestern Australia --- Oceanic Shoals Australian Marine Park --- Bonaparte Basin --- Timor Sea --- bathymetry --- digital terrain analysis --- geomorphometry --- geomorphology --- habitat mapping --- marine remote sensing

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