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Informality and urbanisation in African contexts: analysing economic and social impacts

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ISBN: 9789897325809 9782821879522 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Centro de Estudos Internacionais
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-09 14:17:20
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This book gathers five papers presented to the ECAS’ 2013 proceedings. Following the theme of the Congress “African dynamics in a multipolar world”, the challenge was to select among the 118 papers presented those which focused in the subjects of informality and space reconfiguration. The papers were selected from 4 panels: “Writing the world from another African metropolis: Luanda and the urban question”, “Urbanisation and poverty in mining Africa”, “Urban imaginaries in Africa” and “Managin...

LʼOccident grec de Marseille à Mégara Hyblaea : Hommages à Henri Tréziny

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ISBN: 9782491788025 DOI: 10.4000/books.pccj.3767 Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Camille Jullian
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La recherche sur l’expansion grecque en Méditerranée occidentale à l’époque archaïque a largement progressé en France pendant les quarante dernières années grâce aux travaux d’Henri Tréziny et aux pistes qu’il a lancées dans l’interprétation des découvertes archéologiques de Sicile et du Sud de la Gaule. En présentant ces études sur l’urbanisme, l’architecture et divers artefacts de la vie matérielle dans ces régions occupées par les Grecs à partir du VIIIe siècle av. J.-C., ses amis, collègues et élèves ont voulu lui rendre hommage en centrant en particulier leurs réflexions sur les deux sites qui ont constitué les piliers de sa carrière, Marseille et Mégara Hyblaea. Vingt-trois contributions dues à quelques-uns des meilleurs spécialistes de ces questions, français, italiens et espagnols, mettent ici en évidence le dynamisme de la recherche dans ces régions périphériques du monde grec où populations locales et Grecs ont constitué une culture spécifique, faite de brassages et d’emprunts respectifs dans les domaines de la ville, de la religion ou des pratiques culturelles. Le volume s’ouvre sur la publication de découvertes récentes des chercheurs turcs à Phocée, la métropole de Marseille et une des cités grecques les plus actives dans cette expansion vers l’Ouest.

Diateichismata

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ISBN: 9783900305543 Year: Pages: 248 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437145 Language: German
Publisher: Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4001
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:43
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A Diateichisma is part of a city´s fortification system. Unlike a city wall it was built within the urban area dividing a city in two parts. This study focuses on two aspects. On the one hand, the phenomenon of diateichismata is considered as part of fortification architecture, on the other hand the influence of diateichism on the organisation of the urban space is pointed out. Furthermore, the reasons, why diateichismata were build are considered as a focal point of the study. The settlement are displayed in a catalogue, technical data is in charts. Written sources mentioning diatechisma are put together including relevant passages of the text. In scientific research diateichismata have been regarded as mere functional buildings, however, they have been studied systematically. In this study, the significance of diateichismata is analysed beyond the aspects of fortification; in particular, the impact of diateichismata on the development and utilisation of urban space is a spezial interest. A comparative analysis of settlements with diateichisma has needs of comparable criteria. The most applicable term, after which settlements with diateichisma can be discerned and put in order, is the chronological relation of diateichisma and city wall, because here chronology is the only variable giving valuable information on settlement development. Hence three variations of settlements with diateichisma can be discerned: 1. Settlements with diateichisma built together with the enceinte. 2. Settlements with secondarily but diateichisma. 3. Settlements with diateichisma which originate after expansion of walled urban space. Most of the studied settlements have diateichismata which were built after the enceinte (23 examples) or which origins from expansion of walled city space (19 settlements). Contemporaneous diateichismate are rare (14 settlements), only in a few cities the relation between diateichisma and city wall remains unclear. The earliest diateichismata be dated in late 7th cent. B.C., the latest was build in the middle of the 2nd cent. B.C. Within this chronological frame the highest concentration of diateichismata can be traced in classical and hellenistic times. The distriution of cities is spead from the Iberian Peninsula to Greek parts of modern Afghanistan (Graeco-bactria). Only any regions do show concentrations of settlements with diateichisma. In the Western Mediterranean there are more cities with secondarily built diateichisma, in the area of north-western Greek in a lot of cities the walled urban space was enlarged establishind diateichismata between the original city area and the newly acquired space. Generally, diateichismata serve as obstacles to enemies which conquered the enceinte already or as barrier wall for hostile parties fighting within the boundaries of the city wall. Despite of the clear military function only cities of military character have a diateichisma; there it always serves as a barrier wall protecting free space

İstanbul’un Kalbinde Belirsiz Bir Mekân : 2001’de II. Theodosius Surları

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ISBN: 9782362450792 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifeagd.2870 Language: Turkish
Publisher: Institut français d’études anatoliennes
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Shaping Urban Futures in Mongolia

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Book Series: Economic Exposures in Asia||Economic Exposures in Asia ISBN: 9781787351523 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351523 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:28
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What can the generative processes of dynamic ownership reveal about how the urban is experienced, understood and made in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia? Shaping Urban Futures in Mongolia provides an ethnography of actions, strategies and techniques that form part of how residents precede and underwrite the owning of real estate property – including apartments and land – in a rapidly changing city. In doing so, it charts the types of visions of the future and perceptions of the urban form that are emerging within Ulaanbaatar following a period of investment, urban growth and subsequent economic fluctuation in Mongolia’s extractive economy since the late 2000s.

Origins of the Urban Development of Pondicherry according to Seventeenth Century Dutch Plans

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ISBN: 9791036549809 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.5628 Language: English
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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The modem plan of Pondicherry shows a large town in gridiron plan which obviously was extended to its present form through controlled urban development. Some Indian scholars consider that the town was built according to the principles of the ancient Hindu treatises of architecture, particularly the Silpa Sastra. French historians, on the other hand, feel that the plan should be considered as an achievement of «the French mind». In fact, the Dutch plans of Pondicherry dated 1693-1694, preserved at the National Archives at The Hague, show that the orthogonal street pattern of the town is a creation of the Dutch. The plans of 1693 show that, in François Martin's settlement, the streets or lanes were following an irregular pattern, without any shape or symmetry, whereas, in the plans drafted in 1694, during the Dutch occupation, one finds the design of a large new town, with a very regular geometric layout, rectangular blocks of houses, separated by straight streets, intersecting at right angles. This great urban project of the Dutch Company was adopted by the French who systematically carried out the extensive straightening out of streets into a planned grid, during the the first half of the 18th century.

Keywords

history --- cartography --- city --- urbanism --- Dutch

Les mots de la stigmatisation urbaine

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ISBN: 9782735119462 DOI: 10.4000/books.editionsmsh.9204 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Banlieue, bidonville, ghetto, slum, taudis... Souvent un mot désignant un espace urbain qualifie en même temps les populations auxquelles on l'associe, en leur assignant une identité comme concentrée en un vocable. Directe ou biaise, brutale ou euphémisée, la stigmatisation urbaine concerne des lieux marqués par la pauvreté, la dégradation, toutes sortes de menace sur lesquelles est porté un regard inquiet par les classes supérieures, les mouvements de réforme et les législations sanitaires... Du Brésil aux États-Unis d'Amérique, en passant par le monde arabe, la Turquie, la Grande-Bretagne et la France, ce livre s'attache à la façon dont les mots de la ville interviennent dans cette stigmatisation urbaine. Il traite des enjeux sociaux et politiques dont ils sont tantôt les instruments tantôt les enjeux (mais, toujours, les révélateurs) et aux divers remaniements de sens, conversions ou inversions séman­tiques opérés aussi bien par l'usage ordinaire que par les classifications savantes ou techniques.

Services d’eau en Afrique subsaharienne

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ISBN: 9782271063762 9782271078346 Year: Language: French
Publisher: CNRS Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-18 15:01:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Les politiques conduites dans les villes d’Afrique subsaharienne depuis les années 1980 mettent l’accent sur le lien entre infrastructures, développement économique et lutte contre la pauvreté. Elles accordent ainsi un rôle stratégique aux services en réseaux (eau et assainissement, électricité, transports, télécommunications), ossature matérielle des agglomérations. Les transformations en cours - privatisation, libéralisation et décentralisation - permettent-elles cependant d’atteindre les ...

DiscountCity - über die Geschichte und Zukunft der Stadt des Einzelhandels

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ISBN: 9783731502234 Year: Pages: 350 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000041119 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:28
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Are discount chains responsible for 'sellout' of the classical city? What kind of city do they endorse and what forms of urbanization do they really engender? Can planning practices still intervene to steer the course of urban development? How can concepts of sustainable architecture and urban design be effectively incorporated in the retail sector? This book offers an alternative understanding of the notion of 'DiscountCity' that serves as the basis for future-oriented and collective action.

Inter-group Relations and Migrant Integration in European Cities: Changing Neighbourhoods

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319230955 9783319230962 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23096-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Ecology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:04:48
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This open access book presents a comparative analysis of intergroup relations and migrant integration at the neighbourhood level in Europe. Featuring a unique collection of portraits of urban relations between the majority population and immigrant minorities, it examines how relations are structured and evolve in different and increasingly diverse local societies. Inside, readers will find a coordinated set of ethnographic studies conducted in eleven neighbourhoods of five European cities: London, Barcelona, Budapest, Nuremberg, and Turin. The wide-ranging coverage encompasses post-industrial districts struggling to counter decline, vibrant super-diverse areas, and everything in between. Featuring highly contextualised, cross-disciplinary explorations presented within a solid comparative framework, this book considers such questions as: Why does the native-immigrant split become a tense boundary in some neighbourhoods of some European cities but not in others? To what extent are ethnically framed conflicts driven by site-specific factors or instead by broader, exogenous ones? How much does the structure of urban spaces count in fuelling inter-ethnic tensions and what can local policy communities do to prevent this? The answers it provides are based on a multi-layer approach which combines in-depth analysis of intergroup relations with a strong attention towards everyday categorization processes, media representations, and narratives on which local policies are based. Even though the relations between the majority and migrant minorities are a central topic, the volume also offers readers a broader perspective of social and urban transformation in contemporary urban settings. It provides insightful research on migration and urban studies as well as social dynamics that scholars and students around the world will find relevant. In addition, policy makers will find evidence-based and practically relevant lessons for the governance of increasingly diverse and mobile societies.

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