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Informality and urbanisation in African contexts: analysing economic and social impacts

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ISBN: 9789897325809 9782821879522 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Centro de Estudos Internacionais
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-09 14:17:20
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This book gathers five papers presented to the ECAS’ 2013 proceedings. Following the theme of the Congress “African dynamics in a multipolar world”, the challenge was to select among the 118 papers presented those which focused in the subjects of informality and space reconfiguration. The papers were selected from 4 panels: “Writing the world from another African metropolis: Luanda and the urban question”, “Urbanisation and poverty in mining Africa”, “Urban imaginaries in Africa” and “Managin...

Diateichismata

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ISBN: 9783900305543 Year: Pages: 248 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437145 Language: German
Publisher: Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4001
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:43
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A Diateichisma is part of a city´s fortification system. Unlike a city wall it was built within the urban area dividing a city in two parts. This study focuses on two aspects. On the one hand, the phenomenon of diateichismata is considered as part of fortification architecture, on the other hand the influence of diateichism on the organisation of the urban space is pointed out. Furthermore, the reasons, why diateichismata were build are considered as a focal point of the study. The settlement are displayed in a catalogue, technical data is in charts. Written sources mentioning diatechisma are put together including relevant passages of the text.In scientific research diateichismata have been regarded as mere functional buildings, however, they have been studied systematically. In this study, the significance of diateichismata is analysed beyond the aspects of fortification; in particular, the impact of diateichismata on the development and utilisation of urban space is a spezial interest. A comparative analysis of settlements with diateichisma has needs of comparable criteria. The most applicable term, after which settlements with diateichisma can be discerned and put in order, is the chronological relation of diateichisma and city wall, because here chronology is the only variable giving valuable information on settlement development. Hence three variations of settlements with diateichisma can be discerned: 1. Settlements with diateichisma built together with the enceinte. 2. Settlements with secondarily but diateichisma. 3. Settlements with diateichisma which originate after expansion of walled urban space. Most of the studied settlements have diateichismata which were built after the enceinte (23 examples) or which origins from expansion of walled city space (19 settlements). Contemporaneous diateichismate are rare (14 settlements), only in a few cities the relation between diateichisma and city wall remains unclear. The earliest diateichismata be dated in late 7th cent. B.C., the latest was build in the middle of the 2nd cent. B.C. Within this chronological frame the highest concentration of diateichismata can be traced in classical and hellenistic times. The distriution of cities is spead from the Iberian Peninsula to Greek parts of modern Afghanistan (Graeco-bactria). Only any regions do show concentrations of settlements with diateichisma. In the Western Mediterranean there are more cities with secondarily built diateichisma, in the area of north-western Greek in a lot of cities the walled urban space was enlarged establishind diateichismata between the original city area and the newly acquired space. Generally, diateichismata serve as obstacles to enemies which conquered the enceinte already or as barrier wall for hostile parties fighting within the boundaries of the city wall. Despite of the clear military function only cities of military character have a diateichisma; there it always serves as a barrier wall protecting free spaceMeant to host soldiers when attacked. The predominate group of settlements with dateichisma are free poleis. Concerning poleis in Greek cities in a non-Greek environment, the significance of diateichismata gains more interest, envolving the conflicts of different ethnical groups. In these cities ("colonies") one can detect mostly enlargement of urban space with covers the period of the 5th to the middle 3rd centuries B.C. Probably this process is conneted with the moving of large groups of people by the Western Greek tyrants in late archaic classical times and with the renewed founding of cities in the 4th cent. B.C. Contrary of the processs of enlargement of city space, in some areas of the Western Mediterranean cities were diminished insize. Diateichismata have a deep impact on the organisation of the urban space and also have representative and determine function. In most cities diateichismata remain standing as a ruin, detached from their original function of a barrier wall, or they int

Services d’eau en Afrique subsaharienne

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ISBN: 9782271063762 9782271078346 Year: Language: French
Publisher: CNRS Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-18 15:01:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Les politiques conduites dans les villes d’Afrique subsaharienne depuis les années 1980 mettent l’accent sur le lien entre infrastructures, développement économique et lutte contre la pauvreté. Elles accordent ainsi un rôle stratégique aux services en réseaux (eau et assainissement, électricité, transports, télécommunications), ossature matérielle des agglomérations. Les transformations en cours - privatisation, libéralisation et décentralisation - permettent-elles cependant d’atteindre les ...

DiscountCity - über die Geschichte und Zukunft der Stadt des Einzelhandels

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ISBN: 9783731502234 Year: Pages: 350 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000041119 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:28
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Are discount chains responsible for 'sellout' of the classical city? What kind of city do they endorse and what forms of urbanization do they really engender? Can planning practices still intervene to steer the course of urban development? How can concepts of sustainable architecture and urban design be effectively incorporated in the retail sector? This book offers an alternative understanding of the notion of 'DiscountCity' that serves as the basis for future-oriented and collective action.

Inter-group Relations and Migrant Integration in European Cities: Changing Neighbourhoods

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319230955 9783319230962 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23096-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Ecology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:04:48
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This open access book presents a comparative analysis of intergroup relations and migrant integration at the neighbourhood level in Europe. Featuring a unique collection of portraits of urban relations between the majority population and immigrant minorities, it examines how relations are structured and evolve in different and increasingly diverse local societies. Inside, readers will find a coordinated set of ethnographic studies conducted in eleven neighbourhoods of five European cities: London, Barcelona, Budapest, Nuremberg, and Turin. The wide-ranging coverage encompasses post-industrial districts struggling to counter decline, vibrant super-diverse areas, and everything in between. Featuring highly contextualised, cross-disciplinary explorations presented within a solid comparative framework, this book considers such questions as: Why does the native-immigrant split become a tense boundary in some neighbourhoods of some European cities but not in others? To what extent are ethnically framed conflicts driven by site-specific factors or instead by broader, exogenous ones? How much does the structure of urban spaces count in fuelling inter-ethnic tensions and what can local policy communities do to prevent this? The answers it provides are based on a multi-layer approach which combines in-depth analysis of intergroup relations with a strong attention towards everyday categorization processes, media representations, and narratives on which local policies are based. Even though the relations between the majority and migrant minorities are a central topic, the volume also offers readers a broader perspective of social and urban transformation in contemporary urban settings. It provides insightful research on migration and urban studies as well as social dynamics that scholars and students around the world will find relevant. In addition, policy makers will find evidence-based and practically relevant lessons for the governance of increasingly diverse and mobile societies.

Brokers of Modernity

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ISBN: 9789461662545 9789462701724 Year: Pages: 400 DOI: 10.11116/9789461662545 Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press Grant: KU Leuven
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-07 11:21:06
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"The story of modernist architects in East Central Europe.&#xD;&#xD;The first half of the twentieth century witnessed the rise of modernist architects. Brokers of Modernity reveals how East Central Europe turned into one of the pre-eminent testing grounds of the new belief system of modernism. By combining the internationalism of the CIAM organization and the modernising aspirations of the new states built after 1918, the reach of modernist architects extended far beyond their established fields. Yet, these architects paid a price when Europe’s age of extremes intensified. Mainly drawing on Polish, but also wider Central and Eastern European cases, this book delivers a pioneering study of the dynamics of modernist architects as a group, including how they became qualified, how they organized, communicated and attempted to live the modernist lifestyle themselves. In doing so, Brokers of Modernity raises questions concerning collective work in general and also invites us to examine the social role of architects today."&#xD;

Barton Myers

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781950192151 9781950192168 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0249.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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"Drawing on the vast archival resources of its Architecture and Design Collection, the UCSB Art, Design & Architecture Museum (University of California, Santa Barbara) presents an assessment of 50 years of design by Barton Myers (b. 1934), beginning with his work in the Toronto firm A.J. Diamond and Barton Myers (1967–1975) to his own offices in Toronto and Los Angeles, Barton Myers Associates (1975–present).&#xD;&#xD;Myers’s strongest architectural ideas come out of the planning strategies of his early neighborhood activism in 1970s Toronto, his grounding in history, and his training in the classical traditions of site and space planning. Barton Myers is an avowed urbanist—a self-described radical in his early advocacy of old-fashioned qualities like density, mixed-use of new and re-purposed materials, and contextual planning in the late 1960s when that fundamentally conservative position was considered counter-culture. Myers’ urban manifesto was codified in “Vacant Lottery,” the title of the Design Quarterly issue co-edited by Myers and Canadian architect and educator George Baird in 1978 and which led to a renewal of interest in urban planning and offered a strategy for increasing population densities within cities while preserving the existing residential fabric. The term lived on long past the journal’s circulation cycle as both an urban infill strategy and an acknowledgment of the ceding of city planning responsibility to the “lottery” of private developers. Myers’s design practice has thus always been a social justice practice as well. Myers is also a brilliant designer of residential houses that take advantage of local landscape contexts and adaptive reuse of building materials, including steel and glass. &#xD;&#xD;Five essays – on urban planning, civic structures, reuse of historic buildings, single- and multi-family housing, and theaters – reinforce Myers’s commitment to urbanism and reveal his flexibility with modes of modernism. Natalie Shivers introduces the early planning work in Toronto and traces the “vacant lottery” idea of neighborhood infill to the influential Grand Avenue project in Los Angeles. Howard Shubert examines the architectural and planning strategies, and political complexities, of several civic structures in Canada and the United States. Luis Hoyos explores Myers’s additions and adaptations to historic buildings in diverse urban contexts. Lauren Bricker focuses on the use of steel and other industrial materials in Myers’s houses and analyses the neighborhood-based designs of his multi-family housing. Charles Oakley describes the technical innovations, site planning, and historical underpinnings of Myers’s theaters and performance complexes."&#xD;

Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities: A Global Assessment

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789400770874 9789400770881 Year: Pages: 755 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7088-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Biotechnology --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Ecology --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-30 12:05:04
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Urbanization is a global phenomenon and the book emphasizes that this is not just a social-technological process. It is also a social-ecological process where cities are places for nature, and where cities also are dependent on, and have impacts on, the biosphere at different scales from local to global. The book is a global assessment and delivers four main conclusions:Urban areas are expanding faster than urban populations. Half the increase in urban land across the world over the next 20 years will occur in Asia, with the most extensive change expected to take place in India and ChinaUrban areas modify their local and regional climate through the urban heat island effect and by altering precipitation patterns, which together will have significant impacts on net primary production, ecosystem health, and biodiversityUrban expansion will heavily draw on natural resources, including water, on a global scale, and will often consume prime agricultural land, with knock-on effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services elsewhereFuture urban expansion will often occur in areas where the capacity for formal governance is restricted, which will constrain the protection of biodiversity and management of ecosystem services

Rudolf Perco 1884-1942

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ISBN: 9783205993049 Year: Pages: 470 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_471653 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3175
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-05 16:25:47
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Rudolf Perco, one of the most promising pupils in Otto Wagner’s late period as teacher received numerous honourable mentionings and awards while still a student (1906 – 10) and so may well have expected a brilliant career. However, after World War I, he could realize only very few projects and his name became forgotten. It was only in the scope of the large scale public housing plan of Red Vienna in the 1920es, that he was given opportunities to materialize his Wagner based ideas, and to build several communal housings, of which the Engels Platz – Hof is the largest and most important. Besides, he submitted entries to a vast number of competitions, for which he designed projects, whose very personal features bring him close to Josef Plečnik.

Six Canonical Projects by Rem Koolhaas

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ISBN: 9783868592191 Year: Pages: 370 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574658 Language: English
Publisher: jovis Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 258
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:02:06
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Dutch architect, architectural theorist and urban thinker Rem Koolhaas (born 1944) has been a protagonist of the international architectural avant-garde since the 1970s; his numerous worldwide awards include the Pritzker Prize in 2000 for his lifetime achievement. Through a series of essays, this book interprets his many buildings and projects by drawing on Koolhaas' own theoretical oeuvre of polemics, manifestos, interviews, books such as Delirious New York and his so-called "design patents." In these writings, Koolhaas articulates a design method that links theory and practice, which this book not only orients within architectural history, but also shows how it repositions the function of the authors or the architects themselves.

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