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Calcutta 1981 : The city, its crisis, and the debate on urban planning and development

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ISBN: 9791036549779 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.5143 Language: English
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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A city laden with symbolic meaning in the Western mind, Calcutta – with ten million inhabitants today – is much more than the apathetic or violent display of urban destitution in India, as seen by the world at large. This collection tries to reach precisely beyond the cliches, to enable some of those who work in the city as decision-makers, planners or analysts, to speak out and Interpret the multifaceted crisis that has hit this city as it continues to grow, even though its economy is in decline. Their words have all the force as they are derived from first-hand experience. In analysing the laboured evolution of this city, once known as "the most beautiful city east of Suez", we have provided some material on a major case-study for the debate on urban planning and development in the Third World. The planning exercise launched in Calcutta in early 1960s, with support from American experts, hoped also to halt the spread of communism in Bengal. This was a vain expectation, however, as the Communist Party of India-Marxist has been continuously voted into power since 1977. From that date, the Left Front Government has controlled the Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority, which provides amenities to the city and metropolitan district with support from, among others, the World Bank. What are henceforth the urban development policies of "parliamentary communism"? What are the problems they are up against when action is necessary on all fronts at once? In the final analysis, for what purpose and for whom are they planning? What should be the priorities? To set up the economy to right first? To provide amenities for the city? Or to improve the daily life of the most underprivileged? When confronted with these realities, what the Left is able to achieve in power? These are some of the questions that the contributors to this collection have, in their own way, been concerned with in creating an image of present-day Calcutta, seen through its own eyes.

Towards a Metropolitan City Centre for Brussels

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Brussels Studies Institute Series ISBN: 9782800417134 Year: Pages: 342 Language: English
Publisher: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:21:06
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Between 2015 and 2020, the city centre of Brussels witnessed the creation of its first major pedestrian zone, one of the largest urban projects in recent decades. Has the Brussels city centre finally done away with the car hegemony? Can the city centre be extended to become the centre of the Brussels metropolis where everyone can find his or her own place? This book presents scientific background to the issue and brings together in words and images the research carried out over the past four years by the Brussels Centre Observatory.

Amman : Ville et société

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782351594650 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.8218 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Nous avons été amenés à formuler l’hypothèse selon laquelle l’histoire de Amman est celle d’une ville rebelle à elle-même. À l’extrême, certains pourront même dire que Amman n’existe pas, que Amman n’est pas ou pas réellement une ville. Et de fait, Amman nous dérange car ce que nous en savons ne ressemble pas à l’image que nous nous faisons d’une ville comme on le dirait de Beyrouth, Damas, Bagdad ou Le Caire, pour ne parler que de capitales voisines. À suivre ce questionnement, nous convenons de reprendre à notre compte une approche de la ville qui veut qu’elle constitue une totalité signifiante douée d’expressions spécifiques en même temps que de caractéristiques communes à toute autre ville. De ce dernier point de vue, personne ne doutera de l’existence de Amman. Infrastructures, densités, activités, échanges, communications, etc., en font même une grande ville. C’est, par contre, dans l’ordre de la représentation que Amman pose problème. Soit que son modèle de citadinité n’est pas encore identifiable à celui d’autres villes connues. Et l’on verra, effectivement, que le mélange des influences qui ont façonné Amman peut en faire un cas à part. Soit, et c’est une piste de recherche que je voudrais privilégier, le silence de Amman sur son histoire est une partie même de cette histoire dont il s’agirait alors de déceler les clés d’accès au-delà de l’idéologie véhiculée par son texte modèle.

Equity, Growth, and Community: What the Nation Can Learn from America's Metro Areas

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780520284418 9780520960046 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.6 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-14 11:01:13
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In the last several years, much has been written about growing economic challenges, increasing income inequality, and political polarization in the United States. Addressing these new realities in America’s metropolitan regions, this book argues that a few lessons are emerging: first, inequity is bad for economic growth; second, bringing together the concerns of equity and growth requires concerted local action; and third, the fundamental building block for doing this is the creation of diverse and dynamic epistemic (or knowledge) communities, which help to overcome political polarization and to address the challenges of economic restructuring and social divides.

An Overview of Urban and Regional Planning

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ISBN: 9781789848342 9781789848359 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75766 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Urban and regional planning is a spatial design practice that brings limitations to the intervention in natural areas to ensure a balance between population growth, housing, and employment in residential areas. It includes spatial design that enables living creatures to live while planning the interventions to ensure suitability to ecology, geology, climate, and land structure since intervention in nature should be balanced. In this context, the profession generally includes regional, spatial and urban planning, urban transformation that involves the urban decline areas in the city, urban renewal and protection, urban transportation, and urban management. Therefore, it is believed that this book will be useful for those who work in this area on a practical or academic basis and follow the innovations in the profession.

Urbanization in Northern Corridor Economic Region in Malaysia

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ISBN: 9781838803438 9781838803445 9781838807146 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.84142 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Urbanization in Northern Corridor Economic Region in Malaysia presents five chapters: Introduction, Paradigm of Urbanization, The Rise of Urbanization, Urbanization in Northern Corridor Economic Region, and Strategy on Urbanization. The book provides an insight into scientific literature on the topic of urbanization, encompassing a variety of publications such as books, magazines, journals, and other formats. The notion of urbanization, related to the urban model and theory, is becoming recognized in academic spheres. Urban theory, within the urban context, aims to define objectives and distinct approaches for the common realization of city living. Urban transition consists of a variety of elements that transform the urban region. The data presented in the book examines the link between various perspectives on urbanization and their outcomes. The strategies on urbanization must involve many domains, because an estimated 1.6 billion citizens currently reside in urban regions.

Habiter la ville : xve-xxe siècles

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782729709945 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pul.15047 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Lyon
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-04 12:20:44
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L'origine de la ville et son fonctionnement (xve-xxe s.) font l'objet d'une réflexion interdisciplinaire et internationale. Les centres urbains se sont développés principalement par l'immigration. Cet ouvrage veut cerner les caractéristiques du quartier, les formes de la vie sociale et les changements socio-professionnels en ville.

Port Cities as Areas of Transition

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Urban Studies ISBN: 9783839409497 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.14361/9783839409497 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:24
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In the past decades, international port cities have been strongly affected by global transformation processes, dramatically altering life and work around the ports, the built environment and public imagery of urban waterfronts. Based on recent theories of city-port development, the ethnographic studies in this volume focus on local stakeholders' perceptions and strategies in port cities in Europe and Latin America. This book covers a wide variety of urban fields, from traditional dockland communities, inland waterway sailors and new forms of migration and exile, to active agents of urban transformation.

Sustainability through the Lens of Environmental Sociology

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ISBN: 9783038426608 9783038426615 Year: Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-22 12:23:07
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Our planet is undergoing radical environmental and social changes. Sustainability has now been put into question by, for example, our consumption patterns, loss of biodiversity, depletion of resources, and exploitative power relations. With apparent ecological and social limits to globalization and development, current levels of consumption are unsustainable, inequitable, and inaccessible to the majority of humans. Understanding and attaining sustainability is a crucial matter at a time when our planet is in peril—environmentally, economically, socially, and politically. Since its official inception in the 1970s, environmental sociology has provided a powerful lens to understanding the challenges, possibilities and modes of sustainability.Most chapters in this book were published as peer-reviewed articles in Sustainability in its special issue “Sustainability through the Lens of Environmental Sociology”, providing an environmental sociology approach to understanding and achieving the widely used notion of “sustainability.” This edited collection covers, among other topics, the inherent discursive formations of environmental sociology, conceptual tools and paradoxes, competing theories and practices, and their complex implications on our society at large. Chapters in this book specifically focus on how sustainable development has been understood through different theoretical lenses in environmental sociology, such as ecological modernization, policy/reformist sustainable development, and critical structural approaches (such as the treadmill of production, ecological Marxism, metabolic rift theory, etc.); and how sustainable development has been practiced in, or by, various stakeholders, such as states, corporations, and local communities, for various ends, through the use of specific case studies, showing, for example, the discursive shifts, dynamic formations, and diverse contours of sustainable development.The range of relevant topics includes:• Environmental sociology as a field of inquiry for sustainability • Historical context of sustainable development in environmental sociology• Nature-society relationship in environmental sociology• Theories/approaches to sustainability discourse in environmental sociology• Environmentalism/environmental movements for sustainability• Empirical cases (such as climate change, biodiversity, food, certification, etc.) through the lens of environmental sociology

Urban Claims and the Right to the City

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781787356382 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787356382 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:27
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Urban Claims and the Right to the City explores how contested processes of urban development, and the rights of city dwellers, are understood and interpreted from the perspective of women and men working, in different ways, at the grassroots in Salvador da Bahia, Brazil, and London, UK. In doing so, it represents the grounded voices of authors whose work and lives mean that they engage, on a daily basis, with issues related to housing and spatial rights, and identity struggles around race, gender, disability, sexuality, citizenship and class.

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